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jioned ; and therefore they acquit him, and he is hereby acquitted accordingly."
Here we have something like lenfe and meaning; but with respea to the President's complimentary address to Sir Hugh, on delivering him his sword (as it stands in the trial printed for Mr. Murray), the difference between that and the Portsmouth account cannot here be adjusted, for the Judge-Advocate has not faïd one word relative to that circumstance.-Note, there is a fourth copy of these proceed. ings, taken by Mr. Blandemor; but this is not yet come to our hands. Art. 52. A Friendly Address to the Jews in general. In a Series of Letters.
I 3. 6 d. Brown. 1779. These letters, we are given to understand, were written for the benefit of a Jewish family of the Author's acquaintance, who advised with him about religion. How far the friendly intention of the Wri. ter was answered, is not said ; but as in one passage, he addresses his correspondent as almost persuaded to be a Chriltian, we may fuppose he had the satisfaction of completing the work. These lecters consist of plain exhortations; but we cannot think they apply to or reach those obje&tions that might be started by a fenfible jew not previously disposed to liften to Christian doctrines.
RELIGIOUS and CONTROV ERSI A L. Art. 53. The Nature and Extent of Intellectual Liberty, in a
Letter to Sir George Saville, Bart. occafioned by an Error on a fundamental principle of Legislation, supported by his Credit and Eloquence in the Debate on the Diffenting Bill, March 17, 1779. By the Rev. David Williams. 8vo.
As it is im poslible, within our narrow limits, to do complete justice to the arguments used by the several late writers on the nice, difficult, and important subject of Intellettual Liberty, we shall only give the titles of the controversial tracts which have been occasioned by the Disenters Bill just passed, together with a slight intimation of the leading principle of each author,
The first of these, in the order of publication, is the abovementioned letter to Sir G. S. in which Mr. W. says many striking, and some extravagant things. He decides absolutely against the bill; which he considers as injurious and dangerous to truth and liberty. This Gentleman carries the argument higher than any other advocate on the same side of the queition ; for he contends for á full and free toleration of all opinions and doctrines. He says, I do not fee why thieves should not be allowed to preach the prin. ciples of theft; murderers of murder ; feducers of seduction ; adulterers of adultery; and traitors of treason :' adding, “If any man be fo weak as to think, that advantages would arise to iniquity from it, he cannot be benefited by any reasoning which can be offered him.'
Mr. W. foars on long pinions indeed ;-and he seems to apprehend no danger of their being clipped, -- notwithstanding his fears for the consequences of the present limited toleration.
The • error on a fundamental principle' which procured Sir G. the honour of this epiftle, was his admitting that "there were some
opinions apd thoughts which could not be tolerated;" instancing ** those of a right to murder or to plunder.” What the spirited letter-writer says in opposition to Sir G.'s notion is curious at least, if not convincing. Art. 54. Confiderations on the Diffenters' Bill; or, the Propriety
of Protettant diffenting Ministers acceding to a Declaration of their Belief in the Holy Scriptures, annexed to a Bill now depending in Parliament, for the farther Enlargement of religious Liberty. 8vo. 6d. Robson, &c. 1779.
This candid and judicious advocate for the bill, as it has passed, since the appearance of these considerations, with the Declaration annexed, fets out with facing, in general terms, the diffenters' plea for the right of private judgment, and the free exercise of his religion ; and then proceeas to enquire whether, on the different grounds of conscience and of expedience, a diffenting minister may accede to the proposed declaration? This queftion, in both respects, but especially in the latter, he determines in the affirmative ; and every moderate reader, we apprehend, will approve his reasoning; which extends to every important point and argument involved in this great and comprehenfive subject of investigation. With respect, however, to an acknowledgment of the magiftrate's right to demand of any man a declaration of bis faith, there are, among the diffenters, many rarional and worthy ministers, who entertain sentiments different from those of our Author. Of this number, is the writer of the tract which is the subject of the following article. Art. 55. Free Thoughts on the Inconsistency of conforming to any
religious Teft, as a Condition of Toleration, with the true Principle of Protestant Diffent. By John Palmer, Minister to a Society of Protestant Diflenters in New Broad-treet, 8vo. 15. Johnson.
These free thoughts seem to have been chiefly intended as an anSwer to the preceding considerations. The writer does not enter Targely into the general question concerning the just limits of the civil power. The particular point to which his remarks chiefly bear reference, is the interference of the magiftrate in requiring of protestant diffenting minifters, cotors, and schoolmasters, a declara. rion of faith in the scriptures, as the condition of their enjoying a legal toleration to exercise their respective functions: and his leading consideration is, • whether such a requisition can be complied with, in confiftence with the true principle of protestant diffent?" This is, indeed, the main object of the present du bate; and our fenfible Author, who appears to be a' ftaunch disenter on principle, decides totally against the bill :-fo true is the remark of good Sir Roger De Coverly (which we may apply to almost every controversy), " that much may be said on both sides."
There are some orher publications on this interesting subject; but we must defer them to our next Month's Review. Art. 56. A seasonable Caution against the Abominations of the Church of Rome. By C. De Coetlogon, M. A.
6 d. Keith. 1779.
Candor 'and moderation toward persons of every religious deno'mination, we must wish to be encouraged; but the history of the whole Chriftian world, fo clearly proves the ill tendency of popiti
principles and usurpations on the rights and consciences of men, that we cannot be too much guarded against them. This Author gives on the whole a proper view of his subject. He intends his book for the common people, believing that the youth of this nation, espe. cially of the poorer fort, are in danger of being educated in the horrid principles of the church of Rome; thousands, he says, 'having been invited, and many received into Popisn seminaries in several parts of Great Britain. At the same time he admonishes his readers, that it is his design not to attack persons but things, to form that kind of error, which in its nature is faral to the civil and religious liberties of Englifhmen.' We do not intirely approve of one or two of his terms, such as diabolical council, hypocritical zeal, because there are no doubt fincere and worthy persons in this party of Christians, as well as in others. His account of articles of faith necessary to salvation discovers, perhaps, a mind much too narrow;, and poslibly, on enquiry, he may find it favours a little of that fpirit of popery which inculcates that out of their church there is no falvation. We join, however, with him in his concluding paragraph: “The state of the nation is alarming; the state of religion is much more so; therefore, as men, as citizens, as christians, BEWARE.' Art. 57. A Defence of the Clergy of the Church of Scotland, who
have appeared in Opposition to the Intention of an unlimited Repeal of the Penal Laws againt Roman Catholics. By John M'Farlan, D.D. one of the Minilters of Canongate. Edinburgb. 8d. Dickson, Edinburgh.
Whether Dr. M Farlan's apprehenfions of the bad confequences to be dreaded from an unlimited repeal of the penal laws againit papists are, or are not, well-grounded, we shall not take upon us to determine. We are bound in charity to believe, that the Doctor, and such of his brechren as agree with him upon this subject, are men of integrity, and act from principle. On this fuppontion, the Defence befo e us does them honour, both as Christians and as Protettants. Art. 58. Considerations on the Spirit of Popery, and the intended
Bill for the Relief o: Papills in Scotland. by John Erikine, D. D. one of the Ministers of Edinburgh. 8vo.
6d. Printed at Edin. burgh.
In regard to these Confiderations, we can only repeat what we said in the preceding article, viz. that, whatever ground there may, or may not be, for apprehending danger from Roman Catholics, Dr. Erkkine's zeal in a cause, wherein he thinks the lives, liberties, and religion of protestants are intimately concerned, merits commendation. Art. 59. Popery disetted: or, a Speech against the Popish To
leration Bill: intended to have been delivered in the Pantheon [Edinburgh), Nov. 12, 1778. Now greatly enlarged. By W. Drysdale, Teacher of Languages, &c. Edinburgh. 8vo. 1s. Edinburgh. 1779. Sold by Fielding and Walker, London.
Full of zeal, and learning, and bad Englih. The last mentioned ciscomitance is rather unfortunate in a publication set forth by a teacher of languages. For this Mr. Drysdale may apologize, perhaps, as did the learned Mr.
of Newington, who advertised to cure
" defeas in the organs of speech." When Dr. who stammered rather too much for a preacher, applied to the advertiser, he was greatly surprised to find the gentleman Itammering worse than him. self, and objected accordingly ;-7" Oh! S-i-ir," faid the quack,
my b-b-bulin-e-ss is to cu-cu-re other pe-pe-ple, not myse-le-elf: for who will p-p-pay me for th-th at ? Art. 60. A Scripture Catechism, historical, doctrinal, and practical:
in which the Answers are exprested in the Words of the Bible only. With Prayers for Children, moitly in Scripture language. 12mo. 4d.
Buckland. 1777 We cannot easily say by what means this little performance has escaped an earlier notice. It appears to us to merit attention both from the nature of its design, and from its execution. We cannot give our Readers a better view of it than by reciting a passage or two from the preface. After having observed that adding to the number of catechisms already published may need an apology, it is said, ' The only apology which the Author has to offer is, that a catechifm in Scripture words seemed to him, on the whole, preferable to any other, particularly in the following views: It is calculated most easily and effectually to promote the knowledge of Scripture, as well as cherish in the minds of children a high veneration for it. Ic muft,' one would imagine, afford a greater satisfaction to instructors of youth, to have only the pure word of God to explain, than the words of fallible men, however excellent: And those points which have been long matier of warm debate in the Christian church cannot be so well expressed, or so safely taught, in the words which man's, wisdom teacheth, as in those which the Holy Ghosi teacheth. It is not pretended that divine truth cannot, or ought not to be expressed in human words, or that it may not be useful thus to express it first, and afterward prove it from Scripture. “But to assere divine truth, in divine word's, is both the safer and the easier method, as ic carries its proof along with it. To teach children immediately from the Scriptures, is leading them to the founiain-head, where they will find the water pure.' In another part of the preface, it is observed; ' It is not pretended that the delign here pui sucd is new, or the execution of it' intirely the Author's own. He thinks it a much better recommendation of it to say, that fumething of this kiod has been attempted many years ago by persons of far superior judgmeat and nore in the church. A Scripture catechism was publithed by Mr. Henry Jele, and another by Mr. Ozven Stockton, born of them ejected minulleis of great eminence. Another was printed above titty years ago, whicli has been commonly ascribed to Mr. James Peirce. It was from this last (though in fome views exceptionable) that the firit hint of the present work was taken; and it has since been improved by comparing it with a similar work published by Mr. Benjamin Stinton in the year 1719, as well as other collections of Scripture-texis. It was at first privately printed for the use of the Author's catechumens; but a few friends having had the lighi of ii, and recommended it to others, there has been a greater demand for it than could be conveniently answered in a private way. This determined bim to publish it, after having made fuch alterations in it as wcre fuggered by the remarks of some judicious friends.'
We have only to add farther concerning this publication, that if any profit should arise from its fale, we are informed in a note, it will be :pplied solely to the use of the children for whom it was drawn up.' Art. 65. The Importance of Truth and the Danger of Moderation,
particularly with respect to the Do&rine of the Trinity: Investigated in three Conferences between an orthodox Chriftian and a moderate Man. Inscribed to the Rev. Sir Harry Trelaway, Bart. and occasioned by his late Sermon at the Exeter Assembly. 8vo. Exeter, printed. London, fold by Buckland, &c.
1779. From the title of this work, which is we suppose intentionally ambiguous, the Reader may perhaps conclude that he is to find what is termed orthodoxy of sentiment warmly and highly exalted, while moderation is depressed and trampled under foot. But a perosal of the pamphlet will produce a conclusion intirely different. The work is liberal and candid, pleading for the rights of private judgment and the sole authority of Scripture in opposition to human explications and decisions. While it has this direction, it does not, as hath been too often the case, tend to destroy or weaken that piety which is the true source of other good dispositions, and of good conduct.
6 E R M O N S. 1. The Principles and Duty of Proteftant Diffenters confidered - At the
Ordination of the Rey. John Prior Etlin, at Lewin's Mead, Bris. tol, Aug. 5, 1778, by the Rev. William Enfield, LL. D. With an Address on the Design of Ordination, by the Rev Thomas Wright ; Mr. Eflin's Answers to the Questions proposed to him ; and a Charge by the Rev. Nathaniel White. 8vo.
I s, 6 d. Johnson.
Dr. Enfield shews that Proteftant Diflenters have two grand objects of attention, viz. the fupport of the right of private judgment, and. the advancement of moral and religious knowledge in the world. Amidst all the diversity of their opinions on subjects of speculation, these important objects, he says, ought to form an inseparable bond of union amongst them, and engage them to a zealous attention to their common interests, and a warm attachment to each other as bres thren.--His sentiments on the fubject are candid and judicious ;-the Address, the Answers to the Questions, and the Charge, breathe a liberal and manly spirit, II. Unity and Charity recommended-Before the Friendly Society at
Cockermouth, Cumberland ; at their Anniversary Meeting, Jan. 1, 1779. By Joseph Gilbank, junior, Minister of the Gospel at Cockermouth. 4to. 6 d. Ware, &c. Whitehaven.
A plain, sensible discourse, from, “ We are members one of another." After shewing in what respects we are members one of another, and pointing out the duties which we owe to each other, as fellow-creatures and fellow-christians, the Preacher concludes with an address to the Society-a Society instituted for the express purposes of bene. volence ;-benevolence in one of its most necessary and utefdi branches; the relief of the honest and industrious artificer, when las bouring under the double weight of poverty and fickgefs. 4