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disseminabat, per sententiam definitivam ejus- | Edward Wightman appearing before the aforedem rev. patris, cum consensu theologorum et said rev. father, and other divines, and persons jurisperitorum prædictorum, justè, legitimè, et learned in the law, assisting him in judgment, the canonicè contrà eundem Ldwardum Wightman aforesaid wicked crimes, heresies and other dein eâ parte latam, hereticus adjudicatus et pro- testable blasphemies and errors stubbornly and nunciatus existit; et ideô, tanquam oven mor- pertinaciously, knowingly, maliciously, and with bidun, è greye Domini, ne subditos nostros suâ an hardened heart, published, deleniled and discontagione inficiat, ejiciendum et eliminandum persed; by definitiie sentence of the said rev. fore decreverit : Cum igitur Sancta Mater Ec- father, with the consent of divines, and persuns clesia non habeat quod ulteriùs in buc parte learned in the law aforesaid, justly, lawfully facere et exequi debeat, idem rev. pater eundein and canonically against the said Edward WightEdwardum Wightman ut blasphemum et dam man in that part passedi, stands adjudged and Datum hæreticum brachio nostro seculari reli- pronounced an heretic, and therefore, as a disquic, condignà animadversione plectendum ; eased sheep, out of the flock of the Lord, lest prout per literas patentes præfati rev. patris, our subjecis he do infect by bis contagios, he episcopi Coventr'et Lich', iu bac parte super- liath decreed to be cast out and cut off. And inde confectas nobis in cancellariam nostram whereas the holy mother church hath not power certificatum est. Nos igitur, ut zelator justicia to do or execute any thing further in this matet fidei catholicæ defensor ; volentesque eccle ter, the same reverend father, the same Edward siam sanctam, ac jura et libertates ejusdem, et Wightman as a blasphemous and condeinned fidem catholicam, manutenere et defendere, ac heretic, hath left to our secular power to be puhujusmodi bæreses et errores ubique (quantum nished with condign punishment; as, by the in nobis est) eradicare et extirpare, ac hereticos letters patents of the aforesaid reverend father sic convictos animadversione condignå puniri, the bishop of Coventry and Lichfield in this attendentesq; hujusmodi hæreticum, in forma behalf thereupon made, is certified unto us into prædictâ convictum et damnatum, juxtà leges our Chancery. We therefore, as a zealous proet consuetudinem regni nostri Angliæ in hac noter of justice and a defender of the catholic parte consuetem ignis incendio comburi debere; faith, and being willing the boly chorch, and the tibi præcipimus quod dict. Edwardum Wiglit- rights and liberties of the same, and the cathoian, in custodià tuâ existentem, in aliquo loco lic taith, to maintain and defend, and such like publico et aperto infrâ civitatem prædictan, ex heresies and errors every where, so much as in causâ premissâ, coràin populo publicè igni com us lies, to root out and extirpate, and heretics mitti, et ipsum Edwarduin Wightmap in eodem so cunvicted, to punish with condign puoishigne realiter comburi facias, in hujusmodo cri- ment; and considering that such an heretic in. minis detestationem, aliorumque Christianoruin the aforesaid form convicted and condemned, exemplum manifestum, ne in simile crimen la- ought, according to the laws and customs of bantur. Et hoc sub periculo incumbenti nulla- this our kingdom of England in this behalf actenus omittas. Teste, &c. IIENRY HIBIRTE. customcd, to be burned with fire; do command

This containeth a Warrant to be granted by thee that thou cause the said Edward Wightyour majesty unto the lord chancellor of Eng- man, being in thy custody, to be committed 10 land, for the awarding of a writ under the great the fire in some public and open place within seal of England, to the skieritf of the city of the city aforesaid, for the cause aforesaid, beLichfield, for the burning of Edward Wightman, fore the people, and the same Edward Wightwho is convicted of divers horrible heresies be- man in the same fire cause really to be burned; fore the bishop of Coventry and Lichtield, and in detestation of the said crime, and for a maby his sentence left to the secular power, as is nisest example to other Christians, that they by the said bishop certified to your majesty, into may not fall into the same crime. And this your highness's court of Chancery.

you are in no wise to omit, under the peril that sind is done by force of your majesties com shall follow thereon. Witness, &c. mandment to me given under your highness's Expeditum apud Westmonasterium, nono Sign manual.

Henry IIIBIRTE. die Martii, 1611, Auno Regis Jacobi Angl' &c., The King to the Sheritt ' of our city of Lich

Per WIXDEBANK, field, Greeting Whereas the rev. father in Corist, Richard, by Divine Providence of Co-The following two Cases of Pardon being found ventry and Lichfield, Bishop, bath signified unto with the preceding Instruments are here Us that he judicially proceeding, according to printed, as being somewhat curious. the exigence of the ecclesiastical canons, aud The Pandon of Theophilus Higgons. of the laws and customs of this our kingdoin of JAMES Rex; Rex omnibus ad quos, &c. saEngland, against one Edward Wightınan of the lutem. Cum nobis dat' est intelligi, quod Theparish of Burton upon Trent, in ihe diocese of ophilus Higgons de London, clericus, in partes Coventry and Lichtield, of and upon the wicked transmarinas absque licencia nostrâ reyiâ emiberesies of Ebion, Cerinthus, l'alentinian, Arius, graverit, ibidemque duos annos et dimidium, Macedonius, Sinon Mayus, of Manes, the Ma- vel eo circiter, commoratus, et cum Jesuitis et nichees, Photinus, and of the Anabaptists, and Presbyter' conversatus, fuerit, atque in eodem other arch beretics; and moreover of other remporis spatio in seminarium Anglicum apud cursed opinions by the instinct of Satav excogi- | Doway et Sanct' Omer' aliquantisper permantated anii heretofore unheard of, the aforesaid serit, et se ecclesiæ Romance reconciliaverit.



3 B

Necnon quædam scandalosa et periculosa con- habuimus seu in futuruin habere poterimus, irà statuin hujus regni, nostri tam ecclesiasticuin aut hered. seu successor. nostri habere poterint quam temporale, et verbis et scriptis protulerit, . in futur, sectamque pac. nostræ quæ ad nos et enunciaverit, atque etiam quosdam è subdi- , versus ipsum Theophilum Higgons pertinet seu tis nostris à religione in hoc regno nostro stabi- pertinere poterit in futur, et firmam pacem, et lità seducere et avertere operam et vires in- hanc pardonation. nostram eidem Theophilo tenderit: Posteà tamen, per sancia et bona Higgons inde dainus et concedimus per præsenmedia, et precipuè ex penitentia et instinctu tes. Aliquo stalui. act. provisione seu restricmiscricordiæ et gratiæ divinæ, prædictam per- tione in contrar. inde in aliquo non obstante. versitatem suam, ac falsas et opprubriosas opi- lo cujus rei, &c. teste, &c. FRANCIS Bacon. niones prædictas, penitùs abnegaverit, seque re It may please your excelent majesty. ligioni veræ et reformata', et in hoc regno pro- : This Bill containeth your majesty's gracious mulgatæ et stabilita wnformem exhibuerit: pardon unto Theophilus Higgons, clerk, for Sciatis igitur, quod nos pietate moti, de gratiâ | any otfeuce or contempt in passing over the nostra speciali, ac ex certas scientia et mero seas, or reconciliation to the church of Rome, motu, nostris, pardonavimus, remisimus, et re or reinaining in seminaries, or conversiog with laxavimus, ac per præsentes, pro nobis heredi- Jesuits or priests, or other offences of that na. bus et successoribus nostris, pardonamus, re ture; for which he is penitent, and bath cogmittimus, et relaxamus, præd. Theophilo Hig- verted and conformed himself to the religion gons, de London, clerico, (seu quocunque alio established in this realm. nomine, cognomine, sive additione noninis vel “ I have no warrant for the drawing of this cognominis, officii artis, dignitatis loci vel lo- Bill, save that sir Edward Hoby, to whom the corum, idem Theophilus lliygons censeatur, party bears special obligation, did by his letter vocetur, sive nuncupetur, aut onper censeba- to me signify your majesty's pleasure to this tur, vocabatur, sive nuncupabatur,) omnes et purpose : But, because the party's conversion omnimodas offensas de transeundo in partes was so notoriuus, and so generally liked, I have transmarinas absque licencia nostra, ibidemque presumed to commend this Bill to your majescommorando, et cum Jesuitis et Presbyteris ty's signature.

FRANCIS Bacon." conversando, ac in seninaris Anglico apud Expeditum apud Westmonasterium, 24th Doway et Sanct. Omer. permanendo, alque die Julii, 1011, anno regis Jacobi nonu. Per ecclesiæ Romanæ sc reconciliando, ac scanda- Windebank. Joso aliqua contrà statum regri hujus tain ecclesiasticuin quam temporale, ei scribendo et

The Parros of Sir Eustace Ilarle. loqucndo, atque aliquos è subditis nostris à re JAMES R.; Rex omnilus ad quos, &c. saluligione hujus regni nostri avertendo et seducen- tem. Sciatis, quod nos de gratia nostra specido; Atque omnes alias ofensas delicta, con- ali, ac ex certâ scientiâ et mero motu nostris, temptus, malefacta, et transgressionis quascum. pardevavimus, remisimus, et relaxa: iius, ac que, præmissa, aut eorum aliquod, vel aliqua, per presentes, pro nobis, hæredibus et succesin aliquo taugentes, vel concernentes, per præ sorilius nostris, pardunamus, remittimus, et redictum Theophilum Higgons anie datam pro- laxamus, Eustathio Harte, de villa de Souidsentium qualitercunque comunisas sive perpe- ampton, militi, (seu quocunque alio nomine, tratas atque etiam omnes et omnimodas olien cognomine, seu additione nominis vel Cornosas, proditiones, felonias, et pramunire ratione ininis, dignitatis, otiicii loci, vel locorum, idein alicujus vel aliquorum, facti, vel factorum supe. Eustathius Harte sciatur, censeatur, vocetur, rilis ineocionatorum commisas, perpetratas seu nuncupetur, aut nuper sciebatur, censeavel incursas ; Licet irlem Theophilus Higgons batur, vocabatur, sive nuncupabatur,) omnia dep: anissis vel aliquo premissorum indiciains, et singula crimina et offensas adulterii, fornicaimpetitus convictus, aliinctus, adjudicatus, 11- tionis, et incontinentiæ, quascunque, per ipsum, seu condemuutust xistit vel non existit, Eustathium Tarte cum aliquà muliere sive aliaut inde indictari,' imperiii, convinci, attingi, quibus mulieribus, ante datam præsentiuni, adjudicari, utlegari, seni contemnari, contigerit ubicunque, quandocunque, quo.. odocunque, et in futurum ; Nec non onunes et omnimod. qualitercunque, facta comruissa sire perpetrautlegarias si quæ in ipsum 'Theol.ilun Higgons, ia : Necnon omnia et singula fectas, inperioccasionibus præd. st. tarum aliquá, therint tiones, actiones, fines, pænas, anierciamenta, promuly. i tak sive promulgandæ. Ac omnia et ti punitiones quascunque, tangentes seu conomamia judicia, attincturas, convictioncs, cernentes præmissa, seu eorum aliquod : Exconuennationes, pænas moitis, pænas corpo- ! ceptis semper extrà has præsentes omnibus et

rades impris.namente, ac omnes alias Sorisfaciu- singulis rapuibus mulierum Angl. vocat, rapes, - ras, executionts, punitiones, et penalitates, et omnibus et singulis incestiis et buggeriis, et

quæcunque super vel versus ipsum Theophilum omnibus aliis criminibus et offensis, unde aliHigvons ratione seu occasione prams. sive cor. qua. Willa, actio, querela, aut informatio, ante alicujus habit. fact. reddit. sive adjudicat. aut datam præsentum e-hibita fuit, et coràm nobis linbend. faciend. reddend. seu adjudicand; I et consilio nostro in l'amera Stellata aut aliquiNecuon om, et omnimod. action. sect. querel. bus aliis curis nostris apud Westimonasteriim, inpetition. et demand. quæcunque quæ nos aut in aliqua, vel aliquibus curiis nostris cccleversus ipsum Theophilum Higgins ratione sive siasticis, aut coràm aliquo vel aliquibus judice occasione præmis. seu eor. alicujus hal'emus vel judicibis aut commissionariis nostris eccle.

siasticis modò dependet remanet prosequenda. | all rapes, incest and burgeries, and all sutes In cujus rei, &c. l'este, &c.

wh rein any bill or sute is depending in the “ This containeth your majesty's pardon to court of Star-chamber, or any other your masir Eustace Harie, knight, of all adulteries, for jesty's couris at Westminster, or in any ecclesinications and incontinencies committed with astical court whatsoever. THOMAS RIDLEY, any woman before this time, and also of all Cancellarius Winton. Ex. Levinus Muock." imprisonments, fines and punishments in respect Expeditum apud Westmonasteriun undeci of the same.

mo die Julii, 1610, anno regis Jacobi quarto “ It containeth nevertheless an exception of decimo. Per Windebank.

91. The Earl of SHREWSBURY'S Case; or the Case of Dignities:

10 JAMES I. A. D. 1612. [12 Coke's Reports, 106.] By force of certain letters (bearing date 28 Rotberbam in the county of York, the abbies Martii 1612), of the lords of the privy council, of Chesterfield, Shirbrook, and Glosgadel in the directed to sir Ilumphrey Winch, sir James county of Derby, with dirers other laods and Lay, sir Anthony Saintleger, and sir James tenenients of great value, to be bolden in caHulleston; they did certily to their lordships pite; and the questions were; the claim of Gilbert earl of Shrewsbury, to the 1. Whether by the long absence of the earl dignities of the earldom of Waterford, and of Shrewsbury out of Ireland, by reason wherebarony of Dungarvan in Ireland, ia suci manner of the king and liis sulojects wanted their deas followeth ;

fence and assistance tliere, the title of the boKing Henry the sixth, by his letters patent, nour be lost or fortejted, the said earl being a in the twentieth year of his reign, chid grani to peer of both realms, and residing here in Enghis thrice beloved cousin Joho earl of Shrews- land. bury, in consideration of bis approved and loyal 2. Whether by the said act De Absentees, an. services, in the city and county of Waterford, 28 H. 8. the ule of the dignity of the earl of

pro eo quoque eundem consanguineum nos- Waterford, be taken from the said earl, as well 'trum prædicta terra nostra Hiberniæ in parti- as the manors, lands, tenements, and oiher

bus illis contra inimicoruos et rebellium nos hereditainents in the said act specified. 'trorum insultus potentius defendat, ipsum in And afterwards by other leliers patent of the comitem Waterford, una cum stilo et titulo ac lords of the council

, dated the 27th of Sep. nomine et honore cidein debitis ordinamus et 1612, the two chief justices and the chief baron • crearnus, habenduin,' to the said earl and his were required to consider of the case which was heirs males of his body; and further by the said inclosed within their letters, and were to certify letters patent did grant the castles, lordships, their opinions of the same. honours, lands, and manors of Dungarvan to the Which case was argued by counsel learned said earl and the birs males of his body, to in the law, in behalf of the said earl, before the hold the premises of the king and his lieirs, by said chief justices and chief baron!, upon which homage and fealty, and by tlie service of being they have taken great consideration and adhis majesty's Seneschall in the realm of Ireland: visement, afier they bred read the preainble, and afterwards in the parliainent called Des Absen. all the said ace of the 28 II. 8, it was unanitees, holden at Dublin in Ireland, the 10th of mously resolved by them all, as followeth. May the 28th of Henry the eighth, by reason As to the first it was resolved, that forasmuch of ihe long absence of George earl of Shrews- as it dues not appear what defence was requi. bury out of his realm; it was enacted, that the site, and that the consideration executory was king, his heirs, and assigns, shall have and en not found by office to be broken as to that joy in the right of his crown of England, all ho- point, the said earl of Shrewsbury notwithstandnours, manors, castles, lordships, franchises, ing does remain earl of Waterförd. hunilreds, liberties, count-palatines, jurisdic As to the second, it was resolved, that the tions, annuities, fees of knights, lands, tene- said act of the twenty eighth of H. 8, De Abmenis, &c. anil all and singular possessions, sentces, duih not only take away the posseshereditaments, and all other profits, as well spi- sions which were given to him at the time of his ritual as temporal whatsoever, which the said creation, but also the dignity itself, for although George earl of Shrewsbury and Waterford, or ove may have a dignity without any possession any other person or persons had to his use, &c. ad sustinenduin nomem et onus,' yet it is very King Henry the eighth, by his letters patent, the inconvenient that a dignity should be clonthed twenty ninth year of his reign, reciting the said with poverty: and in cases of writs, and such statute De Alsentees, nos præmissa consider- other legal proceedings, he is accounted in law

antes, et nolentes statum, honorem, et digni- a nobleman, and so ought to be called, in retatem prædicti Coinitis diminuere, sed amplius spect of his dignity; but yet if he want posses6 augere, de certân scientià et mero motu, &c.' sions to maintain his estate, he cannot press did grant to the said earl and his beirs, the abby the king in justice to grant him a writ to call of Rufford, with the land thereto belonging in him to the parliament; and so it was resolved the county of Nottingham, and the lordship of in the case of the lord Ogle, in the reign of Ed.

6th, as the baron of Burleigh, lord treasurer of 3. It is good reason to take away such dig. England, at the parliament anno 35 Eliz. did nity by act of parliament; and therefore the report: and therefore the act of !he 28 H. 8, said act of the 28 H. 8, shall be expounded (as all other acts ought to be) shall be expound- according to the general words of the writ, to ed to take away all inconvenience, and there. take away such inconvenience: and although fore by the general words of the act, viz." of the said earl of Shrewsbury be not only of great honours and hereditaments, the dignity itself, honour and virtue, but also of great possessions with the lands given for maintenance of it, in England, yet it was not the intention of the are given to the king, and the dignity is ex. act to continue him earl in Ireland, when as tinct in the crown:' and the cause of degra- his possessions in Ireland were taken away from dation of George Nevill, duke of Bedford, is hin, but that the king at his pleasure might worthy the observation, which was done by confer as well the dignity as the possessions to force of an act of parliament, 16 June 17 Ed. 4, any other, for the defence of the said realın, which act reciting the making of the said And the said letters patent de anno 29 II. 8, George Duke, doth express the cause of his de- bave no words to restore the dignity which the gradation in these words : ' and forasmuch as act of parliament hath taken away; but it was it is openly known, that the said George hath not the intent of the king diminuere statum,

noi, or by inheritance may bave any liveli bonurem, et dignitatum ipsius Comitis, but · hood to support the same name, estate, and angere' his possessions for maintenance of his

dignity, or any name of estate ;' and ofien- dignity, for so much appears by this word times it is to be seen, that when any lord is augere; for be doth by the said letters patent, called to high estate, and hath not convenient with exceeding great bounty, increase the revelivelihood to support the same dignity, it in nues of the said earl in England, which the duceth great poverty and indigence, and causeih king did think was an increase of large possesoftentimes great extortion, imbracery and main- sions in England, instead of all that which tenance to be bad, to the great trouble of all was taken away from him by the act of the such countries where such estate shall happen 28 H. 8. to be: wherefore the king by advice of bis lords And whereas it was objected, that the genespiritual and temporal, and by the commons in ral words 'honours and hereditamients' are exthis present parliament assembled, and by the plained and qualified by the said words relative authority of the same, ordainelli, establisheth, subsequent, which the said George, or any to and enactesh, that from henceforth the same his use hath;' and therefore it shall not be creation and making of the said duke, and all intended of any honour or hereditament, but of the names of digni'y given to the said George, such whereof others are seised to his use, and or to John Nevill, his father, be froin hencetoith no man can be seised of the dignity, and therevoid and of none effect, &c. In which act, fore that the said act doth not extend to it; these things are to be ohserved.

but that it is to be understood' reddendo sin1. That although the duke had not any pos- | gula singulis, and these words, ' which the sessions to support bis dignity, set his dignity said George earl hath,' are sufficient 10 pass cannot be taken away from him without an act the dignity; and with this agrees the opinion of of parliament.

all the judges of England in Nevil's case 2. The inconveniences do appear where a upon the like words in the statute of the great state and dignity is, and no livelihood to 28 II. 8, in the seventh part of my Reports, maintain it.

fol. S3 and 31.

92. The Arraignment and Confession of the Lord SANQUIRE, (who

being a Baron of Scotland, was arraigned by the Name of Robert Creighton, esq.) at the King's-bench Bar, in Westminsterhall, the 27th of June, for procuring the Murder of John Turner, a Master of Defence, whom he caused to be shot with a Pistol by one Carliel, a Scottish-man, for thrusting out one of his Eyes in playing at Rapier and Dagger:* 10 JAMES, I. A. 1. 1619. From an authentic MS. lent the Editor of the

second edition of this Work.] ALL things according to the usual for being Copir INDICTAMENTI R. Creighton, Armig. prepared, and the prisoner brought to the bar, “ Middl; Jur' presentant pro dom' rege his Indictment was read.

super sacr'm suum qd' cum Rob' Carliel nuper Wilson's account of this matter is as fol- | viscount Rochester, was unhappily diverted lows, in 2 Kenneti, 688. “ The wheel of for- upon the lord Sanquire, a barou of that nation, cune running towards the Scots, turned by the and married to a good family in England; who

de Lond' yeoman, et Jacob' Irweng nuper de and one leaden bullet, quod quidem torment Lond' præd' yeoman, Deum præ oculis suis idem Robertus Carliel in inanu sua dextra adnon habentes, sed instigatione diabolica seduct', tunc et ibid' babuit et tenuit in et super prætat' undeciino die Maii anno regni Domini nostri Johan' Turner adtunc ct ibid' felonice, volunJacobi, Dei grať Angl Frauc', et Hiberniæ tarie, et ex malicia sua præcogitat', sagittavit, regis, fidei defensor', &c. decimo, et Scotiæ xlv. et exoneravit, Anglice, did shoot off and disapud London, videl't, in parochia Sancti Dun charge, et præd' Ro. Carliel cum glandine stani io occident', in warda de Farringdon ex- plumbea præed', torinent præd', adtunc et ibid' tra London præd', &c. vi et armis, &c. felonice einiss, præfatuin Johan’ Turner in et supersi, ac ex maliciis suis præcogitat', in et super nistram partem pector' ipsius Johan' Turner quendam Johan' Turner adtunc et ibideni in prope sinistram mamillain ipsius Joh' Turner pace Dei et dicti domini regis existen', insultum adtunc et ibid' felonice percussit, dans eidem et affraiam fecer', et præd' Robertus Carliel Jo. Turner adtunc et ib' cum glandine plumbea quoddam tormentum, Anglice vocat' a pistol, præd' e torment' præd' adtunc et ib'm emiss. valor' quinque solidorum adiunc et ibid one in et super præd' sinistram partem pector' iprat' cum pulvere bombardico, et glandine sius Jo. Turner unam plagam mortal latitud' plumbea, Anglice, charged with gun-powder diinid' unius pollic' et profunditat' quinq; pol

lic' de qua quid' plaga mortali præd''J. Turner some years before, meeting with a sturdy fen- apud Lond' præd', in paroch' et ward' præd', cer, one John Turner, who was a master of the instant' obiit : Et præd' Jac. Irwenge, felonice, weapon-trade in his own school, the young lord et ex malicia sua præcogitat', adiunc et ib'm strove to put some affront upon him, (inaking fuit præsens, auxilians, assistans, ahettans, conit no little conquest to disgrace a master in the fortans, et manutenens, præfat' Robert' Carart, as they termed it) and the man apprehen- liel ad felon' et murdr' præd' in form' præd' fesive of the attempt, with a bold rudeness lonice faciend' et perpetrand': Et sic prædict pressed so hard upon him, that he thrust out Robert Carliel et Jacobus Irwenu præfat' Joone of the baron's eyes. This mischiet' was han’ Turner apud Lond' præd', in paroch' et much regretted hy Turner, and the baron being ward' præd', modo et forma præd', felon', voconscious to hiniself that he meant his adversa- luntar', ac ex maliciis suis præcogiť interfece. ry some ill, took the accident with as much pa- runt et murdaverunt, contra pacem dicti dom’ tience, as men that lose one eye by their own regnunc, coron’ et dignitat' suas : Quidam default use to do for the preservation of the Robert' Creighton nuper de paroch’ Sanctæ . other. Some time after, heing in the court of Margaret' in Westmi in com’ Middl' armig' the late great Henry of France, and the king Deum præ oculis suis non habens, sed instiga(courteous to strangers) entertaining discourse tione diabolica seduct ante felon' et murdr', with him, asked him, How he lost his eye : Ile prad, per præfat' Rob. Carliel et Jacob. Ir(cloathing his answer in a better shrowd than a weng modo et forma præd' fact et perpetrat', plain fencer's) told him; It was done with a scil't, decimo die Maii, au' regni dici domini sword : The king replies, Doth the man live? nostri Jacobi, Dei grat' Angi', Franc', et HiAnd that question gave an end to the discourse, bern' regis decimo, et Scotiæ xlv. præd' Robert' but was the beginner of a strange confusion in Carliel apud prædict' paroch' Sanctæ Margahis working fancy, which neither time nor dis-ret' in Westm' præd', in coin' Middl' præd'ad tance could compose, carrying it in bis breast felon' et murdr' præd' modo et forma præd' fasome years after, till he came into England, ciend' et perpetrand', malicios. telonic', volunwhere he bired two of his countrymen, Gray tar', et ex malicia sua præcogitata, incitavit, and Carlisle, men of low and mercenary spi- morit, abbettarit, consuluit, et procuravit, rits, to murther him; which they did with a contr' pacem dicti doinini regis nunc, coron' ei case of pistols in his own house in White-friars, dignitat' suas, &c.” many years after the loss of his bodily eye: Ile then was demanded by the Clerk of the Thus the baron lost the eye of his reason. This Crown, whether he was guilty of procuring the bold pefarious act was very deeply resented at murder of John Turner, or not guilty?" He court, and the king's commands were so active made answer to this effect : for apprehension of the murderers, that they My Lords; That wbich at my Arraignment were all three taken ; one upon the borders of the other day I pleaded to the contrary, was Scotland, so far had his fears carried him; not that I could be so unworthy to deny any another in a ship bound for Hamburgh, who syllable of that I had formerly professed before escaping in a storm, the seas delivered up; and so honourable personages, nor out of any desire the lord himself being obscured, in this tem- that the least thing might be concealed, which pest of his soul, hearing 1,000l. was offered might serve for evidence to convince me of this to bring his head, so liberal was the king for foul fact, whereof I now stand accused and injustice, threw himself into the amous of his mer- dicted, and whereof I formerly have, and now cy, by the mediation of the archbishop of Can- do most willingly and penitently confess myterbury, to whom he presented himself an ob- self to be guilty; my purpose then was only to ject of pity; but no intercession could prevail, gain time for the disposing of some temporal aftheir lives satisfied the law, the baron not bar- fairs, and for the better preparing of my soul ing the honour of a noble death." See also for her departure from this body; for that I Napin,

should long live, I neither expect, nor much

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