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The rear or school wing of the editice only, has been commenced, and this it is designed to appropriate, during the temporary necessity, until the other parts of the whole structure are completed, by using the basement for culinary and domestic purposes; the first floor for the residence of the Principal and his family and assistants, for library, receiving rooms, &c. The second floor for school rooms, and the third floor for a lecture room, chapel and sleeping rooms for the pupils. But little alteration of this building will be required to adapt it to the ultimate purposo designed, when the whole shall have been completed.

The erection of this building was commenced in June last, and has progressed as far as the appropriation would warrant. The average height of the walls as they now stand, is about twenty-four feet. The Leight, when completed, will be fifty-four feet, to the eves. The amount expended in buildings, and for materials on hand, so far as the bills are closed, is six thousand five hundred and forty dollars. The details of this expenditure are exhibited in the appendix. The estimated amount required to complete this wing for present occupation, is about eighteen thousand dollars.

It is important that this building should be ready for occupation by November next, as the premises now occupied are rented until the twenty-third of that month only, and are inadequate to our purpose.


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For the site and use of the Asylum for the Deaf Mutes, and the Blind T. B. W. Stockton, Esq., of Flint, had donated ten acres, and the Farmers' and Mechanics' Bank of Detroit, ten acres more, making twenty acres of land, pleasantly situated, adjoining the village. The tract was found, however, to be divided by the line of the Port Huron and Lake Michigan or Northern Rail Road, which, there is a reasonable prospect will soon be constructed. The present Board deemed it advisable that the land belonging to the Institution should not be divided by a Rail Road. It was also found to be absolutely necessary, to obtain the advantage of an ample supply of pure water, and the tract owned by the State, though extending to the bank of a fine living stream, did not indude any part of it. They accordingly entered into a negotiation with the Farmers' and Mechanics' Bạnk, which resulted in the exchange or sale to the Bank of nine, and thirty-nine one hundredth acres, lying on the north side of the Rail Road line, for an equal number of acres lying on the south side, and aijoining land already owned by the State as Asylum land, on the west ; and in addition purchased of said bank thirteen and forty-five hundredth acres, at the rate of fifty dollars per acre. The new land, thus acquired, includes a portion of Schwarz's Creek, where there is sufficient fall to constitute a water power, conveniently situated, and ample for the purposes of the Institution, and it affords a jocation for the immediate site of the buildings, much better adapted than any on the land previously donated. The present site is covered with a fine grove of the original forest, enough of which should be suffered to remain to add shelter and beauty to the situation, and afford desirable walks and drives, through grounds ornamented by nature, more highly, usefully and cheaply, chan could be accomplished by art. The ground now belonging to the Institution embraces thirty-three and forty-five hundredth acres, which is not more than is required; of which about eleven acres are in a cleared condition, ready to be used for the farming and garden purposes of the Institution.


Of existing Institutions for the Insane in the United States, that established at Trenton, New Jersey, a plan of which was submitted by the late Board, is probably the best adapted, in its general features, to the wants of this State; but the present Board came to the conchúsion that none of the existing Institutions combine all the improvements which are important to be adopted. It further seemed to them advisable to secure the early appointment of the Medical Superintendent, in order that the building might be erected so far under his supervision as to secure his approbation when completed. The frequent and expensive repairs of Institutions, erected without such supervision, led them to look upon this as a matter of the greatest economy. Many of the Asylums of the United States were erected according to plans furnished by architects only, or by Trustees without practical medical experience, and when supposed to be finished, have been found so ill arranged and defective as to call for very large additional expenditures, before the building could be used.

Acting upon these suggestions, the Board, in January last, tendered the post of Medical Superintendent of the Michigan Hospital for the

Insane, to Dr. John P. Gray, acting Superintendent of the New York State Asylum, at Utica. The appointment was accepted by Dr. Gray, conditionally; the condition being that a satisfactory salary should be fixed, and commence from the time he should enter upon the duties proper, of Medical Superintendent and Principal—after completion of the necessary buildings for reception of patients. Dr. Gray agreed, meanwhile, to devote so much of his time and attention to the buildings and fixtures as should be important, at a compensation not exceeding eight hundred dollars per annum, for his services and expenses. All the plans have been submitted to Dr. Gray, with whom an active correspondence has been had, and he has several times visited the State

in furtherance of the interests in view. The plans which under his val. F.. uable suggestions were adopted, have been put into the hands of A.

Jordon, Esq., Architect at Detroit, for the proper architectural details, and will be presented to the Legislature for inspection and approval, together with drawings of the elevation. It is confidently believed that no Institution of the kind, in any country, better combines all the necessary accommodations and conveniences, with economy of construction, which the service and skill of modern times has suggested.


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In order that the plans which we submit may be better appreciated, the Board deem it appropriate to refer to a series of propositions relative to the construction and arrangement of Hospitals for the Insano, which were unanimously adopted by the “ The Association of Medi cal Superintendents of American Institutions for the Insane,” at a meeting held in Philadelphia, May 1851, and which are appended to this report.

The principles laid down in those“ propositions” are fully carried out in the plans adopted, with the addition, it is believed, of some important improvements. No pains have been spared, either by the Board or by Dr. Gray, in arriving at the most just conclusions; and although: this has occasioned some delay and expense, it is believed no course could have been so judicious.

The building consists of a centre and six wings. It has a front of seven hundred feet, and with the two end wings, which are at right angles to the others, has an entire length of abont one thousand feet; the whole being designed to accommodate two hundred and fifty patiente,

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whicb number may be increased to two hundred and sixty-eight. It is to be of brick, with basement of stone, and the whole may be stuccoed in imitation of stone work. The centre building is of three stories, and is designed for the offices only. First floor contains reception parlors, libraries, apothecary's room, offices, &c. Second floor (to which there ‘is a private entrance,) residence of Superintendent; third floor, apartments for officers. The basement contains store rooms and kitchen for officers. An air flue passes through the centre under the basement.

The wings are of two stories, each fifteen feet in height. They are designed to accommodate eight classes of each sex. The basements are used for air-ducts only; all service rooms are in the cross wings, which are three stories in height. Each of these wings, except the two end ones, are parallel to the others, but set back a sufficient distance to command windows at each end, which serve to light the corridors, or balls; instead of a window at one ond only, as is the case with Asylums generally. As for the sake of greater economy, the corridors have rooms on each side, this additional large window helps greatly to remove the objectionable feature of a long, gloomy hall. In addition to this a new feature is added, by forming a large recess, or bay, midway in the hall, well lighted, and which will serve as a sitting room for the patiente.

A building, to serve as a Chapel on the first floor, with kitchen offices below, is arranged immediately in the rear of the contre building.This feature (which is also new,) is considered an important improveinent, since it dispenses with servants' rooms in the main edifice, and the Chapel

, instead of being (as is usual,) in an upper story, is brought to the level of the first floor, being connected by a corridor with the main edifice. The patients are thus enabled to enter the Chapel without having to pass through other wards than their own. It also allows the Chapel room to be of any desired height. Connected with the Chapel is a clock and bell tower, for properly regulating the work-hours of those connected with the establishment.

Two infirmaries are also contemplated, in detached buildings, but connected by covered corridors with the male and female warda. This feature enables the sick to be removed and properly cared for, without the wards, where the physicians can visit them frequently, and in the night, if necessary, without disturbing the house; wbore the very i


may be visitod, and, if advisable, nursed by friends; where the dying can be administered to, and the dead removed without unnecessary observation; and where isolation can be effected in contagious or infectious diseases.

Another feature of great importance is the arrangement of the wing connections, by brick walls with iron doors, in such a manner as completely to shut off communication between the wards in case of fire. The stories are divided by brick arches thrown from iron girders, laid with sleepers above, to receive the floor, and the ceilings plastored below in the usual manner, thus isolating each story, and rendering the building completely fire proof. The style adopted for the architectural details is Italian.

It is plain but unique in character, and sufficiently relieved by agreeable detail to please the eye and excite cheerful sentiments. The prison-like aspect so often given to public buildings of this nature, is particularly objectionable in the case of the insane, whose imaginations are easily excitod by the objects surrounding them, and daily presented to thetr view.



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The site selected for the buildings is near the north end of the Asylum tract, and about one mile removed from the village. In order better to accommodate the buildings to the nature of the ground, it was found advisable to purchase a sinall piece of land adjoining the tract consisting of seven and seventy-six hundredth acres, which was done at a cost of five hundred and twenty-five dollars: making the whole number of acres now appropriated to the Asylum purposes, one hundred and sixty-seven and seventy-six hundredths acros. Most of this land is finely timbered with the original growth of oak, hickory and other trees which fortunately had been allowed to stand; thus permitting the very great advantage of preserving such as may be necessary for the most convenient laying out and adornment of the grounds. It is designed to preserve about fifty acres in groves and woolland immediately about the buildings, to be tastefully laid out in walks and drives, and its natural beauties enhanced by art. The ground in rear of the buildings is of broken character, ap) falls, by a series of ravines, clothed with timber, about eighty feet to the valley below, through which flows a small but rapid stream of pure water. This stream is capable of supplying the

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