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with his torn and bleeding hands, until, at length, Dead ! dead !” she exclaimed ; " and how a lucky push loosened a large stone which was did he die? Who has killed him ? It never was enclosed between two of the roots of the tree. It his own fault. No, my Manuel was not a drunkfell forward, and the bright rays of heaven poured ard. My Manuel was not reckless. If he died, in upon his dazzled and enchanted vision. He it was not by his own hand. Show me the murfelt a thrill of delight, such as one entombed be. derer, that I may call for vengeance on him." fore his time might experience when the doors of "My poor child,” replied the director, “there his sepulchre flew outward, and gave him back is no murderer. There was carelessness, but no once more to warmth and light. With a little crime." additional labor he enlarged the aperture, until he “ Never tell me that, Don Jayme," replied the was able to force himself through it. But what excited woman, all her Creole blood flushing in was his astonishment, when at length he stood her cheek and sparkling in her eyes. “ My under the open sky, to find that he was in the Manuel was no sot, no madman, 10 throw away exact spot in which he had taken his noontide his life like Pedro Bravo. If he is dead, I accuse meal only a few hours before !

Miguel Gomez of his murder. There stands the A moment's consideration cleared up the mys- villain— Jook in his face and judge. It was only tery. The fountain was no natural spring, but a year ago, a little while before Manuel and I simply the place of exit for the waters which were married, that he offered the cargador Pedraslowly accumulated in the mine, and percolated za the post of captain of the gallery if he would through the mass of rocks, earth, and vegetation, come behind Manuel and push him off the Rinthat closed the entrance of the adit. So exact, conada. Answer me, Juan Pedraza, before the however, was its resemblance to an ordinary moun- great God who sees and hears us, is it not true ?!? tain spring, that this was, no doubt, the main cause Juan Pedraza, a miserable-looking man, with a of the locality of the old socabon having fallen into face haggard from the effects of habitual intoxicaoblivion ; since nobody, of course, dreamed of tion, hung down his head, and made no reply. A looking for it in the vicinity of a fountain. It gloomy silence ensued, which was at length broken was clear to the young miner that he had made a by Don Jayme, who said, discovery of great importance to the company. “Gomez, this affair begins to look serious for With this thought in his mind, and eager to inform you. I am not your judge, but it is my duty to his friends of his wonderful escape, he set out at see that the matter undergoes strict investigation. once up the inountain.

Perez—and you, Francisco—I give the accused He was fated, however, not to reach the galera into your charge. See that he does not escape, without encountering yet another very remarkable and bring him before the alcalde to-morrow mornadventure. But before describing this, it will be ing, when all now present will attend the examinnecessary to relate briefly the events that had ation." occurred at the shaft during the time he had spent The nervous anxiety which had been depicted in the mine. Don Jayme, after laboring for nearly on the countenance of the overseer ever since the an hour in his useless search, and being excessively explosion, now suddenly gave way to an exprespuzzled by the complete disappearance of the body, sion of ferocious determination. which he could in no plausible way account for, “ Stand off!” he exclaimed, drawing his knife ; had left the task for further examination to the back, for your lives! I am innocent of Manuel's miners, and ascended the shaft in great perplexity. death ; but I will not stay to have my life sworn Presently a new cause of distress and anxiety came away by heretic Jews, spiteful women, and drunken to disturb him. The news of the dreadful accident, villains. Out of the way, Perez! Follow me at as it was considered, had spread to the village of your peril.” San Adrian, and reached at last poor Margarita. With these words he darted out of the galera, Hurrying in a frenzy of agonized excitement up and fled down the mountain at a pace which defied the mountain, she suddenly presented herself be- pursuit. fore the director, as he was walking up and down At this moment Manuel, whose strength had the galera, with his hands behind him, in the true been nearly exhausted by his labors in the mine, English style of moody meditation."

was painfully ascending the difficult path. He “ Where is my husband—my Manuel?" she had nearly reached the Rinconada, and had paused exclaimed, in a peremptory tone. “ I know he is for an instant to take breath, when a man suddenly here with you. It is all a joke to frighten me. turned the corner before him at full speed. It What have I done, that you should wish to tor- was Miguel Gomez. He held in one hand a drawn ment me in this way? Tell me, señor, for charity, knife, and looked backward over his shoulder, as where is my husband ?"

if expecting to be pursued. But when, on turn“ Would to God that it were a joke, my dear ing his head, he beheld directly before him the young woman!" replied the director. “ It is, figure of his victim, standing motionless, with unhappily, too true.'

pallid face and bloody hands, and eyes steadily Margarita, notwithstanding the agitation of her fixed upon him, he recoiled with a cry of horror mind, saw that he spoke in earnest. Her thoughts and affright. Whether it was a mere accident immediately took another direction.

from the dizziness of the sudden shock, or whether it was an access of suicidal frenzy, can never be with these words the overjoyed Margarita fell upon known ; but the unhappy wretch disappeared from her husband's neck, and fainted away in his arms. the sight of the horror-stricken beholder, one last I need only add to the foregoing narrative, that scream of despair ascending as the criminal shot Don Manuel Campos, the present resident manager downward to his frightful and inevitable doom. of the new mine of San Adrian, will receive with

Manuel, overcome by a sickening weakness, great hospitality, at his house in Zacatecas, any leaned against the steep side of the mountain, and English traveller who may pass through that city, wiped away the cold perspiration which gathered and will, if desired, relate all the particulars of on his brow; then, sumn

mmoning all his strength, he the remarkable accident to which he was mainly hurried forward and managed to reach the galera. indebted for his rise in the world. Doña MargaHis entrance, as may be supposed, was the cause rita, his very lady-like wife, will confirm the acof great agitation. Most of those present recoiled count by her own testimony, and by the additional and crossed themselves in terror, though not so token of a long-haired, black-eyed urchin, some excessive as that of the miserable Gomez. One five or six years old, bearing the identical name person, however, sprang forward with a laugh of of Adriano, in commemoration of the event which hysteric delight, and exclaimed,

happened shortly before his birth ; so that the “Ah, Manuelito, you are alive! I knew it essential truth of the story may be considered as was all a joke upon your poor little wife !” And established beyond the possibility of a doubt.



Frisch ist des Morgen's Sehein,
Und feucht der thau'ge Rasen :
Was, jungling, weilst am stein,

Wo kuhlige Lufte blaseu ?
Gally the sun ascends his throne,

And gilds the dewy sod below ; 0, youth! what chains thee to that stone,

Where cooling breezes blow? 0, Mourner !—from the new-lit skies

The darksome gloom hath ta’en its flight;
Methinks no sleep has blest thine eyes

Through all this weary night!
And tears, thou valiant youth and true

Have fallen upon this humid stone ;
Or is it but the nightly dew

That down from heaven hath flown?”

66 The dew would show its wonted care,

And weep on my beloved stone ; But ah! the pearls that glisten there

Are but my tears alone!” “A noble hero!-and in tears?

A brave young man—and weakly pine ? O come where gleams the sheen of spears,

And Love's warm glance divine!” “ Let others kneel at Beauty's throne,

Or up the gleaming falchion take ; For me—I tarry by this stone

Until my heart will break!” 66 Oh! tell me, then, thy heart's deep woe

What sorrow chains thee to the stone?" “Ah! yes, from lips the tale will flow,

That speak of this alone!-
Last night I crossed the mountain near,

And sought this verdant vale of rest;
A sweet voice whispered in mine ear-

A sweeter lip to mine was prest! It was a beauteous Fairy form,

That thus about the wanderer played, And twined a garland bright and warm

Around us twain, that ne'er can fade.

She called me her beloved lord

She called herself a wife's dear name;
And gave to me, with glad accord,

Her wondrous sweet and tender frame.
That moment did the Night withdraw

Her vaporous veil so dark and damp;
As through the roof of leaves we saw

The Moon suspend our nuptial lamp.
And as it paled before the day,

And sank amid the silent sea,
She reached her hand and cried — Away!

Beloved, hence! from me!
Hence !-hence !—for ere the sun has smiled,

I too must far from this have flown:
One beam on me, the Fairy Child,

Would turn me into stone.
For this, through Time's unnumbered years,

Has been the Sun's unquestioned right;
But till the morning-red appears,

The Fairy People rule the night!'
Audacious boy! Oh! sad event !

I prayed, and kissed her thousand charms,
Until she, weeping, gave consent

To linger still within my arms.
But through her tears she sang this strain-

*Ah! many and many a happy night
Might I within thy arms have lain,

If thou didst not that promise blight.
I cannot bring my lips to speak

Denial to that prayer of thine-
And see ! upon the purple peak

The day begins to shine!
Farewell, beloved murderer mine!

Farewell! thy clasping hands unbind!'-
Scarce shrieked I ' fly!' when came the Shine,

When came the cooling morning wind.
There in my very hands she grew

A lifeless stone, so hard and cold;
There from my heart the life-blood flew,

And strength grew weak, and youth grew old.
A lifeless stone!-O bitter woe!

My joy! my grief! my Elfin Bride!
On this, through life, my tears shall flow
In death I 'll sleep beside !"

Dublin U. Mag.

From the London Times.


to his peo


Of Mehemet Ali, as of Frederic of Prussia, or DEATH OF MEHEMET ALI.

of the Muscovite Peter, it may be said that he The death of Mehemet Ali is an event of his was cruel with a direct intention of benefiting a torical rather than of political interest. The late people. Leaving, however, such a discussion as Viceroy of Egypt had ceased to govern before he this for the amusement of casuists, we prefer, in had ceased to live. The wonder is, not that his considering the career of the Egyptian ruler, to faculties should have given way at length, but that call attention to those extraordinary anomalies in they should have remained perfect until little more his character which will cause him to be placed in than a twelve-month before the close of his event the records of history side by side with the founder ful career.

Few monarchs recorded in history of the Russian empire. In thirty-six years Peter have retained possession of power for so long a the Great raised Russia from a semi-barbarous time as Mehemet Ali. For very nearly half a state to a pitch of military strength and political century he was the virtual sovereign of Egypt, importance which placed her on a level with the that is to say, of a country which proposed a leading powers of Europe. Her army, her navy, double difficulty to its ruler-a difficulty from her commerce, her legislature, were all the work within, and a dificulty from without. Through- of one His great qualities were often out the whole period of his sway, the territory he stained by acts of tyranny and crnelty, but he acwas endeavoring to reduce into order was subject complished a work which would have been imposto the attacks and manœuvres of the most civilized sible to a man of finer fibre and keener morality. nations of Europe ; whilst, at the outset of his " He gave a polish,” says Voltaire, rule, he found himself hampered by the savage ple, and was himself a savage; he taught them independence of those who should have been the the art of war, of which he was himself ignoalmost passive instruments of his will. There rant; from the sight of a small boat on the river was, moreover, a third obstacle to the successful Moskwa he created a powerful fleet; made himadministration of Mehemet Ali, which should not self an expert and active shipwright, sailor, and be forgotten. In place of being an independent commander ; he changed the manners, laws, and sovereign, he was in theory a mere feudatory, customs of the Russians, and lives in their membound to receive the orders and to act in subser- ory as the father of his country.” If the achievevience to the policy of another power, and to coun- ments of the petty Roumelian shopkeeper have sels most frequently inspired by his own rivals in am- been less important, we must refer the inferiority bition. The task of Mehemet Ali may be summed of the result rather to the deficiency of opportuup in three periods : He had first to clear the nity than to the defects of the man. With the ground on which to found a sovereignty; he had like materials in his hand, we doubt not that Methen a sovereignty to found ; and when that was hemet Ali would have accomplished as much, or done came the hardest task of all-to civilize the more, than his Muscovite prototype. people he had brought under his sway. In other We cannot pretend to pass in review, in the words, ferocity, policy, and intelligence were in space of a few lines, the various important acts of turn to hold sway over the mind of a man who set Mehemet Ali's career. The first object of his out in life as an untutored barbarian.

ambition, when he once found himself firmly seatThere have been many false ideas entertained in ed as the ruler of Egypt, was no doubt to make this country upon the subject of the extraordinary himself independent of his Suzerain at Constantiman who has recently expired at Alexandria. We nople; the second, to aggrandize his power by the do not offer any justification of his crimes when annexation of the Syrian provinces, and to carry we say that he must not be judged by an European the war even to the Dardanelles. Stranger revostandard. As compared with Oriental rulers, Me- lutions have happened in the East than that the hemet Ali was not a sanguinary or violent man. petty tobacco-dealer of Covalla should have leaped When he struck down the Mamelukes, at Cairo, into his master's seat and borne sway in the city of in 1811, the act was inspired by a great political Constantine. The events of 1840, and the bommotive, not by wanton cruelty. Separated as we bardment of Acre, are fresh in the recollection of are by some forty years from the crime, we cannot Europe. No such idea had ever entered into the deny that by the destruction of the Mamelukes, imagination of the crafty viceroy, as that he was Mehemet Ali removed the great obstacle to the fitted to cope by himself with the arms of the Eucivilization of Egypt. We must search for a par- ropean powers. He trusted that the strength of allel to the bloody scene enacted in the citadel of all would be neutralized by their mutual disunion ; Cairo in the destruction of the Strelitzes, or of the and how nearly he approached success, the events Janissaries. We do not justify the Egyptian of the time have proved. The conquest of Conruler in saying that his bloody and violent deed stantinople by Mehemet Ali has been, within the must not be mistaken for another act of a totally limits of legitimate dreaming, the most splendid distinct nature. No doubt he displayed a pro- political conception of the last twenty-five years. found indifference to human life when it stood be- It was not a game in which any man was likely tween him and the enterprises he had in hand ; but to succeed, but it was a game which a very bold in this respect it is difficult to draw any distinction and a very extraordinary man was likely enough to to his prejudice between him and other men upon play. whom history has bestowed the title of “Great." It is, however, by the acts of his internal ad

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ministration that Mehemet Ali must be mainly the common schools of that day furnished, and judged. There can be no doubt that he has given nothing more. What they were in 1770 may be a great onward impulse to the territory over which guessed. At the age of twelve he was put apprenhe bore sway for so long a period. The army and tice to a goldsmith of Newburyport, of the name navy he called into existence, if not sufficient to of Davis. His master died three years afterwards, contend with the great European powers with any and Perkins, at fifteen, was left with the managechance of success, are at least of sufficient impor- ment of the business. This was the age of gold tance to give stability to the government of Egypt beads, which our grandmothers still hold in fond reagainst attacks from without and trouble from with- membrance-and who wonders ? The young goldin. This is in itself a point of paramount impor- smith gained great reputation for the skill and tance. If it can be inscribed with truth on the tomb honesty with which he transformed the old Portuof the dead viceroy that he has established" order” guese joes, then in circulation, into these showy within the Egyptian territory, we need not be so ornaments for the female bosom. Shoe-buckles careful in ascertaining the specific development of were another article in great vogue, and Perkins, this or that branch of manufacture during his rule. whose inventive powers had begun to expand durNo doubt there was much that was forced and un-ing his apprenticeship, turned his attention to the natural about the manner in which he dragged out manufacturing of them. He discovered a new the resources of the country. You cannot import method of plating, by which he could undersell civilization by the bale, nor establish an important the imported buckles.

This was

a profitable commerce by virtue of a mere decree. Manches- branch of business till the revolutions of fashion ters and Liverpools are not house-plants. But drove shoe-buckles out of the market. Nothing even admitting the failure of many of Mehemet could be done with strings, and Perkins put his Ali's cherished schemes of manufactures, it is cer- head-work on other matters. tain that he gave a strong onward impulse to the Machinery of all sorts was then in a very rude civilization and prosperity of his country. We state, and a clever artisan was scarcely to be found. doubt not that in other respects the example of en- It was regarded as a great achievement to effect a ergy and enterprise he has shown will bear fruit in rude copy of some imported machine. Under the due season, although probably not in the way he old confederation, the state of Massachusetts estabanticipated himself.

lished a mint for striking copper coin ; but it was

not so easy to find a mechanic equal to the task of (We are indebted to the Boston Courier for an oppor- of age when he was employed by the government

making a die.

Perkins was but twenty-one years tunity of paying respect to the memory of a man of genius, and of great kindness, at whose house in London we fre- for this purpose ; and the old Massachusetts cents, quently passed a pleasant hour, nearly twenty years ago.) stamped with the Indian and the eagle, now to be

seen only in collections of curiosities, are the work THE LATE JACOB PERKINS.

of his skill. He next displayed his ingenuity in A SIMPLE and unostentatious notice of the de- nail machinery, and, at the age of twenty-four, inmise of this remarkable man is all the tribute that vented a machine which cut and headed nails at the public press has yet paid to his memory. The one operation. This was first put in operation at merits of our ingenious countryman deserve more. Newburyport, and afterwards at Amesbury on the He has passed quietly away from the scene of his Merrimack, where the manufacture of nails has labors ; but he has left his mark upon the age. been carried on for more than half a century. The generation now existing enjoys the fruit of Perkins would have realized a great fortune his toil, and generations yet to come will learn to from this invention, had his knowledge of the appreciate his genius. He who contributes to the world and the tricks of trade been any way equal perfection of the useful arts, does more for the to his mechanical skill. But he was deprived of welfare of mankind than he who conquers an em- the profits of his invention by the incapacity or dispire. The true benefactors of the human race are honesty of two scheming individuals to whom he not those who set up thrones and issue their dic- entrusted the business of putting his machines in tates to obedient millions, but thos who enlarge operation. Others, however, made a great gain the sphere of human power by studies which from his loss; and he turned his attention to varisharpen the human intellect, develop the genius ous other branches of the mechanic arts, in several of man, and show the supremacy of mind over of which he made essential improvements, as firebrute matter. Of this class of gifted minds was engines, hydraulic machines, &c. One of the Jacob Perkins.

most important of his inventions was the engraving He was descended from one of the oldest fam- of bank bills. Forty years ago counterfeiting was ilies of that ancient portion of the state of Massa- carried on with an andacity and a success which chusetts, the county of Essex-a region of stubborn would seem incredible at the present time. The soil, but rich in its productions of men. Matthew ease with which the clumsy engravings of the bank Perkins, his father, was a native of Ipswich, and bills of that day wereimitated, was a temptation to his ancestor was one of the first settlers of that every knave who could scratch copper; and countown. Matthew Perkins removed to Newburyport terfeits flooded the countrv to the serious detriment early in life, and here Jacob Perkins was born, of trade. Perkins invented the stereotype checkJuly 9th, 1766. He received such education as plate, which no art of counterfeiting could match ;


and a security was thus given to bank paper which | ceived a brilliant compliment from John Quincy it had never before known.

Adams in an oration which he delivered at WashThere was hardly any mechanical science in ington, while Secretary of State. In connection which Perkins did not exercise his inquiring and with this discovery, Perkins also invented the bathinventive spirit. Whether it promised pecuniary ometer, an instrument for measuring the depth of reward or not, it was all the same to him. What the sea by the pressure of the water; and the pleever gave scope to his restless, inquisitive, and ometer to measure a ship's rate of sailing. practical genius—whatever promised to be useful Perkins continued to reside in his birthplace till or agreeable to those around him, laid claim to the 1816, when he removed from Newburyport to Bosexercise of his powers. The town of Newbury- ton, and subsequently to Philadelphia. His attenport enjoyed the benefit of his skill in every way tion was now occupied by steam machinery, which in which he could contribute to the public welfare was beginning to acquire importance in the United or amusement. During the war of 1812 his in- States, though no one, not even Perkins himself, genuity was employed in constructing machinery had at that moment any conception of the degree for boring out old honey-combed cannon, and in to which it would revolutionize the whole systein perfecting the science of gunnery. He was a of labor, mechanism, travel, business, and social skilful pyrotechnist, and the Newburyport fire- life. His researches led to the invention of a new works of that day were thought to be unrivalled method of generating steam, by suddenly letting a in the United States. The boys, we remember, small quantity of water into a heated vessel. Our looked up to him as a second Faust, or Cornelius scientific knowledge is not such as to qualify us for Agrippa, and the writer of this article has not for- speaking with any authority upon these matters, gotten the delight and amazement with which he but if we can take the word of those who profess learnt from Jacob Perkins the mystery of com- to be well acquainted with the subject, Perkins pounding serpents and rockets.

was the first man who investigated the property About this time a person named Redheffer, made of steam at an extraordinary high pressure, and pretensions to a discovery of the perpetual motion. he employed it on one occasion at the rate of 65 He was traversing the United States with a ma- atmospheres, or 975 pounds to the square inch. chine exhibiting his discovery. Certain weights We are informed that this discovery and another moved the wheels, and, when they had run down, relating to the spherical property of water, both certain other weights, restored the first. The ex- made by Perkins, long ago, have within two years periment seemed perfect, for the machine continued been announced in France as the recent discoveries to move without cessation ; and Redheffer was of an individual of that country. trumpeted to the world as the man who had solved After a short residence in Philadelphia, he rethe great problem. Perkins gave the machine an moved to London, where his experiments with examination, and his knowledge of the powers of high-pressure steam, and other exhibitions which mechanism enabled him to perceive at once that he gave of his inventive powers, at once brought the visible appliances were inadequate to the re- him into general notice. His uncommon mechansults. He saw that a hidden power existed some- ical genius was highly appreciated ; and his where, and his skilful calculations detected the steam-gun was for some time the wonder of the corner of the machine from which it proceeded. British metropolis. This gun he invented in the “Pass a saw through that post," said he, “and United States, and took out a patent for it in 1819. your perpetual motion will stop." The impostor It attracted the notice of the British government refused to put his machine to such a test ; and for in 1823, and Perkins made experiments with it bea sufficient reason. It was afterwards discovered fore the Duke of Wellington and a numerous party that a cord passed through this post into the cellar, of officers. At a distance of thirty-five yards he where an individual was stationed to restore the shattered iron targets to pieces, and sent his balls weights at every revolution.

through eleven planks, one inch thick each, and The studies, labors, and ingenuity of Perkins, placed an inch apart from one another. This gun were employed on so great a variety of subjects, was a very ingenious piece of workmanship, and that the task of specifying and describing them could discharge about 1000 balls per minute. must be left to one fully acquainted with the his- Perkins continued in London during the retory of the mechanic arts in the United States. mainder of his life. He never became rich. He A few only of the results of his skill can be men- lacked one quality to secure success in the world tioned here. He discovered a method of softening -financial thrift. Everybody but himself profited and hardening steel at pleasure, by which the by his inventions. He was, in fact, too much in process of engraving on that metal was facilitated love with the excitement of the chase to look very in a most essential degree. By this method, also, strongly at the pecuniary value of the game. He engravings were transferred from one steel plate was often reminded by his friends of his prodigal to another, thus multiplying the plates to an im- expenditure of thought and labor upon branches mense extent without the labor of reëngraving. of science, which could bring no immediate gain He instituted a series of experiments by which he of money—but this appeal to pecuniary interests demonstrated the compressibility of water, a prob- had little effect upon a mind so free from selfishlem which for centuries had baffled the ingenuity ness, and one which loved knowledge for its own of natural philosophers. For this discovery he re-sake, and its connection with the interests of man

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