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with it, seemed to demand. In the book of Job he has taken more liberty: and, in both, availing himself of all varieties of reading which are calculated to throw real light upon tie text, has produced such works as cannot but be useful and instructive to the theological student. To the Dean of Lichfield's new translation of the Apocalyple* we can, with the utmost security, refer the fame class of readers; who will find in it sound learning and fagacious investigation, perfectly free from all fanciful theories, and uncertain surmises.
We see, with some surprise, that these are all the considerable works in divinity which we have lately noticed: but several of less extent and labour have still abundant merit. Thus the Historical View of Christianity, illustrated by the comments of Gibbon, and other writers of hostile intention, exhibits a most ingenious and powerful method of turning the weapons of unbelievers against themselves. We attributed it, and we believe rightly, to Mr. Bernard t. Another anonymous work, ascribed, with no less reason, to a man of eminent worth I, takes an important view of Christian duty, in its relation to commercial employment. It is called, therefore, Confiderations on the Alliance between Christianity and Commerce Ś, and contains many suggestions of the utmost value, to a country situated like our own.
The cwo volumes of Discourses, produced by the Rev. E. Brackenbury i, comprise a connected system of Christianity, according to the doctrines of our established Church : of which it is but just to say, that the plan is good, and the execution sensible. Mr. Heti's Discourses , on the great topics of Death, Judgment, Heaven, and Hell, are also found and useful; and are accompanied by a judicious recom
# No. II.
+ No. I. p. 28.
No. III. p. 289.
mendation mendation of other instructive books. Dr. Purdy may be said to have revived one of our most edifying manuals, by republishing Addison's Evidences of the Christian Religion *, with the notes of a profound and pious commentator. Thus illustrated, we trust that the work of our excellent countryman will obtain a new and more extensive circulation. As a work of mere labour, into which the author had no opportunity to introduce his own peculiar opinions, we can recommend even Priestley's Index to the Bible t, though not without allowing a full share of the praise to his diligent predeceffor, Pilkington. To speak of a ftill smaller work, Mr. Buckle's Catechifm I on the Articles and Liturgy, is a performance of great merit; illustrating the consistency of our Church by the comparison of its own words. The very daring introduction of Socinianism into the pulpit at a clerical meeting, called forth two useful tracts in reply; the one, entitled. Strictures 5 is anonymous; the other, in the form of a letter to the offender, is the work of Mr. Ed. Nares, of Biddenden, in Kent 4. Both are argumentative and clear confutations of positions equally daring and false.
Sermons and Charges, separately published, always form a conspicuous part of this recapitulation : nor, are we now deficient in that respect. We have to notice a perspicuous and able Charge from the Bishop of Durbam **, directed principally against the errors of the Church of Rome. From the Episcopal Church of Scotland we have also a Charge, which chiefly treats, as might be expected, on the peculiar circumstances of that Church. Bp. Sandford tt very justly compares them to those of the primitive Church
• No. IV. p. 416. + No. III. p. 328. I No. III. p. 327.
§ No. III. p. 325. But ascribed to a learned and exemplary divine in the dio. cese of London. No. III. p. 326. ** No. III. p. 257. ++ No. IV. p. 393.
before its legal establishment; and argues strongly to promote union among all the Episcopalians there fettled. The Archdeacon of Rochester * also published a Charge, in which many momentous topics were handled with ability and judgment.
In the Sermon of the Bishop of St. David's, on the anniversary of the 30th of January t, the nature of our national sin, on that occasion, is explained with peculiar perspicuity; and its operation as an example, even at so diftant a period as in the late troubles of France, is marked with uncommon strength and propriety. Dr. Maltby's Commencement Sermon | we read with great fatisfaction, and should doubtless
have heard with till nore; being a strictly appropriate exhortation to the young men of Cambridge, to improve the opportunities which they there enjoy. The Liturgy of our excellent Church is well illustrated, as being " a form of sound words,” in a Sermon lately published by Dr. Gaskin ş; whose judicious commendation does honour to himself, by doing justice to so important a subject.
Of original history we have lately seen nothing; or nothing that we could approve, which equally deprives the present class of its materials. The translation of the Works of Salluft, by Dr. Steuart, which we began to examine in our preceding volume, was here concluded, and we had the pleasure of giving to the work almost unqualified praise. Though the historical topics treated by Sallust are oply few, the scope taken in the life and notes to this translation is by no means confined. Captain Burney's History of
* Dr. J. Law. No. I. p. 86.
+ No. IV. p. 448. I No. I. p. 38. No. VI. p. 689. TVol. xxvii. p. 584. No, Ill. p. 245.
Voyages 7 byages and Discoveries in the South Sea*, may seem perhaps to class but indifferently, with civil and political histories; but we were equally unwilling to confound it with recent voyages, and therefore have here noticed it. As a history, confined to particular objects, it certainly is well digested; well written, and drawn from the most authentic materials. The ftcond voluine was the subject of our late examination, a third is intended to complete this part of the author's plan.
Recent history, or materials at least for it, may be found very amply collected in Rivingtons' Annual Registers; now proceeding in a double series, from 1793 and 1801, to make amends for a long cessation. It appears to us that these new volumes are really executed with the care and spirit of the original work; the extraordinary suspension of which has cailed forth several other attempts to gratify the curiosity of the public. It should certainly have been rementbered that a work is ill denominated an « Annual Regitter,” which appears but once in seven years; though the contents of each volumne may be confined to the period of a year.
Biography is to history, wliat the view of a particular spot is to the general chart of a district : ic conveys less knowledge, but of a more attractive kind. We see more in detail and less in extent. The life of Michael Angelo, which Mr. Duppa undertook to delineate t, was one of the richest objects in nature. It afforded a view of human genius in the highest state of elevation; and to trace its progress from the promises of infancy to the full maturity of
. No. II. p. 152,
+ No. V. p. 480.
its powers, must have been a most delightful talk. Mr. Duppa has by no means succeeded ill in pourtraying this phænomenon to us, and many readers will, we doubt not, be found who will proceed joy. fully with him through the whole extent of his progress. Mr. Wooll did not entirely satisfy us in his delineation of the mild and elegant genius of Dr. J. Warton *. Yet the life of such a man cannot be deficient in interest; and we have cited from it many passages abundantly proving that it well deserves perusal. The life of Dr. Clarke, produced by Dr. Fenwick, is professedly only a sketch t; it may, however, have its use, and particularly to those who are engaged in similar pursuits.
Mr. Tomline's Speech on the Character of Mr. Pitt I, is not strictly biography; yet it comprises of necellity so much of a biographical kind, and so much that is admirably drawn, of the character and actions of that great Statesman, that we thought it indispensable to mention it in this place. Whenever a biographer shall be found qualified to go through the whole history and merits of Mr. Pitt, there will be some fine features of character which even he must borrow from this Speech, or from the same sources of information.
From Mr. Pitt to politics the transition is easy, though the two successive classes are not otherwise connected. Alas, that such a man should have become a topic for the biographer, while the aspects of the political world continue so extremely threatening! If the “ political Picture of Europe” was dark when it was viewed some months ago by an able foreigner, whom we lately noticed §, what must it be now, * No, VI. p. 581. + No. II. p. 209.
No. II. p. 163. Ś No. IV. p. 436.