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lege ; and Henry Taylor, of Lincoln James. Blackstone, Esq. L. L. D. was college, B. A. were admitted M. A. elected Recorder of the said Borough, in

Saturday the 17th, the last day of the room of Francis Burton, Erg. who Act Term, Meff. William Henry More- has religned. ley, of St. Mary hall, and Peter Rainier, On Tuesday last the Rev. Capel of Oriel college, M. A. were admitted Whitmore Blaskfield, B. A. and Scho. Bachelors and to practise in Medicine. lar of Jesus College, was elected fellow The Rev. Samuel James Goodenough, of that society. and the Hon. and Rev. Pierce Meade, The Lord Bishop of Salisbury has col. B. A. of Wadham college, were ad. lated the Rev. Herbert Hawes, B. D. mitted M. A. Mr. Frederick Hamil- chaplain to the Earl of Malmesbury, to ton Carrington, of the same college, was the Rectory of St. Edmund's, Salisbury, admitted B. A. The number of Regent vacant by the cession of the late incum. Masters this year was 110.

bent. On Friday morning last in full convo. Tuesday last came on the election at cation the honorary degree of D. C. L. Merton college, when Mr. John Og. was conferred on the Right Hon. Vil lander, A. B. Mr. Thomas Raymond count Nelson of the Nile, Duke of Barker, and Mr. Lawrence Pleydell Bronti, and on the Right Hon. Sir Wil. Bouverie, were elected Fellows of that liam Hamilton, Knight of the Bath, to fociety. which they were severally presented by The Rev. W. Keate, of Laverton, Dr. Blackstone, Vinerian Professor of has been presented by the Bishop of 1.aw. And at the sanie time, the Rev. Salisbury to the valuable Rectory of William Nelson, of Christ's college, and Winfrith, near Wareham, Dorset. D. D. in the university of Cambridge, The Lord Bishop of Hereford has was admitted to the lame degree in this been pleased to collate the Rev. Richard university, to which he was presented by Valond, A. M. his Lordship's Domestic Dr. Collinson, Lady Margaret's Professor Chaplain, to the Dignity of Treasurer, of Divinity.

founded in that Cathedral Church, vacant July 31.) On Friday the 23d instant by the death of the Rev. Dr. Parker. the Right Hon. Lord Francis Almaric The Rev. R. Ellis Aitkins, M. A. Spencer was admitted a Common Coun. of Trinity college, and late Curate of cil Man of the Borough of New Wood- Deritend Chapel, Birmingham, is nostock, in the room of Lord Viscount minated to the Curacy of Hanley, Stafa Bateman, deceased.-At the same time fordihire.

* ADDRESS TO CORRESPONDENTS. IN our next Number—Queries addressed to the Clergy.--A North Briton's Letter.

-T.C. S. is under consideration. We have to acknowledge the receipt of two long Articles from our Friend of Creech St. Michael, to which proper respect will be paid.

We feel ourselves obliged to the Epilcopalians of Scotland, who have answered our enquiries respecting the present state of Episcopacy in North Britain.

Our good Friend the LONDON CURATE, will see that in the present state of affairs, his excellent paper on the French Revolution, must, for prudential reasons, be omitted.

The communication on the Septuagint does not suit us; besides the compiler lays too much stress upon the authority of Aristeas, and consequently magnifies the authority of the version itself, beyond what will be generally allowed.

Our valuable Correspondent INSPECTOR's communication on the 110th Pfalm, is come to hand.

Secularis, in our next,

J. S. in defence of the Theophilanthropists, must have a wonderful conceit of his abilities, in expecting that we should defile our Magazine, by the insertion of such an inpertinent and nonfenfical rhapsody as his Letter. He has read Paine's works with much attention, but if he would condescend to take a little humble advice from us, we would recommend him to study the Proverbs of Solomon, as good correctives of the poison he has so unhappily imbibed.

THE

ORTHOD O X CHURCHMAN'S MAGAZINE,

For SEPTEMBER, 1802.

The noble Army of MARTYRS praise thee.

TE DEUM.

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THE LIFE OF BISHOP LATIMER: HUGH LATIMER, Bishop of Worcester, was born of mean parents at 11 Thurcafton, in Leicestershire, about the year 1475, who gave him a good education, and sent him to Cambridge ; where he shewed himself a zealous Papist, and inveighed much against the Reformers, who began to make some figure in England. But conversing frequently with Thomas Bilney, the most considerable person at Cambridge of all those who favoured the Reformation, he saw the errors of Popery, and became a zealous Protestant. He himself says, “ Master Bilney, or rather, St. Bilney, who suffered death for God's word fake, was the instrument whereby God called me to knowledge. For I may thank him, next to God, for that knowledge I have had in the word of God: for I was an obftinate Papift, as any was in England, insomuch, that when I should be made Bachelor of Divinity, my whole oration went against Philip Melancthon, and his opinions. Bilney heard me at that time, and perceiving that I' was zealous without knowledge, came to me in my study, and desired me for God's fake to hear his confeflion : I did fo; and I learned more than afore in many years. So from that time forward, I began to smell the word of God, and forsake the school of doctors, and such fooleries."

Latimer thus converted, laboured both publicly and privately to pro- . mote the reformed opinions, and pressed the necessity of a holy life, in opposition to those outward performances, which were then thought the essentials of religion. This rendered him obnoxious at Cambridge, then the seat of ignorance, bigotry, and superstition. However, the unaffected piety of Master Bilney, the chearfulness and natural eloquence of honest Latimer, wrought greatly upon the junior students, and increased

the credit of the Protestants so much, that the Papift clergy were greatly .. Vol. III. Churchm. May. Scpt. 1802. R

alarmed,

alarmed, and, according to their usual practice, called aloud for the fecular arm.

Under this arm Bilney suffered at Norwich. But his sufferings far fron shocking the Reformation at Cambridge, inspired the leaders of it with new courage. Latimer began to exert himself more than he had yet done : and succeeded to that credit with his party, which Bilney had so long supported. Among other instances of his zeal and resolution in this cause, he gave one which was very remarkable : He had the courage to write to the King (Henry the VIIIth] against a proclamation, then just published, forbidding the use of the Bible in English, and other books on religious subjects. He had preached before his Majesty once or twice at Windsor; and had been taken notice of by him in a more affable manner, than that Monarch usually indulged towards his subjects. But whatever hopes of preferment his Sovereign's favour might have raised in him, he chose to put all to the hazard, rather than omit what he thought his duty. His letter is the picture of an honest and fincere heart : he concludes in these terms, Accept, gracious Sorereign, without dilpleasure, what I have written; I thought it my duty to mention these things to your Majesty. No personal quarrel, as God shall judge me, have I with any man: I wanted only to induce your Majesty to consider well, what kind of persons you have about you, and the ends for which they counsel. Indeed, great prince, many of them, or they are much Nandered, have very private ends.' God grant your Majesty may see through all the designs of evil men, and be in all things equal to the high office, with which you are intrusted. Wherefore, gracious King, remember yourself; have pity upon your own soul, and think, that the day is at hand, when you shall give account of your office, and the blood which hath been thed by your sword: in the which day, that your Grace may stand Itedfastly, and not be ashamed, but be clear and ready in your reckoning, and have your pardon sealed with the blood of our Saviour Christ, which alone ferveth at that day, is my daily prayer to him, who suffered death for our fins. The spirit of God preserve you."

Lord Cromwell was now grown up into power, and being a favourer of the Reformation, he obtained a benefice in Wiltshire for Latimer, who immediately went thither and resided, discharging his duty in a very conscientious manner, though persecuted much at the same time, by the Romish clergy; who at length carried their malice so far as to obtain an archiepiscopal citation for his appearance in London. His friends would have had him fly; but their persuasions were in vain. He set out for London in the depth of winter, and under a severe fit of the stone and cholic ; but he was most distressed at the thoughts of leaving his parish exposed to the Fopith clergy. On his arrival in London, he found a court of Bithops and Canonists ready to receive him; where, instead of being examined, as he expected, about his sermons, a paper was put into his - hands, which he was ordered to subscribe, declaring his belief in the efficacy of masses for the souls in purgatory, of prayers to the dead saints, of pilgrimages to their fepulchres and reliques, the Pope's power to forgive fins, the doctrine of merit, the seven facraments, and the worship of images; which when he refused to sign, the Archbishop, with a frown, berged he would consider what he did. “ We intend not, said he, Mr. Latimer to be hard upon you; we dismiss you for the present; take a copy of the articles; examine them carefully, and God grant, that at our next

meeting

meeting we may find each other in better temper.” The next, and several succeeding meetings, the same scene was acted over again. He continued inflexible, and they continued to distress him. Three times every week they regularly sent for him, with a view either to elicit something from him by captious questions, or to teaze him at length into compliance. Tired out with this usage, after he was summoned at last, instead of going, he sent a letter to the Archbishop, in which, with great freedom, he tells him, “That the treatment he had lately met with, had fretted him into such a disorder, as rendered him unfit to attend that day; that in the mean time he could not help taking this opportunity to exportulate with his Grace for detaining him so long from his duty ;--that it seemed to him most unaccountable, that they, who never preached themselves, should hinder others ;--that, as for their examination of him, he really could not imagine what they aimed at; they pretended one thing in the beginning, and another in the progress ; -- that if his sermons were what gave offence, which he persuaded himself were neither contrary to the truth, nor to any Canon of the church, he was ready to answer whatever might be thought exceptionable in them ;-that he wished a little more regard might be had to the judgment of the people; and that a diftinction might be made between the ordinances of God and man;- that if fome abuses in religion did prevail, as was then commonly supposed, he thought preaching was the best means to discountenance them ; - that he wished all pastors might be obliged to perform their duty; but that, however, liberty might be given to those who were willing ;--that as to the articles proposed to him, he begged to be excused subscribing them ; while he lived, he never would abet superstition; and that, lastly, he hoped the Archbishop would excuse what he had written; he knew his duty to his superiors, and would practise it; but in that case, he thought a stronger obligation laid upon him.”

The Bishops, however, continued their persecutions, but their schemes were frustrated in an unexpected manner; Latimer being raised to the see of Worcester, in the year 1533, by the favour of Anna Boleyn, then the favourite wife of Henry, to whom, most probably, he was recommended by Lord Cromwell. And now he had a more extensive field to promote the principles of the Reformation, in which he laboured with the utmost pains and affiduity. All the historians of those times, mention him as a person remarkably zealous in the discharge of his new office; and tell us, that in overlooking the clergy of his diocese, he was uncommonly active, warm, and refolute, and presided in his ecclefiaftical court with the same spirit. In visiting, he was frequent and observant ; in ordaining, strict and wary ; in preaching, indefatigable; and in reproving and exhorting, severe and persuasive.

In 1536 he received a summons to attend the parliament and convocation, which gave him a further opportunity of promoting the work of Reformation, whereon his heart was so much fet. Many alterations were made in religious matters, and a few months after the Bible was translated into English, and reconimended to a general perusal, in October, 1537.

In the mean while the Bishop of Worcester, highly satisfied with the prospect of the times, repaired to his diocese, having made a longer stay in London than was absolutely neceifary. He had no talents, and he pretended to have none for state affairs. His whole ambition was to dif

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charge charge the pastoral fun&ions of a Bishop, neither aiming to display tho abilities of a statesman, nor those of a courtier. How very unqualified he was to support the latter of these characters, the following story will prove.--It was the custom in those days for the Bishops to make presents to the King on New-year's day, and many of them would present very liberally, proportioning their gifts to their expectancies. Among the rest, the Bithop of Worcester, being then in town, waited upon the King, with his offering; but instead of a purse of gold, which was the common oblation, he presented a New Testament, with a leaf doubled down in a very conspicuous manner, to this passage ; “Whoremongers and adulterers God will judge.”

In 1539 he was summoned again to attend the parliament: The Bishop of Winchester, Gardiner, was his great enemy; who, upon a particular occasion, when the Bishops were with the King, kneeled down and solemnly accused Bishop Latimer of a seditious sermon preached at court, Being called upon by the King, with some sternness, to vindicate himself, Latimer was so far from denying and palliating what he had said, that he boldly justified it; and tựrning to the King, with that noble unconcern, · which a good conscience inspires, “I never thought myself worthy, said he, nor did I ever sue to be a preacher before your Grace; but I was called to it, and would be willing, if you mislike it, to give place to my þetters : for I grant, there may be a great many more worthy the room than I am. And if it be your Grace's pleasure to allow them for preachers, I can be content to bear their books after them. But if your Grace allow me for 'a preacher, I would desire you to give me leave to difcharge my conscience, and to frame my doctrine according to my audience. I had been a very dolt indeed to have preached so at the borders of your realm, as I preach before your Grace.” The greatness of this answer bafted his accuser's malice; the severity of the King's counte. nance changed into a gracious smile, and the Bishop was disinissed with that obliging freedom, which this Monarch never used but to those he esteemed.

However as the Bishop could not give his vote for the act of the six Papistical articles, drawn up by the Duke of Norfolk, he thought it wrong to hold any office in a church where such terms of communion were required, and therefore he resigned his Bishopric, and retired into the country, where he purposed to live a sequeftered life. But in the midst of his security, an unhappy accident carried him again into the tempestuous weather which was abroad : He received a bruile by the fall of a tree, and the contufion was so dangerous, that he was obliged to feek out for better assistance than could be afforded him by the unikilful surgeons of those parts. With this view he repaired to London, where he had the misfortune to see the fall of his patron, the Lord Cromwell; a loss which he was soon made sensible of. For Gardiner's emissaries 'quickly found him out in his concealment, and something, which he had been heard to say, against the six articles, being alledged against him, he was sent to the Tower; where, without any judicial examination, he suffered through one pretence or another, a cruel imprisonment for the remaining fix years of King Henry's reign.

Upon the death of Henry, the Protestant interest revived, under his son Edward ; and Latimer, immediately on the change of the government, was set at liberty. An address was made by the parliament to the Pro

tector,

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