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Art. 31. An Address to the Honourable Augustus Keppel; contain
ing candid Remarks on his late Defence; with fome Observa. tions on such Passages as relate to the Conduct of Sir Hugh Palliser.
By a Sea-man. 8vo. 6d. Richardson and Urquhart. • This Addresser is not merely an able seaman; he is likewise an able writer. He closely, and perspicuously investigates the conduct of Ms. K. both in regard to what he did and did not, on the memorabie 27th and 28th of July, and to what he said in his defence, on his trial by the court martial. There is great profession of impartiality in this piece; but the Author's profesions are rendered questionable by the keenness of his manner, and the farcasms which he frequently calts on the admiral's friends and adherents—the minority, the patriots, &c. whom he severally censures for their attachment to party principles, in opposition to what he deems the true interest and honour of this country. He earnestly disclaims all partiality for Sir Hugh; and boldly appeals to every good judge of the subject, for the justice and candour of his ftri&tures on the conduct of the popular admiral. Art. 32. Three Letters. The First addressed to the Merchants
and Gentlemen of the Reprisal Association, upon the Subject of fitting out Privateers from the Ports of Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli. The Second is addressed to the Ruffian Ambassador, ftating ihe political Consequences of the Cession of Minorca to the Empress of Ruflia : and the Third is addressed to the Lord Chief juftice of the Court of King's Bench, and the other Judges of Criminal Law, upon the Subject of employing the Convičts to work in Coal and Lead Mines, instead of the present Method of Punishment. 8vo.
IS. Dixwell. The general proposals in this packet of Letters, are stated in the above title-page; but alas, to very little purpose for poor old Eng. land, now that lord Chatham is dead! The Writer asks the gentlemen of the Reprisal Association—' Have we not too much reason to dread, that in the death of lord Chatham, we lost the only man who could direct the helm of public affairs in the present form ? This great man, weighed down with the pressure of our misfortunes, fell in the action of political debate; as marshal Keith wished to fall in the field. With him died all that boldness of military scheme and enterprize of war, which should ever be the reigning characteristic of a British minister. How would Marlborough, Argyle, and Stair be affected, were they to look down upon the loss this country has fuftained ! The happiness of heaven itself would not prevent the tender tear of sympathy from falling in such a case!'
In this state of despair he regrets, that a fleet of British men of war was not sent to act in the Mediterranean, under Algerine or Tunisian commissions. He advises, that privateering companies thould be established at the Barbary ports, and that we should inttruct the Moors in the European art of war, to act against the French and Spaniards. He opens a negociation with the Russian ambassador, to cede Minorca to his mistress, for a ftipulated affiftance against the Americans; and depreciates the value of Minorca to this country, in order to help forward the bargain. What kind of credentials he poffe fles to carry this offer into execution, does not appear, and he refers his Rullian excellency to no other contracting party!
His address to the judges, on the employment of felons, is composed in a more sober ftile, and deserves, coniderasion; but this lecter has not the meriç of originality, to which the others are entitled, Art. 33. A View of the Isle of Wight, in Four Letters to a Friend,
Containing not only a Description of its Form and principal Productions, but the most authentic and material Articles of its Natural, Political, and Commercial History. By John Sturch.
Goldsmith. Many persons who visit that agreeable spot, the Isle of Wight, leave it without seeing half the natural beauties of the countr.y and its coalts, for want of previous knowledge, and due informacion when they arrive : those, therefore, who wish to take the full benefit of such an excursion, will do well to carry Mr. Srurch's letters as a pocket guide, and to regulate their tour from the hints, both defcriptive and historical, which are conveyed in it. Art. 34. Thoughts on Tithes ; with a Proposal for a voluntary Ex
change of great and small Tiches, for Land to the Value, to be held as Glebe, within the respective parishes of England, &c. 8vo. is. Flexney. 1778.
This very judicious Writer's proposal highly merits the attention both of the clergy and laity. Art. 35: The Sea Lad's Trusty Companion : Being Instructions
given to the Lads and Boys assembled at the Marine Society's Otħice in Bishopsgate-street; waiting till Commission or Warrant Officers in the Royal Navy requelt them as Servants, in order to their being bred Seamen; also Masters in the Merchants Service inquiring for Boys to serve as Apprentices at Sea : With Rules for a moral and religious Life. Also the State of the Society to the Igth of Dec. 1778. By J. H. Esq; 12mo, 6 d. Sewel.
Mr. Hanway's patriotic and benevolent disposition is well known ; and we heartily with success to his endeavours to introduce fobriety, and a moral and religious deportment on board fhips of war. Art. 36. Sedger's Rudiments of Book-keeping. In Two Parts, &c.
The Second Edition. 8vo. 2 s. 6 d. Fielding and Walker. The first part is according to the Italian method, the second relates to company accounts, and is acdressed to the East India Company. The republication is a presumptive proof that the Writer understands his subject, which is probably saying as much, out of a compting-house, as such a work requires. Art. 37. An Introduction to the Study of Geography; or, a Gene
ral Survey of Europe. By A. F. Buiching, Proteífor of Divinity and Philosophy at Gottingen. Translated from the Second Ger. man Edition, with Improvements. By R. Wynne, A. M. 12mo.
Bew. 1778. This appears to be nothing more than an abstract made some years fince, from the introduction to Busching's large fyftem of geography.
NOVELS and MEMOIR S. Art. 38. Prince Arthur: an Allegorical Romance: the Story
from Spenser. izmo. 2 Vols. 6 s. bound. Riley, &c. 1778. At a period wben the generality of Writers, under pretence of adhering to nature, are forsaking the parhs of fancy, and in avoiding extravagance, are finking into inúpidity, there is some share of merit in recalling the attention of the age to the facred relics of genios, transmitted from ancient times. This merit, ar leait, the Author of Prince Arthur may claim. He has wrought up the principal incidents in Spenser's Fairy Queen into an allegorical romance, in which he has closely followed the track of the original; and to render the story complete, he has, with tolerable success, attempted to supply the loss of the last books of the poem. Thole who are already well acquainted with the admired original, will not perhaps reliíh the idea of modernizing and profaicifing Spenser; bat Readers of another class will probably find entertainment, perhaps instruction, in this imperfect reflection of the images, fenciments, and characters of the Fairy Queen. Art. 39. Friendship in a Nunnery: or the American Fugitive:
Containing a tuil Description of the Mode of Education and Liv. ing in Convent Schools, both on the Low and High Pension the Manners and Characters of the Nuns; the Aris practised on young Minds, and their baneful Effects on Society at large. By a Lady.
2 Vols. 6s. Bew. 1778. The picture here exhibited of convent-manners is perhaps 100 deeply faded; it is, however, marked with such peculiar traits, as thew the Author to have drawn from the life ; and there is so much truch, as well as execution in the piece, that it merits some attention in an age, in which it is become too fafhionable for females to see ceive the last finishing of their education in the convent. This novel is said to be written by Mrs. Gibbes, author of the Woman of Fafhion, &c. Art. 40. The Wedding Ring; or, the History of Miss Sidney. In a Series of Letters.
Vols. Noble. The character of an abandoned libertine, who commits the vileft offences againft decorum, humanity, and religion, is so disgusting, that nothing is more attonishing than that novels, in which such cha. racters are minutely described, should pass with innocent female readers for books of agreeable entertainment; unless it be the ignorance or presumption of their writers, who recommend them to the public as books of excellent moral tendency, The bad effect of the exhibition of such characters, is by no means counterbalanced by the good impresion that may arise from the execution of poetical júltice in the catastrophe of the tale, in which the contemptible hero is pu. nished, and the innocent object of his machinations escapes into the arms of a virtuous lover. We must therefore add the Wedding Ring to the long catalogue of unprofitable novels. Art. 41. The Generous Sister : in a Series of Letters. By Mrs, Cartwright.
2 Vols. 5 5. Bew. When the Reader has half an hour to spare, and finds himself difinclined, either to be fatigued with thinking, or to be difturbed by 3
emotion, he cannot pass it in more indolent amufement, than in turning over these little volumes. Art. 42. The Hermit of the Rock; or, the History of the Mar
chionefs de Lausanne and the Comte de Luzy. Translated from a French Manuscript. 12mo
bound. Noble, &c. 1779.
The emotions of the gentle pallion of love are in this novel unfolded, through a series of tender and interefting incidents, in language so natural and pathetic, that it cannot fail of being read with pleafure by such as are capable of feeling, and have not learned to despife the refinements and delicacies of a sentimental atrach. ment.
RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL. Art. 43. The Mofaical Account of the Human Fall metaphorical,
and figurative of the Angelic Defe&tion; a philofophical Fragment, shewing that Man is the fallen Angel, and disproving the Existence of the Devil. Izmo. 1 s. 6 d. Fielding and Walker,
This Writer asserts the pre-existence, and even the eternity a parte ante of the human soul, and from hence very ingeniously deduces a folution of the difficulties attending the doctrine of the fall of man; maintaining that the present depravity of human nature, and the evils confequent upon is, are intended as a punishment for offences committed in a prior ftace, which the scriptures describe in the his. tory of the fallen angels. In this reasoning, it mutt be owned, that, the data are not quite certain, and the proof is not perfe&tly clear: but why should nor a man who prefers thefe pretty speculations to a game at chess or cards, be allowed to amuse himself in his own Art. 44. The Old Fashion Farmer's Motives for leaving the Church
of England, and embracing the Roman Catholic Faith; and his Reafons for adhering to the jame. Together with an Explanation of Tome particular Points, misrepresented by those of a different Pere fuafion : With an Appendix, by Way of Antidote against all upstart new Faiths. 8vo. 2 8. 6 d. No Publisher's Name. Advertised for Robinson.
This is one of the first-fruits of oar allowing the Catholics a little more elbow-room. It will not now be expected that we should enter into a critical examination of the points in controversy between the Papists and Protestants; it may however be hinted, that in the ačcount which this Old Fashion Farmer gives of his conversion, he acknowledges that he cold a falsehood to his old friends to excuse it : for which his new friends probably gave him absolution. He is as liberal in his abufe of the first reformers, as he is tender in touching upon the known principles and pra&tices of the Catholic clergy. As it was our duty to look into this publication, we observed one paffage, which, though it contains nothing new, is, we trust, too old fashiones for the prefent intellectual abilities of our countrymen. It is but Thort. In his juftification of image worship he honestly remarks,• But then some answer and say, that although the learned Catholics do not commit idolatry in worthipping images, yet it is feared that the poor and unlearned sort of them do, because they cannot all be thought to know what the council of Trent has decreed in this case.
« To these I anfwer, that all and every Catholic, throughout the whole world, does believe as the council of Trent has decreed, whether they know the words of the decree or not; because all Ça. tholics have an implicit faith in the Church, that is, they all believe as the Church believes, whether they examine into the matter itielf or not, and that purely on her unerring authority; an explicit faith being not required for if an explicit faith was required, then few could be Catholics, because there is not one priett perhaps in twenty, that can give a plain and positive, account of all the articles of faith which the Church has ordained.'- Here, then, is a total end of all argument, cspecially where this infallible Church is triumphant, For though she may deign to argue, in her manner, where she is only. tolerated, he uses more expeditious methods, where she can call the magistrate to her allistance: for then, whoever fcruples, to believe what they do not understand, or quia impossibile eft, will soon not only believe and understand, but feel also the doctrine of compulîon, to enforce an implicit unity of faith. May the God of Mercy preserve us in our errors against such modes of conviction ! Art. 45: An Ejay on the Simplicity of Truth; being an Attempt
to ascertain the Use and Extent of Discipline in the Church of Christ. To which is added a Postscript on Tithes. Particularly addressed to the People called Quakers; by Catholicus, a peaceable, Member of that Socie:y. 8vo. is. 6 d. Dilly. 1779.
Catholicus is a fenfible well informed writer; and his Elay may be read with profit by the moderate part of his brechren; that, iş, in short, by thole whose internal good sense least requires information and instruction: he may console biinsels in the best manner he can for the reception his well meant endeavours nay meet with from the relt; and he ought not to be very fanguine in his expectations. A writer who, like Catholicus, strictly adheres to the great and leading principles of Christianity, may be applauded by the unprejudiced and discerning few; but he will meet with unusual success, if he be not slightly regarded, or totally disapproved, by the misguided, undi. finguishing many. Art. 46. A Charge to the Clergy of the Archdeaconry of St. Alban's,
White. Popery is the great object at which the learned Author aims in this Charge. He laments that there are some symptoms of the present times being rather favourable to it. • How vain, it is said, are the pretences asligned for the repeal of some of the laws which relate to the profession of Popery in this kingdom ! If Popery were nothing more than an innecent assemblage of opinions merely speculative, the objection would indeed be just and reasonable againit the continuance of such laws, being founded in their inconfiftency with Christianity and humanity itself. But the Reformers and the friends of the Revolution, clearly discovered the necessity of obstructing the re entrance of an intolerable usurpation and tyranny over the rights and liber: ties of mankind;' In another place he observes,-There is nothing which demands more earnestly the political attention of the nation than this remark, that the Papacy has uniformly acted on the same maxim to which Polybius ascribes the grandeur of the Roman republic, namely, in taking advantage of every favourable incident in forming new enterprizes on every success. And may we not be