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Vernam agt. Holbrook.

surplusage. A "descriptio curia" may be treated like the descriptio persona,and any circumstance, false or mistaken, which does not mislead may be disregarded.

II. Under the liberal construction which is to be applied to pleadings, under the provisions of the Code, the allegation in the amended complaint that the justice proceeded to make an examination of the matter, &c., is sufficient, even if it were necessary that the mother should in all cases be reexamined. But cases may arise in which such reexamination may be dispensed with; as, for instance, where it was waived. If any irregularity occurred in the proceedings of the justices as to make this order a nullity for the want of jurisdiction, that fact may be set up in the answer. Upon the averment in the complaint, it will not be presumed that the justices acted without jurisdiction.

The demurrer must be overruled with costs, and defendants may amend on payment of costs.



The statute does not expressly require the filing of the affidavits on which an

order is made for publication in case of a non resident defendant; and where the affidavits filed were defective, and it appeared there was another süffi. cient affidavit used before the judge on procuring the order which had not

been filed, a motion to set aside the order was denied. In such proceedings, the fact of non residence is evidence that the defendant

can not, after due diligence, be found within this state.

Albany Special Term, August 1850. This was a motion to set aside an order for service of a summons by publication, made under § 135 of the Code, on the ground that it had been allowed on insufficient affidavits. The facts and the objections made, appear sufficiently in the opinion of the court,

N. Hill, Jr., for Defendant,
J. K. Porter, for Plaintiff,

Vernam agt. Holbrook.

Parker, Justice.—Two: affidavits were annexed to and filed with the order for publication. It would naturally be supposed that the order was made on those affidavits, though the order does not refer to them. These affidavits are insufficient, inasmuch as they do not show that the plaintiff's cause of action arose on contract, and it is at least doubtful whether they show sufficiently that the defendant has property in this state. But the plaintiff's attorney now produces another affidavit, which purports to have been sworn to on 4th June last, two days before the order was made and filed, and which he swears was used before the judge for the purpose of obtaining the order. In this affidavit both the above mentioned defects are supplied.

The Code does not expressly require that the affidavits shall be filed, nor does it provide what shall be done with them. It is the practice, either to leave them with the judge or to file them. It does not appear who has had the custody of this affidavit since it was used before the judge, on obtaining the order. It is certainly singular that but two of the three affidavits should be annexed to and filed with the order; but there being no statutory provisions for the custody of the affidavits, and the statement of the attorney that the third affidavit was used before the judge for the purpose of obtaining the order, being uncontradicted, I think I am bound to regard it as a part of the foundation for the order.

This proceeding is authorized when it shall appear that the defendant can not, after due diligence, be found within this state (Code, s 135). The meaning of that section is not clearly expressed, but I do not think it was intended that an attempt must first be made to serve process where the defendant is a non resident. That would seem only to be requisite where the defendant keeps himself concealed within this state. The fact of non residence is evidence that the defendant could not, after due diligence, be found within this state, and so it was held in Rawdon vs. Corbin (3 How. Pr. R., 416).

The motion must be denied, but the defendant being misled by the filing of only two of the affidavits, no costs are allowed.

6 How. 6-DISAPPROVED, 9 Abb. N. C. 302.

Spellman and others agt. Weider and others.


SPELLMAN and others, agt. WEIDER and others.

A party can not demur and answer to the same pleading.
If a defendant answers and demurs to the same complaint, the proper remedy

of the plaintiff is to move for an order striking out one of the pleadings, or

to compel the defendant to elect by which he will abide. The plaintiff can not in such case move for judgment on account of the frivo

lousness of the demurrer, What facts should be stated in a complaint against the makers and endorsers

of a promissory note, when they are all united in the same action, under ý 120 of the Code.

August 20, 1850. The complaint is on a promissory note against maker and endorsers. The defendants have answered, denying all the allegations of the complaint and have also demurred to the same.

The plaintiffs now move for judgment on account of the friva lousness of the demurrer, under $ 247.

B. C. THAYER, for the Motion.
C. R. INGALLS, Contra.

WILLARD, Justice.—The plaintiffs have mistaken their remedy. No judgment can be given for the plaintiffs until the issue of fact on the record is disposed of. It is very clear that the defendants can not both answer and demur to the same pleading. This was so held by Harris, J., in Slocum vs. Wheeler (4 How. Pr. R., 373). It has been so ruled also in this district in a casc not reported. The plaintiffs, however, can not treat the answer as a nullity, and move for judgment on the ground that the demurrer is frivolous; nor can they treat the demurrer as a nullity. The

proper remedy is to move to strike out the demurrer or the answer; or for an order compelling the defendants to elect by which of the pleadings they will abide (Slocum v. Wheeler, supra). If the objection appear on the face of the complaint, it must be taken by demurrer, or it is waived, unless it be an objection to the jurisdiction of the court, or the want of a cause of action

Spellman and others agt. Weider and others.

(§ 148). If the objections do not appear on the face of the pleading, it may be taken by answer (§ 147).

The defendants' counsel insists that the complaint does not show any cause of action. This would be a good answer to the motion for judgment on account of the frivolousness of the demurrer, but it would be no ground for a judgment for the defendant at this time. The plaintiffs have made this motion at chambers under $247. I have no authority to give judgment at chambers, under this section, unless the demurrer is frivolous. If the demurrer be well taken, the present motion must be denied. Judgment can not be given until the cause shall be brought to trial at a special term.

As the present motion must be denied, and as the defendants have been irregular, in putting in an answer and demurrer to the same pleading, it may be proper to look at the complaint with a view to the question of amendment and costs.

The action was well brought against the maker and endorsers (Code, § 120; L. of 1832, p. 489; L. of 1835, p. 248; L. of 1837, p. 72). The mode of declaring, prior to the Code, was to declare on the money counts, and to annex a copy of the note. This simple form of declaring is abolished by the code, and as a substitute, the complaint must contain a statement of the facts constituting the cause of action, in ordinary and concise language, without repetition, and in such a manner as to enable a person of common understanding to know what is intended ($ 142). The contract of the maker of a note is to pay it according to the terms of it; the contract of the endorser is, that the maker will pay on presentment according to the terms of the instrument, or on his default, he the endorser, on due notice of such demand and non payment, will pay. The complaint, therefore, in order to conform to the Code, should state facts enough against the maker to show his liability to pay, and enough against the endorser to charge him with the debt. In the latter case, not only the making and endorsement of the note should be stated, but also the demand of the maker at the time and place prescribed for that purpose, and notice of such demand and non payment to the endorser. This demand must be on the third day of grace,

Spellman and others agt. Weider and others.

and notice of demand and refusal given afterwards on the same day or the next If the third day be Sunday, or a day of public rest, the demand must be made on the second day, and notice will be in season, if given on the day succeeding such day of rest (See 3 Kent Com. 102, 105, &c). The complaint in this case does not show a demand of the note at the place where it was payable, nor does it show notice of such demand and non payment, as against the endorsers; a demand at the place appointed in the note for payment was necessary (11 Wheaton, 171). As against the maker this was of no consequence; but as the plaintiffs have chosen to unite both maker and endorsers in the same action, their statement of facts should have been full enough to show the liability of both.

Whether the 7th section of the act of 1832 (L. p. 490), which was framed to preserve the rights and responsibilities of the several parties to the note, as between each other, will justify the court in treating a joint complaint as two separate complaints, the one against the makers and the other against the endorsers, can not arise on this occasion, as the demurrer and the answer were both joint and by all the defendants to the whole complaint. Had the maker answered by himself, and the endorsers demurred by themselves, a question could fairly have been made as to the effect of that section; but it is not expedient to decide a hypothetical case.

I shall not give costs to the defendants because they have been irregular themselves. If the plaintiffs should hereafter move to compel the defendants to elect between their answer and demurrer, they might connect with it a motion for leave to amend their complaint. I would suggest to the parties that a rule be now ordered, allowing the plaintiffs to amend their complaint, and the defendants to put in a new answer or demurrer as they shall be advised, without costs to either party. Ordered accordingly.

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