Page images

that the is not totally lost in insensibility. To despair of the State is criminal.-Let us hope that there are still among us, “in those humbler walks of life from which every thing great and good has generally sprung, - a virtuous few,' as Mr. Walker expresses it, • who are the invigorating foul of the community; and whose return to God, and to their duty, may give the law to their superiors, and force them to assist in faving their country'-For a farther idea of the principles and manner of this pious and spirited divine, see our account of his sermon on the fast of December 13th, 1776. Rev. Vol. lvii. p. 176.

[ocr errors]


-z *, from whom we have a long letter of complaint, will please to observe, that we have not misrepresented his meaning designedly; and if we have misrepresented it, it is because he had not fufficiently expressed it himself. We were left to gacher that part of his plan which relates to subscribers receiving 2į per cent. for their money, if obliged to sell out, from a particular inftance-He has no where given it in general terms. We therefore gave that instance; not chufing to express ourselves generally where we had no authority for doing so, as we should thereby have laid ourselves open to reproof, which he seems by no means disposed to neglect. We likewise wih to leave to the determination of that Public, whom he threatens with an appeal, whether in (p. 8.) he is not calculating the amount of the original stock, subscribed to the ftate banks, at the rate of 8 per cent. compound interest, for the 20 years which they are to have it in their hands, and not the amount of the annuities which the subscribers are to receive at the expiration of that 20 years, as he tells us he is. If be there means to compute the interest which the subscribers make of their money, he has commitied a capital error indeed, by neglecting to deduet the chance which every subfcriber has to die before the end of 20 years, and so receive nothing.-Lally, we again affert, that Mr. D-z has erred most egregiously in supposing, that because the tables thew three will die out of 100 the firft year, three must also die the 20th year, out of the number that will be left alive at the end of the 19th. Mr. D. z is welcome to publish what he thinks proper in the news-papers : all that we hope for is, that he will not expect us to follow him.

* U. X. has fent us fome ftri&tures on Mr. Cuthbert Clark's treatise on Husbandry t, and concludes with the following remark:

You (the Reviewers) heve spent some time to prove the fallacy of Mr. Clark's doctrine of thickening the staple of a shallow foil, by plowing thin and broad. This appeared to me, as it has done to you, paradoxical, and his arguments seemed mere sophistry. But in reading the explanation of his inftruments, I found (p. 349) an account, and plan, of a plough, whose mould-board may be extended behind to various widths. By means of this, it is evident, that beginning at the narrowest width, and constantly increasing, a thin ftaple may be ridged up to a greater thickness, by occupying a narrower space. Ist We are sorry that we have it not in our power to oblige our readers with the prices of the foreign books occasionally mentioned in our journal. Our correspondent, in particular, who figns [1epetu, is defired to consider this as an answer to his letter. This gentle. man thinks it would be an easy matter for us to learn the price of each article; but he may rest assured, that it is absolutely impoffible to perform, correetly, the talk he would enjoin us : for which seafon we chuse to omit this circumstance altogether. Our Readers, however, will always be able to form fome judgment of the purchase of any foreign publication, from the mention we make of its fize; and when a book confits of more than one volume, we generally spe. cify the number.

* Author of a tradt, intitled Public Welfare, &c. See Review for December last. + See Review for November last.


•- As by this his favourite paradox is explained, it is a pity that it missed your attention."

Had we imagined that there was much chance of Mr. Clark's book falling into the hands of unlettered mechanics, we should have thought it incumbent on us to have pointed out, with serupulous attention, the errors which are noticed by this correspondent, with several others, observable in the book : but from the high price of that performance, and the small part of it which treats of mechanics, We were led to apprehend, that there was no danger of its even being considered as an elementary book, on that branch of science, and thus falling in the way of, and misleading, ignorant mechanics. We expressed ourselves with some caution; perhaps we shouid have done it with ftill more reserve ; but we hardly yet imagine that those who attend to the character given, in our Review, of the writer in question, will expect that he should reason with firiat consistency on any topic; although he may discover more ingenuity on one subject than on another.

If U. X. will re examine the passage on broad and thin plowing, we believe he will find, that the doctrine there delivered, is meant to be general, without having any reference to the plow which he mentions; so that we see no reason for adding or altering a word on that subject.

+++ An agreeable Queriit, X Y. delires fome elucidation with respect to the manner, in which the Thortness of the Grecian petticoats (mentioned in our laft Appendix, p. 519), evidently indicate purity of manners, in the women of Nio. We might refer our Correspondent to the Count de CHOiseul, the Author of this noble work, for the explication of a remark which is his and not ours, and which we have only quoted from him. But this we shall not dobecause we think the expression susceptible not only of a solid, but also of an elegant sense. When the noble Author says, that the short petticoats, or the half.uncovered legs of the women of Nio, indicate purity of manners, be conside:s, no doubt, the virtuous fimplicity of these women,' as resembling that of a child, which discovers its nakedness without that shame, which arises from the consciousness of gailt or of irregular paflions. We defire our amiable Querilt (who probably wears petticoats) to consider, that our original mother (and beautiful the was !) was entirely without petticoats

;-and, that this indicated the purity of her heart and manners, appears evidently from this, that the moment she fell from her purity, and became the victim of irregular appetite, she made petticoats (or an equivalent) of fig leaves. The truth is, that short petticoats do not, of themselves, always indicate puriiy of manners ;- -place, custom, and other collateral circumitances may modify this external mark of inward sentiments: they may indicate purity among the women of Nio, and impudence among the whores of Covent Garden ; the nakedness of a prostitute is very different from that of an Indian.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

N. B. The price of a book, as fixed by the printer, abroad, does not always govern the interest or the conscience of the importer, who fells the same article in London.

$I$ The Critique sent us by F. R. S, on a learned work, not yet mentioned in our Review, is judged rather too brief, for a publication of so much, consequence. A more ample account will, no doubt, be expected, from us, of a book of so much confideration, The gentieman will, however, be pleased to accept our thanks for the favour which he intended us.-The work alluded co will, in due time, appear in our Review.

ll!!! A. B. of Wirfon Lodge, Leicestershire, informs us concerning “ A Colle&tion of Hymns for the Use of the Hearers of the Apostles, printed at Nottingham. We have enquired for it in vain, among the London booksellers. If our Correfpondent, or any other person, will send us a copy, by some unexpensive conveyance, the publication will find some place in our journal.

o If our obliging correspondent, J. B. will favour us with his address, a private letter will be conveyed to him.

ERRATUM in the Review for November last, viz. P. 346, 1. 28, for beptarchy, read monarchy. We are obliged to I s. for the correâion of this oversight.

ERRATUM in the Review for December last, viz. 1. 427. 1. 4. Firlor is explained by the English bushel; but it thrould

have been remarked, that two kinds of firiots are used in ScotJand, one for wheat. or pease, which is one pint, English, larger than the Winchefter buihel; the other, for oats or barley, which is nearly 5į gallons more than the Winchester bushel : the latter is the quantity meant in the place above referred to.

ERRATA in the Review for last Month.
Page 2. I. 33. dele which are.

3. 1. penult. dele generally.
17. 1. 6 from the bottom, for raisonée, read raisonné.

58. par. 2. I. 16. for reasons, read years,

ERRATUM in our last APPENDIX. viz.
P. 548. I. 23, for extravagant rank of fanatical idolatry, read

rant, &c.

[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors]

ART. I. MARSHALL’s Minutes of Agriculture (continued). See

our Review for January. TË hinted, in the former part of this Article, that to

practice agriculture with profit, requires the whole attention of the person who directs the operations of the farm. This, we are sensible, is an unfashionable doctrine, but we have been long convinced that agriculture, like every other mechanic art, requires a nicety in the operations, which nothing but practice and diligent application can teach, and an unceasing attention to minutiæ, which nothing can effectually insure but that solicitude which arises from the hopes and fears of the man himself who is, in all cases, to be the gainer by success, and the loser by the failure of any of his operations. We were therefore very well pleased to meet with so many experimental proofs of the justness of our remark, in the volume now before us. The following quotations all tend to the elucidation of this very important point:

SELF-ATTENDANCE. • June 2, 1775. Labourers want looking-after.-Yefterday, I was in town ;--to-day, at home.—The two plow-teams and the eight Weeders did as much work to day before noon, as they did all day yesterday. They were happily situated for gosliping and fun ;--the teams on one side of a hedge, the weeders on the other.'

• June 30. Deuce take the Town! The day's work of a team loft!

' A team went this morning to harrow at Wood-fide.—The horses ran away with the harrows, and kicked each other, with the Carter, into the ditch. The horses escaped unhurt, but the man was lamed very much; and, being from home, the horses flood kicking their heels in the stable the remainder of the day.

“ You may talk of your Farmer This and your Farmer That, but " I say, Farmer SELF-ATTENDANCE is the best Farmer in all this

country.” • Sept. 20.

A fine day at last, thank God! Turned the barley, and got it into rare order ; but lo! when we came to open the stack, though'covered with two very good cloths--one fide was almost rotRev. Mar. 1779.




ten, four or five feet down! We were obliged to carry a load and. a-half into the field again to dry and sweeten-it ftunk like a dunghill. This is a proof of the usility of BARN-ROOM.-Shook the remaining worst to the out.fides, and let the stack lie open till fun. set to air-then threw in a load to fill it


round. • A ftronger proof of the necessity of SELF-ATTENDANCE need not be produced. I fent Thomas While, about eleven o'clock, to uncover and air this stack (he has been a stack-maker thele twenty years). He went up-threw off the cloths--and moved a few pitches from the inner part toward the out-fides, and thus lest it. About one, being that way,

I went up the ladder, to see what condition it was in; when, to my surprize, I found it in that above-described. Had it not been for Self-ATTENDANCE, the stack must have been aired in the evening (after the first load had been brought to it, and the evening's work consequently broken) when the fun had lost its power; or, ten times worse, the dry barley have been laid over the layer of long dung, and the whole stack inevitably spoilt, part rotten, the rest muily ;- and what still strengthens thc evidence, he is not generally a careless fellow.' • Oct. 20, 1775.

6. Can a Farm be managed with the pen?” No,--nor with twenty tongues, without self-ATTENDANCE, or a brisker Orderée than Thomas White.-I am clear, that with five men I will do more work than he does with ten.--I gave up the reins to him for a few days; but, where Mould we have been by this time, if I had not snatched them out of his hands before barley-harvest!

• Perhaps, to manage a large scattered Farm with any degree of propriety, requires an attention and alertness which nothing but selfinterest can give.-I confess, that I had not half the opinion of my own management, before I had a glimpse of his.

The principal object (in the executive department) is to keep the teams and day's men going ;-to see that neither of them stand idle for want of orders. And this, if the teams, men, and odd jobs are numerous, requires a great deal of affiduity and attention. The nearer they are kept together, the more easily they are managed. If dirpatch be necessary, somebody muil be, or seem to be in a hurry: Somebody mult set the example:--Somebody mult call, or all hands will sleep on.

' A Butler should think of nothing but bufiling.--He should have no concern of his own-no wife and family to alienate his attentionhis interest should be interwoven with that of his employer-he should be active, auftere, and com punicative.- Many things occur in conversation, which, without it, would remain latent. One in the house is wor.h two at a distance.-- Twenty litile wants are feen and forgot for want of immediate communication.--He should be always at home, that the attention of his leisure hours may be employed on his next day's duty.-One acquainted with the customs of the country is preferable to a stranger.'

May 19, 1776. Granaries should be under the eye. We have not less than four or five quarters of grain of differeoi forts out of Adjcomb granary, in less than two years.

Perhaps generally, -it is bad management in a Farmer to keep by him corn or pulse of any sort in grain. Perhaps, let him keep it in Araw; or, if itraw be wanted, sell it at the market-price; not keep

« PreviousContinue »