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not an offence before, for then he may alter the the king hath no prerogative, but that which law of the land by his proclamation in a bigh the law of the land allows him. poit; for if he may create an offence where But the king for prevention of offences may none is, upon that ensues fine and imprison- by proclamation admonish his subjects that ment: also the law of England is divided into they keep the laws, and do not oftend them ; three parts, common law, statute law, and cus upon puvislıment to be inflicted by the law, &c. tom; but the king's proclamation is none of them: Lastly, if the offence be not punishable in also malum aut est malum in se, aut prohibi- | the star-chaniber, the prohibition of it by protum,' thirt which is against common law is: ma-clamation cannot make it punishable there :

lum in se,malum prohibituin,' is such an offence and after this resolution, no proclamation imas is prohibited by act of parliament, and not posing fine and imprisonnent, was afterwards by proclamation. Also it was resolved, that made, &c. But see 12 Coke's Reports 20.


for Heresy : 10 Jac. I. A.D. 1612. [Fuller's Church Hist.

B. 10. 9 4.*] A true Relation of the Commission and War- the power of earthly bishops, denying the divi.

of that court. And no wonder that he slighted rants for the condemnation and Burning nity of hin, who is the shepherd and bishop of of Bariholomew Legatt and Edward Wiglit

our souls.' 1 Pet. ii. 25. The disputation against man; the former at West Smithtield, the hin, was principally managed by John King, lauler at Litchfie'd.

bishop of London, who gravelled and utterly BUT leaving the outlandish, let us come to contused him with that place of Scripture, our English Vorstius (though of far less leam- Jolie xvi. 5. “And now O Father, glorify thou ing, of more obstmacy, and dangerous opinions) me with thine ownself

, with the glory which I I mean that Arian, who this year suttered in • had with thce before the world was.' This Smithfield: his name Bartholomew Legate, na text, I say, was so seasonably aliedged, so tive county Eswex, person comely, complexion plainly expounded, so pathetically enforced by black, age about 40 yeais: of a bold spirit, con ine eloquence, and gravity of thai bishop (quafident carriage, fluent tingue, excellently skill lities wherein he excelled; that it gave mared in the Scriptures; and sell had it been for vellous satistaction to a multitude of people him, if he had know them less, or understood there present, that it is conceived, it happily them better; whose ignoravce abused the word unproselited some inclinable to his opivions; of God, therewith to oppose God the word. though Legate himself remained pertinacious, His conversation (for ought I can learn to the both against the impressions of arguments, and contrary) very unblameable; and the poison of scripture, daily multiplying his enorinous opiheretical doctrine is never more dangerous, nions. It is the happiness nature indulgeth to than when served up in clean cups, and washed monsters that they are all barren ; whereas on dishes.-King James caused this Legate of ep the contrary, monstrous positions are most proto be brought to him, and seriously dealt with creative of the like, or worse than themselves. him to endeavour his conversion). One time Before we set down bis pestilent opinions ; the king had a design to surprize lim into a may writer and reader fence themselves with confession of Christ's Deity, as his majesty after prayer to God, against the infect on thereof; wards declared to a right reverend prelate, by lest otherwise, touching such pitch (though but asking him, Whether or no be did not daily with the bare mention) defile us, casually tempt. pray to Jesus Christ? Which, had be acknow- ing a temptation in us, and awaking some corledged, the king would intallibly have inferred, ruprion which otherwise would sleep silently in that Legnte tacitly consented io Christ's divi- our souls. And, if notwithstanding this our nity as a searcher of the hearts. But herein caution, any shall reap an accidental evil to his majesty tailed of his expectation, Legate themselves, by reading his damnable opinions, returning, That indeed he had prayed to Christ my pen is no more accessary to ibeir harm, in the days of his ignorance, but not for these than that apothecary is guiliy of murder, if last seven years. Hereupon the king in choler others, out of a liquorish curiosity, kill themsparned at him with luis foot; 6 away base fellow'selves with that poison, which he kept in his (said he) it shall never be said, that one stayeth shop for sovereign use to make antidores therein my presence, that hath never praved to our of. His damnable Tenets were as followeth: Saviour for seven years together.' –Often was 1. That the Nicene creed, and Athanasius he convented befyre the bishops in the consis-creed, contain not a profession of the true tory of St. Paul's, where he persisted obstinate Christian faith. 2. That Christ is not God of in his opinions, flatly denying the authority God begotten, not made; but begotten, and

made. 3. That there are no persons in the Very diligent efforts were made, but un Godhead. 4. That Christ was not God from successfully, to discover any records of the everlasting, but began to be God, when he took Trials of these two persons.

flesh of the Virgin Mary. 5. That the world

was not made by Christ. 6. That the Apos- tute to that effect. Let them satisfy us, how tles teach, Christ to be man only. . 7. That far those laws were repealed in 1mo Elizabeth, there is no generation in God, but of crea- and how far they still stand in force; as, though tures. 8. That this assertion, God to be made not to [pretended] Lollardism, yet to blasphemy. man, is contrary to the rule of faith, and mon- Let them examine the judgment of the learned Atrous blaspbemy. 9. That Christ was not be Fitz-Flerbert, whether sound in his assertion, fore the fulness of time, except by promise. 10. That heretics, before the writ of their burning That Christ was not God, otherwise than an be issued out against them, must first be conanointed God. 11. That Christ was not in victed of heresy before a provincial convocathe form of God equal with God, that is, in tion; whilst others affirm, That they being consubstance of God, but in righteousness, and victed before their ordinary, sufficech, provided giving salvation. 12. That Christ by his God it be for such opinions which convocations have head wrought no miracle. 13. That Christ is formerly condemned for heretical-To Smithnot to be prayed unto.-For maintaining these field he was brought to be burned. See here, opinions, Legate had long been in prison in it is neither the pain nor the place, but only the Newgate, yet with liberty allowed him to go cause makes a Martyr. In this very Smithfield abroad; not contented wherewith he openly how many Saints in the Marian days, suffered boasted, and often threatened to sue the court, for the testimony of Jesus Christ? Whereas whicli committed hiin, for reparations for false now one therein dieth in bis own blood for deimprisonment; so that his own indiscretion in nying him. Vast was the conflux of people this kind, hastened his execution. For here- about him. Never did a scare-fire at midnight upon bishop King finally convented him in the summon more hands to quench it, than this at consistory of St. Paul's, and that worthy prelate, noon-day did eyes to behold it. At last, reforeseeing that his proceedings herein would fusing all mercy, he was burned to ashes. meer with many listening ears, prying eyes, and And so we leave him, the first that for a long prating tongues, chose many reverend bishops, time suffered death in that manner : and, oh able divines, and learned lawyers to assist him. that he might be the last to deserve it! In the So that the consistory, so replenished for the next month Edward Wightman of Burton upon time being, seemed not so much a large court, Trent, conviced before Richard Neile bishop as a little convocation. By the counsel and of Coventry and Litchfield, was burned at consent of these, by his definitive sentence, he Litchfield for far worse opinions (if worse might pronounced, decreed and declared the foresaid be) than Legate maintained. Mary Magdalen Bartholomew Legate an obdurate, contumaci- indeed was once possessed with seven devils, ous, and incorrigible heretic. And by an in- but ten several heresies were laid to Wightstrument called a Significavit, certified the man's charge; namely, those of Ebion, Cerinsame into the chancery, delivering him up unto thus, Valentinian, Arrius, Macedonius, Simon the secular power, the church-keys in such cases craying the help of the civil sword. * Hume tells us (appendix to the reign of Jas. Whereupon, king James, with his letters, dated 1st.) “ Stowe says that these Arians were ofMarch 11, under the privy-seal, gave order to fered their pardon at the stake if they would the broad-seal to direct the writ De Hæretico merit it by a recantation.” The following are comburendo, to the sherils of London, for the the words of Stow : " Wednesday the 18th of burning of the foresaid Legate. Now as the March, Legnt, an obstinate Arian heretique, was bishop herein surrendered Legate to the secu burned in Smithfield: he refused all favour and lar power, my Ecclesiastical History in like contemned all ecclesiastical government, and manner resigns him to the Civil Historian, to- upon Easter Eve, the 11th of April following, gether with all the doubts, difficulties, and legal Edward Wightman, another obstinate miscreant scruples attending on, or resulting from bis con- heretique, was burned at Litchfield, having likedemnation. Let the learned in the law consider wise more favour offered him than he had on what statute the writ for his burning was grace to accept." Stow's Annales, 1002. He grounded, whether on those old statules enacted bas not one syllable of pardon, or the stake, or in the reigns of Richard the 2nd, and Henry recantation. Thus it is, as bishop Butler has 4th; or on the branch of some other new sta observed in his excellent Sermon on the govern

ment of the tongue, that “ Some persons, when * Some learning concerning Heresy and the they have heard the least imperfect hint of an writ De Hæretico comburendo, is to be found atfair, will, out of their own head, add the cirin 5 Co. Rep. Caudrey's case, 12, Co. Rep. 20, cumstances of time and place and other mat56, 89, 92 (Legatt's case) Barrington's Obs. on ters to make out their story.” Mrs. Macaulay Stat. 2 H. 4. 2 H. 5. See also in 1 Hale's P. says that “one of these heretics was lunatic C. c. 30. and the notes of the editors; (though at the time of his condemnation :" for which note (u) in Wilson's edition is absurd ;) a assertion I cannot find the slightest trace or learned history of the law, of heresy. Lord pretence of authority, unless it be what Hume Hale for the cases of Legattand Wightman re- farther says, that “ a madman who called himfers to the Chronicle of sir Richard Baker, " self the Holy Ghost," probably he had in bis who however gives no particulars. Collier like- mind Wightman,“ was without any indulgence wise is very brief, See also a good Summary in for his frenzy condemned to the same punish4 Black. Comm. C 4. s. 2.


Magus, Manes, Manichæus, Photinus, and of Christ was not God otherwise than anointed the Anabaptists. Lord! What are we when God. 11. That Christ was not in the form of God leaves us? Did ever man maintain one God equal with God, that is, in substance of heresy, and but one heresy? Chains of dark- God, but in righteousness and giving salvation. ness, we see, bave their links, and errors are 12. That Christ by his Godhead wrought no complicated together, God may seem well-miracle. 13 That Christ is not to be prayed pleased with this seasonable severity: for the unto.- Wherein he the said Bartholomes Legut fire thus kindled, quickly went out for want of hath before the said reverend father, maitaunfewel. I mean, there was none ever after that ed bis said most dangerous and blasphemous openly avowed these heretical doctrines. Only opinions, as appeareth by inny of his confesa Spanish Arian, who, condemned to die, was sions publickly inade and acknowledged. For notwithstauding suffered to linger out his life whichi bis darınable and heretical opinions, be in Newgate, where he ended the same. In- is by diltinitive sentence, by the said reverend deed, such burning of heretics much startled father, John), bishop of London, with the advice common people, pitying all in pain, and prone and consent of other reverend bishops, learned to asperse justice itself with cruelty, because divines, and others learned in the laus, assisting of the novelty and hideousness of the punisi- bim in judgment, justly ajjudged, pronounced, ment. And the purblind eyes of vulgar judg- and declared to be an obstinate and incorments looked oniy on what was next to them, rigible berezic, and is left hy them under the (the suffering itself) which they beheld with sentence of the great excommunication, and compassion, not minding the demerit of the therefore, as a corrupt member, to be cutoti from guilt, which deserved the same. Besides, such the Church of Christ, and society of the faithful, being uuable to distinguish betwixt constancy and is to be, by our secular power and authority, and obstinacy were ready to entertain good as an heretick, punished; as by the Significavit of thoughts even of the opinions of those heretics, the said reverend father in God, the said bishop who sealed them so inantutly with their blood. of London, bearing date at London the third of Wherefore king James puliticly preierred, that March, in the year of our Lord 1011, in the heretics hereafter, though condemned, should ninth year of our reign, and remaining in our silently, and privately waste themselves away court of Chancery, more

at large appeareth. in the prison, rather than to grace them and And alihough the said Bartholomew Legatt amuse others with the solemnity of a public bath, since the said Sentence pronounced against execution, which iu popular judyinenis usurped him, heen often very charitably moved and exthe honour of a persecution.

horted, as well by the said bislop, as by many

grave and learned divines, to diswade, revoke A Narration of the Burning of Burtholomew and remove him from the blasphemous Legatt.

and beretical opinions, yet lie arroganty and James R. James by the Grace of God, King willfully persisted and continucih in the same. of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, De We therefore, according to our regal function fender of the Faithi, &c. To our right trusty, and otlice, minding the execution of justice in and right well beloved Counsellor, Thomas, this behalt, and to give example to others, least lord Ellesmere, our Chancellor of England, they should attempt the like hereafter, have Greeting. Whereas the reverend father in God determined, by the assent of our council, 10 John bishop of London having judicially pro will and require, and do hereby authorize and ceeded in a cause of heresie against Bartho- require you, our said chancellor, immediately, lomew Legatt, of the city of London, in the upon the receipt hereof, to award and make diocess of the said bishop of London, concern out, under our great seal of England, our writ ing divers wicked errors, heresies, and blas- of execution according to the tenor in these phenous opinions, holder, affirmed and pub- presents ensuing. And these Presents shall be lished by the said Bartholomew Legatt, and your sutficient warrant and discharge for the chiefly in thee thirteen blasphemous posi- same. tions following, viz. • That the creed called Rex vicecomitibus London, salutem. Cùm the Nicene Crecd and Athanasius's creed, con- reverendus in Christo pater, Johannes, London tain not a profession of the true Christian faith, episcopus, nobis Significavit, quod, cuin ipse or that he will not profess his faith according in quodam hæreticæ pravitatis negotio contrà to the same creeds. 2. That Christ is not God quendam Bartholomeumi Leyatt, subditum nosof God begotten, not made, but begotten and trum, civitatis London, dicti London episcopi made. 3. That there are no persons in the diocess. et jurisdictionis, ritè et legitimè proGodhead. 4. That Christ was not God from cedens, per acta inactitara, deducta, proposita, everlasting, but began to be God, when he took et per confessiones ipsius Bartholomei Legart, fesh of the Virgin Mary. 5. That the world coràm præfato episcopo judicialiter factas er was not made by Christ. 6. That the Apostles recognitas, comperit et invenit pratitur Bar teach Christ to be Man only. 7. That there tholomeum, Legatt quamplurimus neplandos is no generation in God, but of creatures. 8. errores, falsas opiniones, hæreses, et blasphemias That this assertion, God to be made Man, is execrandas, et scelerata dogmata catholicæ et contrary to the rule of faith, and monstrous orthodoxæ fidei et religioni et sacrosancto Dei blaspberny. 9. That Christ was not before the verbo expressè contraria et repugnantia, scifulness of time, except by promise. 10. That enter, maliciosè, animoque pertinaci, obdurato,

planèque incorrigibili, credere, tenere, affirmare, errors, false opinions, heresies, and cursed blase et publicare ; idem rererendus pater, London phemies, and impious doctrines, expressly conepiscopus, cum consilio et consensu tam reve- Kirary and repugnant to the Catholick faith and rendoruin episcoporum et alioruin theologorum religion, and the holy word of God, knowingly quain juris etiam peritorum in judicio assiden. and maliciously, and with a pertinacious and et assisten., eundein Bartholo:neu'n Legati, obdurate plaiviy incorrigible mind, to believe, per sententiain suam diftinitivani, obduraium, hold, atbrin, and publishi; the same reverend contumacem, et incorrigibilem hæreticum pro- father, the bishop of London, with the advice nunciavit, decrevit, et declaravit, eaque ocean and consent, as well of the reverend bishops sione, tanquam protervum hæreticum et mem and other divines, as also of men learned in brum putridum et contagiosom, ab ecclesiâ the law, in judgment sitting and assisting; the Christi et fidelium communione recisum et saune Bartholomew Legatt by his definitive senamputatum fore. Cum igitur sancta mater tence hath pronounced, decreed, and declared ecclcsia non habeat quid ulteriùs facere et ex to be an obdurate, contumacious and incorrigiequi valeat in hac parte, idem reverendus ble heretick, and upwn that occasion as a stubpater præfatum Bartholomeum Legatt, ut blas- born beretick, and rotten contayious member phemum hæreticum brachio nostro seculari re to be cut off from the church of Christ, and the liquit condignâ animadversione plectend', prout communion of the faithful; and whereas the per literas patentes præfati reverendi in Christi holy mother church hath not power to do and patris, London episcopi, in bac parte superinde execu:e any thing further in this matter, the contect' nobis in chancellar' vostram certificat' same reverend father hath left the aforesaid est. Nos igitur ut zelator justitie et fidei Bartholomew Legatt as a blasphenous beretick catholicæ defensor, volentesque ecclesiam sanc to our secular power, to be punished with contam ac jura et libertates ejusdem et fidem ca dign punishment; as by the letters patents of tholicam manutenere et defendere, ac hujus- the said reverend father in Christ, the bishop of modi hæreses et errores ubique, quantun in London, in this beball, above made, is certified nobis est, eradicare et extirpare, ne hæreticos unto us in our chancery. We therefore, as a sic convictos animadversione condigna puniri; zealous promoter of justice, and a defender of attenden!esq, bujusmodi hereticum in forma the Catholic fuitli, and being willing to mainpræd' convictum et dummatum juxtà leges et tain and defend the holy church, and rights and consuetudines regni nostri Angliæ in hac parte liberties of the same, and the Catholic faith ; consuet' ignis incendio comburi debere : Vobis and such heresies and errors every where, what præcipimus quod dictum Bartholomewn Legati in us liet, to root out and extirpate, and to in custodià restrâ existen’apud West-Smitbtield punish with condign punishment hereticks so in loco publico et aperto es causâ præmisâ covricted ; and considering that such an herecoràm populo publicè igni coumitti, ac ipsum tic, in formatoresaid convicted and condemned, Bartholomeum Leratt in eodem igne realiter ought according to the laws and customs of this comburi fac' in hujusmodi criminis detesta our kingdom of England in this part accustomed, tionem, aliorumque Christianorum exempluen to be burned with fire; We do cunimand you, manifestum, ut in simile crimen labantur. Et that the said Bartholomew Legatt, being in hoc sub periculo incumbenti nullatenus omit your custody, you do commit publicly to the tatis. Teste, &c. IIENRY IIBIRTE. fire, b: fore ihe people, in a public and open

This containeth a Warrant to be granted by place in West-Smithtield, for the cause atoreyour majesty unto the lord chancellor of Eng said, and that you cause the said Bartholomere land for the awarding of a writ under the great Legatt to be rially burned in the same tire, in seal of England to the sheriff of the city of Lon detestation of the said crime, for the manutest don, for the burning of Bartholomew Lerait, example of oiher Christians, lest they slide into who is convicted of divers horrible heresies the same fault : And this you are in no wise before the bishop of London, and by his sen to ornit, under the peril that shall follow thereon, tence left to the secular power, as is by the saint Witness, &c.

HENRY HIBIRTE, bishop certified to your majesty into your highness's court of Chancery. And is done by A Nurrution of the Burning of Edward force of your majesty's coinmandment to me

Ilightman. giren under your lighness's sign-manual. James R.- James, by the Grace of God,

HENRY HIBIRTE. King of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, The King to the Sheriffs of London, greeting. Detender of the faith, &c. To our right crusty Whereas the reverend father in Christ, John, and right well-beloved Counsellor, Thomas, bishop of London, hath signified unto iis, that, lord Ilesmcre, our chancellor of England, when be in a certain business of beretical pra- | Grering. Whereas the reverend father in vity against one Bartholomew Leyatt, our sub- | God, Richard, bishop ot Coventry and Lichfield, ject, of t'ie city of London, of the said bishop having judicially proceeded in the examination, of London's diocess and jurisdiction, rightly and hearing, and determinog. of a cause of heresy lawfully proceeding, by acts enacteri, drawn, pro- ainst Edward Nightman, of the parish of posed, and by the confessions of the said Bar Burton upon Trent, in the diocess of Coventry iholomew Leyatt, before the said bishop judi- and Lichtield, concerning the wicked heresies cially made and acknowledged, bath found the of the Ebionites, . Cerinthiaus, Valentinians, said Bartholomew Legatt very many wicked Arians, Macedonians, of Simon Magus, of

Manes, Manichees, of Photinus, and Anabap- , also before our commissioners, for causes eccletists, and of other heretical, execrable, and un- siastical within our realm of England, mainheard-of, opinions, by the instinct of Satan, by tained his said most perilous and dangerous bim excogitated and holden, viz. a

opinions, as appeareth by many of his confes1.

That there is not the trinity of persons, sious, as also by a book written and subscribed the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, in by him, and given to us. For the which his the unity of the Deity. 2. That Jesus Christ is damnable and heretical opinions, he is, by denot the true natural Son of God, pertect God, finitive sentence, declared by the said rev. faand of the same substance, eternity and ma- ther, the bishop of Coventry and Lichtield, with jesty with the Father in respect of his Godhead. the advice and consent of learned divines, and 3. That Jesus Christ is only inan and a meer other persons learned in the laws assisting him creature, and not both God and man in one in judgment, justly adjudged, pronounced and person. 4. That Christ, our Saviour, took declared to be an obstinate and incorrigible benot human flesh of the substance of the Virgin retic, and is left by them uoder the sentence of Mary bis Mother; and that, that Promise, the great excominunication, and therefore, as a * The Seed of the Woman shall break the ser-corrupt member, to be cut off from the rest of pent's head,' was not fulfilled in Christ. 5. tie tiock of Christ, lest he should infect others That the person of the Holy Ghost is not God professing the true Christian faith: and is to coequal, coeternal, and coessential with the be by our secular power and authority, as an Father and the Sou. 6. That the three creeds, heretic, punished : as by the Significavit of the The Apostles Creed, the Nicene Creed, and said rev. father in God, the bishop of Coventry Athanasius's Creed, are the heresies of the Nico- and Lichfield, bearing date at Licl.field, the 11th laitanes. 7. That he the said Edward Wight-of December, in the Oh year of our reign, and man is that prophet spoken of in the eighteenth remaining in our court of Chancery, nore at of Deuteronomy in these words, • I will raise large appeareth. And, although the said Edthem up a prophet,' &c. And that, that place ward Wightman hath, since the said sentence of Isaiah, I alone, have troden the wine pronounced against him, been often rery chapress ;' and that place, “Whose fan is in bis ritably nioved and exhorted, as well by the said hand,' are proper and personal to him, the said bishop, as by many other godly, grave and Edward Wightman. 3. And that be the said learned divines, to dissuade, revoke, and remove Wiyhıman is that person of the Holy Ghost him from the said blasphemous, beretical, and spoken of in the Scriptures; and the Conforter anabaptistical opinions; yet he arrogantly and spoken of in the 10th of St. John's Gospel. 9. wilfully persisteth and continueth in the same. And that those words of our Saviour Christ of We therefore, according to our regal function the Sin of Blasplieny against the Holy Ghost, and ofnice, minding the execution of justice in are ineant of his person. 10. And that, that this behalf, and to give example to others, lest place, the fourth of Malachy, of Elias to come, they should attempt the like hereafter, have deis likewise meant of his person. 11. That the termined, by the assent of our council, to will boul doth sleep in the sleep of the first death, and require, and do hereby authorise and reas well as the body, and is mortal as touching quire you, our said chancellor, immediately the sleep of the first death, as the body is : upon the receipt hereof, to award and make And that the soul of our Saviour Jesus Christ out under our great seal of England, our writ of did sleep in that sleep of death as well as his execution according to the tenour in these prebody. 12. That the souls of the elect saints sents ensuing. And these presents shall be departed, are not members possessed of the your sufficient warrant and discharge for the triumphant Church in Ileaven. 13. That the same. baptizing of infants is an abominable cus Rex vic' civitatis nostræ Lich, salutem. cuna tom. 14. That there ought not to be in the reverendus in Christo pater, Richardus, provichurch the use of the Lord's Supper to be ce- dentia divina Corentr'et Lich' episcopus, nobis lebrated in the Elenients of Bread and Wine ; Significaverit, quod ipse contrà et adversùs quenand the use of Baptism to be celebrated in the dam Edwarduin Wightman, parochiæ de BurElement of Water ; as they are now practiced ton super Trent, Coventr' et Lich' dioces., de in the Church of England : But that the use of et super nephandis beresibus Ebionis, Cerinthi, Baptisın is to be administred in water, only to Valentiniani, Arii, Macedonii, Simonis Magi, converts of sufficient age of understanding, con- Manctis, Manechæorum, Photini, et Anabapverted from infidelity to the faith. 15. That tistarum, aliorumq; heresiarcharum, et insuper God hath ordained and sent him, the said Ed- de aliis execrandis opinionibus instinctu Satanz ward Wightınan, to perform bis part in the excogitatu et antebac inauditis, juxtà canonum work of the Salvation of the world, to deliver it ecclesiasticorum, legumque et consuetudinum by his teaching, or adınonition, from the heresy hujus regni nostri Angl. exigentiam, judiciali of the Nicolaitanes ; as Christ was ordained procedens, prærlicius Edwardus Wightman, coand sent to save the world, and by his death to ràm præfato rev. patre, ac aliis theologis et ju. deliver it from sin, and to recɔncile it to God. risperitis sibi in judicio assistentibus, comparens, 16. And that Christianity is not whully pro- prædicta neplanda crimina, hæreses, ac alia fessed and preached in the Church of England, detestanda blasphemia et errores, contumaciter but only in part. Whereiu be the said Edward et ex quadam pertinacià, scienter, maliciosè, Wightman, hath before the said rev. father, as animoq; obdurato, publicavi defeudebat; et

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