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unrestrained manner, an assembly of English citizens, I avail myself of the occasion, not only to return you my thanks for your especial kindness, your now and heretofore manifested welcome, but, along with this, to pour forth my gratitude for the benefits in general which I have received from the English nation. I should restrain, and do injustice to my own sentiments, deep-rooted and long-nurtured, towards your country--as well as feel that I did wrong to you,—if, while I thanked you, as I cordially do, for your welcome, your attentions, and your wishes for my success and happiness, I did not also mingle with this expression of gratitude to you, older feelings of recognition towards your great land; whose mighty spirits have ere now awakened echoes in my breast, echoes of hope and emulation, however faint, however feeble the respondent. I have much reason to thank England, and I sincerely thank her, and you who have so kindly welcomed me--while I love not my native country less, the land of my infancy and youth, nor can forget the people and the scenes of

. Caledonia, stern and wild,
Meet nurse of the poetic child,
Land of brown heath and shaggy wood,
Land of the mountain and the flood,

Land of my sires; Land which gave birth and inspiration to him who wrote these lines--the Great Magician of the North, as potent here as there, and there as here-over the width of Europe, and beyond ocean's barriers, celebrating in his stories our picturesque lakes and cloud-capp'd mountain-pinnacles-and publishing our industry, our honesty, our bumour, and our independence throughout the globe. But, while true to the sympathies which bind, and must ever bind Scotland to my heart, as my native land, and earliest instructer, I should not be just to myself, and to England's benefactions, were I not to take this opportunity, to connect with my

sincere acknowledgment of your particular kindness, my cordial gratitude to the great nation of which you are a part, and may well be proud to be a part. I do feel pleasure in telling you, that your welcome in word and deed, is not a little enhanced in value, when I consider it as offered by the fellow-countrymen and fellow-countrywomen of individuals, whom I bave not merely admired, but some of whom I have reveredrevered as emanations from the Supreme Father-Mind, and as lights kindled for the world's illumination. Need I instance bim, as an example, whose soul and life were, like his poetry, manifestations of the grandeur of the Epic drama, from youth to age-Milton, honourable and honoured name-Milton, scholar, philosopher, poet, patriot, Christian! Need I recall to recollection star-searching Newton, that combination of vast profundity of genius with childlike simplicity-scanning the heavens with unwearying calculations, tracing the course of the wandering comet and predicting its return, dividing the light into its component fractions, and describing the laws which regulate that most subtle element-Newton, who proved by demonstration irrefragable, that by the same power, and according to the same proportionate rule, in obedience to which a pin falls to the ground, the Moon keeps its course as the Earth's satellite, visiting us with its light in due season, and swelling and lowering our tides, while by the same law Earth and Moon in unison, with all their brother and sister planets, know their spheres, and keep their courses in harmony and regularity around their Central Fire? Can I help feeling pride and pleasure in being welcomed as a friend and fellow-labourer by a part of that people from whom such mighty geniuses have sprung -a people, among whose sages were Bacon and Locke; among whose scientific discoverers and inventors were Priestley, and Davy, and Arkwright; among whose Church divines were Barrow and Taylor; among whose Non-conformist confessors were Baxter, and imaginative Bunyan; among whose political heroes and martyrs were Hampden and Russell; among whose story-tellers was the inimitable Defoe; among whose poets were Spenser, and Dryden, artfully modulating Pope, and nature-loving Cowper; among whose philanthropists were Howard and Wilberforce, already mentioned with honour this evening; among whose fearless and successful navigators were Drake, and Anson, and Cook; among whose emigrants for conscience' sake, or enterprise, were Penn, and the predecessors of Franklin and Washington, whose virtues reflect the glory of their parent-land; among whose artists were Wren, and Hogarth, and Flaxman, and Reynolds; among whose dramatists—a goodly host—was the Giant of the tribe-Avon's sweet nursling, England's mighty boast, humanity's own Bard-he whose name I need not mention, while his own lines so well de scribe him:

• The poet's eye, in a fine frenzy rolling, Doth glance from heaven to earth, from earth to heaven; And, as imagination bodies forth The forms of things unknown, the poet's pen Turns them to shapes, and gives to airy nothing

A local habitation and a name.' Can I help being delighted, in standing among a people honoured by these names, and great and glorious throughout

their career as a nation--in being welcomed by a portion of a race, the foremost in the world, of whom much have we Northerns heard in our remoter latitudes, from whose stores of learning and strength much have we received—with whom we have long been glad to co-operate, rejoicing in their prosperity as ours—and whom we are determined to aid in all their struggles for improvement, liberty, and just and honest fame?

“As I have mentioned the names of some of England's worthies, let me conclude my list with one, whom Scotland and England respectively claim for the shares which they had in calling forth his powers; and having done this, I shall proceed to make a few reflections suggested by the subject. The genius I refer to, was not only a Scot by birth, but the town which sent forth the humble and obscure individual now addressing you, sent forth him; and glad am I to reflect, that along the same streets and walks, by the same river's banks, and up the same mountain's brow, which I have trod in my infancy, ran and walked and climbed the infant feet of Watt, and, that in that not much-famed place which I call mine and my fathers' dwelling-place, were formed the youthful schemes and problems, was hatched the mechanical curiosity and ingenuity, and was laid the foundation of that enterprise and perseverance, which were destined to terminate in the steam-engine-an instrument surpassing all results of former human powers, designed to revolutionise the physical condition and moral character of the globe. Gladly remembering, that Greenock was the place of Watt's nativity, and Scotland his first patron, I must now turn round and look upon his second and greater patron, England, which gave him a commercial partner of adequate enterprise - which presented to him the field and the resoutces necessary to carry forward his experiments to success—and which, in return for her bounty, has been rewarded by her mines still worked, otherwise impracticable, her manufactures multiplied a hundred-fold, her railroads stretching through and intersecting her counties like so many streets of a great city, and her steam-ships drawing ever nearer and nearer the once' remote shores of Europe, Africa, Asia, and America.

“And now, why have I mentioned Watt, and referred before to the Great Northern Magician, and recalled to recollection some of your English heroes and geniuses? Was it for vain-glory's sake that I have thus spoken? If it were, may a better mind re-possess me speedily, for I would not be vain-glorious. But no; not from vanity, nor for vanity, have I adopted this strain, but for your good and mine, yea,

for Religion's sake---religion I say, for religious truth and power is the consummation of all truth, and knowledge, and power, and genius—the combination of all that is good and great in human nature. Let me impress this on your minds by a few questions which I shall put and answer. Let me ask, first, who was the Father, Supporter, Provider for those men whom we have recognised as worthy of our honour ? Who gave to them their life, health, senses, intellect, sympathies, aspirations, hope, courage, genius, success? Who sent them into possession of their spheres of activity and usefulness? Who strewed their path with resources? Who adapted them for their fellow-beings' wants, and fitted their fellow-beings to appreciate their talents, and be animated and helped by their labours? Was it chance which did this? Was it chance which created a Milton? or a Newton? No: it was God. God made the stars, and the star-searching Newton. God made a world of beauty, and grandeur, physical and moral, and he sent Milton to embody his impressions of it, in epic poetry. God made all these men, and gave them their respective powers, and sent them forth to use what he had given. God made us all, and fitted us all to be useful, if we choose, and sometimes whether we choose or not, to one another. God has done this. Our Father has done this. Chance could not do it.

“ Let me ask, again, What have been the effects of these men's lives (not to go further at present) on our United Kingdoms of England and Scotland, once hostile, now peaceful? Have not the benefits of your great men, and the returns which ours have made, mutually attracted and endeared the North and the South; changed our former grudges and strifes into reciprocal respect, and mutual amity, and virtuous emulation; made one nation out of hard-contending elements, and substituted the triumphs of peace for the glories and miseries of war? And is this not a part, an important part, of religion? Is it vanity to speak of this ? Or is it not a result in which the most religious-minded will rejoice the most?

Again, let me ask, Where are these men now? In their tombs must we look for all that remains of them? All that was of the earth is certainly with the earth, dust added to dust,--but is there no more than this? Are these men lost out of the Book of Life, for aye blotted out of the world of reality, in which they took so active and conspicuous a part, and are we left to be satisfied that they exist no longer,-and left to follow them into non-existence, after all our labours, and efforts, and struggles, and victories? Faith, faith of religion,-come and dispel the thought, so fearful! so revolting! Where, then, are these men? They are gone to give an account of their talents employed—to say to him who gave them, “Lord, thy five talents have gained other five; thy ten talents have gained other ten; we were not unprofitable servants; we had our faults, forgive them, pardon us; we lived for the good of our fellow-beings, for their instruction and improvement; we have lived, and laboured for good, and so we wish to live, by thy pleasure, in continued and increasing usefulness.' “Let me ask one question more.

What do these men's thoughts, character, deeds, effects, tend to produce as a general result upon our minds and lives? Do they not incite us all to strive after excellence in our own spheres, to avoid their faults, and court their virtues, to profit by their learning, their arguments, and their appeals, their discoveries, and facilities bequeathed to us, to go on improving, advancing, individually and socially, taking up the world where they left it, and carrying it forward to greater triumphs of knowledge, virtue, and happiness, with what powers we possess, and by what opportunities we can employ? Is not this the general effect they serve to produce on our minds and lives? And, if so, is not this religion? Tell me, if this be not religion, what is it? If to have faith in God, the Father of us all; if to love, and promote, and be thankful for the extension of peace, and good-will, and mutual respect; if to be stimulated by great examples to be excellent as they, while avoiding their faults; if to do all the good we can according to our opportunity, in the expectation of our Lord calling us to account for the use of our talents,—if this be not religion, then tell me what it is, convince me what I have to believe, what I have to do. Till i shall be more enlightened, I must believe that what I have stated so briefly, is, notwithstanding my brevity in expressing it, the substance of religion. I must believe this. I must believe in its reality-believe, not only that it is not a mistaken view, but that it is not a sham, a mockery, a dream. I must believe in its reality. I have believed it, I will believe it. And the more my conduct shall be true to that belief, I am sure that the more will that belief be true, useful, and ultimately safe, and happy for me.

Let me make one use more of those names which I have recalled to your notice, and I have done. It pains me to offend the modesty of Mr. Gibbs, but I cannot sit down with silence respecting the primary object of this meeting, We have met to-night to honour a benefactor, a self-denying friend of bis race, and of the truth and love which tend to make that race wise, free, and happy. Was it foreign, then, from the object of our assembling, that I invoked the me

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