« PreviousContinue »
100.) and fo purchased his peace. Thus the Bishoprick as well as the Bishop were punished, who wished in his heart he had never taken this preferment to foile himselfe in his decrepid age, with that stain, that all his life he had abhorred, and to be made an instrument of another mans facriledge, and used like a leaden conduit pipe to convey waters to others, and drinke nothing but the dreggs and irofle ayd rust it felfe, wherefore right honestly and modestly and no lesse learnedly writes his owne sonne of him in the forenamed Treatise, O illum fælicem fi fælix manere maluiset, quam Regiminis eccleßastici labores tum fufcipere, cum laboribus impar fractus seno necessium illi fierit aliorum uti auxilio, &c. O happy he if he would rather have remained happy (where he was) then to undergoe the labours of ecclefiafticall government when he grew unable to travell, broken with age, constrained to use the help of others, who though their duty required a care of so good a natur'd old man, yet they proving as most do, negligent of others good, and too greedy of their owne, overthrew both ; for my part, though I loved him well and some of his, yet in this case I can make no other apology for him, nor use any other plea in his defence but such as able debtors doe, that when they are sued upon juft occasions plead per minas, or rather to liken him to an husbandman, that dwelling neare a judge that was a great builder, and comming one day among divers other neighbours with carriages, some of stone, lome tin: The fteward, as the manner of the country was, provided two tables for their dinners, for those that came upon request, powdered beefe and perhaps venison, for those that came fore hire, poor-john and apple-pies, and having invited them to fit downe in his Lordship's name, telling them one boord was for them that came in love, the other for those that came for money, this hulbandman and his hind fate not downe at either, the which the steward imputing to fimplicity repeated his former words againe, praying them to sit downe accordingly, but he answered (for there is craft in the clouted shoe) he saw no table for him, for he came neither for love nor money, but for very feare; and even so I dare answer for this Bishop, he neither gave Wilscombe for love, nor fold it for money, but left it for fear.
Hów strangely he was entrapt in the unfit marriage I know not if it may be called a marriage.
Non Hymenæus adest illi, non gratia lečto. Himself protested to me with tears in his eyes, he tooke her but for a guid of his house, and for the rest (they were his owne words) he lived with her as Joseph did with our lady. Setting this one disgrace of his alide, he was a man very well esteemed in the country, beloved of all men for his great hospitality, of the better fort for his kinde entertainHent and pleasant discourse at his table, his reading had beene much, his Juagement and doctrine sound, his government mild and not violent, his unde charitable, and therefore I doubt not but when he lost this life he
ne heaven according to his word, Win God, win all. This I say truly im which his sonne was not so fit to say for feare perhaps of the foolish
ng, yet wise enough if it be well understood. Nemo laudat patrem nifi improbus filius.
DOCTOR JOHN STILL. . But what stile shall I use to set forth this Still, whom well nigh thirty yeeres since my reverent tutor in Cambridge stil'd by this name Divine Still, who when my self came to him to sue for my grace to be Batchelour, first he examined me stricktly, and after answered me kindly, that the grace he granted me was not of grace, but of merit, who was often content to grace my young exercises with his venerable presence, who from that time to this hath given me some helpes, more hopes, all encou. ragements in my best studies. To whom I never came but I grew more religious, from whom I never went but I parted better instructed. Of him therefore my acquaintance, my friend, my instructor, and lastly my Diocæsan, if I speake much, it were not to be marvelled, if I speake franckly, it is not to be blamed, and though I speake partially, it were to be pardoned, yet to keep within my proportion, custome, and promise, in all these I must say this of him, his breeding was from his childhood in good literature, and partly in musick, which was counted in those dayes a preparative to divinity, neither could any be admitted to primam tonfuram, except he could first bene le bene con bene can, as they called it, which is to read well, to confter well, and to sing well, in which last he hath good judgement, and I have heard good musick of voyces in his house. In his full time more full of learning, he became Batchelor of Divinity, and after Doctor, and so famous for a preacher, and especially a disputer, that the learned'ft were even afraid to dispute with him, and he finding his owne strength could not stick to warne them in their arguments to take heed to their answers, like a perfect fencer that will tell aforehand in which button he will give the venew, or like a cunning chess-player that will appoint aforehand with which pawne and in what place he will give the mate; and not to insist long in a matter so notorious, it may suffice that about twenty yeeres since when the great dyet or meeting should have beene in Germany for composing matters in religion, Do&or Still was chosen for Cambridge, and Doctor Humphrey for Oxford, to oppose all commers for the defence of the English Church, for this his knowne sufficiency he was not long unfurnish't of double honour. The puritans in Cambridge wooed him, and would fain have woone him to their part; and feeing they could not, they forbare not in the pulpit after their fashion to glaunce at him among others with their equivocations and epigrams. There was one Mr. Kay that offended them, and one said in a sermon, that of all complexions the worst neare such as were Kaycold, and in the same fermon and the like veine he said that some could not be contented with a living worth 100l. a year, anather worth 120l. but Still will have more. But howsoever they snarl'd, this Still was counted worthy of more, so as in the year 1592. being the 34, of the late Queen, he was prefer'd to this Sea after it had beene vacant well nigh three yecres ; during the vacancy I can well remember there was great enquiring who should have it, and as if all Bishops should now be fworn to follow usim Şarum, every man made reckoning that the mannour house and park of Bamwell should be made a reward of some cour. tier, it encreast also this fufpition that Sir Thomas Hennage an old cour. tier, and a zealous Puritan, was said to have an ore in the matter, whose conscience, if it were such in the Clergy, as that was found in the Dutchy, might well haye digefted a better booty than Bamwell. But when it was notified once who was named to it, I had better conceit, and straight I wrot to him as of old Cambridge acquaintance, and in such rufty Latin as I had left, gave him warning of this rumour, which he tooke exceeding kindly at my hands, though some others frowned on me for it many months after. So that for his entry to it I may boldly say that I said before of his predecessor, that he came cleerly to it without any touch or scandall, that he brought a good report from the places where he had lived, shewed himselfe well natured and courteous to the kindred of his predeceffor, had a farre greater fame of learning and merit, and which the Queen liked best of all, was single and a widdower. Nay I may conipare them yet further, he married also foone after he was setled, and the Queene was nothing well pleased with his marriage. Howbeit in all indifferent censures this marriage was much more justifiable than the other for age, for use, for end; he being not too old, nor she too young, being daughter to a worshipful knight of the same country and a great houlekeeper, and drawing with her a kinde of alliance with Judge Popham that swayed all the temporall government of the country. These respects though I will not strive greatly to praise in a Bishop, yet the common fort will allow no doubt for wife and provident, so as the Queene's difpleasure (your times being somewhat more propitious and favourable to Bishopricks since Bishop Wickham's sernion) was the easier pacified without so costly sacrifice as a whole mannour, and she contented her felfe onely to breake a jeft upon the name of the Bishop, saying to Sir Henry Barckley, it was a dangerous name for a Bishop to match with a Horner. Since which time he hath preached before her more than once, and hath received good teftimonies of her good opinion, and God hath also blest him many wayes very greatly to see his children well brought up, well bestowed, and to have an unexpected revenue, out of the entrails of the earth (I mean the leaden mines of Mendip) greater then his predecessor had above ground, so as this Bishop seemes to be blest with Joseph's blessing, Benedictionibus cæli. Sursum, benedictionibus abylli jacentis dcorsum, benedictionibus uberis & vulræ, with blessing from heaven above, blessing from the deepe that Iyeth beneath, blessings of the breasts and of the wombe, with fortunate increase of living hapning to a provident man that was ever homo frugi, it is supposed hath brought him to a great ability. In so much that his Church of Bath seemes to conceive some hope. that he will have compassion of her ruines at the least (as Sir Arthur Hopton a good Knight of the Bath was wont between earnest and sport to motion unto him to give toward it, but the lead to cover it which would cost him nothing, but he would reply againe, well said gentle Sir Arthur, you will coffe me as you scoffe me, which is no great token that he liketh the motion. Yet at his being at Bath he promised them very faire, which they are bound to remember him of Tometime by their friends. One trifling accident hapned to his Lordship there that I have thought of more confequence, and I tell him that I never knew him Non plujt in argument but there. There was a crafts man of Bath a recusant Puritan who condemning our Church, our Bishops, our facraments, our prayers, was condemned himselfe to dye at the aisizes, but at my request
Judge Adderton reprieved him, and he was suffered to remain at Bath · upon baile. The Bishop confer'd with him in hope to convert him, and
first my Lord alledged for the authority of the Church St. Augustine ; the thoomaker answered Austin was but a man, he produced for antiquity of
Bishops Bishops the fathers of the councell of Nice, he answered, they were also but men, and might err; why then said the Bishop thou art but a man and mayest and doest erre. No Sir, faith he, the spirit beares witnesse to my spirit I am the child of God; Alasse faith the Bishop thy blind spirit will lead thee to the gallowes : If I die faith he in the Lord's cause I shall be a martyr. The Bishop turning to me stirr'd as much to pitty as impatience ; This man, said he, is not a sheepe strayed from the fold, for such may be brought in againe on the shepheard's shoulders, but this is like a wild buck broken out of a parke, whose pale is throwne downe, that Aies the farther off, the more he is hunted. Yet this man that stopt his eares like the adder, to the charmes of the Bishop, was after perfwaded by a lay-man, and grew comfortable ; but to draw to an end (in one question) this Bishop whom I count an oracle for learning, would never yet give me satisfaction, and that was when I askt him his opinion of witches. He saith, he knowes other mens opinions both old and new writers, but could never so digest them, to make them an opinion of his owne. All' I can get is this, that the Devill is the old Serpent, our enemy that we pray to be delivered from daily ; as willing to have us think he can doe so much as to have us perswaded he doth nothing. To conclude of this Bishop without flattery, I hold him a rare man for preaching, for arguing, for learning, for living ; I could onely wish, that in all these he would make lefse use of logick, and more of rhetorick.
SACRED CRITICISM, No. XI.
(Continued from page 142.)
A CRITIQUE, ON PSALM CX. To the EditORS OF THE ORTHODOX CHURCHMAN'S MAGAZINE.
GENTLEMEN, THIS Prophetic Psalm, forms an additional link to that illustrious chain,
characteristic of the MESSIAH, furnished by the foregoing prophecies of Nathan, Ethan, and David * ; in which the Royal Psalmist, proceeds, (in continuation, as it were, of the Second Psalm) to describe the stability and permanence of the Messiah's delegated dominion; the voluntary adoration of his subjects, “ in the day of his power ;" his primæval birth; his royal and perpetual priesthood; the exemplary vengeance to be inflicted on the heads of his foes, “ in the day of his wrath ;” and his personal sufferings, as the source of his transcendant exaltation.
Its exclusive application to the MESSIAH, was the unequivocal do&trine of the Primitive Jewish Church :-1. The Pharisees confessed it, when they' were silenced, our LORD applying the Psalm to himself, Matt. 22. 44. 2. Peter, appealed thereto, as incontrovertible evidence, in that noble Discourse, on the day of Pentecost, which wrought the conversion of 3000 souls, Acts, 2. 34. and 3. Paul, in his masterly Address to the Jewish Converts, Heb. 1. 13, and 10. 13. And also to the Gentiles, 1 Cor. 15. 25. And 4, instead of the present reading of the Chaldee Paraphrase, “The Lord said in his Orucle,” (irrina), Galatinus cites, -" to his Oracle,” (aquinh) conformably to the Original, “ to the Regent” (3785), which it well explains; and the emendation is supported by respectable Jewish evidence, the author of Kubotsim, reading * 2 Sam. 7-Pf. 89-Pf. 2.
allo, menimb. - 5. The Midrash Tillim on PT. 2. 7, faith, the affairs of The Messiah are set forth in the Hagiographu, in these words, Pf. 110, The Lord said, &c. 'And on Pf. 18. 36, further faith, R. Joden, in the name of R. Chama, said, that in the time to come, God Mall set King MESSIAH at his right hand ; as it is written. Pf. 110. The Lord suid unto my Lord; &c. And 6. R. Obadiah Gaon, not only faith, the Psalmist composed the Psalm of THE MESSIAH; but adds, that God further said, "Sit thou at .my right hand, and the ministering Angels at my left." And 7. R. Saodias Gaon, on Dan. 7. 13. saith, This is THE MESSIA our RightEOUSNESS, as it is written
Pf..110. The Lord said to my Lord, &c. But the later Rabbins
Etas parentum pejor avis, tulit
Istos nequioresendeavouring to evade its force, have recourse to their grand fastness, the double Sense; and variously apply it, to Abraham likewise, as R. Joden, Solomon Jarchi, and Lipmann; or to Mojes, as Aramu ; or to David himself, as David Kimchi, and Aben Ezra; or to Hezchial; or to Zorobabet ; or to the people of Israel; according to Justin Martur, Chiulojtom, &c.—All “ tosjed to and fro”—And “ reeling in their expositions, liko drunken men,” (ws or pe dvorles) as Chryfoftom remarks.
A PSALM FOR The Beloved. 1. The LORD spake unto the RegENT; “ Sit thou at my right hand,
Until I make thine Enemies, a stool for thy feet.” 2. The LORD shall send forth the sceptre of thy might from Sion :
Rule thou in the midst of thine Enemies.
Free-will offerings, in the beauties of holiness :
" Thou art Priest for ever, according to the order of Melchisedek." 5. The Lorv on thy right hand, in the day of his wrath, 6. Shall crush Kings; He shall judge
Among the Gentiles; He shall heap up the carcases;
He shall crush the Head over many countries : 7. He shall drink of the brook, in the way;
Therefore shall he lift up his head.
,לדוד that ,לרוד חזחור ,Aben Ezrt
does not signify, “ Of David,” intimating a Pfalın of his composition, (although he was certainly the author, Matt. 22. 43), but that it was penned “ for David,” or in honour of David ; agreeably to the Septuagint rendering ; Yaar tw Aavido;—but 777, here, as in several other places, is not a proper name, denoting the Psalmist himtelf, but an ap