« PreviousContinue »
There should be a law requiring the Board of Education of the city of Detroit to furnish a copy of the Reports now required to be published, to the office of the Superintendent. By the courtesy of the gentlemen who are charged with the management of the city schools, they have been received, but it would be better that they should be received officially, and transmitted to the Legislature, with the Report and other documents of the Superintendent.
The Institutions for the Deaf, Dumb and Blind, already established, should also be placed under the Educational system of the State. It is a most important and interesting Department of Public Instruction, and should be in such position that the chief Educational officer could make it the subject of his especial care and attention.
There should be some provision of law for the organization of schools for colored children, where they are desired.
There is no provision of law by which a full and detailed Report of the condition of the Union Schools can be had. The officers make the usual Report required for other District officers, but there should be required from the Principals, a detailed account of the state of these schools, and of the manner of their government, and these Reports should be presented with the Report of the Superintendent. 'A circular was addressed to the Principals for this purpose, but no Reports have been received.
The Executive Committee of the State Agricultural Society have recommended the establishment of a separate Agricultural School. Appropriations for that purpose ought to be concentrated, doubtless, on one object. If such a School should be established, the Board of Education should be relieved from the requirements of Section 7, of the Act relating to the Normal School, approved March 25, 1850, which requires that the Board shall have the power, and it shall be their duty, as the means at their disposal may warrant, to provide suitable grounds and buildings, implements of husbandry, and mechanical tools, for the purpose of more effectually carrying out the provisions of the second Section of the Act, “To give instruction in Mechanic Arts, and in the Arts of Husbandry and Agricultural Chemistry." The elementary principles of these, ought to be taught in the Primary Schools. The teaching of the natural sciences, which enable the student to ascertain
and know the composition of the soil, or a knowledge of the elements which enter into the calculation of forces required to draw a plow or turn a thrashing machine, are objects well worth the acquisition of every young man who attends the Primary Schools.
In one of the monarchical countries of Europe, there are 5 Agriculcultural Colleges; in these are taught, both by theory and practice, the higher branches of science, connected with the culture and improvement of the soil. There are in the same country ten Agricultural Schools of a more elementary character; seven devoted to instruction in the culture of flax; two to instruction in the management of sheep, and 45 model farms, intended to serve in introducing both modes of agriculture. In all-seventy-one public establishments for Agricultural Education, not to mention many private Schools, where the arts and sciences of good farming are taught.
FEMALE EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTE.
General anxiety has been expressed relative to the establishment of an institution of a high grade for the education of females. In the original plan of our educational system, such an institntion was contemplated, as a branch of the University. The education of the sexes together is deemed by the greater portion of our people as an object of importance.' They are so educated at the Primary Schools, and that too, without detriment to their social position or their morals. To establish a female department in the University, would be to carry out this idea but it would not seem, after all, to be practicable to do this. A general law may
be necessary to secure legislation on this subject, if it is proposed to establish a separate institution. Whenever such an institution is established, however, it should be established on a practical basis—it should be an institution not only where the highest order of instruction can be afforded, and where the graces and accomplishments which pertain to the highest cultivation of the female character can be taught, but where at the same time, instruction could be afforded in the art of domestic economy, and those things which pertain to practical usefulness in life. The Roman matrons were not above the learning required for this, and the world has long accorded the highest praise to them for it. "The cultivation of the intellect and graces, and the kriowledge required to make a loaf of bread, and to know the constituent parts of which it
is composed, are things which together give the highest perfection to the true female character, and increase our appreciation of real womanhood. An institution which would secure such an education, would indeed be an object worthy of all commendation.
WEBSTER'S DICTIONARY. The want of Webster's Unabridged Dictionary is still felt in our schools. Its introduction into the schools has been recommended by eyery Superintendent of the north-west, and it ought to be supplied to the township libraries. This can be done without any appropriation for this purpose, or any increase of taxation, by authorizing the School Instructors to apply temporarily the $25 now appropriated of the mill tax to the purchase of books, to the purchase of the work.
Blanks for all the forms required by the school officers have been printed, and are ready for distribution to the various school officers. The great object of this bas been to secure uniformity and order in school affairs throughout the State, to save questions as to the legality of notices, in consequence of imperfections which occur, when they have to be written out. It is a work for which the officers of the school districts and townships get no adequate compensation, or none at all
, to write out certificates for teachers, and the other required blanks. They are now printed. Copies of them, and copies of all leases and deeds of school houses, might well be required to be filed in the office of the Superintendent.
Our common appreciation of the vast interests of the rising genera. tion will best be proved by our mutual disposition to advance the cause of education; by the harmony with which we unite to produce the greatest blessings upon our common posterity, and by bestowing the most earnest of our endeavors upon that great subject, which is the foundation of our free institutions, and the only hope of their perpetuity. Respectfully submitted.
FRANCIS W. SHEARMAN,
Supt. Public Instruction
Fifteenth Annual Report of the Board of Regents,
of the University of Michigan for 1853.
TO THE Hon. F. W. SHEARMAN,
Superintendent of Public Instruction: SIR:In accordance with the requirements of Sec. 15, of the act
66 to provide for the government of the State University," the Executive Committee of the Board of Regents, respectfully report.
The number of the Professors and Officers of the University, and the amounts of their salaries are as follows:
SALARIES. Rev. H. P. Tappan, D. D., President, and Professor of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy,
$1,500 00 Rev. George P. Williams, L. L. D. Professor of Natural Philosophy and Mathematics, ...
1,000 00 Abram Sager, A. M., Professor of Obstetrics, and dis
eases of women and children, Botany and Zoology, 1,150 00 Silas H. Douglass, A. M. M. D., Professor of Chemistry,
Pharmacy, Medical Jurisprudence, Geology and
1,150 00 Louis Fasquelle, L. L. D., Professor of Modern Languages,
1,000 00 M. Gunn, M. D., Professor of Surgery, and Lecturer on Anatomy,
1,000 00 Samuel Denton, M. D., Professor of the Theory and Practice of Medicine and Pathology,
1,000 00 J. Adams Allen, A. M. M. D., Professor of Therapeutics, Materia Medica and Pathology,..
1,000 00 Rev. James R. Boise, A. M., Professor of the Greek Language and literature,..
1,000 00 Rev. E. O. Haven, A. M., Professor of the Latin Language and literatnre,
1,000 00 Edmund Andrews, A. M. M. D., Demonstrator and Assistant Lecturer on Anatomy,
Zina Pitcher, M. D. Emeritus Professor of the Institutes of Medicine and Obstetrics, (not on duty),
No Salary. Alonzo B. Palmer M. D., Professor of Anatomy, (not on duty),....
No Salary Alvah Bradish, A. M., Professor of the Fine Arts, (not on duty),...
No Salary. Rev. Charles Fox, A. M., Lecturer on Theoretical and Practical Agriculture,
Services Gratis. The number of Graduates at the last annual commencement of the College of Arts, was ten.
The degree of Master of Arts was also conferred on four others.
The number of students in attendance in the College of Arts and Sciences is about 75, and in the College of Medicine and Surgery 167, and the number of graduates 33.
The books of instruction used, and the course of instruction, is as follows:
First Year. 1st term-Latin, Greek, Algebra. 2d term-Algebra and Geometry, Latin and Greek. :3d term—Geometry, Greek, Latin.
Second Year. 1st term-Rhetoric, Trigonometry, Conic Sections and Greek. 2d term-Latin, Analytical Geometry and Greek. 3d term-Latin, French, Natural Philosophy.
Third Year. 1st term-Political Economy, Natural Philosophy, French. 2d term-German, Greek, French. 3d term—German. Astronomy, Latin or Greek.
Fourth Year. 1st term-German, Mental Philosophy, Chemistry. 2d term-Moral Science, Mental Philosophy & Logic, Chemstry. 3d term--Moral Science, Animal & Veg. Physiology, Geology.
First Year. 1st term-English Language and Literature, History Algebra. 2d term-Algebra, Geometry, History, Eng. Language & Literature. 3d term-Geometry, French, History.