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sell their daughters to the wealthy, || opposite house or from the street, to and concern themselves very little send her a billet-doux, though he about the other qualities of a son-in- may never have spoken to her in his law: a previous acquaintance of the life ; and it is as common for the laparties is totally out of the question. dy to return an answer, either faIt appears that this practice has long vourable or otherwise, but in geneexisted in Portugal; for the Portu- ral a promise of marriage is the conguese legislature has taken it into dition on which she appoints interconsideration, and confined the au- views. How many fathers and mothority of parents within the narrow-thers repent having taught their est limits. If a suitor solicits the daughters to read and write, as the hand of a young lady, and the pa-forming of clandestine connections is rents refuse their consent, the lover, thereby facilitated! With Argus-eyes provided that he has arranged mat- the mother watches her daughters, ters with his mistress, may obtain the when she drives them before her afassistance of justice to remove her ter mass like a row of organ-pipes, from the house; he then places her for the youngest always goes first, in a convent, or with some female of and the rest, be they ever so numehis acquaintance, produces evidence rous, follow in rotation singly, never before the court that he is able to walking two together. While they maintain her, and the church dares pick their way with incredible skill, not withhold the nuptial benediction, in silk stockings and shoes, through whether the father assert to it or the mud in the streets, and, with not. I have seen many such instan- downcast looks, seem wholly estrangces, and experience teaches that theseed from earthly thoughts, the young marriages are in general happier than || hypocrites will contrive to conceal in those which are contracted by pa-their bosoms, or perhaps in their rents.
handkerchiefs, the billets, which, in When the sex is treated in such a spite of all their mother's vigilance, despotic, mistrustful, and degrading their inamoratos find means to slip manner as here, it is no wonder that into their hands. Though far from it should seek opportunities of reta- attempting to justify the Portuguese ļiation. While the Portuguese hus- | females on the score of these secret band scarcely knows conjugal fidelity connections, still I cannot help adeven by name, his wife makes not the mitting, on the other hand, that they least scruple to risk her reputation. have frequently no alternative, if they Young females, often by way of pas- would not remain all their lives untime, and often too in hopes of be- der the paternal roof. Even in coming released from parental authority, pany they have no opportunity whatogle every man they see, and return ever of conversing with persons of the salutations of perfect strangers, the other sex; for their mothers ese totally regardless of the opinion of|cort them wherever they go. their neighbours. The language of Foreigners are not in ill repute, the hands supplies the place of words. with the fair sex at Lisbon; but the It is quite customary here for a man Portuguese seldom afford them acwho has thus exchanged amorous cess to their houses: indeed hospiglances with a female, either from an tality is not one of their virtues. The
term estrangeiro-foreigner-is fre|| fewer opportunities they have of apquently used in a somewhat contemp- pearing in public. It is inconceivatuous signification, as if foreigners ble how many fathers can support the were inferior to, or worse than, the luxury displayed by the female part natives. A Brasilian, in whose coun- of their families when they go abroad. try hospitality is more practised, Those who are really wealthy are though the fair sex is kept quite as fond of glistening in diamonds; but much secluded, lately expressed his these are not requisite on all occaastonishment to me at the answer of sions, and a lady of rank is content a Portuguese, to whose house he had with its being publicly known that been invited to see a procession pass she possesses them. On the other along.is“. I thought," said the Bra- band, at least one Indian shawl is an sibian to his host," that I should article withont which a lady who has have brought a foreigner with me, any pretensions to gentility would bat." Without suffering him feel herself miserable. Among the to finish, the other replied: “ You women the prevailing fashions are did quite right to come without him, the French, among the men the Enga for I have several daughters at home." lish. Whether the former, upon
the The retired life which the fair sex whole, dress to advantage, I shall not is destined to lead, whether volunta- pretend to decide; though if I were rily or not, bas, however, the effect obliged to state my private opinion of producing in the majority domes-on that subject, it would be to the tic virtues, which are more rare in contrary. Here, as among all souththe principal cities of Spain; but an ern nations, the women are too fond ambition to shine is the more conspi- of a gaudy variety of colours. cuous in the Portuguese ladies, the Turin ni Fia!i: piltsbrochure
This MADALENA, OR THE CONSEQUENCES OF EĻOPEMENT.
To our fair readers in early bloom probably, was aiming at wealth, while no service more essential can be ren- he pretended homage to love. A dered, than to assist their inexperi- fine fellow in pursuit of affluence as ence in discriminating the motives of the means of commanding pleasures their adulators, and we would beg and a husband in full possession of leave to admonish an heiress, before the prize, ate two characters distinct she allows her imagination to be fasa | as a fawning sycophant and a despot. cinated by the obsequious blandish- The fate of Madalena Ormond has ments of a swain, whose fine person, numerous parallels. Indeed the feel- : showy accomplishments, and elegantings and habits of a lady cradled manners are his sole estate, that she and reared amidst opulence and re- : may spare herself a life of hopeless finement, and those of a man, who, misery, by weighing against roman- since he could act for himself, has tic credulity this sacred truth--that, been struggling to support the apin general, no sacrifices are so ill ve- pearance of a gentleman, must be so : quited as the renunciation of pru- intrinsically different, not to say disdence and filial duty, to become the cordant, that inanifold causes for dis. dependent of a spouse, who, most I sension may be expected to arise in
their conjugal association. To re- || than Madalena Ormond: she per: move those contrarieties and assi- ceived in the young heiress a genemilate their tastes, it would be ne- rous and amiable, though misdirecta cessary for both to new-mould their ed mind, and without appearing to long-formed propensities and cus- reprove, or to dictate, led her to tomsma task which few indulged some perceptions of merit and hapgirls, or selfish men, will be likely to piness superior to the ambition of undertake.
excelling her schoolfellows as a muMadalena Ormond was the only sician, a paintress, a dancer, or to child of a plain uneducated pair, eclipse them in finery. Lady Melwho, from small beginnings, by cau- bourne was going to the south of tious speculation and unremitting France for the recovery of her health, frugality, accumulated an immense and Lady Jemima saw her young fortune; and notwithstanding their friend no more, until lamentable parsimonious habits, they spared no changes affected her condition. She expense in giving Madalena an edu- went home to celebrate her fifteenth cation suitable to her pecuniary rights, birthday, and had been but a short and to the distinguished endowments time returned to the seminary at of her person and mind. Yet soon Hampstead, when the particular inafter she entered her teens, Mr. and timate of her father came to make Mrs. Ormond painfully apprehended known the sad tidings, that both her they had not only lost all points of parents had been carried off by a parcommunion with a creature in every trid fever; and the contagion was so respect so dissimilar, so elevated above virulent, that they had forbidden them, but that the dashing, fashion- their beloved child to be exposed to able, giddy heiress of all they had it in taking a last farewell. Not to amassed with toilsome anxiety, might have seen her fond father, her idolbestow herself and her property upon izing mother, before they expired, some artful pennyless admirer, who was a severe aggravation of Madapretended to agree in her high-flown lena's loss. Her passions were not notions. To deter Madalena from a violent, but her feelings were susfoolish marriage would perhaps be ceptible of poignant and profound out of the power of a father: he impressions. Mr.Jessop wished her could, however, take effectual mea- to accompany him to town for some sures to disappoint the miscreant who months; but the governess, Mrs. should steal her heart, while he de- Gilman, represented to him the dansigned to filch lier purse.
ger of infection from the malady Indulged at home, caressed and which had proved fatal to Mr. and flattered at school, the aspirings of Mrs. Ormond, and which still raged Madalena's noble nature had been in London; and she assured him of excited only to puerile display; till, her utmost endeavours to sooth and in her fifteenth year, she was invited exhilarate the mind of her charming to spend a vacation at the seat of pupil. Mrs. Gilman literally perMr. Burlington, where a younger formed this engagement, and a nesister of Lady Susan Burlington also phew of her late hushand's was the passed some weeks. Lady Jemima | most conspicuous personage in all the Milbourne was three years older" musical entertainments, or rural excursions, intended to amuse the heir- must be insupportable, he would ess. Captain Gilman was about the seek death as the only remedy for age of thirty; and if a faultless form, bis woes. Madalena, weeping, tremwith the most beautiful features, bling, and overwhelmed by tumultuadorned by insinuating manners and ous emotions of tenderness and apgraceful accomplishments, were sure prehension, was enticed by her lover indexes of merit, we might congra- to elope with him, and her destiny tulate Madalena on her conquest. was fixed before her guardian, Mr. He had been educated for the medi- Jessop, overtook her at Edinburgh. cal profession, and attended a young
Gilman was now lord paramount invalid nobleman on his travels. The of the heiress: he inquired of Mr. constitution of the titled traveller was Jessop what allowance she was to supposed to have benefited much have during her minority; and Mr. through Mr. Gilman's prescriptions Jessop produced a duplicate of Mr. and assiduous care; but averse to Ormond's last will, from which lie the fatigues that must be endured by read: “ If my daughter Madalena a general practitioner, Gilman ac- Ormond shall not marry with the fall cepted a commission in the army, and consent and in presence of her surhad repeatedly been distinguished in viving guardian, her income shall be military exploits.
limited to two thousand pounds per Madalena's grief, composed and annum, to be paid to her quarterly; inobtrusive, preyed upon her health, with an increase of five hundred and Captain Gilman recommended pounds per annum for each living the most palatable medicaments to child born hy my said daughter; restore the lovely roseate of her com- and all the said sums shall be for plexion : he would intrust the minis- || her own use and at her disposal. tration of cordials to no other hand; The remaining property, of whatever she ascribed her convalescence to kind, shall continue under the mahis skill and attention, and he had nagement of my executors, to accucontinual access to his fair patient. mulate for the child or children of We shall not deform and debase our my daughter Madalena Ormond uns pages by enumerating the artifices til they are of age." Gilman employed in making himself Gilman's face was in a glow of necessary to the happiness of an in- rage, but he commanded himself to experienced girl; it will be enough say, “ And if my Madalena shall to say, that the term of mourning have no children, will she not have a for her parents was not half expired, right to dispose of her inheritance?" when he convinced her that his pro- Mr. Jessop again read: “ If Malonged existence depended upon her dalena Ormond, my foresaid daughcondescending to accept his nuptial ter, shall die without heirs of her vows. His regiment was under or- own body, the whole amoumt of
my ders for foreign service, and unless effects shall be vested in the followhis martial ardour should be restrain- ing institutions: Three-fifths shall be ed by calling the angelic Madalena | appropriated for storing grain to rehis own, he would, as formerly, vo- lieve the poor in times of scarcity; lunteer .on every post of extreme one-fifth shall be paid into the funds danger; and since without her life of the Guardian Society; and te
other fifth applied to establish cheap hoped for ever to retain, and which libraries, adapted for the lower or- one little week had, alas! destroyed. ders within the city and liberties of Gilman, in a harsh voice, told her he London and Westminster. The sa- had no time for foolery; he must regacious friend who advised this be- turn to head-quarters with the ut. quest has convinced me, that if the most expedition. This excuse for rule and direction of low-priced pam- abruptly leaving Mr. Jessop proved phlets belonged to one individual, true. They travelled post to headhe might sway the public mind to quarters, and Gilman waited on the good or evil; and the regulation of commanding officer just as he reinstruments so powerful should notceived the route to Portsmouth for be left to chance, but ordered and immediate embarkation. On the jourcontrouled by the piety and wisdom ney, Gilman apologized to his wife of leading members of the commu- for the irascibility he had shewn, and nity."
obtained from her a considerable sum Gilman's politeness with difficulty Mr. Jessop gave her, as due of her constrained him to forbear interrupt- | usual allowance for pocket-moriey. ing Mr. Jessop. He seized the first At his return to their lodgings, he pause, to inquire if Mr. Ormond's apprized her of the orders to em will restricted his daughter in case bark; but mitigated her distress, by she became a widow. Mr. Jessop a proposal for accompanying him to replied by reading from the dupli- Portsmouth, where, perhaps, they cate: "If Madalena Ormond becomes might be weeks detained by adverse a widow, her whole fortune shall re-winds, and even the embarkation vert to her own disposal. One rash countermanded.?? marriage seldom fails to provide ca- Alighting at an inn on their way, veats' to prevent a second folly." Mrs. Gilman recognised Lady Mel
Gilman blustered; but Mr. Jessop bourne's coach, Lady Jemima Melcoolly reminded him, that the para-bourne observed her from a window, graph was read in answer to his own hurried down stairs, and warmly emqueries; and as this mild explanation braced her in the lobby; but her la seemed but to encourage the stormy dyship changed countenance when passions of the benedict, Mr. Jessop Madalena 'introduced Captain G11shewed him, that a sober citizen, with | man as her husband. However, she put going further than the Exchange conducted both to Lady Melbourne, or Temple-Bar to learn how the equi- and they were invited by her ladypoise between individual dignity and ship to dine with her. While thiey respect to others should be adjusted, retired to dress, the countess and was fully competent to assert his man- her daughter expressed to each other hood, though unaided by the phra- their regrets for Madalena's impruseology or graces of high fashion. dent marriage, and Lady Melbourne Madalena, in sorrowful alarm, inter- said she was too young and too volaposed; but saw with secret anguish tile to have an establishment of her that the ceremony of marriage had own during Gilman's absence. Her taken from her the power of moving unreasonable fastidious dislike of her by a look, or a few words, her arbi- father's worthy city friends would trary spouse-a power she had fondly expose her to the triumphant artifice