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In attempting to unfold the incalculable advantages, that are to be derived to the British empire from the union of Great Britain with Ireland, it is natural to fly to the protection of the illustrious personage, who as Heir Apparent to the uniting parties is most deeply interested in the Union being followed up with the desired effect. For realizing the flattering prospects of additional strength, power, and prosperity, which it holds out to the empire at large, Ireland, Sir, looks up with unbounded confidence to the exertions of a Prince, whose amiable qualities have long been the idol of her warmest affections, in whose eminent talents she finds an earnest of new glories to the united kingdom, and whose knowledge and love of the constitution ensure the happiness of a grateful and united people. a 2



The work is intended as an act of justice to the Irish nation. It would have been useless, had Great Britain learned from the illustrious example of your Royal Highness to appreciate that people with the discriminating judgment and sympathy, which have so deservedly endeared them to you. We are now one people, and that we may ever be one in affection as well as interest was the motive for undertaking this work, which, with your gracious permission, is most hụmbly inscribed to your Royal Highness by


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LELAND's diffi
ELAND's difficulties of writing Irish history impartially, Note

Page :

National characteristic of the Irish-Sir John Davis's honorable testimony of Ireland-Cam-

den's prejudices against the Irish


Animadversions of Sir Richard Musgrave on a former publication of the author's, Note 4

Marguis Cornwallis disclaims Sir Richard Musgrave's dedication-Leland's description of the


Great antiquity of the Irish-Gerald Barry's (Cambrensis)-His misrepresentations of the Irish

-Antiquity of the Irish language and arms-The Irish called Scoti or Scythians


James the First of England boasts his Irish origin--Identity of the Carthaginian and Irish



Milesian race-The King of Ulfter boasts in 1170, of an uninterrupted succession of 197 kings-

Division of the island into four provinces Provincial kings paying tribute to the supreme



Meath allotted for the demesne of the monarch and taxes voted for him-The family pride of

the Irish even in extreme indigence--Cause thereof-Monarchy eligible within the sept and

under conditions


Their original institutions afford motives for union with Great Britain

The petty kings of distries held under provincial kings as those did under the monarch-Aver-

fion of the old Irish from trade or mechanicks, NotemAttachment of the Irish people to their

religion as taught by St. Patrick.

Each sovereign had his particular order of chivalry, &c.-Apprehensions of resumption un-

founded-Falsity of Doctor Borlafe's history

Nature of Irish gavelkind-The caunfinny or chieftain



Tanniftry defined-Sir John Davies' report of a case of tannistry-Fostering and intermariages

with the Irish declared treason by Atatute-Institution of Fes at Teamor or Tarah, or states of



Triennial assemblies by Ollamh Fodhla-Ceremonials, order of precedence, and nature of the

business transacted in those assemblies---Early traces of heraldry and authenticity of Irish hif.

tory-Psalter of Tarah

Ravages of the Danes during the ninth and tenth centuries



15 and 16


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BRIEF review of the preceding chapter–Ireland always subje& to internal discord


Roderick O'Connor elected monarch-Solicited by O'Rourke to obtain justice of Dermod, King

of Leinster-Dermod applies to Henry the Second-- Pope Adrian's bull - Alexander the Third's

bull-Purity of blood a fundamental law, Note


Submission of the Irish church to the fee of Rome-Ushers remarks-The four archbishops of

Ireland receive palls from Cardinal Paparon-Adrian's abuse of his power


The Irish refift this mock donation-Dermot applies to Henry in Aquitaine-Returns to Bristol

with credentials-engages Richard, Earl Strongbow and others-Promises his daughter to the

earl, the city of Wexford to the other adventurers


Dermot reinstated in his dominions—The personal presence of Henry in Ireland Massacre of

Irish prisoners of war


The Irish nation did not oppose the invasion-Some septs did -Effect of the pope's bull upon

the Irish clergy--Peace granted by Roderick to Dermod


The princes of Munfter the first to submit to Henry-Strongbow does homage for Leinster-

Meeting of Henry and Roderick on the banks of the Shannon-- Treaty of Windsor-Henry

acknowledged lord of Ireland-Remonstrance of the Irish presented to Pope John XXII.-

Bruce invited from Scotland - The battle of Athenree in 1315


The hatred of the Irish to the English not the effect of a difference in religion for 400 years pre-

vious to the reformation


Henry difpoffeffes the Irish chieftains


Bad consequences of this fyftem-The pale or extent of English dominion


The English settlers govern by English laws, the Irish chieftains by their own 34 and 33

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