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the sake of whose memory, and the benefit of his surviving family, we most heartily wish that this “ Dramatic Foundling” had been reared with more care, and nursed with more tenderness.
After having dismissed the above article, and sent the copy to the press, a very melancholy and most affecting occasion induces us to make a small addition to it,
order to pay a sincere, though very unequal tribute, to the memory of one of the most distinguished, as well as most worthy, characters of our own time. The Reader, we dare say, anticipates us with the name of DAVID GARRICK, who long flourished an honour to the stage, to letters, and his country. His talents, though great and various, were even surpassed by his good qualities ; and as we, among many others, long enjoyed the happiness of his acquaintance, we cannot suppress the first emotions of regret on his loss.-His peculiar felicity in writing Prologues and Epilogues, has long been felt and acknowledged ; and this talent, though one of his smaller excellencies, calls upon us to introduce his eminent name into this article, · His respect for the memory of the deceased Author, of whom he was for many reasons the intimate acquaintance, urged him to seize the opportunity of shewing his regard to the literary remains of his friend. He accordingly wrote the Prologue and Epilogue to the Fathers; and we are touched with the deepest forrow when we reflect, that they are the last pieces of the kind, which the world will ever receive from his pen. Before the appearance
of this posthumous play, a malevolent report was circulated, that Mr. Garrick had communicated the principal incidents to the author of the Jealous Wife, who had worked them up into that comedy. Those, who were acquainted with Mr. Garrick, knew him to be incapable of such treachery, and the work itself sufficiently refutes so scandalous an accufation. Mr. Garrick's Prologue to the Fathers is as follows:
When from the world deparis a son of fame,
But who the Author ? need I name the wit ?
Suppose these characters, various as they are,
And make his widow smile, his spirit reft. After reading the above, the various characters represented by Garrick, will probably rise in imagination before the Reader, bearing the strongest testimony of his transcendent powers, and exciting the keenest sorrow for his loss.
ART. XIII. Cafes and Observations on the Hydrophobia. By J. Vaug.
han, M. D. To which is annexed, An Account of the Cæfarian
Cæsarian Section, were noticed by us in their former edition * The reflexions on the division of the Ossa Pubis, which are added to the present publication, were communicated by Dr. Hunter, and are extremely well deserving of the public attention.
This very respectable writer premises his remarks on the operation in question, with the following general observations, which, we think, are of no small importance in the fystem of what might be termed medical jurisprudence.
Men of humanity, as well as of a reasoning faculty, need not be told, that in desperate cases, our judgment and practice are not to be regulated merely by the chances with respect to life. The sufferings of the patient, both in body and mind, should be fairly put into the scale, against the better chance for life. In such a trial, I have seen a patient pay a much higher price, in sufferings, than the little chance of saving life was worth.
These reflexions should be especially in our mind, when we are to give an opinion in any case of the Cæsarian Section, or of cutting the Symphysis of the Offa Pubis. And, in calculating the chances of a life to be saved, we should take care to make a just estimate of the life itself. Thus, in more advanced age, the value of it is lefs in proportion ; it is less too, in proportion as it is to be attended with pains or infirmities, or with whatever will diminish or destroy the enjoyments of life. Existence is fo nearly equal to nothing, that its real value must arise from its connection with some kind of enjoyment; and where, upon the whole, there is none, life is either worth nothing, or a positive evil.
• The value of life rises likewise in proportion to the desire of life, and the dread of death. The life of the mother is, for that reason, almost of an incomparably greater value than that of an unborn child'; a being which, we may suppose, has no enjoyment, and has neither a desire to live, nor fear to die. This appears to be reasonable, and experience shews it to be the dictate of nature, as well as common sense. I have lived thirty-nine years in one of the largest cities in the world, and, for the greater part of that time, in a very active station; so that numbers of dangerous cases must have come within my knowledge, and these among all ranks of mankind; yet I never, in any instance whatever, knew the life of a child put into any * Vid. Monthly Review for May 1778. Art. II.
fort of competition with that of the mother, by the husband' or any other perfon.'
In conformity to these rational and truly humane principles, Dr. Hunter proceeds briefly to discuss, with the greatest candour, the merits of the proposed operation. He confiders, first,
Its fupposed advantages as a substitute for the Cæsarian operation ; that is, with a view of saving the mother or child when otherwise both must be loft ;' and, secondly, How far it may be adviseable in some very difficult labours, with the view of saving the child.' The most material objection with respect to the first of these confiderations, and a very important one, in-' deed, it is, is that the room gained by flitting the Symphysis of the Pubis will not, in many cases, allow the child's head to pass; consequently it cannot be a substitute for the Cæfarian operation. This fact Dr. Hunter satisfactorily proves, by the view of three different pelves of fubjects on whom the Cæfarian operation was performed, in none of which the allowance of two inches and a half more (the space gained by the separation of the Pubis) would give the space which the French authors themselves require for the passage of a living child. As to the second confideration, that of saving the child in cases which otherwise would require opening the head, the Dr. thinks it too fevere a duty to exact from the sex, that they should submit to a hazardous and painful operation for the probable chance of saving an infant, whose life ought not to be put in competition with the mother's happiness and fafety. And in this determination, we are persuaded the greatest part of our readers will heartily join.
He concludes with acknowledging, that the new operation may in a very few cases, be a much better resource than the Cæfarian fection; not for saving the child, but the mother. These cases will be those in which the narrowness of the Pelvis does not admit the application of the crotchet; but where the room gained by the separation of the Offa Pubis might be sufficient to bring the child within reach of this instrument.
ART. Xiy. A Radical and expeditious Cure for a recent Catarrhous
Cough. Preceded by some Observations on Respiration; with occasional and practical Remarks on some other Diseases of the Lungs. To which is added, a Chapter on the Vis Vitæ, so far as it is concerned in preferving and reinstating the Health of an Animal. Accompanied with fome Stri&tures on the Treatment of Compound Fractures. By John Mudge, F.R.S. Surgeon at Ply-mouth. 12mo. 38.
fewed. Walter. 1778. HE variety of subjects contained in this small volume,
and the cursory manner in which, of consequence, they are treated, preclude the attempt to give an 'exact analysis of its contents; and as the theoretical and doctrinal parts, though ingenious, are not, in general, new, we shall confine ourselves to an account of the moft important of the practical observations.
In a digression concerning the fault of giving medicines in trilling and inefficacious doses, the Author related a very singular case of the catalepsy; which, after the unsuccessful exhibition of a variety of nervous medicines; and, in particular, of vaJerian, to the quantity of half a dram of the powder in a dose, was entirely cured by the same drug, in doses of half an ounce in substance twice a day. The medicine was continued till feven pounds had been taken.
A fimilar spirited mode of practice cured the Author himfelf, in a hectic, attended with very formidable consumptive symptoms, on his submitting to the application of a large caustic between his shoulders; which made an issue capable of containing between forty and fifty peas.
In spittings of blood, he says, he knows by long experience, that there is not a more efficacious remedy, than half a dram of nitre, taken two or three times a day, in a glass of water.
Mr. Mudge, at length, proceeds to a remedy for a catarrhous cough, which is the main subject of this publication. He says he was led to it, by a persuasion that this disease took its rise from an inflammatory affection of the pituitary lining of the trachæa, and its branches; and was, consequently, to be removed by diminishing the irritability, and discussing the inflammation of the affected part. These intentions, he supposed, would be completely answered by opium and the steams of warm water; and in the invention of a convenient and effectual maó chine for administering the latter, does the whole of the discovery consist. This machine, termed an inhaler, is so contrived, that the air drawn through a tube in respiration, paffes first through a body of hot water, and thus comes to the lungs loaded with warm vapour. The same air, when expelled in expiration, passes back through the tube, and thence through a valve, when by proper management, it may be distributed over the surface of the body, and thus act as a vapour bath. The Author's directions for this process are as follows. . ' In the evening, a little before bed-time, the patient, if of adult age, is to take three drachms, or as many tea-spoonfuls, of elixir paregoricum, in a glass of water : if the subject is younger, for instance, under five years old, one tea-spoonful; or, within that and ten years, two. About three quarters of an hour after, the patient should go to bed, and being covered warm, the inhaler, three parts filled with water, nearly boiling, and being wrapped up in a napkin, but so that the valve in the cover is not obstructed by it, is to be placed at the armpit, and the bed 3