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yet was it probably often bestowed amiss; and indeed he was frequently told so by those who envied his virtues, but would not imitate his example. “ It may be so," he said, “ but I would rather give to ten unworthy objects than that one deserving object should go without relief.” If the persons who applied were inhabitants of the island, they were generally recommended by a note from their parith minifter: These notes of recommendation he kept regularly filed, and from these he entered the name and circumstances of his poor petitioner, in a large book kept for that purpose, which he called Matricula Pauperum, or the Register of the Poor.
The Bishop accustomed himself to a frequent recollection and review of his conduct, and his pious resolutions were strictly and religiously observed.--His prayers and his sermons furnish a sufficient proof of his study; his prayers were constant and devout, with his flock and with his family; and three times a day he communed with his own heart privately, in his closet. During the fifty-eight years of his paftoral life, except on occasion of sickness, he never failed on a Sunday to expound the scriptures, preach the gospel, or administer the facrament, at some one or other of the Churches of his diocese; and if absent from the island, he always preached at the church where he resided for the day.
When in London he was generally solicited to preach for some one or other of the public charities, being much followed and admired; and many who heard him have remarked the great beauty of his prayer before the fermon, particularly where he offers up prayers for those who never pray for themselves.
In the year 1699, he published a small tract, in Manks and English, entitled, “ The Principles and Duties of Christianity,” for the use of the island ; the first book ever printed in the Mapks language; and, with the aslittance of Dr. Thomas Bray, he began to found parochial libraries, which he afterwards established and completed throughout the diocete, and gave to each a proper book-cafe, furnishing them with bibles, testaments, and such books as were calculated to instruct the people in the great truths of the gospel, and which we hope are still remaining.
His family prayers were as regular as his public duties; every summer morning at fix, and every winter morning at seven, the family attended him to their devotions in his chapel, where he himself, or one of his students, performed the service of the day, and in the evening they did the same. And thus it was he formed his young clergy for the pulpit, and a graceful delivery. In the prayer for his closet we meet with the purest tentiments of Christianity, and his facra privata bear ample testimony of his uniform piety, and the excellency of his understanding.–He kept a diary as well of the special favours in extraordinary deliverances, as of the merciful visitations, and chastisements he experienced in a variety of instances. On the oth of December, 1700, a fire broke out in the Bishop's palace, about two o'clock in the morning, in the chamber over that in which the Bishop slept, " which” he says, “ by God's providence, to which I ascribe all the blessings and deliverances I meet with, I soon extinguithed; had it continued undiscovered but a very short space of time, the wind was so high, that in all probability it would have reduced my house to ashes !”
In the year 1703, he obtained an act of settlement, of which mention is made in his history of the Ife of Man, which history was at the desire of Bishop Gibson inserted in his second edition of Cambden's Britannia ; Ss?
but his great modesty would not permit him to say that he was author of that benefit to his diocese, though it was attained solely by his indefatigable pains and application.--This year also was remarkable for the Ecclefiaftical Constitutions, which were read to the Clergy, and agreed to in full convocation, and meeting with the approbation of the Lords, Deemsters, and Keys, passed into a law. These constitutions, planned, and framed by his Lordship, will afford and exhibit to the world a specimen of that primitive discipline which existed in this diocese, during his Lordihip's Episcopate, and long after; superseding virtually, the preface to the Communion office.
Lord Chancellor King was so much pleased with these constitutions, that he said, “If the antient discipline of the Church were loft, it might be found in all its purity in the Ile of Man."
On the 5th of September, 1704, the Bishop accompanied Mrs. Wilson, who had been for some time in a declining state of health, to Warrington, for the benefit of her native air, and continued with her praying for her soul, which full of hope of a blessed immortality, she resigned into the hands of her Creator. In this severe trial his prayers abound with religious sentiment, and Christian resignation ; pronouncing with a feeling emphasis, “Thy will be done, O God.” He felt like a man, but not like a man without hope. He had lost a comfort; but the happiness the had gained overcame his sorrow, and gave him that serenity of mind which none but good men can feel like him in the hour of affliction.
On the 3d of March, 1707, he was made Doctor in Divinity in full convocation, at Oxford: and on the lith of June following, the same honour was* decreed him by the University of Cambridge. About the same time he was admitted a member of the Society for promoting Christian knowledge. In the same year, he had the Church Catechism translated and printed in Manks and English. On the 21st of September, 1708, he consecrated a new Chapel at Douglas, to which he was a considerable benefactor. April 2d, 1710, the library of Castle-town was finished; the greater part of the expence, which amounted to eighty-three pounds five shillings and fix-pence, he subscribed himself.
(To be continued.)
ADDITION TO THE CATALOGUE OF BISHOPS TO THE
YEAR 1608; Being a Character and History of the Bishops during the Reigns of Queen
ELIZABETH, and King JAMES ; und an additional Supply to Dr. Godwin's Catalogue. By Sir John HARRINGTON, Kt. Written for the private Use of Prince Henry.
(Continued from Page 206.) .
DOCTOR WILLIAM COTTON.
merly, and see that I am like to equall, or rather exceed my author in quantity of volume, taking the proportion of the longest Kings raigne to that of Queen Elizabeth, I am the leile troubled to thinke, that for lack of sufficient intelligence, I shall be constrained to doe as he also hath done with divers of those former Bishops, namely, to obscure and omit the good deserts of fome, and to conceale and hide the demerits of others, which if I fortune to doe, yet will I neither crave pardon of the one, nor thanks of the other, being to be excused of both by an invincible ignorance. Howbeit, if in these I have or shall treat of, I have been so plain and liberall, as thereby I may move the spleen of some Bishop to write against me, as Bishop Jovius did against Petro Aretino, whom notwithstanding some Italians call Unico Ego divino, whose Epitaph Paulus Jovius made thus, the man being long after alive:
Qui giace l' Aretino l' amoro Tosco,
Which one did put thus into English:
Whose Spightful Tongue and Pen Call Saints befhrew him,
And Jaid (for his excule) I due not know him. I say, if any should follow this humour of Jovius, yet shall he not thereby put me into the humour of Aretine, that answered him. For I reverence all their places, and many of their persons. I know how high their calling is, that may say, pro Christo legatione fungimur. I know that next to Kings, Bishops are most sacred persons, and as it were Gods on earth; howbeit also some of them have the imperfections of men, and those not prejudicial to the acts of their office. For my part, I would I could speak much good of all, and no ill of any, and say (for mine excuse) I doe not know them.
Accordingly of the Bishoprick and Bishop of Exeter, I can say but little, namely, that it is since Bishop Harman's time (as my author noted, pag. 337.) reduced to a good mediocrity, from one of the best Bishopricks of England; so as now it is rather worthy of pitty then envy, having but two mannors left out of two and twenty; and I will adde thus much to your Highneile, that as in publique respect, your Highnelle should fpecially favour this Bishops in whole Diocefle your Dutchy of Cornwall, and your Stanneries are; so the Duke may uphold the Bishop, and the reverend Bishop may blesse the Duke.
OF NORWICH. CONCERNING Norwich, whether it be the praise of the Bishops, or
the people, or both, I know not, or whether I have here a partiall relation. But by that I have heard, I shall judge this City to be another Utopia : The people live all fo orderly, the streets kept solemnly; the Trades-men, young and old so industrious; the better fort so provident, and withall so charitable : that it is as rare to meet a beggar there, as it is common to see them in Westminster. For the four Bishops that were in Queen Elizabeth's time, I know nothing in particular, but that they lived as Bishops should doe, fine querela, and were not warriours, like Bithop Spencer their predecessor in Henry the fourths time; nor had such store
of Gold and Silver, as he had that could leavy an Army. But for the prefent Bishop, I knew him but few yeeres since Vicechancellor of Cam, bridge; and I am sure he had as good Latine as any of his Predecessors had, and was accounted there a perfect divine; in both which respects he is to be thought very fit for the place, being a Maritime Town, and much frequented with strangers, very devoutly given in Religion, and perhaps understands Latine as well as English.
OF WORCESTER,--DOCTOR GERVASE BABINGTON. W ORCESTER hath been fortunate in this last age to many excellent
Bishops; of which but two in an hundred yeeres have died Bithops thereof, the rest having been removed. Also in leffe then fourteen yeeres that had one Bishop that became Pope, namely Clement the seventh; another that was a Protestant, as Hugh Latymer. Of the seven therefore that were in Queen Elizabeths time, I shall in this place speak but of one, and that is him now living, who by birth is a Gentleman of a very good house; for Learning inferiour to few of his rank. Hee was sometime Chaplaine to the late Earle of Pembrooke, whose Noble Counteise used this her Chaplaines advice, I suppose, for the translation of the Psalmes; for it was more then a womans 1kill to exprefle the fence so right as the hath done in her verse, and more then the English or Latine translation could give her. They first were means to place him in Landaffe, neere them ; where he would say merrily his true title should be Aff, for all the Land was gone thence. He came back over the Sea to the Sea of Exeter, and thence on terra firma to Worcester; a place where both the Church and Town are at this day in very flouriihing estate, and the Church efpecially in good Reparations, which I take ever for one good argument of a good Bithop; for where the sheep be ragged, and the folds rotten, there I straight suppose is no very good shepheard: yet, as every generall Rule, hath commonly some exceptions, so hath this in some places in England, and many more in Wales, of which I thall in their due place note fome: what in the ensuing Treatise. And thus much of Worcelier.
OF HERE FORD.-JOHN SCORY. of this twice Bishop Scory I have heard but little, yet it hath been my
fortune to read something that will not be amisse to acquaint your Highnesse with, that you may see how Satan doth sift the lives and doings of Englith Bishops with the Quills sometimes of Strangers and Foraigners. For whereas this our English modest writer onely reports how he was first Bishop of Chichester, being but Batchelor of Divinity, and deprived for no fault but that he continued not a Batchelour, whereupon he fled for Religion (as the phrase was) till comming home in the yeere 1560 he was preferred to Hereford : the French writer ftayeth not there, though he profetled to be a great enemy to Idolatry, yet in another fence according to St. Paul, he became a worshipper of Images (not Saints but Angels) . belike he feared some future tempeft, and therefore thought to provide better for himselfe then he had at Chichelier, so as what with pulling downe houses and selling the Lead, and such loose ends, what with setting up good husbandries, what with leases to his tenants, with all manner of viis et modis, he heaped together a great mafle of wealth. He that hath store of metal must also have some droile, and no marvaile if this
Bishop then according to his name had much Scoria with this treasure. A noble and honourable Councellour and then Lord President of Wales, hearing fo frequent complaints made of him for oppressions, extortions, symonies, and the like, caused a bill to be preferred into the Star-chamber against him; in which bill was contained such matter as was enough not onely to disgrace him, but to degrade him, if it had been accordingly followed. His Sollicitour of his causes brings him a Copy of the bill, and in reading it with him seemed not a little dismaid in his behalfe, much like to the servant of Elisha that came trembling to his Master, and told him how they were beleagred with a huge army. But this Bishop, though not indewed with the spirit of a Prophet, yet having a spirit that could well fee into his profit, bids his Sollicitour (who was his kintman, perhaps his sisters brothers fonne) to be of good comfort; adding it may be the very words of Elisha, for there are more of our fide then against us. But when his Gehezi (for the comparison suits better to the man then to the Master) could see as yet no comfortable vision. The good Bishop did not open his eyes to let him fee as Elitha did the Chariots of fire on the tops of the mountains : but he opened his own bags and Thewed him some legions or rather chiliads of Angells, who entring all at once, not into a herd of Swine, but into the hoard of a Lady that then was potent with him that was Dominus fac totum, caft such a cloud into the Star Chamber, that the bill was never openly heard of after. This or the like and much more to the like effect writes this French Author of the said Bithop of Hereford, though the Treatise it felfe was not specially meant against the Bishop, but against a temporall Lord of a higher ranck that was not a little nettled with the same. In so much as many travelling Gentlemen, and among others this Bithops sonne was called in question for the publithing of this booke, belike because some particularities of this matter were discovered that could come from none but him. But to come againe to this Bishop, I hope it shall be no just scandall to other good Bithops, Judas will have Succeffors as well as James, and Simon Magus as well as Simon Peter (and fometime perhaps both in one chaire.) This man indeed had been brought up in the age of the Fryars that made much of themselves, and relinquiht their cells, that read in the old Testament laetare E fac, but left out bonum; for fo he followed the Text in the new Testaiment. Make you friends of the wicked Mammon, but left out that part that should have brought him to everlasting Tabernacles. For if Gods mercy be not the greater, I feare his friend and he are met in no pleasant mansion, though too durable, if the vision of Henry Lord Hunsdon were true, as an honest gentleman hath often reported it. But all this notwithftanding, his posterity may doe well, for God himselfe forbids men to say, That the fathers eate foure grapes, and the childrens teeth be on edge; and if the worit be, the Englith proverb may comfort them, which, left it want reason, I will cite in rime.
It is a laying common, more then cirill, .
The funne is blejt, whose fire is with the devill. After his decease a great and long suit was held against him about his dilapidations, which makes the former report to seen the more probable.