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ly particular in his ideas of women: No sooner was I sure of Sir George, he had heard that I was a coquette, than I began to look back with reand that made him treat me with a gret on the number of conquests that petrifying politeness, a hundred times I had probably missed making while more mortifying than rudeness would I was subduing him, and to long for have been. I saw clearly that my an opportunity of spreading my nets usual weapons would here be useless; for new admirers. Unfortunately, he he was proof against all the artillery of informed me that he should be blushes, looks, and smiles, and there obliged to spend a few weeks in the was no enlisting his amour propre in country; and on the first evening of my service, for he had no foibles ap- his absence I accepted an invitation parently, not even, as I thought, a to a fancy ball. It so chanced that he master passion. In short, any body forgot some papers of consequence, but myself would have given up the and being obliged to return for them, case as a desperate one; but nil de- he came to pay me a visit at the very sperandum was always my motto. I moment that I had finished dressing laid down a regular plan of opera- for the ball. He flew to me with all tions, and persisted in them, though the impetuosity of love, but stopping for some time without any success: short, and surveying me with a look I began by assuming, when in his of displeasure, or rather of disgust, presence, a thoughtful air at times, said, that as he saw he was evidently soon afterwards I appeared to disre- not expected, he would not intrude gard the attentions of the fops by upon me. Stung at this speech, whom I was surrounded; my dress which was plainly levelled at my by degrees became more simple, and dress, or rather undress, for to say though it was in reality never less the truth I was rather fashionably studied, yet it had an air of easy than decently attired, I made a very negligence: with all this, however, haughty reply. He quitted the room I gained very little ground, but chance with a silent bow, and the next mornstood my friend unexpectedly, I had ing I received a farewell epistle from secretly relieved a poor family; the him, written in a style which convingcircumstance became known to Sir ed me that all hopes of a reconciliaGeorge, and from that moment he tion would be in vain. regarded me with a more kindly as- His loss cost me the severest pangs pect. This gave me fresh courage; I ever felt, and it was a considerable as we grew more intimate, I affected time before I could divert my chato regret the past, and to be deter- grin by collecting round me again mined on an entire change of charac- the group of triflers whose homage ter: I made him my Mentor, pretend- I had for some time appeared to dised to consult him on all occasions, dain. and in fine succeeded at last in com- It would fill a volume instead of a pletely conquering his heart. letter, Mr. Editor, if I were to re

But, alas! Mr. Editor, I was in count to you the history of all my the situation of many others, who achievements in this way; suffice it work very hard to obtain a treasure, to say, that although I set out with and do not know how to use it pro- | a positive determination to marry beperly when they have at last got it. fore my power over your sex began to decline, yet the habit of coquetting, coquette is a much more respectable carried me on from conquest to con- | character than any conqueror that quest, till at last I was roused from ever existed, from Alexander the the delightful dream of empire, by Great down to Napoleon le Grand. perceiving, that though I was still But I forget that I am not writing a toasted, flattered, and admired, yet vindication of my class, but a histoI was no longer proposed for. In ry of myself, which I beg leave to fact, my character was by this time conclude by stating the motives which so generally understood, that nobody | induced me to trouble you with it. could be hardy enough to think of In the first place, I think it an injusmaking a wife of me. My female ac- tice to the class, not to give them quaintance, who still dreaded, though that prominent place which they dethey affected to despise my power, serve among the sisterhood; and in endeavoured to hasten its downfall the next, I think my adventures may by ridiculing me as an old maid, be of service to the younger memthrough my own fault. And here, by bers of our class, who have not yet the way, I must digress a moment to quite reached the verge of old maidobserve, that I don't see there was enism, by inducing them to reflect in any fault in the case: I might per- time, whether it may not be better to haps justly be accused of miscalcu- | secure even one loyal and obedient lating my resources, or of want of subject in the person of a husband tact in applying them, but to a point- for life, than to risk being left at blank charge of folly I never can last in that most degrading of all si-. submit; for surely, if the love of tuations, a deposed toast, deprived conquest exalts men into heroes, it of all the pride, pomp, and circummay with equal justice be said to stance of empire; no train of admirtransform women into heroines. Whaters in public, no sighing adorers in are the achievements of warriors com- private, no partners contending for pared to the conquests of a coquette? her hand at the ball, no opponents Can the instinct which you dignify eager to lose their money to her at with the name of courage, that in the card-table. All this, Mr. Editor, duces you to hazard your own lives I have felt; and I have charity and take those of others, merely to enough to wish to prevent others acquire what you call glory, be com- from feeling it, unless they think pared to the magnanimity with which they can console themselves with rewe sacrifice our health, our comfort, citing to some humble cousin, or adnay,

often the tender ties of love and miring waiting-maid, the long-past friendship, in order to extend our glories of those days, in which they conquest, not by spilling blood or shone in all the pride and power of devastating provinces, but by subdu- conscious beauty, and broke hearts ing the minds of our enemies, and as easily as they cracked walnuts. I forcing them to bless the hand that am, sir, your most obedient, loads them with chains? Depend up

SHERAPIIINA. on it, Mr. Editor, that a successful

CHARACTER OF CARDINAL DE RICHELIEU. Nr:ver did any one carry dissimu- ,, chapelles, Bouteville's second, killed lation farther than this minister: when Bussy d'Amboise, Beuvron's second. he spoke in council, it was difficult, Bouteville and Deschapelles took nay impossible, to tell to which side flight immediately, but they were arhe inclined, so great was the seeming rested at Vitri le Brulé, and criminal impartiality with which he weighed informations directly filed against the pros and cons. The condemna-them. tion of Bouteville furnishes an ex- Richelieu reported the case in the ample, among many others, of the privy council, and used every arguaddress with which Richelieu veiled ment that could be urged in favour his real sentiments. Duelling, ac- of Bouteville. His birth, the sercording to the ancient laws of France, vices that his family and himself had was punished with death, but this done to the state, his bravery and was a penalty seldom enforced. Boute intrepidity; he even found something ville had fought twenty-one duels; to say in defence of his insensate pastwenty-one times he had received his sion for duels; in short, it was impardon; and, as if in contempt of possible to defend Bouteville in a the lenity shewn him, he again trans- more masterly manner than he did : gressed. He had sought refuge at nevertheless, he had previously deBrussels, with his cousin Descha- | termined that the rigour of the law pelles. After the commission of should be executed. This factis provhis twenty-first offence, the arch- | ed by the discontent he manifested duchess, who was governess of the at the sentence of the Parliament, in Low Countries, solicited his pardon which, contrary to the usual custom, from the King of France, who repli-Bouteville was honourably spoken of, ed that he could not grant it; but ne- and only a third of his property convertheless for her sake he would take fiscated, though the law directed that care, that if Bouteville entered the whole should be forfeited. When France he should not be apprehend-Richelieu saw the sentence, he said, ed, provided that he did not appear in an angry tone, “ It is well to be at Paris, and especially at court. related to the President de Mesmes." Piqued at this reply, Bouteville had The president was father-in-law of the insolence to boast, that he would Bouteville. return to fight a duel in France, nay, But the talents of the cardinal apeven at the Place Royale in Paris, peared to still greater advantage in where the king resided. He had parrying the blow aimed at him by been followed to Brussels by Beu- Marie de Medicis, who, after having vron, who was anxious to fight him, made his fortune, became his enemy, in order to revenge the death of a and sought to banish him from the friend of his, who had fallen in one court, by accusing him of being the of Bouteville's preceding duels. He principal author of the troubles with appointed a meeting with Beuvron which France was at that time torn. at the Place Royale, on the 12th May, When the council of state met to 1627. They had neither of them any deliberate on the means of appeasing advantage over the other, but Des. these troubles, Richelieu would at first have excused himself from speaking enemies. This prince was surroundon a subject that might be consider- ed by confidants, counsellors, and faed to affect him personally; but be- vourites, who employed themselves ing compelled by the king's order to without ceasing in plotting against speak, he proposed at some length, the cardinal. Some of these Richeand with a great deal of artifice, five lieu contrived to get banished, others measures that might be employed; he had arrested and put into the Basbut having examined each of these tille, and many of those whom he in turn, he reduced them to two. dreaded most, he caused to be conOne was his own resignation, which demned to death. While we hate his he said he would not hesitate to pro- cruelty and dissimulation, we are forcpose, if it could be regarded as a fea- ed to respect his courage and presible expedient, and one that could sence of mind. He gave a striking be resorted to without difficulty; but proof of these qualities in the manner he took care to add, that with re- in which he escaped the snare laid gard to it there were many things to for him by Madame Chevreuse. This consider; and he drew such a pic- lady, who had great influence over ture of the evils that might attend Gaston, engaged that prince to go his quitting the helm of the state, to the Chateau de Fleury, accompaas to prove very plainly, that the re- nied by several of his friends, to ask medy was worse than the disease. for a dinner of the cardinal. As they He then, with great apparent con-judged that Richelieu could not refusion and timidity, passed to the fuse the rites of hospitality to the other expedient, which was the exile prince, it was settled that the latter of the queen mother. He displayed should, during the time of dinner, with great appearance of candour create a quarrel, and during the tuall the evils to which this step also mult stab Richelieu. might give rise; but, nevertheless, he The cardinal was informed of this ended by proving that it was the on- plan by the commander of Valançay, ly one which could save France from and without losing a moment, he hasthe horrors of civil war.

tened to Fontainebleau, where GasConstantly surrounded by nume- ton then was. “Monseigneur," said rous and powerful enemies, it requir-he, “I am informed of the honour ed all the address and the courage of which your royal highness designs which Richelieu was master, to baf- me: however charmed I should have fle their efforts. Even these would been to do the honours of


house have been insufficient to guard a man to you, I consider it still more expeof principle, but the laxity of Riche- dient to leave your royal highness at lieu in that respect is notorious: all liberty to amuse yourself as you means were good to him that were please; I have therefore quitted my necessary for his safety or aggran- house, which is entirely at your serdizement. He gave abundant proofvice." of this in the manner in which he One may easily imagine how condispersed the powerful party raised founded Gaston must have looked. against him by Gaston, the king's | As to the Duchess de Chevreuse, brother, who was at once the most Richelieu took care not to give her constant and the most terrible of his any time to devise a fresh plot against him, for he had her sent immedi- from Champagne 7000 men, who ately into exile; a punishment which were devoted to him. Schomberg and was certainly lenient enough for the Puységur called a council of the capmischief she meditated. Her fu- tains of the guards, and informed ry, when she heard the sentence, De la Force of the contents of the passed all bounds; after having in- dispatches. Some moments afterveighed against the cardinal as the wards Marillac arrived, and ordered cause of all the evils which afflicted the captains of the guards to retire. the country, she concluded by de- “ No," said Schomberg, “ they must claring, that she should still find the remain to assist me to execute the ormeans of making him expiate all his ders of the king."-" Sir,” added crimes by his blood.

the Marshal de la Force, “I am your Of all the victims whom Riche- friend, you will not doubt it, and it lieu sacrificed to his safety or his am- is as such that I beg you will submit bition, there is not one whose fate to the will of his majesty without moves our sympathy more than that murmuring and with patience: perof the Marshal de Marillac, who, as haps it will end in nothing." He then well as his brother, was decidedly shewed him the order. attached to the interests of the queen “Sir," replied Marillac with great mother and Gaston. Marillac, De la dignity and firmness," it is not perForce, and Schomberg were at that mitted to a subject to murmur against time all three joint commanders of his master, nor to say that what his the French army; for, according to king alleges against him is false. I the singular custom of those times, can with truth protest that I have they took the command each by turns never done any thing contrary to my for a day. Marillac was in daily ex- | allegiance; but the truth is, that my pectation of hearing of the disgrace brother and I have always been the of the cardinal, which his brother, servants of the queen mother, against who was at court, had assured him whom and her friends the Cardinal would certainly take place very spee- de Richelieu directs his vengeance.” dily. A king's messenger arrived Having obtained permission to see with dispatches at the moment that his nephew, colonel of a regiment of the three marshals were going to sit infantry, he charged him not to grieve down to dinner. De la Force and for his fate, but to be always mindful Schomberg were already arrived, but of his last injunction, which was to Marillac was not yet come. “Let us serve the king faithfully. He begdine,” said De la Force, " and we ged of him also to tell all the offiwill afterwards read the dispatches cers of the troops who had accompawith M. Marillac: it is his day."— nied him from Champagne, that if Schomberg, more curious, read the they ever wished to oblige him, and dispatch, and finding that it was an to give him pleasure, it would be by order to arrest Marillac, he commu- redoubling their zeal and devotion in nicated it to Puységur: both of them the service of the king. were greatly embarrassed. Marillac These proofs of loyalty and devohad that day the command, and be- tion did not, however, save the brave sides his being in general beloved by soldier from the fate prepared for the troops, he had brought with hin him by his wily enemy. He lost his

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