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of grass is the natural produce of the soil, the three roods on which the bones were laid have hardly any of it, but on the contrary have all along produced the finest grasses.
“ Latt year, I dressed two acres with bones in two different fields prepared for turnips, fixty bushels to the acre, and had the pleasure to find the turnips greatly superior to the others managed in the common way. I have no doubt but these two acres will preserve their superiority for many years to come, if I may be allowed to prognosticate from former experiments most attentively conducted.
“ I also dressed an acre of grass ground with bones in October (1774) and rolled them in. The succeeding crop of hay was an exceeding good one. However, I have found
from repeated experience that, upon grass ground, this kind of manure exerts itself more pow. erfully the second year than the first.
“ It must be obvious to every person, that the bones should be well broken before they can be equally spread ụpon the land. No pieces should exceed the size of marbles. To perform this necessary operation, I would recommend the bones to be sufficiently bruised by putting them under a circular stone, which being moved round upon its edge by means of a horse, in the manner that tanners grind their bark, will very expeditiously effect the purpose. At Sheffield it is now become a trade to grind bones for the use of the farmer. . Some people break them small with hammers upon a piece of iron, but that method is inferior to grinding. To ascertain the comparative merit of ground and unground bones, I last year dressed two acres of turnips with large bones, in the same field where the ground ones were used ; the result of this experiment was, that the unground materials did not perform the least service; while those parts of the field on which the ground bones were laid were greatly benefited.
«°1 find that bones of all kinds will answer the purposes of a rich dressing, but those of fat cattle, I apprehend, are the best. The London bones, as I am informed, undergo the action of boiling water, for which reason they must be much inferior to such as retain their oily parts ; and this is another of the many proofs given in these essays that oil is the food of plants. The farmers in this neighbourhood are become so fond of this kind of manure, that the price is now advanced co one shilling and fourpence per bulhel, and even at that price they fend fixteen miles for it.
“ I have found it a judicious practice to mix afhes with the bones ; and this winter I have fix acres of meadow land dressed with that compost. A cart load of ashes may be put to thirty or forty bushels of bones, and when they have heated for twenty-four hours (which may be known by the smoaking of the heap), let the whole be turned, After laying ten days longer, this most excellent dressing will be fit for use.'
• My very excellent friend, Edward M. Mundy, Esq; of Shipley, in the county of Derby, this moment informs me, that a gentleman in the neighbourhood of Matlock has lately erected á mill for grinding bones, which he profitably applies both to pasture and arable , lands.'
The only thing we shall remark is, that Mr. St. Leger's method of breaking the bones by means of a circular fone drawn by a horse, is not
I s. 6 d.
the most common, and, we believe, not the most approved method. The operation is usually performed with a hammer, worked in the same manner as the hammer of a forge. But a till better method is to grind the bones between two calt-metal cylinders. Mills are very rarely erected purposely for this bufiness, as, at a very trifing expence, the apparatus may be added to any common water-mill.
P o L I TIC.AL. Art. 14. Opposition Mornings: With Betty's Remarks. 8vo. .
1779. Fun for the Majority, at the expence of the Minority. It is written in somewhat of Mr. Tickell's manner of party.ridicule ; nor is it unworthy of that Gentleman's pen :-his pinchbeck, Ateel pen, we mean; which having been touched by the political magnet, always veers toward the North. Art. 15. The Green Box of Monsieur De Sartine, found at Made
moiselle Du The's Lodgings. From the French of the Hague Edition ; revised and corrected by those of Leiplic and Amsterdam. 8vo. I 8. 6 d. Becket, &c.
1779. It now appears that this pretended English translation is the original work, as it came from the Judicrous pen of Mr. Tickell, author of ANTICIPATION ; and that the French edition, from which we extracted the character of this Performance, as given in our last Month's Review, was only a circumstance in the joke :--but this ingenious party politician, and wag, should have taken ca e not to spoil bis joke by che faults of a French version, which only served to let the cat out of the bag. Art. 16. Examination of Lieutenant General the Earl of Cornwallis,
before the Committee of the House of Commons, upon Sir Wil. liam Howe's Papers. 8vo.
Robson. 1779. From ihe extreme reserve and caution of this noble examinant, and his inflexible resolution to speak to no queition that involved any matter of opinion, the Committee could extract but little information from his Lordship’s evidence. General Gray was more open, and hath, accordingly, been applauded as more manly. If the knowledge of his opinion concerning the conduct and circumstances of the American war could be of any service to his country, he thought the House had a right to it, and he frankly, it is said, added they were welcome to the fruits of his experience and observation. This, say the Patriots, certainly spoke an independence of mind which did him honour.-Sorry are we to add, that his opinion and experience were by no means favorable to the ministerial idea of coercive mea. sures for the reduction of revolted America *. -Both his Lordship’s evidence, however, and that of the General, were greatly in favour of the conduct of Lord Howe, and his brother Sir William, the Come manders in Chief; who appear to have accomplished all that, in their situation, could bave been accompiished, for the good of the fervice in which they were engaged.
* We derive some consolation, however, from the different opinion of General Robertson. According to that Gentleman's evidence, the British interest in North-America is not altogether in fo hopeless a way as it seemed to be, on General Gray's examination. Rev. June, 1779
Art. 17. Historical Arrecdotes, civil and military : In a Series of
Letters, written from America, in the Years 1777 and 1778, to different Persons in England; containing Observations on the general Management of the War, and on the Conduct of our prin. cipal Commanders, in the revolted Colonies. 8vo.
I s. 6 d. Bew.
We fufpect that these Letters, whether genuine or not (we rather fuppose that they are genuine), have been made public chiefly with design to arraign the conduct of Lord and General Howe; but chiefly that of the latter. The Letters seem to have been all write ten by a zealous North-British * Loyalist; who chuses to demonstrate his averfion to the Rebels and their cause, by belowing, molt liberally, on both, the choicest flowers of scurrility. He thinks, or professes to think, that if our commanders had done their duty, an end would, long since, have been put to American refiftance; but, for our consolation, he expresses the warmeft hopes, and higheft expectations, from the superior ability, and more vigorous exertions, of Sir Henry Clinton.--This seems to be all party-work. The best commentary on those Letters will be found in Almon's Register † of what lately passed in the House of Commons, relative to the con.' duet of the American war. Art. 18. Sketches from Nature, in high Preservation, by the
moit fonourable Masters, 4t0. 2 s. Kearlly. 1779. Although neither the wit nor the facíre of these allusive but rather too occult paintings, will be obvious to every beholder, yet the performances, taken all together, evidently proclaim the pencil of an artist.
The hint of this publication seems to have been taken from the catalogues distributed at our annual exhibitions, and from the tric. tures on thofe exhibitions usually given in the public prints.
The characters here alluded so, are, chiefly, those of the Dukes of Cu -d, Gran, An-r, and Qu Ý ;
the A-hbmp of Ca- y; the Earls of B-te, s- - h, Ch- BDh, and Mood; the Lords N-h, Tl, W- -h, Ca - le, H-ke; the Bishop of Gl -r; Admiral K-1, Ge. neral C ---8, Charles F-x, Mr. B-ke, Mr. ] -n; and many others.
POETICA L. Art. 19. On the Preference of Virtue to Genius. A Poetical Epiile. 460.
Is. 6 d. That Genius and Visiue should ever be set in opposition to each other, seems at first view unnatural; yet, if we quit speculation, and confine curselves to facts, we ihall have the mortification to find them too frequently at variance. To reconcile them, as well as to decide which is to have the preference, seems to have been intended by the Author of this ethic epittle. After expatiating on the fupe
* We have formed this conjecture, on some expressions which certainly are not English: such as " so soon as,” instead of as soon as ;
-- Walhington wrote a genteel enough letter,” &c. &c. # Howe-Parers.
rior excellence of Virtue, he proceeds to consider the influence the will necessarily have both on the conduct of individuals and the Public, whenever the holds that rank in the estimation of the world to which her superiority entitles her. As a specimen of this Writer's manner take the following extract:
In various ways,
• This the true statesman knows, but knows in vain,
“Say in what realm the minister is found,
• Where then ihall trust have place, or hope arise?
• Ye truly great-whom pot a monarch's love,
Whom doms. 4to.
Whom neither wealth, nor grandeur can allure;
• Ye the despotic rescript can rescind,
While louts of joy resound from shore to shore.' Genius sacrificing to Virtue is an object which must ever be contemplated with pleasure and veneration; and yet, we are not to Jet our veneration for the action make us inattentive to the manner in which it is performed. This poem is certainly not so highly finished as it might have been : had this amiable Writer exerted bimself, we doubt not but that he might have produced a poem which would not have been deficient either in strength or elegance. Art. 20. The Noble Cricketers. A poetical and familiar Epiftle, addressed to Two of the idleft Lords in his Majesty's Three King
is. Bew. The two idlelt Lords in his Majesty's three kingdoms are undoubt. edly very 'fair objects of satire. Were our Author as happy in the execution of his performance as in the choice of his subject, he might possibly be entitled to some praise ; as it is, we doubt whether SAM SMALL, LUMPY, or even HORSEFLESH, would not blush to have written such ribaldry. Art. 21. The Auspices of War; an Ode. Inscribed to the Memory
of Admiral Boscawen. To which is added, the Prophecy of the Union ; a narrative Poem. 4to. 18. Dodsley. 1779.
As this Writer . pleads that he is not an old offender,' we are the less disposed to be severe in our sentence upon him. He is to ob. ferve, however, that as this apology will not avail him in future, he must, when he next appears before the tribunal of the Pablic, bring with him some more effectual plea to entitle him to its indol. gence; of which, indeed, we by no means despair. The present Specimen of his abilities is far from being unpromising. Art. 22. Poems on various Subjects. By Ann Murry, Author
of Mentoria. 410. 5 s. fewed. Dilly, &c. 1779. The greater part of these Poems, as the Writer tells us, were de. figned to describe the advantages resulting from rectitude of manners; to impress on others the conviction produced in her own heart of the inftability of human happiness; and to direct the mind to what ought to be the chief object of its attention, the hope of attaining a state, " where the wicked cease from troubling, and the weary are at reft." That they may answer the ends for which they were written, cannot but be the wish of every good mind. In some of these pieces, though there be inaccuracies to which the fastidious will object, and in others a gravity, wbich, for the diffipated and thoughtless, may have no great charms of allurement, yet there are many readers to whom they will prove both inftructive and amufing. 5