« PreviousContinue »
dependence on Heaven, and a constant desire to of the river which has its embouchure near that do whatever is best for those around us?" city. I know not how it happened, but this was
" My dear young lady,” replied the captain, the least pleasant day of the whole journey. We “it is Christianity, not Catholicism, which does had contracted something like a friendship for that."
each other, and felt that we were here to part, “ They are the same thing,” said Carlotta. some in one direction, some in another. The Mi“ Exactly,” exclaimed the Carbonaro.
lanese conspirator could not, moreover, forget what Madame B felt much perplexed. In dangers and difficulties lay before him. Without some respects, she liked the heretical captain ; a passport he could not enter Genoa ; and how, but as her understanding had always been in without a passport, was he to embark on any ship priestly leadingstrings, she thought that however or steamer? These embarrassing thoughts occupleasant he might be in this world, he would pied his mind, and kept him silent. The Hancertainly be damned in the next. However, it overian and Dalmatian had each his peculiar cause was for this world, and not the next, that she of anxiety. Carloita and her mamma were almost desired to marry him; and therefore she dissembled sad. The captain's family was not addicted to her condemnation of his heresy, and adroitly led talking, so that the task of keeping up the ball us back to more pleasant topics, for which I felt was left entirely to him and me. Ile was an old deeply indebted to her. It was, indeed, full time, traveller, and therefore always endeavored to make since, with the exception of Carlotta, everybody the most of his time. He formed 10 sudden had begun to wear a controversial aspect, and to likings or dislikings. He had a smile and a look as fierce and threatening as two bulls before pleasant word for everybody, could discuss all a herd of cows in a meadow. Even the influence conmonplace topics witli fluency, regarded everyof Los dos Amigos might not have sufficed to keep body around him as a part of his amusement, and us friends. Man's religion or irreligion is his was intensely self satisfied and comfortable whether, private property, and therefore he feels excessively when they left him, they went east or west, to the sore when other people rudely trespass upon it. antipodes or to the devil. It mattered not a jot to Indeed, we are as jealous of it as we are of our him ; he had seen them, he had conversed with wives, and are quite as ready to resent an insult them, and yhen they vanished, he thought as little offered to it. Donbly valuable, therefore, was of the circumstance as the dispersion of a clond in the politic interposition of Madame B- and a summer sky. Of this philosophy he was proud ; long may she enjoy the blessing which attaches to and some, perhaps, might have envied him. I the peace-maker. Fresh cigars were lighted, fresh confess I did not. I regret parting with people, bumpers filled up; and when at last we parted for especially if their company has given me much the night, it was as the best friends in the world. pleasure ; and, therefore, with all the efforts I We had steered nicely between Scylla and Charyb. could make, I was unable to lose sight of the fact dis, and retired to bed not only whole in bones, that our delightful little party would be broken up but with whole tempers. It was a controversy in a few hours, and that I should have once more spoiled.
to be thrown amongst entire strangers. About a As the reader is, of course, well acquainted mile from Genoa, the Milanese took his leave of with the Anabasis, he will remember with what us, shaking hands with more heartiness than I exrapture the Greek soldiers beheld, from the sum-pected. He evidently felt much regret; and, as mit of certain mountains, the broad, glittering he went off, I sincerely wished success to him and expanse of the Euxine, and how they rushed for his cause. Presently we rattled into the streets ward, brandishing their spears and clashing their of Genoa, stopped in the inn yard, shook hands, shields, exclaiming “ Thalata ! thalata!” (“* The took our leave of each other, and in ten minutes sea! the sea!'') I am not ashamed to say that I I found myself in a pleasant little bed-roor overexperienced something of the same delight when, looking the sea, the breeze from which was blow from the summit of the Bocchetta, I caught the ing sofily in at the open windows. first glimpse of the Mediterranean. Inexpressibly bright and blue was its surface ; but it was not its brightness, it was not its color, that acted like a You have, of course, experienced that sudden spell on the imagination. It was the thousand collapse of the mind which follows upon the heels associations that had been created in my mind ever of protracted excitement. Everything above, since boyhood, that lent to the aspect of it so around, and below you, seems flat, stale, and powerful a charm. All the glory of the Roman unprofitable. Your coffee is bad, your supper is republic seemed to be unrolled upon its bosom. worse, the smoke of your cigar smells like assaThe galleys which bore the men who conquered | fætida. When you go to bed, you can't sleep, the world, and put their democratic feet upon the and your waking thoughts are like so many hellish necks of so many kings, had ploughed those waves, dreams. I began to think what a fool I was to which roll as freshly now before the breeze as leave home, and travel thousands of miles by sea when the prows of the early consuls dashed ihrough and land, just to see a river, a few old walls, colthem in the rapure of youthful freedom.
umns, and a rabble of dirty Arabs. Could not I We now descended rapidly into the valley which read about them, and be contented ?
And then, leads to Genoa, following nearly all day the course i how cruel it was to leave my wife and children,
CHAPTER XXIII. -COLUMBU'S AND THE VIRGIN.
and the cholera committing frightful ravages along had ever been at Genoa before. I replied in the the frontier, and just upon the point of entering negative. Switzerland. I should positively never see them Then,"
,” said he, “ let me tell you of the only again. For was not the plague always in Egypt? curiosity worthy of notice which this city conDid not the desert swarm with robbers? Were tains. It is the portrait of Christopher Columbus, there not crocodiles in the Nile big enough to the inost extraordinary man produced in these latswallow me at a single mouthful? Were there ter ages.
I have trarersed the Atlantic in his not fevers of all shades and hues in Alexandria, track; I have explored every island in the Gulf in Cairo, and all the way up the valley ? It would of Mexico ; I have sailed from Cape Horn to Hud have been much better to have thought of these son's Bay; and my mind has all the while been things in time. And then, would my constitution filled with the image of Columbus, whose genius hold out? Was I not already immensely fatigued ? gave the new world io the old.'' Was I not thin? Was I not feverish ? Was I I thaliked him sincerely for his information, and not, in short, uiterly bedeviled? In this pleasani | asked him where the portrait was to be found. frame of mind I went to bed, where, instead of “I will take you to the house," said he ; "it enjoying sweet sleep, and getting comforted and is al present in ihe possession of a priesi, a very refreshed, my torments were increased a hundred old frieud of mine, who will have great pleasure fold. No sooner had I extinguished the candle, in showing it to you." than the enemy descended on me in myriads, in "Shall we go at once?" I inquired. the shape of infernal musquitoes, which stung me “ With all my heart !" cried the old sailor. almost to madness. I battled with them manfully. And forth we issued, puffing our cigars as we I killed them, hundreds at a time, on my forehead went. He inquired in what direction I was travand on my cheeks, till my hands and face were elling ; and, when I mentioned Greece and Egypt, covered with blood. Still their numbers did not he said he had been in both countries, had smoked seem in the least to be diminished. They re- a cigar on the Acropolis, bathed in the waters of newed the attack as long as there was a whole Castalia, spent a night in the Catacombs, and drank place left on my skin, and then stuck their stings from a bucket at the bottom of Joseph's well. He into the wounds made by their predecessors. If I was now on a voyage to the Bermudas; but, as the had known Sterne's chapter of curses by heart, I ship would not sail in less than three days, he said would gladly have levelled it against musquitoes it would afford him infinite pleasure to be useful to and all Genoa, which I pronounced all night long me in the mean time. When we had reached our to be one of the avenues to Tartarus. Once I fan- point of destination, he handed me over to the cied it would be a fine stroke of northern policy priest, and went away to transact some business in to wrap my head in the sheet ; but, besides that I a distant quarter of the city. The priest, a jolly should soon have been stilled on account of the heat old fellow, whose ample, portly figure, formed a of the room, large numbers of the foe insinuated complete contrast with that of his friend, took me themselves along with me under the fallacious cov- straight up stairs, where he withdrew a curtain ering, and appeared to sting me more at their from a picture, which I found to be a portrait of a
So, giving up all hope of sleep, and of woman. remission from torment, there I lay, uttering all “Why," said I, “ this is not Christopher Cosorts of imprecations, till the dawn. Then, how-lumbus, but the blessed Virgin.” ever, as if by magic, every little winged devil took " It is all one," answered he ; " and for the its flight, and I enjoyed two or three hours of de-rest, I have sold the picture of the great navigator, licious sleep. When, very late in the morning, long ago, but thought you would like to see this the chambermaid came to call me, she uttered a fine work of art, which is also for sale." loud exclamation on seeing the state of my face, “ I don't buy pictures,” said I. and begged a thousand pardons. It had been all " It does not signify,” said the priest ; "you her fault, she said, for, not remembering that I was may see all I have, as, if l'illustrissimo signor a stranger, she had omitted to pull down the mus- does not purchase himself, he may know some one quito curtains, which had hung uselessly over my who does.” head all night. She desired me, however, to I had gone to see Columbus, and not the Virgin remain quietly in bed, and left the room. Re- Mary; who smiled on me, nevertheless, from the turning presently, she brought along with her a canvas, and in some sort reconciled me to my discup of delicious coffee, and a thin, white, warm appointment. I experienced, at that moment, the liquid, in a basin, in which she dipped a small bit full fascination of art. A second look at that diof muslin, and bathed my forehead and face, which vine countenance shed a calm over my whole mind. were dreadfully swollen. I forgot to inquire what It was full of sweetness, full of tranquil beauty; the liquid was; but it almost immediately relieved and a light beamed from the eyes which nothing the pain, and, in the course of half-an-hour, re- but the touch of genius could bestow. I wished, duced the swelling considerably, so that I was, at from the bottom of my soul, I had been a pictureall events, fit to be seen. I then got up and buyer, and could have afforded to take that gem dressed, and, by eleven o'clock, was seated in a cof- with me to Egypt. I could have held converse fee-room smoking a cigar. A little, withered old with it by the way. It would have raised and man, who sat there smoking also, asked me if I purified my thoughts, and done me good in all
respects. I congratulated the priest on his pos- “ What is the subject ?”' I inquired. sessing so fine a picture, and asked him if he knew “Artemis bathing in an Arcadian fountain," the artist. He said he did not, but supposed it said he. must be by some great master. I entirely agreed I looked in his face to observe the expression of with him. The price he required for it, however, it. It was full of calmness and dignity. He was very moderate. Other pictures he had, which, thought of Artemis as of a saint. I promised to though not equally beautiful, were no less valua- call on him next morning, and went down to take ble, perhaps, in a commercial point of view. We a stroll on the Mola, and enjoy the fresh breeze conversed on his treasures for some time; and when from the Mediterranean. The view of the I took my leave, he invited me to come again. He cityobserved, moreover, if the sight of works of art But no ; I will not describe it now ; another delighted me, he would show me a church in time will do better, when I shall have seen it from which, to use his own expression, there was a all points, and have studied all its aspects. Genoa picture worth all Genoa.
stands alone among Italian capitals, for the nature “ Come to me to-morrow,” said he," and I of its site, and the splendor of its palaces. It is, will go with you. To-day I have some little perhaps, the finest monument existing of almost business to transact, but I shall then be entirely at imperial magnificence in decay. your disposal.”
IMPRESSIONS OF ETON, SEPTEMBER 8, 1849. Graceful, and clear, and smoothly musical.
Yet, by the margin of this placid tide,
Yet, in the shelter of these cloistered walls, In the long glories which thy name recalls,
Tranquil, though unmonastic, have been nursed The trophies and the thousand monuments
Large aspirations, high and deep resolves,
And all that forms, or feeds, the heroic soul. Which thou has reared for learning and mankind;
How Nor do thy courts and towers to me bring back
many a generous and romantic boy, A schoolboy's youth :-I am not of thy sons,
Wrapt up in seeming idleness, hath sat
Beneath these shades, or in these waters dipped And yet I feel the genius of the place; It breathes upon my brow and on my mind;
His listless oar, blending and cherishing It spreads around me like an atmosphere ;
Great hopes of fame, fond dreams of earliest love! For all things are in unison :-the stream
How, too, the long procession marches by
Of orators and statesmen ; leaders cheered
By friends and foes in senates; chiefs renowned While, opposite, from that majestic pile
In camp or court ; and prelates of the church, Windsor's and Britain's castellated pride
Worthy the honored mitres which they wore-' The spirit of old monarchy looks down.
Here taught, here trained, here nurtured, here inNature and Art, the Present and the Past,
spired; All recollections and all images,
Then, by the gratitude of after-days, The very aspect and the very air,
Rendering these precincts glorious, peopling them The visible objects and the historic forms
With mighty shadows! Quiet reigns around,
But not desertion. Though vacation's hour
Awhile has scattered the light-hearted throng, I view thee, Eton, and I seem to see
What names start up, what memories, e'en for me, Through the pervading influence of what spells,
A stranger-nor without the thrill and glow What culture of the soul, they who are thine
Of genial joy! For who that knows the lore Became what they have been and what they are.
Of England, and the annals of her race, All of refinement speaks, and polished skill
Can look with cold and unadmiring eye In sport or study; liberal thoughts and deeds;
On Eton, and these schools, founded by kings, And courtesy, and gentle courage born
By nobles fostered? Ah, what marvel then, Of honor, and the nicest sense of shame.
That Loyalty is here the boast and badge ? Well also with these structures may accord
Or if the scions of such stock have linked
Their creeds and fortunes with the popular cause, Religion, mellowed by Humanity; Tempering the sallies of a lavish mirth,
Democracy has worn a courtlier robe, And passions in their quick development;
And shown a chivalrous and gallant front, Hallowing their earthly reverence, which upholds Nothing of coarse or rude ;-has loved to muse Or throne or altar, and th’inviolate line
On Greek republics, such as Athens was, Of fixed traditions in the British state.
Or in his lofty visions Plato saw; Not here, methinks, not in such scenes as these,
Or else hath striv'n to lift the struggling mass Could rigid Science most delight to dwell,
To purer tastes, and soften human life
With Libraries and Galleries of Art,
Wide open to the sons of want and toil.
But my words wander ; let me not evoke
One gloomier shape, where all to-day is peace ;The stern, untamed Sublimity, that draws accents from hoarse waves and mountains hoar, Bringing the smoke and din of the vexed world,
All, save those engines on their iron path,
Marring and disenchanting this fair scene.
J. S. B. And Verse, that, like the silver Thames, flows on
take a pen
MR. SECRETARY PEPYS.
From the Dublin University Magazine. journal, I not being able to do it any longer, having
done now so long as to undo my eyes every time I ANNALISTS OF THE RESTORATION.-NO. I.
in my hand, and therefore, whatever comes
of it, I must forbear; and therefore resolve, from The minute examination of any one authentic long-hand, and must be contented to set down no
this time forward, to have it kept by my people in work does more to familiarize us with the history more than what is fit for them and all the world to of the period to which it refers, than the perusal know; or if there be anything, I must endeavor to of a hundred abridgments. It is probable that keep a margin in my book open to add here and more graphic pictures of the bar of his time, and there a note in short hand with my own hand. of the civic contests at a period of what soon be
We have thus become almost accidentally accame a death-struggle between political parties, quainted with what Pepys-indulging at the same are to be gleaned from Roger North's highly-col-time his habitual caution, and the garrulous propenored narratives, than in any other way. A single sity which was his very nature—thought he had sentence often implies a whole train of feelings etrectually hidden. Oi Pepy's Correspondence,' scarcely suspected to have existed ; and yet which, for which we are all indebted to Lord Braybrooke, when exposed to view, give the explanation of and which exhibits another phase of his character, secrets otherwise wholly unintelligible. We be
a great portion had a narrow escape of being altogin to understand—nay, to participate in the pas-gether lost. Some seventy volumes of original sions that divided scciety in the days of the Charleses
papers that had belonged to Pepys are now deand the Jameses. We see the interior of courts posited in the Bodleian Library, among Dr. Rawand cabinets in a way in which it was not given to linson's collection. How Dr. Rawlinson became the historians—from whose works the public yet possessed of these, Lord Braybrooke was unable gleans its general knowledge of the facts of any to learn. It would appear, however, that his particular reign-to see them. The Walpoles interposition saved them from destruction, and and the Herveys have betrayed secrets which the secured their preservation in a place of secure and Smolletts, and Belshams, and the tribe of com- convenient deposit. pilers, never dreamt of. The almost unlimited
Samuel Pepys was descended from the Pepyses publication of private documents, which each day of Cottenham, in Cambridgeshire. Our hero is is disinterring from old family repositories, will said to have been of a younger branch. His father compel the whole of our civil history to be re-writ- was a tailor, which may for a while have dimmed ten. Of the period of the Restoration, no man his pretensions in heraldic eyes; for we find him can be said to know anything who has not read the telling us of reading for the first time “ Fuller's memoirs of Evelyn and Pepys.* Evelyn is many Worthies,” and “ being much troubled that, ways a more respectable man, and must remain a though he had some discourse with me about my higher name in our literature. Pepys was, how- family and arms, he says nothing at all of us, nor ever, a much more entertaining fellow ; and we mentions us either in Cambridgeshire or Norfolke. doubt whether the revelation of his own character, But I believe, indeed, our family was never constrangely given us in his memoirs, is not almost siderable.” The father retired from trade in or as valuable a part of his work, as that which, in a about 1660, and resided for the rest of his lifemore proper sense, adds to the materials of his
some twenty years—at Brampton. tory.
Samud was born on the 23d of February, 1632. We speak of the revelation being strangely He appears to have passed from Huntingdon School given us. Lord Braybrooke has published three
to St. Paul's, where he continued till 1650, early editions of the . Memoirs,f each in some respects in which year his name appears as a sizar on the communicating information not to be found in the books of Trinity College, Cambridge. In the next others, though the last is in every important respect year he removed to Magdalene's, where he was infinitely the best. The “Diary,” by which we elected into a scholarship. The only record of his chiefly know Pepys, was drawn up in the form of
college career is the following a journal-he noting down in a peculiar cipher
October 21, 1653. the incidents of each day, important or unimpor- Peapys and IIind were solemnly admonished by tant as they might be. This short-hand seems to myself and Mr. Hill, for being scandalously overhave answered its purposes of concealment ; for, served with drink the night before. This was done as far as we can learn from Lord Braybrooke's pre- in the presence of all the fellows then resident. face to the earlier editions, it does not appear to
John Wood, Regr. have been deciphered till some short time before In October, 1655, he married Elizabeth St. its publication. That Pepys himself trusted to Michel. His wife was of French descent. Some his disguise is plain, from an entry with which account is given of her parentage in a letter adthe journal closes :
dressed by her brother to Pepys—they were grandAnd thus ends all that I doubt I shall ever be able children of the high sheriff of Anjou in France, 'to do with my own eyes in the keeping of my own all of whose family were rigid Catholics. The
*" Memoirs of Samuel Pepys, Esq., F.R.S., Sec. father of Mrs. Pepys was disinherited on his conretary to the Adiniralty in the Reigns of Charles II. version to Protestantism. Being deprived of any and James II. Edited by Richard Lord Braybrooke." fortune from luis family, he came over as gentleLondon: Henry Colman. 1328.
man-carver to Queen Henrietta Maria. This
would not seem a good place for a Protestant, and selling places practised in every department of the he was soon dismissed, having struck a friar who state in the most unblushing manner. rehuked him for not attending mass.
In Pepys there was a resolute heroism which after married an Irish widow, and then served showed itself in doing his duty in circumstances against the Spaniards. While he was away, his where others held aloof. When the plague came, wife and children were inveigled by pretended and London was deserted, Pepys remained at his devouts" into a Roman Catholic establishment, post. “ The sickness thickens round tis," said whence the future Mrs. Pepys, then only twelve he, writing to Sir William Coventry; “ you or thirteen years old, and extremely handsome, took your turn of the sword-I must not, therewas removed into the Ursulines, which was then fore, grudge to take mine of the pestilence.” Durconsidered the strictest convent in Paris.” St. ing the fire of London Pepys again exhibited the Michel, however, who was almost distracted at calmest courage, and did more than any one else what had occurred, succeeded in recovering them. in rendering essential service.
He sent persons How Pepys and his wife became acquainted, is not from the dockyards to blow up the houses, and recorded. The marriage seems to have been a thus arrested the progress of the flames. sufficiently happy one, though nothing could easily be more rash. He was but twenty-three, and his
In the spring of 1668, when De Ruyter's sucwife fifteen, and neither of them had anything. cessful enterprise against Chathan, in the preceding Sir Edward Montague, afterwards first Earl of year, became the subject of a parliamentary inquiry,
the officers of the navy board naturally incurred the Sandwich, was, however, a relative of Pepys', and greatest share of the public indignation; they were appears at all times to have been a faithful and accordingly summoned to the bar of the House of anxious friend; and with him he was employed, Commons. Upon this occasion the clerk of the probably as secretary. In 1658, he attended Sir acts undertook their defence, and, in a speech of Edward on his expedition to the Sound, and on three hours' duration, succeeded so well in proving
that the blame neither rested with himself nor his their return was, through Montagu's interest, employed in some public office connected with the colleagues, that no further proceedings were insti
tuted against them. pay of the army.
He was afterwards appointed secretary to the In the summer of 1669, Pepys discontinued his two generals of the fleet, and went to Scheveling journal, in consequence of increasing weakness on board the flag-ship of his patron to bring home of sight ; and, though his eyes recovered, he Charles the Second. Sir Edward was rewarded never resumed it. We must, then, in judging of with an earldom. In the following summer, the journal, remember that it gives but the early Pepys was nominated Clerk of the Acts of the Na- years of his official life; and the clerk of the acts vy. In this office Pepys' great talents for business was a different man from the secretary of the adsoon developed themselves. The age was a licen- miralty of after days. His comparative youth, tious one, and Pepys, though he escaped its vices, too, accounts for the temper of levity with which was one who enjoyed pleasure. We say, “ though he regarded the sins and scandal of the most he escaped its vices ;” but we say it with hesita- vicious court that had ever existed in England. tion, as Pepys had an eye for female beauty, and in the course of 1669, Pepys obtained leave of gave frequent occasions to what may or may not absence from his office for a few months, and have been causeless jealousy on the part of his accompanied by his wife he visited France and wife ; and Lord Braybrooke's suppression of parts Holland. His time was, even while abroad, de
Diary” may have reference to stories of voted to the service of the department to which he the kind, too good to be translated out of the sec- belonged, and he occupied himself in obtaining retary's own cipher. His attendance on the the information with respect to the Dutch and French
However, his first object was navies. Shortly after his return he lost his wife. a conscientious fulfilment of his duty; and Lord Through Pepys' life he had some misgivings of Braybrooke expresses amazement how he could his wife's religion. Having been educated for have found time to despatch so much business as some years of her early life in a French convent, he did, and to make copies of the voluminous pa- he thought she might have retained some of the pers connected with the navy. “ These papers feelings towards Romanism that it had been the afford,” says Lord B.,“ the best evidence that he object of her instructors to inculcate ; but shortly labored incessantly for the good of the service, and before her death she received the sacrament with endeavored to check the contractors by whom the her husband from the rector of the parish, and thus naval stores were then supplied, and to establish this doubt was dispelled. such regulations in the dock-yards as might In a few years afterwards the question was ensure order and economy. He also strenuously Pepys' own religion. Pepys had been a roundadvocated the promotion of the old-established head when a boy, and he tells us of serious fear officers of the navy, striving to counteract the that he at one time entertained, after the Restoraundue influence exercised by the court minions, tion, lest a school fellow should remember that on which too often prevailed on that unprincipled gov- the day the king was beheaded he said, “ Were I ernment over every claim of merit or service ; to preach on this occasion, my text should be, and he resisted to the utmost the open system of. The memory of the wicked shall rot.' " The
of the 66
atre was constant.