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Rogers agt. Wing,......

Russell agt. Spear and Butler,

Rochester City Bank and Lester agt. Suydam and others, ... .... 216
Rochester City Bank and Lester agt. Suydam and others,

Romaine agt. McMillen and others,

Roberts agt. Randel,........

.... 327
Rowell agt. McCormick and Belden,


Spellman and others agt. Weider and others,


Soverhill agt. Dickson),.


Swarthout and others agt. Curtis and others,.


Sheridan agt. Mann,....

.... 201

Schoonmaker agt. Reformed Prot. Dutch Church of Kingston, ... 265

Selkirk agt. Waters and four others....

Saratoga and Washington Rail Road Co. agt. McCoy and others, ... 378

Stockbridge Iron Co. agt. Mellen and others,

Schermerhorn agt. Van Voast,...


Tracy agt. Stone and two others,.....

Tripp agt. DeBow,.....

Tracy and others agt. Humphrey,

Thomas agt. Clark and Rogers,..


Vernam agt. Holbrook,....

... 3

Voorhees and Wife agt. Presbyterian Church of Amsterdam,.. 58

Van Neste and others agt. Conover,...


Van Namee and others, agt. President, &c. of Bank of Troy, ... 161

.... 296

.... 439

Titles of Causes,

Van Horne, President Ag. Bank, agt. Montgomery and others,.... 238 Van Rensselaer agt. Kidd,

242 Vrooman agt. Jones,.

369 Van Heusen & Charles agt. Kirkpatrick,....


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Wallace and LaTourette agt. Eaton and others,..
Whitlock agt. Roth,
Wheeler agt. Cropsey,...
Williams agt. Wilkinson,...
Wendell agt. Mitchell and others,
Warner agt. Hudson River Rail Road Co.,
Wordsworth and Wife agt. Lyon and Wife,.
Williams agt. Hayes,


454 463

... 470



THE PEOPLE agt. Hawkins & CLARKE.

A misnomer of the court, in a recognizance, called “ General Sessions of the

Peace," instead of " Court of Sessions," as designated by the Code (1849), held, to be immaterial—the unnecessary additious to the title may be regarded as surplusage.

Oneida Special Term-Demurrer to Complaint.
BRUYN & Williams for Defendants.

C. COMSTOCK, for Plaintiffs. GRIDLEY, Justice.—On the 1st of May 1849, the defendants executed a bastardy bond, conditioned that the defendant Clarke should

appear at the next Court of General Sessions of the Peace to be held in Oneida county.

The defendants' counsel insist that there was no such court in existence; and by necessary consequence the defendants were not in default for the omission of Clark to appear at the next Court of “ Sessions” held in the said county. This argument is founded in an alleged misnomer of the court, and it seems to me is quite too technical to be upheld. The Constitution of 1846, Art. VI., Sec. 14, provides that the county judge with two justices of the peace, &c., may hold “ Courts of Sessions.Under that power the Code of 1848 speaks of these courts as “Courts of General Sessions of the Peace,” in sections 9 and 38; while

The People agt. Hawkins and Clarke.

according to the nomenclature of the Code of 1849, they are called “ Courts of Sessions” in sections 9 and 32. Now these expressions all designate the same class of courts; and no one can be misled by the adoption of the designation employed in the Code of 1848. On the contrary, it is more definite and less liable to be confounded with the Courts of Special Sessions, if that were a possible case. A few citations from our former statutes will show how unimportant the exact, or even the uniform designation of courts has always been deemed in this state. In the Constitution of 1777, the Supreme Court of Judicature is designated simply as “ The Supreme Court,” but in the Statutes it is designated as “The Supreme Court,” “ The Supreme Court of Judicature,” and “ The Supreme Court of Judicature of the People,” &c. (See 1 R. Laws, 39, sections 24, 25, and 27; page 243, sections 1, 2 and 3; page 318, sections 1 and 3). Again: In the Constitution of 1821, this court is again designated as the “Supreme Court,” simply (Art. 5, sec. IV). The same title is attributed to this court, probably, a hundred times in the Revised Statutes, while in the 14th section of the act concerning the Supreme Court, it is denominated “ The Supreme Court of Judicature," and in the (9th) 18th section, process is made returnable“ before the justices of our Supreme Court of Judicature,&c.; and in the 11th section it is enacted that the style adopted in pleadings and records shall be “ before the justices of the Supreme Court of Judicature of the People of the state of New York.

The county courts, including the sessions, are recognized, simply by the name of “ County Courts,” in the Constitution of 1821, art. 5, sec. 6. The county courts of criminal jurisdiction are designated by the legislature as “ Courts of General Sessions” (2 R. S. p. 208, secs. 3 and 4); while in section 5 of the same title they are called “ General Sessions of the Peace," and these expressions are employed as convertible phrases in all parts of the statute.

I can not doubt, therefore, that the misnomer of the court, as stated in the recognizance, is wholly immaterial; and the un- . necessary additions to the title of the court may be regarded as a

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