Opening the Sealed Book: Interpretations of the Book of Isaiah in Late Antiquity

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Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, Nov 7, 2006 - Religion - 315 pages
Of all the texts in the Hebrew and Christian scriptures, perhaps no book has a more colorful history of interpretation than Isaiah.A comprehensive history of interpretation of Isaiah between the prophet Malachi and the emperor Constantine, Joseph Blenkinsopp's "Unsealing the Sealed Book" explores the methods and interpretive conclusions of diverse groups. Blenkinsopp points out that the book of Isaiah was a sustaining factor in many dissident movements in the period studied and traces three different prophetic traditions from Isaiah, the "Man of God," the critic of social structures, and the apocalyptic seer. He details the place of Isaiah in Jewish Sectarianism, Qumran, and among early Christians, and touches on a number of its themes, including exile, "the remnant of Israel," martyrdom, and "the servant of the Lord."Crossing the disciplines of hermeneutics, the Dead Sea Scrolls, and early Christianity, "Unsealing the Sealed Book" will appeal to Jewish and Christian scholars, as well as readers fascinated by the complex, influential prophetic visions of Isaiah.

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Contents

The Matthean Commentaries
147
Isaiah according to Matthews Gospel
154
Isaianic Titles in Qumran and Early Christianity
169
The Many
174
The Way
178
The Righteous
185
The Elect
193
The Servants of the Lord
197

Contrasting Profiles of Isaiah in the Book
32
The Prophetic Role Redefined
38
Isaiah in Chronicles and Jesus ben Sira
43
Isaiah in The Lives of the Prophets and Josephus
46
The Martyrdom of Isaiah
49
The Passion of Isaiah and the Passion of Jesus
52
Isaiah at the Beginnings of Jewish Sectarianism
56
Sectarian Phenomena in the Early Persian Period
64
The Gap between the Fifth and the Second Centuries BCE
72
Bridging the Gap
77
The Final and Decisive Phase in the Formation of Sects
84
Reading Isaiah at Qumran
89
The Qumran Pesher Commentaries
98
Text Interpretation and Dream Interpretation
103
The Isaiah Pesharim
106
Reading Isaiah in Early Christianity with Special Reference to Matthews Gospel
129
The Jesus Sect and the Sect of John the Baptist
138
The Saints
203
The Poor
209
The Penitents
212
The Mourners
216
The Devout
219
Exile in the Interpretation of Isaiah
222
Exile and Return in Sectarian Writings from the GrecoRoman Period
230
Exile and Return in the Isaianic Interpretative Tradition
241
The Many Faces of the Servant of the Lord
251
The Servant as Protomartyr and Eschatological Figure
259
The Servant of the Lord at Qumran
268
The Anonymous Teacher and Jesus of Nazareth as Servant Figures
282
Bibliography
294
Index of Subjects
298
Index of Biblical and Other Ancient Texts
302
Copyright

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Page 134 - Instead, whoever wants to become great among you must be your servant, and whoever wants to be first must be your slave -just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.
Page ix - JSOT journal for the Study of the Old Testament JSOTSup Journal for the Study of the Old Testament — Supplement Series...
Page 107 - THE vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.
Page 168 - The Son of man indeed goeth, as it is written of him : but woe to that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed ! good were it for that man if he had never been born.
Page x - Supplements WBC Word Biblical Commentary WMANT Wissenschaftliche Monographien zum Alten und Neuen Testament WUNT Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament ZAW Zeitschrift...
Page 135 - The spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me, because the LORD has anointed me; he has sent me to bring good news to the oppressed, to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and release to the prisoners; to proclaim the year of the LORD'S favor...
Page 135 - Go and tell John what you hear and see: the blind regain their sight, the lame walk, lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, and the poor have the good news proclaimed to them.
Page 33 - Then Rezin king of Syria and Pekah son of Remaliah king of Israel came up to Jerusalem to war : and they besieged Ahaz, but could not overcome him.
Page 132 - It is too light a thing that you should be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob and to restore the survivors of Israel; I will give you as a light to the nations, that my salvation may reach to the end of the earth.
Page ix - HTKNT Herders theologischer Kommentar zum Neuen Testament HTR Harvard Theological Review HTS Harvard Theological Studies HUCA Hebrew Union College Annual ICC International Critical Commentary IDE G.

About the author (2006)

Joseph Blenkinsopp is John A. O'Brien Professor Emeritus of Biblical Studies at the University of Notre Dame. His other books include The Pentateuch: An Introduction to the First Five Books of the Bible, A History of Prophecy in Israel, and the three-volume Anchor Bible commentary on Isaiah.

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