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geon, a Mr. Trotter, who is now dead') was as large; 'to all appearance, as before the battle.
These specimens will be fully sufficient to enable the Reader to form a judgment of this Writer's metaphysical acumen. We need, therefore, but barely to enumerate the remaining contents of this publication. These are-An Examination of Dr. Priestley's arguments in support of his disbelief in the immateriality of man:-An Essay on Conscience, considered as an instinctive sense of moral good and evil; in the course of which, as well as in various other parts of his work, the Author, who had in a former publication designed himself under the signature of a Christian, Joies sight of one of the most distinguishing traits of that character, by throwing out many uncharitable and injurious imputations or suggestions against Dr. Priestley :-Strictures on Dr. Hartley's theory :- Thoughts on the origin of evil :-Proofs of Dr. Priestley's having contradicted the opinions of Dr. Hartley, in the Introductory Eflays prefixed to his republication of Dr. Hartley's Observations:-And an Appendix, containing an Answer to Dr. Priestley's Difquifitions on Matter and Spirit.
ART. VII. The History and Management of the East India Company,
than the late transactions in the East Indies, from the partial representations of interested advocates. Where the motives for milrepresentation are so exceedingly powerful, and where it is so easy to place actions and characters in any light that may happen to suit the writer's purpose, by means of a judicious selection of authorities from documents too voluminous to be often examined; it is not at all surprising, that an ingenious apologift should be able to draw up a plausible defence of transactions not to be justified; or that an equally ingenious opponent should be able to place the conduct of individuals, or bodies of men, in a light of disgrace and infamy which they do not deserve.
Having often met with facts to justify these remarks, as we on a former occasion declined the free declaration of our opinion on the conduct of lord Pigot, so we now think it right to decline pronouncing decisively on the conduct of the East India Company in the affair which is the principal subject of the publication now before us, the restoration of the kingdom of Tanjore to the Rajah. We all therefore only lay before our Readers a fum
mary view of the points maintained at large in this work; refer. ring those who wish to form a decisive judgment on the question to the Author's arguments and authorities at large.
After a clear, but general and concise account of the rise and progress of the European, and particularly the English, settlements in the East Indies, this Writer examines at large the condud of the East India Company and their agents, principally in reference to the late transactions, Collecting into one view the facts and arguments which he had adduced, he says;
• In the course of the preceding work, it has been proved, that the Company's servants aniformly were confidered and owned themselves the subjects of the Mogul, in all parts of that monarch's dominions, where they pofseffed settlements. That, especially in the Carnatic, when they took up arms, upon any occasion, they avowed that they only performed their duty, as subje&ts of the Mogul empire, according to their original condition and tenure in the country and the fun, damental principles of the Mogul government. That they considered and always acknowledged the Nabob of Arcot, as the mediate power, between them and the Mogul, to whom their allegiance and support was due, as faithful and approved fubje&ts. That they knew and owned, that Mahommed Ali, the present Nabob of the Carnatic, was the LAWFUL Nabob of that country, by the free and legal Sageds of the Mogol, as well as of his deputy, the viceroy of the Decan. That they looked upon the French Company, wbo had been esta blished in the Carnatie, on the very fame footing with themselves, in the light of REBELS, for carrying on war against Mahommed Ali. That, in the person of their governor, Mr. Pigot, they fignified their with “ to carry on their business, under that prince's protection, as they did under that of former Subadârs." That, opon the whole, as ng repolysion has happened in the Carnatic, po breach upon the legal appointment of Mahommed Ali, to the government of that country, the Company and their fervants still continue, in the same relation to that Nabob, as they had uniformly food with regard to his predecessors and to himself
. That, in the double capacity of subjects to Great Britain, and to the government of the country, where the settlement is placed, the Company, neither had nor have any. sight, to become principals in any war; and that they can only appear, as allies, auxiliaries or mercenaries. That in none of these characters, they have any right whatsoever to either the poffefion or the disposal of conquests; and, that their claiming the one or arro, gating the other is a violation of their duty, as subjects of Great Bri. tain, as well as of the country government.
"To demonstrate the indisputed right of the Mogul to the Carnatic and all its dependencies, by conqueft, the history of that country has been deduced from the earlieft times. It has been proved, that, as early as the year 130, a Gentoo prince reigned in the Carnatic, who was sovereign of the provinces of Canara, Mysore, Travancore, TANJORE, Marava, and Madura. That this prince, to defend him, felf againt the incursions of the Mabommedans, had built the city of Bigeagur, in the mountains, about eighty geometrical miles to the south-eat of Goz. That this city, which gave its name to the king.
dom of which it was the capital, was attacked and taken, in the year +565, by the united force of the foar Mahommedan principalities of the Decan. That, in a war which commenced in i6so, the whole Carnatic was entirely reduced under the yoke of the Makom medan kings of Bijapour and Tellingana. That in the years 1686 and 1687, the emperor Aurungzebe conquered the kingdoms of Bijapour and Tellingana. That the Naigs of TANJORE, by that conquest, became feudatories and vaffals of the empire. That about the year 1696, nine years after the reduction of the kingdoms of Bijapoor
and Tellingana, one Ecko-jî, a Maratta, servant to the king of Bijapour, having been called by the hereditary Naig of Tanjore to his asustance, seized the country, which he had been called to defend. That the Mogul Nabob of the Carnatic reduced Sahu.ji, the son of the ofurper, to an absolute dependence on the empire. That the Nabob imposed upon the vanquished Sabu-jî, an anoual tribute of thirty lacks of rupees. That, in confideration of that fum and his entire fubmií fion to the mandates of the Mogul, that monarch conferred upon him the title of RAJAH, by an imperial Phirmân. That, during an irregular fuccefion of the posterity of Ecko-ji in Tanjore, the settled tribute was paid, and the feudatory services performed, by that country, for more than thirty years. That, when the Rajah proved refractory, his superior, the Nabob of Arcot, seized bis country, as a forfeiture to the empire, and threw the revolted vafsal into prison, as a punishment for his contumacy. That, though the Rajah, during troubles, which arose in the Carnatic, recovered his liberty and government, he continued subje& to the empire of the Moguls; and. was accountable for his tribute and feudal duties to the Nabob of Arcot, the mediace power between him and the throne.
During the wars, which arose on the coast of Coromandel, from the ambition of the French and the intrigues of M. Dupleix, it has been shewn, that the Rajah of Tanjore not only neglected to pay his tribute, but acted a very undutiful and faithless part towards his fuo perior the Nabob and the English Company. That though he sent a force to allilt them in 1752, it was after they had obtained a manifeft fuperiority, by the junction of the Maratcas and Mysoreans. That when they had loft that fuperiority in 1753, he amused them with insidious promises, whilft he actually treated with their enemies. That his conduct during the whole war, was not only uniformly deceptious, bar that he privately corresponded with the enemy, entertained their agent at his capital, ftopt provisions from being sent to the Englith army, and disconcerted their operations. That, though the French attacked his capital in 1758, he exhibited marks of ani. mosity against the English, and, when he thought their fortune on the decline, wheb Madras was besieged, he not only refused affittance to them and his superior, the Nabob, but treated their representative, Major Calliaud, with every mark of disrefpect and contempt. That, though the power of the French manifefly declined, when they were forced to raise the fiege of Madras, be not only refused alistance to his fuperior the Nabob, but answered the request of the Presidency with a sarcasm upon their conduct.
Notwithftanding the treaty of 1762, which settled the tribute of Tanjore, at teľs than half the sum paid in the most regular times, was
litric that : Mac. death tire Re, ing re: dagger correfpc: fieged is kindled had obtaic enemy wita Tulja-ji 23. to carry the his own terr and the Raja: that Hyder in which he dica Though the P to afex a meari: as ibeir friend, conviry, desees. Bent of the tip! after the treazy cra
• It has appeare, dsplicity and treas. whole of his cocco pobare orders to the fevere 2eccic: kis ca opinion, that the te carsaat'rigisci ! dered tá cocacy, 2. a Zemitcar of that? tilement for dis conduct the Nabob agaiss Eise the oitesible reaides, su ciscentasces very diferer: the Rajab. That the pred ciced in furoer of the as ferred chaineat, 1. tr. wih soser and provisors, peitbeit, ferks by tie te. yeu 1770, che Rosh's cores sich two powers de irriteisn cotered, by cãe Presteses, as bated foreign eresies to a cook op arms agair be depece. whes be Esglis Pierdes: vro:e intead of perieg attesciog to En and is pertisesce, is dis sciver. trigues cf the Raja, with tie ac,
es the orders of the Company to the Governor and Coun'adras, effectually to support the Nabob in his preten: 1 the Rajah of Tanjore; and their letter to the fame, ; had received information that the Rajah was to be inthe treaty with Hyder Ali as a party to be protected ; their dissatisfaction with the conduct of their agents ; ring the Rajah to be by right tributary' to the Na. 11/pending their former order, only because the prothe Council of Madras had rendered it impossible into execution. These orders, which it was ne.
nd, which the Council were soon after prepared of, and which after several delays were executed, Hifies by the following enumeration of facts:
jah's critical desertion of the Company and the Na: with Hyder Ali, warranted their“ strongest resent. c962;"—that though he owed his security," and country, to the measures sustained by the Nabob ;"--and though he was“ a tributary Dependent
i he refused to “ furnish his quota towards carry: IC: cultivating, on the contrary,
a warm attachThu
'the common enemy, and “ assisting him with who
erefore“ became necessary to pursue such meawhic.
he Nabob might think consistent with the jusThat
's government.”—— That in addition to all ihis be had
"s withheld the peishcuish, due to the Nabob," ing the
bob's rights, in actual breach of his engage: a milita'
11762, and in contempt of the honour and quebar.
who had guaranteed it;-and that, as a conjaft aor:
" he attacked the Dependents of the Naорор тек That he
other grounds justified the Company in EDCODT2O**
reduce Tanjore, our Author concludes money,
isht to reverse their conduct, and divest had folec:
...ad fo juftly affisted him in recover• Upor holding, i
thought otherwise. In their memoraally paio
and the Council, dated "'12th April Company we
Ertions ; treaty,
zgraph 4th. the kaza
ale by our Governor and Council at was in js.
Carnatic and the King of Tanjore, to the genere
1's been fully approved by the Court the Prencer
cer the public faith of the Company perlu., Moto
ipse Br tih nation deeply affected, by ferving In
I that unhappy prince; whose kinga of n
y our servants, anu put under the -n; in direct violation of that creaty,
is and infiructions, which have uni. gagemt.
from aitempting to enlarge our own, take tu