Page images
PDF
EPUB

be told that the church will no longer support them in their work ? The present number of this periodical of their church goes to them, and it may bt long before they can hear of the answer which shall be given to the appeals now making, not only for the wants of the mission so dear to their hearts, but for the support of all our missions abroad. May these brethren at leasi be assured,' in the mean time, that many prayers are ascending froin those who have little of silver or gold to give. They will say thai Africa is remembered, in the missionary.company of another denomination, which goes out at this tinie, consisting of two missionaries and their wives, who go to undertake the establishment of a new mission, about sixty miles to windward of Cape Palmas.-Spirit of Missions.

MISSIONS TO AFRICA. At a public meeting held at Bristol, formerly the great mart of the slavetrade in England, on the 19th of November, the Rev. T. B. FREEMAN, who had recently returned from the Ashantee country, was present, and made statements which appear deeply to have interested the hearers, concerning the state of that kingdom, and of the whole region occupying the space between the territory of the Ashantees and the Gold Coast, in reference to missionary labors. He gave an encouraging detail of his own proceedings and those of his fellow laborers. He said, among other things, in alluding to the affecting sacrifice of life in the attempts of Europeans to civilize Africa, that it would never be accomplished but by native agency. It is also stated that at this meeting " Mr. DE GRAAPE, a native of Cape Coast, in a modest and sensible address, and in very good English, made a sew remarks, in which he alluded to himself as a living witness of the good effected by Christian missions, and expressed his humble belief that they from the west would at the last great day meet with their fellow Christians from the north, the south, and the east, and sit down together in the kingdom of their God forever."

The Chairman also stated that the Wesleyan Missions were making a most successful progress, but their funds were £60,000, occasionally the society was £20,000 in debt. He said there was a most favorable prospect from the consent of the king of Ashantee, for the introduction of Christianity into that region, and missionaries were ready to go forth on the good work. But £5000 were required for the purpose, towards which they had now nearly. £4000. They had recommended Mr. FREEMAN to come over and make his own appeal in England. Africa had a strong claim in Bristol, and ihat claim was honorably recognized by its merchants. Messrs. R. & W. K. had generously sent a check of £50 towards the object of the meeting. -Hartford Congregationalist.

[ocr errors]

From the Baltimore Patriot.

MARYL AND IN LIBERIA. We have before us the Ninth Annual Report of the Board of Managers of the Maryland State Colonization Society, and we are truly gratified to find that it presents a very favorable view, for the past year, of ihe condition of the Maryland colony planted at Cape Palmas. Not having space at present for the insertion of the report at length, we present a brief abstract of its material points. Not only have the relations of the colonists and natives afsorded to the Board the highest gratification, but alsu of its internal concerns, which are pronounced to be in the highest degree satisfactory. The Board truly remark that among the most important considerations connected withi

the colony, is its health, and that the fear of sickness there has often been sufficient to deter many who would otherwise bave emigraled. Letters however, from the Rev. Mr. Miror, of the Episcopal mission, and Dr. SAMUEL F. McGill, the colonial physician, pronounce the health of the missionaries and emigrants as now uniformly good, and their ability to labor thereby much increased. There had been no deaths in the colony from the first of July to the 6th of September, the date of the latest received despatches. The great mortality in the early periods of African colonization, is attributed to the ignorance which then existed as to the best modes of treating diseases incident to the climate, the unsheltered condition of the colonists, and the despondency that at times prevailed in consequence of the privations natural to their condition as first settlers. These evils have, happily, been all overcome, by their vastly improved condition, and as great a degree of health now prevails in the settlement as would have been experienced among the emigrants had they remained in the United States. The number of white residents (missionaries) is stated to be twenty, and that of the colored, five hundred. The relations of the Board with the former are in every respect satisfactory, and their labors in preserving " peace and good will”

“ ' between the natives and colonists, fully appreciated and acknowledged. No’ expedition having been despatched to the colony the past year, with emigrants, was in part owing to the want of funds, and the indisposition of the Society to incur a debt for that purpose; an additional reason also presented itself from the fact of a prevailing excitement for eniigration to Trinidad and Guiana, which existed io such an extent among the colored people as to prevent their listening to the favorable pretensions of any other place to their notice. Although firmly of opinion that time would develope that the inducenients held out by the English planters for the emigration of the free colored people were prompted more by self-interest than philanthropy, nevertheless the Board were unwilling to throw any difficulties in the way of that movement, as those emigrants would soon discover that the difference of color which formed the insuperable barrier to a social equality in America, was not less high nor more easily surmounted in those Islands than in Maryland.

The prosperity of the colony at Cape Palmas is evidenced by the trade that has been gradually centreing there, which has enabled the governor within the past year to contribute materially to its expenses, and the belief is inJulged that ere long the colonists will be enabled 10 export to this country cotton, coffee, rice, palın oil, and probably sugar, as the produce of their labor and industry, when the wealth of the Colony will be assured. With ihe view of facilitating the arrival of so desirable a period, and to render the intercourse between Baltimore and the Colony more regular and frequent, the Board are desirious to obtain a suitable vessel of their own, a measure deemed of very great importance, and for the accomplishment of which they have directed their agents to take subscriptions for this purpose especially, and have already between three and four thousand dollars subscribed. The assistant agent at the Colony, George R. McGill, is mentioned in very high terms, as a man of intelligence and information, who visited Bala timore during the past year, and on his remrn took with him his appointment as teacher of the Ladies' School, established at Harper by the Ladies of Baltimore. For the use of the "Ladies' Society," a commodious stone school-house has been erected, and the example set them by the ladies of our city is recommended to the favorable consideration of the ladies of Maryland generally, as great good might be done at a comparatively small expense. The managers conclude by mentioning, that there is not at present a white inan in office in “ Maryland in Liberia,”—and no white superinten

a

dence even on the coast. Governor Russworm is a person of color, and the colonial physician, Dr. Samuel Ford McGill, also a person of color, who received a diploma, with much credit to himself, in a northern college of medicine—and they deem it due to those individuals to state to the public their entire satisfaction with them, likewise to speak in approbation of that policy which induced the Board five years since to place the executive pow. er in Africa into the hands of a colored person, as both wise and just. — Upon a review of all these facts, as disclosed by the report of the Board of Managers, we see everything to encourage us in promoting the noble scheme of State Colonization so spiritedly entered into by the people of Maryland, and as the annual meeting of the Society will be held in the Senate chamber at Annapolis, on Tuesday evening next, an opportunity will be afforded the representatives of the people to say how far iheir proceedings merit the approbation of their constituents.

SOUTH AFRICA, From the Scoitish Christian Herald, issued on October 31, 1840, which we received by the last steamer, we extract an affecting narrative, by Mr. Ross, Missionary at Pirrie :

“ FEMALE DEGRADATION AMONG THE CAFFRES.—The state of the Caffre female is peculiarly degraded. There, as in all heathen countries, she is placed' far under the other sex in the scale of society. Conscious, as it were, of her own inferiority, she willingly submits to be a slave, and thinks it beyond her province to exercise even a thought beyond the work of her hands. When about to be married, her consent never asked ; and often her husband is a person she has never seen. The choice sometimes is thus niade.—Her father sends an arsegai to the man he has fixed upon, as likely to give the number of cattle he wants for her. If the weapon is accepted, it is understood that the acceptor is willing to take the girl. In that case her father sends her, accompanied by a lew friends. They arrive at the kraal in the evening, and sit down outside the place. The dogs immediately begin to bark. The inhabitants thus know that strangers have come. They accordingly go out and inquire whence they liave come, and their errand. The strangers explain, and ask a place to rest in for the night. A hut is assigned them. Next morning the girl is brought out and examined

. from head to foot, as you would examine a brute beast, by the principal men of the kraal ; after which she is returned to her hut, and the man is asked whether he is willing to take her. If he says he is willing, an ox forth with is slaughtered, and dancing commences, which is continued for several days.

But should it be otherwise-should her person not please, she is seni home, and her father is told to send another daughter.

“ A painsul case fell recently under any own observation. While the girls were in the school, the father of one of them was heard saying out. side, that he had given back the cattle, so that his daughter might return home. That led me to inquire into the circumstances; and I was told that the young woman had been married a few weeks before, to a man whom she did not know, whom she had never seen, but who had sent to her father for one of his daughters, offering to give three head of cattle. The proposal had been accepted, and the girl was sent to the purchaser, who had her person examined in the usual way, and declared himself satisfied. But next day she took surh a dislike to him, that she left, and returned home. In the mean time, her father had set out on a journey ; but a brother of hers, on hearing what had happened, ordered her to return, beating her at the same time severely. She declared that she would not go back, as she dis

[ocr errors]

liked the man. But finding no shelter at home, slie marle' her escape to the kraal of a great man in this neighborhood, wiose children lateiy had como to school. He sent her away, ordering her, as her brother had done. But she again returned, saying that she could not live with that man. There she remained for some time undetected, and canie to school with the other girls. But on her father's return, a complaint was lodged with him. He went in person to visit the man, whom he had never before seen, and was himself so dissatisfied, that he resolved on taking back his daughter, which was easily inanaged; for the man was perfectly indifferent wheiher he got back his wife or his cattle. The father returned him his beasts. He then set about searching for his daughter, and found her in the school.”

THE SLAVE TRA DE. From the Cape of Good Hope.—The Cape of Good Hope Shipping List of November 24th, received at this office, contains the following particulars relative to the progress of the Slave Trade on the Eastern Coast of Africa.—Journal of Commerce.

The Spanish barque Anelia, of 278 tons, but under the Portuguese flag, from Havana, bound to Mozambique, was taken off the harbor on 31st ult., after an arduous chase of 21 hours, by H. B. S. Acorn, Capt. J. Adams, being fully fitted for slaves, and having on board 27,000 Spanish dollars for the purchase of the same, and has been sent into 'Table Bay with 10 slaves on board, taken out of a large dow of 150 tons, also captured by H. M. S. Acorn, with 30 slaves, (the remaining 20 taken on board the Acorn,) but is said to have landed 200 near Mozambique harbor, the evening previous to her capture. The hull was to be destroyed.

A large brig, the Portia, sailing under Portuguese colors, had been fined previous to' Acorn's arrival at Mozambique harbor, and allowed to depart, with a pasport for the Havana, but on getting outside, the slaver commenced levying contributions of slaves from the different ports, and plundering Arabs down along the coast. Not having water casks on board (they having been burned at Mozambique harbor,) he stood over the island of Joana, and levied a contribution from an English schooner and an American whaler lying there, after which he continued his course for the island of Mayotta, where he anchored, and sent to the King to procure him 200 slaves, with a sufficient supply of rice and water to maintain them. However, he ended his cruise here, for a French corvette happend to come round the island, and, on observing a vessel at anchor, sent her boats and took him. He was sent into Mozambique harbor, and it was said that he had on board 250 Arabs,

The three Spanish slavers condemned by the local government at Mozambique harbor, (see our No. 45,) have since been ascertained to be the Great Antilles, Relampago, and Emprendedor, but sailing under Portuguese colors, with the following names: Gloria, Maria Segunda, and Enrprendedor. The cargoes and specie they had on board were given up to the masters, after heavy lines had been levied on them; the prize brig Relampago, taken into the government service, and fitted up as a man-of-war, had been expedited for the different ports along the coast

, with orders for taking any vessels that might have eniered fitted for the Slave Trade ; the Governor General besides taking very active steps to suppress the Slave Trade, had removed from their post all the Governors of the different ports suspected of giving any countenance thereto.

negroes, &c.

CAPTURE OF A Slaver.-We have been favored with the subjoined ertract from a letter to a gentleman of this city, daied St. Croix, December 30:

“ I belield this morning, in company with several gentlemen, one of the most horrible sights my eyes ever encountered. An English brig of war which cruises in the vicinity of Porto Rico, while running from St. Thomas to this island, observed at a considerable distance a small dirty looking craft, which would not have been suspected as a slaver but from the number of men seen upon

deck. After a short chase, the brig came up to her, and from her appearance the commander of the brig was satisfied she was do slaver, but concluded that after having taken the trouble of giving her a chase, they might as well search her. On opening the hatches, they found the hold crammed with negroes from 8 to 12 years old, stark naded, with their heads shaved.

The crew of the slaver was immediately taken on board the brig, and the slaver manned and brought into this port.

This morning after breakfast, we engaged a boat and went along side the slaver, and conversed some time with the lieutenant in command, on the subject of his vocation.

Several of the little sufferers were very ill, and one died last nighi. They were all placed around the sides of the vessel, and as we approached, they grinned and waved their hands at us, apparently quite happy and pleased with having their liberty on deek.

I do noi regret that I took the trouble to see them, but I never desire to i see another such a horrible sight. The cargo belongs to a Spaniard in Porto Rico, whose loss will be $60,000. The brig has just fired a salute, which ! has been answered from the fort, and she is departing for Porto Rico, whence the slaver will be sent to Havana, where I suppose these unfortunate creatures will be apprenticed to Spanish masters."--New York Commercial Advertiser.

The Rev. C. W. ANDREWS, the late rector of St. Andrew's church, Pittsburg, whose failing health compelled him to resign that station, purposes visiting our missionary stations in Africa. We hope he may find restoration for his health, and future ability for greater usesulness.

- We beg the attention of our reailers, in the South and South-west, to the notice that an expedition will sail from New Orleans in April or May next. We hope all our exchange papers will insert this notice.

Let the Emigrants on all the tributaries of the Mississippi be ready at that time; and, let the patrons of the Society remember, that ihe expedition just sailed, has drained our treasury. Our funds, then, must be increased, and that immediately. Let all our agents redouble their diligence, as we are doing at this oifice, to raise money. It will require every possible exertion to provide the means to send off the contemplated expedition.

Is An error occurs in the Report of the Board of Directors, which escaped our notice, and needs correction. The receipts of the last year are given, without deducting the amount in hand at the date of the last Annual Report.

« PreviousContinue »