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IRELAND,

ECCLESIASTICAL, CIVIL AND MILITARY.

BY THE

REV. JOHN GRAHAM, M.A.
CURATE OF LIFFORD, IN THE DIOCESE OF DERRY.

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PRINTED BY G. SIDNBY, NORTHUMBERLAND STREET, STRAND.

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TO

THE PROTESTANTS

OF

THE UNITED EMPIRE

OF

GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND,

THESE ANNALS

ARR

HUMBLY AND RESPECTFULLY

DEDICATED,

BY THEIR FAITHFUL AND

DEVOTED SERVANT,

JOHN GRAHAM.

Lifford, in the County of Donegal,
January 5th, 1819.

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ECCLESIASTICAL, CIVIL AND MILITARY.

No. I.
Crudelis ubique luctus et pavor
Et plurima mortis imago.”

GIL.

1641, Saturday, October 23.-The rebellion, which had been for upwards of fourteen years threatened in Ireland, and which had been repressed only by the vigour of the Earl of Strafford's government, broke out at this time with incredible fury. On this fatal day, the Irish, every where intermingled with the English, needed but a hint from their leaders and Priests to begin hostilities against a people whom they hated on account of their religion, and envied for their riches and prosperity. The houses, cattle, and goods of the unwary English were first seized. Those who heard of the commotions in their neighbourhood, instead of deserting their habitations, and assembling together for mutual protection, remained at home, in hopes of defending their property, and fell thus separately into the hands of their enemies. After rapacity had fully exerted itself, cruelty, and that the most barbarous that ever in any nation was known or heard of, began its operations. An universal massacre commenced of the English (Protestants) now defenceless, and passively resigned to their inhuman foes; no age, no sex, no condition, was spared. The wife weeping for her butchered husband, and embracing her helpless children, was pierced with them, and perished by the same stroke; the old, the young, the vigorous, the infirm, underwent the like fate, and were confounded in one common ruin. In vain did flight save from the first assault; destruction was every where let loose and met thie hunted victims at every turn. ' In vain was recourse had to relations, to companions, to friends; all connexions were dissolved, and death was dealt by that band from which protection was

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