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of a family are burdensome. It was so with confiding husband had long before duly Mrs. M—. To relieve the tedium of provided; and it became necessary to real life, she fled to the excitement of withhold all pecuniary supplies from one fiction, and again daily spent hours on who so grievously misappropriated them. the pernicious indulgence. A novel was Then every article of value which she the constant appendage of the work- could remove unseen, was parted with, table, the child's cradle, and the mo- to obtain the means of gratifying her ther's pillow. Often a helpless babe was craving propensity; and at length such left to cry unheeded or pine neglected, was the degree of shameless degradation or committed to the tender mercies of a at which this unhappy woman had arcareless servant; or if the mother was rived, that she was frequently known to at length aroused to attend to the wants sell the very clothing and bedding of her of her offspring, it was with irritated children, and leave them destitute. She feelings at being disturbed, and perni- died in the prime of life, a martyr to cious drugs were often resorted to, to vice, and left, in her impoverished and secure the quietness of the child, and injured family, sad memorials of the unleave the mother at liberty to pursue the happy consequence of a mother's heart fascinating story. Even the illness of being alienated from its proper object. her children failed to secure the undi- “But it is pleasanter," said my uncle, vided attention of a mother whose heart after a momentary pause, “to dwell on was set on something else. It is a literal examples of an opposite class. When fact, that a relative of the family calling the heart is set on a good and worthy to see her children, who were ill of the object, the whole character is ennobled. hooping-cough, found the mother sitting There is such decision of purpose, over the fire, reading a novel, and the such elevation of aim, such steadiness of children in bed, in a cold room, one of plan, such consistency of pursuit, such them actually dying. There could be energy and perseverance of action, as scarcely a doubt, that at least three in- almost invariably lead to a successful fants of that family perished through result. My mind, at this moment, her neglect; and the survivors, in their glances with pleasure at the struggles, uncultivated minds and unregulated sacrifices, and exertions, sustained, for tempers and habits, prove a living ex- at least ten years, by an excellent young emplification of the irreparable evils in- man, whose heart was honourably set on ficted on her family, by a mother whose discharging the debts of his father, who heart is not in her duty.

had lost his property by an unexpected The other instance mentioned by my reverse in trade, and had died under the uncle, was that of a highly accomplished pressure of the calamity, bitterly lamentyoung lady, who, after having for se- ing, not so much his own losses, as that veral years exemplarily sustained the others should be injured by him. The relations of wife and mother, unhappily son assured his dying father that he imbibed a passion for stimulating drink. would do his utmost to repair all such For a long time, she indulged the injuries; and in pursuance of his noble wretched propensity in secret, occasion design, he toiled incessantly, practised ing great distress and anxiety to her the most rigid economy, and deferred relatives, by her frequent indispositions, the completion of his fondest wishes, her altered habits, and her wayward until he had discharged the filial duty temper, and especially her indifference which he had taken upon himself, and to her children, though the cause was obtained full receipts for every claim little suspected. But it could not always upon his late father. Then he could be concealed. The medical attendant of with satisfaction begin to labour for himthe lady detected the real cause of ill. self; and he lived to realize, in sanctiness, both to herself and her infant off- fied prosperity and domestic happiness, spring; and, after repeatedly admonish- much of the blessing which is ordinarily ing her himself, felt it a matter of duty seen to rest on a conscientious discharge to make her husband acquainted with of filial duty. When the heart is set on the truth. Domestic happiness could not a benevolent object, what exertions are survive the melancholy disclosure. Every made, what toils encountered, what day brought to light some new sorrow, difficulties surmounted, what dangers resulting from the same wretched cause. braved, in the accomplishment of it! Debts were found contracted to a large True active benevolence, like well estabamount, for the payment of which the lished faith, *laughs at impossibilities.'

Read, my boys, the Life of Howard, and y'serve him with a perfect heart and with a see what may be done, what has been willing mind,' i Chron. xxviii. 9. Redone, by one philanthropist, whose heart hoboam did evil, because he prepared was in the work. And there are many

not his heart to seek the Lord,' 2 Chron. who, on a humbler scale, yet in pro- xii. 14. • The Lord was with Jehosha. portion to their abilities and opportuni- phat, because he walked in the first ways ties, devote themselves to the work of of his father David :-and his heart was doing good; and the success of their lifted up in the ways of the Lord,' humble efforts is truly astonishing to 2 Chron, xvii. 3.6; xxii. 9. Amaziah did others and to themselves.

that which was right in the sight of the The missionary-his heart is set on Lord, but not with a perfect heart, 2 the conversion of the heathen, and the Kings xiv. 3 ; 2 Chron. xxv. 2. Jehu, most formidable difficulties sink before king of Israel, in many instances, fulhis holy zeal; the most costly sacrifices filled the commandments of God; but he are cheerfully made ; the greatest hard- was not approved, because he took no ships and privations endured; and he heed to walk in the law of the Lord God seems to lose sight of every thing, ex- of Israel with all his heart,' 2 Kings x. cept the joy that is set before him in 31. “Hezekiah wrought that which was the success of his enterprize. “None good and right and truth, before the of these things move me,' is the de- Lord his God. And in every work that claration of his holy ardour; 'neither he began in the service of the house of count I.my life dear unto myself, so God, and in the law, and in the comthat I might finish my course with joy, mandments, to seek his God, he did it and the ministry which I have received with all his heart, and prospered,' of the Lord Jesus, to testify the gospel 2 Chron. xxxi. 20, 21. of the grace of God,'” Acts xx. 24.

It is the characteristic of the wicked We quitted the conservatory; but at that their heart is 'fully set in them to the breakfast table the conversation was do evil,' Eccles. viii. 11. Of the insinresumed. Without detailing the con- cere and unstable, it is said, “ Their heart versation, I will set down a few of my is divided; now shall they be found uncle's observations.

faulty,' Hos. x. 2. "A double-minded “Ay, the heart is every thing ;- man is unstable in all his ways,' Jas. i. 8; As a man thinketh in his heart, so is but the characteristic of eminent piety is he,' Prov. xxiii. 7. Take care to get the to have the heart set upon God." Whom heart rightly and firmly set; for out of have I in heaven but thee? and there it are the issues of life, Prov. iv. 23. is none upon earth that I desire besides When the heart is fixed on God, a man's thee, ""* Psa. lxxiii. 25. ways are established before him.

After speaking of the influence of mo• If the heart is set on trifles, the tives, as applied to the human mind, my character is vain, frivolous, and unstable. uncle closed, by observingThe heart set on duty renders duty easy “ The operation of motives to good and delightful. The wall of Jerusalem on a willing mind characterizes a good got on prosperously and pleasantly; ‘for The operation of motives to evil the people had a mind to work,' Neh. on a willing ind, characterizes bad iv. 6.

The resistance of powerful mo“A listless, indolent disposition, that tives to good, constitutes a miserable murmurs at labour, is a sure indication The resistance of powerful mothat the heart is somewhere else. The tives to evil, constitutes a happy man.” first feeling of this kind will rouse a wise and pious man to look after his heart, and fetch it back from its wanderings. It is a sad truant with the best of men :

THEY have no notion of the Divine a fool lets it rove where it pleases; but a wise man desires to seek it

, and bind it pardon, as we forgive others: on the

spirit of that petition which prays for with cords to the altar of obedience.

“It is interesting to observe, in the contrary, the natives of Australia are characters of the kings of Judah, how scrupulously rigid in exacting

man.

man.

man.

THE MORAL CHARACTER OF THE
NATIVES OF AUSTRALIA.-No. II.

* This text was happily described by the late much stress is laid on the heart. It was

Rev. M. Wilks, as a touchstone, to prove to us wheDavid's honour that he sought the Lord ther we are in the way to heaven; a milestone, to with all his heart, and his dying ex

show us how far we are advanced in that way; a

whetstone, to urge us on; and a loadstone, to draw hortation to his son and successor, to us upward.

an eye

for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth;” the One of these people named Blatman, lex talionis, the law of retaliation, is ob- a sad ruffian, who had been engaged in served to the letter. And while their ad- a case of forcible abduction, in the Tip; herence to this false principle has its perary fashion, on one occasion, directed influence over them, it is vain to expect his vindictive efforts (as Mr. Moore has that harmony can exist, either among informed some of his private friends) themselves, or between them and the against a woman who had been in some colonists, who have not always them- way concerned in occasioning the death selves manifested the forbearance which of one of his dogs. He is stated to have becomes Christians, nor made fair allow- made every effort to wound her with a ance for the universal operation of the spear, walking round her, in the hope of principle of retaliation among the natives, executing his intentions, while two other and have, in consequence, acted with men moving in interior circles to defend precipitation and injustice, instead of her, presented their own persons contiendeavouring to avoid all occasions of nually as shields. This wretch, however, offence.

professed to have no intention of inflictThe following, out of many instances ing any wound upon her except in the of returning evil for evil, may interest leg. Kind, considerate creature ! the reader, as they strikingly contrast So powerful is the impulse which leads with the charities of the Christian cha- them to shed blood for blood, that no racter.

considerations seem to withhold them One savage had speared two others at from the accomplishment of their purPerth, one mortally, it was supposed; pose. but after the lapse of a week, the A soldier, standing at his barrack-door wounded man set out, with others of his in Perth, was killed by a shower of tribe, in search of his enemy, whom spears, although a solemn promise had they overtook, and wounded with seven been made by the murderers that they spears. The determined interference of would not take revenge for the death of a colonist saved him from death.

one of their tribe, whom the military White a poor boy was sitting by a fire, party had some time before shot, when he was transfixed, in order to settle the making his escape, after they had arrested balance of a spearing account, connected him for housebreaking and robbery, unwith the death of the son of a celebrated der very aggravated circumstances. chief.

While, however, these heathens are Happily, the wounds inflicted by these left in their ignorance, it is vain to sup. spears, even in feuds of a deadly nature, pose that they will either respect or even are rarely mortal. In the former of the comprehend the social duties; and in cases stated, one of the seven spears estimating their character, much allowhad entered deeply into the body, with- ance will be made by the philanthropist. out any very serious result. Very often, Several circumstaạces tend to prove that in these combats, no wound at all is in the Australians may be taught to distinflicted, owing to the wonderful agility guish between right and with which the combatants jump aside, striking instance of their capacity in this at the critical moment; and except in respect is related by Major Campbell. the most serious quarrels, it is considered A native, who had been taught to unfoul play to aim higher than the leg orderstand the import of the eighth com

and few of these people are with mandment, detected one of his compaout scars in those parts of the body. nions in the act of secreting a spoon,

A poor woman was speared in three while some settlers were hospitably preplaces, though shielded by a man who had paring food for him. The honest savage, constantly interposed his own person be- shocked at the conduct of the other, took tween her and the threatened dart of her the spoon from him, and compelled him assailant; but having at length failed to depart without the dinner intended for in defending her, the savage walked off him. with a smiling countenance, satisfied that Indeed, by the exercise of a judicious he had done enough in a woman's cause, system of management, they have, in leaving the object of his recent protec- some instances, been made, not only to tion and apparent anxiety, writhing on distinguish between right and wrong, the ground in agony. He knew nothing but even to consent to the infliction of of that sympathy which made the good punishment for transgressions. Samaritan act so different a part.

Mr. Dawson states a very interesting

wrong. A

thigh;

are

case to this effect. That gentleman had the loss of life and property to the setacquired (in South Australia) such a tlers, by some daring savages,) it has moral control over the natives in his not been found necessary to use arms neighbourhood, as to induce one of them against them. to inflict a dozen lashes on one of his We will conclude these remarks with fellows for pilfering ; and when the an anecdote, which shows that these peopunishment was over, the offender, who ple are teachable; that they have within had not flinched in the least, came up them the elements of better things, the to Mr. Dawson, and said, “ Murry cooler capacity for that knowledge which maketh now, massa ; are you angry with me

" wise unto

salvation through faith now ? I no more crammer, (steal,) massa, which is in Christ Jesus ;” that they can neber."

be made to understand “the first prinIf these creatures be cunning, and ciples at least of the oracles of God;" sometimes treacherous, the cause may and that, though they have at present no often be traced to the ill treatment they powers for “ strong meat,” they have received at the hands of the Euro- | become such as have need of milk," even pean, inflicting unprovoked injuries, of “the sincere milk of the word,” that which the memory is retained through they may "grow thereby." successive generations.

The story is this, and we are inIf they once acquire confidence in any debted to a private letter of Mr. Moore individual, they may be guided like chil- for the information. dren ; and they soon learn to distin- A native, named Weeip, had speared guish those strangers on whose word a soldier to death, and had been conreliance may be placed.

cerned in the murder of a young coloMajor Campbell considers the northern nist, (though possibly with sufficient inhabitants (and they are probably the cause, according to his own notions of least tractable of the tribes) as a mild retributive justice,) for which atrocities race, attached to their wives and children, he was outlawed and pursued. irascible, it is true, (sometimes terribly Mr. Moore was instrumental in proso, we know,) but easily appeased. curing the pardon of this wretched inan,

Mr. Moore, as far as we can learn, under the following circumstances. seems to have gained their confidence In July, 1834, a strong sensation was in an extraordinary degree.* He has excited in the colony, by a report conpartially prevailed upon one of them to veyed through the natives, that a vessel form a little establishment of house and had been wrecked nearly six months land for winter occupation; and it ap- previously, to the northward of the Swan -pears that they have acquired some ex- River settlement, and that the crew and perience of the comforts resulting from passengers were living in two rude tents. the cultivation of the earth.

This was a subject of absorbing inBread, which hitherto has been libe- terest, and much deliberation took place, rally distributed among them by the co- respecting the best mode of effecting a lonists, is such an important object, as communication with the strangers. At will doubtless induce them to raise corn first, an overland expedition on horsein sufficient quantities for their own use, back was suggested ; but this scheme to the great relief of their present bene- was abandoned, on account of the high factors, who suffer much annoyance from prices of horses, as it would have cost the incessant importunity for food. Ul- live hundred pounds to carry it into timately, they may provide occasional as- effect. sistance to the settlers, who have now so It was then determined by the governinadequate a supply of stipendiary labour, ment, to send a vessel direct to Shark's and that at so insupportable a cost. Bay, (the supposed scene of the ship

It is admitted that the Australian abo- wreck,) and thence to search along the rigines are trustworthy and most punc- coast, which is only approachable at two tual in the delivery of parcels and letters ; points. and since a serious rencounter with them While pondering over every probable in the Murray district, (where a sum- mode of communicating with the supmary example was deemed necessary by posed sufferers, Mr. Moore seems Sir James Stirling, in consequence of have been struck with the practicability

of conveying a letter to them, through • Before his character was fully appreciated, two attempts were made upon his liie. Ho alludes to

the agency of the natives; and he obthis in his published letters.

tained from the governor authority to

to

propose the liberation of Weeip's son, would speak to the governor in favour of (then in prison, as an accomplice in the Weeip himself; that the outlaw at length murder of the soldier,) as an induce consented, and said, that if Mr. Moore ment to any of his friends who would de- would go “ when the sun had walked a liver a letter to the shipwrecked party, little way,” to an appointed spot, he and bring back an answer.

would answer his call. They parted. It was not, however, easy to effect an Mr. Moore wrote a letter, “to the surimmediate communication with any of vivors of the shipwreck," informed them the natives, who, afraid of encountering that a vessel was about to sail for their the military patroles, had concealed relief, directing them to look out, make themselves closely in their hiding-places. signals, hoist flags, raise beacons, and

But Mr. Moore persevered in riding send back the bearer, as soon as possible, about, in the hope of meeting Weeip. with information as to their exact loFrom the information afforded to him, cality, etc. etc. He wrote two or three he succeeded in finding some of the na

documents to the same effect, in large tives, but these were ignorant of any characters, rolled the whole tightly in English words ; yet he contrived to make oiled silk, and then repaired to the place himself intelligible, by signs and a few where Weeip had promised to meet him. words, to one who had, on a former occa- When Mr. Moore arrived there, he sion, called himself the son of Weeip.

looked round on all sides. The spot was Mr. Moore explained his desire to happily chosen for the security of the meet the outlaw himself, to whom, after outlaw; a thicket to the right, an extenhe had given sufficient evidence of his sive plain in front: no living creature pacific intentions, he was conducted by appeared to Mr. Moore, until he had the individual just referred to, who led called aloud; he was then instantly anhim through a thick wilderness, whistled swered from the opposite side of the gently, and pronounced the name of his valley, a 'vantage ground, from which companion, “ Mitzer Moore.”

four natives were observing all his moveWeeip, like a spectre, issued forth ments; so that they could easily have from the thicket, and came up, with a escaped observation and pursuit, if they cadaverous smile and outstretched hand. had noticed any thing suspicious on the The dialogue which ensued was brief part of their visitor, who descended one and emphatic.

side of the valley, crossed a brook, and, Mr. Moore detailed, in the manner, ascending the other side, was received and, as far as was practicable, in the by the natives in a friendly manner, language of the other, that black man though he remarked that they were suphad told white man, that other white plied with a formidable number of war men (friends) were sitting on the ground spears, with which they had equipped at a distance, crying, and that the ship themselves, since his preceding visit to which had walked over the sea with

the outlaw. them, was broken on the rocks; that the Mr. Moore showed to Weeip the small white men were sorrowful, and that he parcel, which was about the thickness of ' (Mr. Moore) would give black man a à man's finger, and four inches long, paper talk, (letter,) that black man should and asked him if he would go. The other give that paper talk to white man at a readily answered, “Yes," and all his distance; that paper talk should stop scruples seemed to be at an end. He there ; that white man should give an explained his plan, which was to take other paper talk to black man, who two companions, to avoid unfriendly should come back soon, and give it to tribes, take the direction of the coast, go Mr. Moore ; and then that Beelgomera in fifteen days, and return in the same (Weeip's son) would be a friend, and period of time. governor would say,

Thus was this benevolent gentlemanenfriend. Weeip, for a short interval, abled to render a father instrumental in seemed to be doubtful about something; obtaining freedom for his son, and to give but Mr. Moore showed such earnestness, the father himself the opportunity of obby look and gesture, and graphic sketches taining pardon from the doom of death, to on the sand, and so explained that the which he had been sentenced, by faithfully

paper talk” would tell whether Weeip fulfilling the arduous mission which he had seen white man, that Beelgomera had undertaken, for rescuing, as was supwould be free, if the old man succeeded posed, several human beings from a state in his mission, and that Mr. Moore of lingering misery and hopeless despair.

"Walk away,

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