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it also occasioned a certain grudge against him, in those persons whom his example condemned. This was about the year 1695.
The high favour he was now in seemed to promise a greater advancement; but there arose a storm against him, which carried him for ever from the court. He became acquainted with Madame Guyon, a religious and virtuous woman ; for whom he had conceived a favourable opinion, and refused to condemn her writings, as was desiredofhim. * This gave offence to some of his former friends, and he was represented as an obstinate man, incapable of submission to the judgment of his brother prelates. They were further displeased with a book he had writ. ten to explain his sentiments more fully ; and with these impressions the King was induced to confine him to his diocese, and to deprive his relations of their employments, and banish his friends from court. His good understanding, and the purity of his life, were no longer considered : his friend was to pass for a whimsical enthusiastical wo. man; and himself for the promoter of a senseless and profane sect.
* This excellent woman was much persecuted by some of the Bishops, and at length imprisoned ; where she remained some years sick, and in'a
suffering condition. She often requested that her crime might be specified, and proved :....but her enemies not being able to make any thing appear against her, she was at length discharged out of custody, and exiled to Blois, where she lived near twelve years, honoured and respected, for her good understanding, sincere piety, pure and modest virtue ; even by those who had the strongest prejudices against her.
Thus confined to his diocese, he there en. joyed that peace of mind which never fails to accompany pure virtue. He applied himself to make men good and happy, by discharging, with great care, all the functions of his episcopal character. He assisted at the ex. aminations of persons who were about to be appointed to the ministerial office, and had conferences with them every week upon the principles of religion, in which he listened to their enquiries with great patience, and gave his answers with a fatherly goodness.
Notwithstanding the disorders occasioned by the war, he was very assiduous in the visitation of his diocese, and preached in every church. All his sermons came from the abundance of his heart, without being written down. In these public discourses love was the great point in which he made every thing terminate ; but it was such a love as produces, and perfects all the Christian vir.
He avoided all refined ideas, and superfluous ornaments, which are contrary to the simplicity of the gospel : and sought only to speak as becomes a good father, so as to comfort, relieve, and enlighten his flock. In considering the affairs of the diocese, he never took advantage from his rank, or his talents to decide in any matter by his authority alone, without persuasion. The shepherd” he used to say, has yet more need of * being clocile than the flock: he must be con* tinually learning, that he may be able to
' teach, and must oftentimés obey, in order
to govern well. The wise man increases his own wisdom by, that which he gathers. from another.?
The Bishop's practice was agreeable to his doctrine, severe to himself : he did not, however, affect an austere air, but was cheerful in all his deportment. He slept little, and was very moderate in his diet : and allowed himself no pleasure but what is found in filling up his duty. His chief recreation was to take the air; and when he went thus abroad, he spent the time either in useful conversation with his friends, or in seeking some occasion to do good to the people. If he met with any of the peasants in his way, he would ask them questions about the state of their family, and gave them advice how to regulate their little affairs, and to lead a religious life. Sometimes he went into their cottages to speak to them of God; and to comfort them under the hardships they endured. He became, in a manner, one of them, through the tenderness of a heart deeply affected with the love of a Saviour, who was poor.
Poor himself, in the midst of plenty, he gave almost all his revenue away to hospitals; young clergymen, whom he educated; decay. ed gentlemen ; and persons of all ranks, and of different nations, who, during the time of war, were within the reach of his generosity.
But these things, which were generally admired in him, were nothing in comparison
of that divine life, by which he walked with God, like Enoch, and was unknown to inen. It is, however, Christianity, alone which can raise to that peace of the Holy Spirit, and inward tranquillity, which excludes, not only unprofitable actions, but even useless thoughts. This internal quietude he endeavoured to attain, while he was outwardly employed in performing the duties of humanity, religion, and his vocation....
The piety he taught was far from leading to a refined deism, and an independence on all visible authority-; as his adversaries insinuated, it furnished, on the contrary, the most solid proof of true Christianity. His thoughts concerning the state of man by nature, are, that he is born diseased, but that the remedy is ever at hand to cure him. The light, which enlightens every man that comes into the world, is never wanting. Every man shall be judged by the law which he has known, and not by that which he has not. No one shall be condemned, but for-neglecting to profit by what he knew : the religion of Christ consists in charity. The ceremonies and priesthood are but salutary aid to succour our weakness ; 'outward' and sensiblesignsto encrease in ourselves and others the knowledge and love of our common father: Very soon these means shall cease, the shadows shall disappear, and the true temple be opened...
Jesus Christ has taught us to look upon this life, this short moment of our banishment, here below, as the infancy of our being, and as an obscure night, in which all the pleasures we meet with are but transient dreams; and all the evils we feel but wholesome bitters, to wean us from the love of this world, and make us press forward to our true and native country. Penetrated with a sense of our nothingness, our inability, and blindness, he would have us present ourselves before him, the Being of beings; that he may impress his image upon our souls, enlighten and animate us; and thereby produce in us the choicest virtues, till at length being made wholly conformable to him, he shall consummate us in his divine fellowship. This is that worship in Spirit and in Truth, of which the gospel speaks,
Thus the Archbishop expresses himself in some of his writings, which shews the good disposition of his mind. In the latter years of his life, he had an opportunity of manifesting his love for his country, and for strangers, in an eminent manner. The war drawing near to Cambray, he became the admiration of the army, by his charity for the sick and wounded, and by the hospitality of his house. His charity went so far as to hire houses for the reception of the distressed. Such an expense might be thought excessive, at a time when his revenues were much lessened by the neighbourhood of the army; but the wants of the distressed were the measures of his liberality. His house was open, not only to persons of dis