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The following Account of the Treatment of his Hares
was inserted by Mr. Cowper in the Gentleman's Magazine, whence it is transcribed.
In the year 1774, being much indisposed both in mind and body, incapable of diverting myself either with company or books, and yet in a condition that made fome diversion neceffary, I was glad of any thing, that would engage my attention without fatiguing it. The children of a neighbour of mine had a leveret given them for a plaything; it was at that time about three months old. Understanding better how to tease the poor creature than to feed it, and, foon becoming weary of their charge, they readily consented that their father, who saw it pining and growing leaner every day, should offer it to my acceptance. I was willing enough to take the prifoner under my protection, perceiving that, in the management of such an animal, and in the attempt to tame it, I should find just that sort of employment which my case required. It was soon known among the neighbours that I was pleased with the present; and the consequence was, that in a short time I had as many leverets offered to me, as would have ftocked a paddock. I undertook the care of three, which it is necessary that I should here diftinguith by the names I gave them-Puss, Tiney, and Bess. Notwithstanding the two feminine appellatives, I must inform you that they were all males. Immediately commencing carpenter, I built them houses to sleep in ; each had a separate apartment, so contrived that their ordure would pass through the bottom of it; an earthen pan placed under each received whatsoever fell, which being duly emptied and washed, they were thus kept perfectly sweet and clean. In the day-time they had the range of a hall, and at night retired each to his own bed, never intruding into that of another.
Pufs grew presently familiar, would leap into my lap, raise himself upon his hinder feet, and bite the hair from my temples. He would fuffer me to take him up and to carry him about in my arms, and has more than once fallen faft asleep upon my knee. He was ill three days, during which time I nursed him, kept him apart from his fellows, that they might not moleft him (for, like many other wild animals, they persecute one of their own species that is fick), and by constant care, and trying him with a variety of herbs, restored him to perfect health. No creature could be more grateful than my patient after his recovery; a sentiment which he moft significantly expreffed by licking my hand, first the back of it, then the palm, then every finger separately, then between all the fingers, as if anxious to leave no part of it unsaluted; a ceremony which he never performed but once again upon a similar occasion. Finding him extremely tractible, I made it my custom to carry him always after breakfaft into the garden, where he hid himself generally under the leaves of a cucumber vine, lleeping or chewing the cud till evening; in the leaves also of that vine he found a favourite repaft. I had not long habituated him to this tafte of liberty, before he began to be impatient for the return of the time when he might enjoy it. He would invite me to the garden by drumming upon my knee, and by a look of such expreffion as it was no poffible to misinterpret. If this rhetoric did not immediately succeed, he would take the skirt of my coat between his teeth, and pull at it with all his force. Thus Puss might be said to be perfectly tamed, the syness of his nature was done away, and on the whole it was visible by many symptoms, which I have not room to enumerate, that he was happier in human fociety than when fhut up with his natural companions.
Not so Tiney; upon him the kindest treatment had not the least effect. He too was fick, and in his sickness had an equal share of my attention; but if, after his recovery, I took the liberty to ftroke him, he would grunt, ftrike with his fore feet, spring forward, and bite. He was however very entertaining in his way; even his surliness was matter of mirth, and in his play he preserved such an air of gravity, and performed his feats with such a folemnity of manner, that in him too I had an agreeable companion.
Bess, who died soon after he was full grown, and whose death was occafioned by his being turned into his box, which had been washed, while it was yet damp, was a hare of great humour and drollery. Puss was tamed by gentle usage; Tiney was not to be tamed at all; and Bess had a courage and confidence that made him tame from the beginning. I always admitted them into the parlour after supper, when the carpet affording their feet a firm hold, they would frisk, and bound, and play a thousand gambols, in which Bess, being remarkably strong and fearless, was always fuperior to the rest, and proved himself the Veftris of the party. One evening the cat being in the room, had the hardiness to pat Bess upon the cheek, an indignity which he resented by drumming upon her back with such violence, that the cat was happy to escape from under his paws and hide herself.
I describe these animals as having each a character of his own. Such they were in fact, and their countenances were fo expreffive of that character, that, when I looked only on the face of either, I immediately knew which it was. It is said that a shepherd, however numerous hisflock,soon becomes so familiar with their features, that he can, by that indication only, diftinguish each from all the reft; and yet, tu a common observer, the difference is hardly perceptible. I doubt not that the same discrimination in the caft of countenances would be difcoverable in hares, and am persuaded that among a thousand of them no two could be found exactly similar; a circumstance little suspected by those who have not had opportunity to observe it. These creatures have a singular fagacity in discovering the minuteft alteration, that is made in the place to which they are accustomed, and instantly apply their nose to the examination of a new object. A small hole being burnt in the carpet, it was mended with a patch, and that patch in a moment underwent the ftriéteft scrutiny. They seem too to be very much directed by the smell in the choice of their favourites: to fome persons, though they saw them daily, they