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RECEIPTS OF THE AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY, AND EXPENDITURES, FROM JANUARY 21, 1840, TO JAN. 19, 1841.
587 30 26,145 25
Paid Old Debts,
cers and Seamen, and other Incidental Expenses,
for gratuitous circulation,
Cash on hand, January 21, 1840, per last Report,
Net sales of Cam.
The undersigned Committee, appointed 10 audit the accounts of the Treasurer and Executive Committee, from January 21, 1840,
ANSON G. PHELPS,
Notice.- The Execntive Committee expect to send out another Expedition to Liberia in April next, from New Orleans, of which due notice will be given. Emigrants preparing to go, should make immediate application. Editors generally will please give notice of this expedition ; and our friends bear in mind the necessities of the emigrants, and the wants of the Society,
Published semi-monthly, at $1 50 in advance, when sent ty muil, or $2 00 if not paid
till after the expiration of six months, or when delivered to subscribers in cities.
AFRICAN TRADE. We desire to call the attention of our readers to the article in' the present number in relation to the African trade. We are rejoiced that the subject of our commerce with Africa is beginning to claim the public attention, and to call forth the power of the public press. It has long been known to a few enterprising men, that this trade was immensely valuable. To carry it on they have been willing to run the hazard of being caught and plundered by the slavers on the coast, or of being seized and condemned under false pretences, by the men-ofwar of a rival country, eager to grasp and monopolize that tradu. Under all these disadvantages, and amid all these opposing dangers, the trade has been profitable. What then would it be, if the the slavers were driven from the coast, if our merchantmen were protected by the presence of our men-of-war, and if the children of Africa were kept at home, and taught to cultivate the soil, engage in useful industry, and open to us the vast resources of the country? We are altogether wrong in our calculations if it would not be for the pecuniary interest of our citizens on the sea-board to take up the plans of the Colonization Society, and prosecute them with the same zeal, energy, and liberality, that they do their own private business, or their works of public improvement. Every dollar that they spend in strengthening the colony of Liberia--in removing there the free people of color from our own country, where they are a public tax, and in establishing regular lines of communication between the two countries, will return rich laden into their coffers, in a very short time, having cheered and blessed multitudes in its journey.
We have no hesitation in appealing thus to the self-interest of our citizens to support and carry out the plans of the American Colonization Society. They may enjoy the fulfilment in this life, of the great principle of charity —"cast thy bread upon the waters and it shall return after many days ?" If they are disposed to engage in this work with the right motives, their bread shall feed multitudes as it floats upon the waters, and shall return greatly increased in quantity.
It will not be long till some country shall gather rich gain from the forests and the mines, the Elephants and the soil of Africa. The nalions are beginning to understand this fact, and are taking incipient measures to make the jewel theirs. The field of competition is fairly open, and there will doubtless be a struggle for the prize. But there is no nation that possesses such advantages as ours. We have the wherewithal to do good to Africa on the broadest scale. We have on foot a plan of benevolence adequate to her wants. We have in our country enough of her own children, with intelligence and enterprise enough, to carry her the principles of civil government and the institutions of christianity, and to exert a controllinginfidence along her entire sea-board, and on the banks of all her navigable rivers. We also have wealih enough to transport them there and render them comforta: ble and happy in their new abode. This done, we have a hold on them, and on all over whom they have an influence, which can never be broken. It will ever be their interest to pour into this country the tide of their commerce. We can take their raw material and return it to them better manufactured and cheaper than any other country,-while our country abounds in all the articles necessary for their use and deficient in their own country.
SLAVE TRADE SANCTIONED BY THE KING OF GREECE.--The Malta 'Times, of the 5th instant, in giving the details of a case transporting slaves on board a Greek vessel, speaks of the fact of Greek vessels being employed in the Slave 'Trade as of an every day occurrence, of which no one could be ignorant. This has led to inquiries here ; and it appears certain that King Orho has been fully aware of it for about two years, and that he has been, and sull remains deaf to the remonstrances of his Ministers, and that he positively will not do any thing to put a stop to it, or allow the law to be carried into effect against the offenders, who land their cargoes under the windows of his consuls in Turkey, who never fail to report the circumstances. Nothing but publicity will have the eflect of putting an end to this infamous traflic, carried on under the flag of regenerated Greece.
And is this from the land of the ancient Greeks! and Otho, the king of that country, that a few days ago appealed to the world to aid her in a death struggle før liberty, and the elevation of her down-trodden
a citizens? Surely it cannot be ! or if it can, ihen must we say, " how are the mighty fallen!” How is the glory of Greece departed!
But we trust that a day of brighter promise will come to that land. The insulted ashes of her heroes and her patriots must soon arise ! Her stained glory and her fallen crest, will not long bear the indignity of her reigning, but grovelling king. Hasten, oh the day of her iedemption! Speak mightily, thou echo of the story of her glory! Thunder in the tyrant's ears! Her children must not only be free themselves! They must frown on that cursed traffic under which Africa groans ! and at which all the sympathies of human nature revolt. Speed thee, thou guardian spirit of Libcria; hover where the tyrant sits in cold blood enthroned, nor lifts a hand to shelter thy brethren and kindred from the horrors of death ! Tell in his ear what sacrifices it has cost to plant the standard of liberty on the shores of Africa! Tell him how much his help is needed in the work of civil and moral renovation. Shame him for the indignity lie has donethe disgrace he has heaped on his ancestors :-and make him in anticipation, feel the curse which his own posterity will pour upon his head!
Then may we hope his hard heart will be softened, his dry eye op a tear, and his potent arm redress the insulted honor of his dr one, and protect the innocent and defenceless from the wrath of thrir merciless enslavers. the
From Havana-Just before the Natchez lest, a brig arrived from Gallinas, on the coast of Africa, bringing intelligence of an outrage on a couple of factories at that place by a British man-of-war. One of them was on. ed by Don Pedro Blanco, and the other by Don Pedro MARTINEZ, and were the most extensive at the place. The man-of-war's crew was sent ashore, goods to the amount of $500,000 were destroyed, and no less that 1,500 negroes employed about them made their escape. We could learn no farther particulars, but our informant states that the news created a great excitement at Havana.—New Orleans Picayune.
We trust that the above intelligence is true. Gallinas is a river about eighty miles to the windward of Monrovia, and is, beyond all dispute, a slave mart. Pedro Blanco has, for more than twenty years, been very extensively engaged in this unholy traffic, and has probably shipped more slaves from Africa, than any one individual, since the trade was first commenced by the Europeans. The Governors of Liberia make frequent mention of his being a dangerous enemy to the Colony. It is more than suspected that he has added piracy to his other crimes. If it is true, as stated, that $500,000 worth of goods have been destroyed at that mart
, the friends of mankind may congratulate themselves that not less than 30,000 human beings will be saved from the horrors of the middle passage. It is well known that MARTINEZ is also a slave dealer. Where the slave dealer hangs out his bloody flag, the honest trader cannot flourish. What was Bianco doing with 1,500 negroes ? Doubtless they were slaves, ready to be shipped. We hold that the British cruisers are not justifiable in insulting our ships by exercising the unauthorized right of search, but no man will find fault with them for breaking up these dens of iniquity. Such men as Blanco and Martinez should be treated as enemies of the human race.
There is at New Cesters, to the leeward of Monrovia, an infamous miscreant, named THEODORE CANOT, engaged in the Slave Trade, whom we commend to the notice of the cruisers on the coast.
We are permitted to make the following extracts from a letter from Dr. W. H. Taylor, of Milisburg, a Colonist who went from this City, to his grandmother:
“I am sorry to write to you that you are again to be disappointed in your long cherished expectation of seeing me. My situation and calling is of such a nature that, at present, I'cannot leave it. By leaving at this particular time, I should not only turn myself out of business, and thereby lose many hundreds of dollars, to the very serious injury of myself and family, but should also very materially injure the cause of God; and disappoint the best expectations of hundreds of my friends. It is true you may have great reason to think very strange of me for not coming ; but my dear grandmother, if you only knew what my situation is, and how my business stands, you would at once excuse me.
I learn that times are hard and difficult in America, and that many poor people suffer very much. Now if you will come out to me, you shall not
suffer. It is true you are old. But I see many persons liere as old as you, and perhaps older. But they are doing well, and so can you. Besides, for the sake of those children who are growing up in ignorance, who have not the advantages of school-here they can have all the advantages that white children have in America.
Besides all this, all that stuff about people having the fever and dying here, it is all a farce. There are a number who have not had the fi:ver since they came. Some have been here ten, some fifteen years, and have never had one day's sickness in that time.
My situation is a comfortable one, and I want you and the children to come and enjoy these comforts with me, while you and I live. I know that many will try to persuade you not to come ; but let them say and do as they are minded, do you come to me, and you will not regret it. My own health is as good, if not better than it was in America. You can have no idea of the beauty of this country.
People talk about it being a dry and hot country. No greater mistake can be made. The sun is never as hot here as it is in America in the summer season. You never see a dry tree here, without leaves, as you see there, in the winter. But the trees are always growing, the grass is always green. As soon as you gather one crop of peas, or corn, or potatoes, or cabbages, or cucumberg, or any thing, you may turn round and plant again in the same place, and so all the year. You do not suffer here with cold feet. The children do not have to cry about their hands being cold, when they go to the pump for water. But it is not worth while for me to say so niuch about the country ; if yon will come, I promise you shall not suffer. And you need not be afraid of the fever, for so far as I am able to judge, it is not half as bad as are the fevers in America. I am not alone in this assertion.
[ am sorry to see the very little improvement of Charles Henry, in writing and spelling. I could scarcely make out to read his letter. I am very inch obliged to him for writing.
Tell Lucretia that her brother, Joun WOODLAND, is still living; but I have not set eyes on him since I have been in Africa. He lives at Marshall, and as I never find time to visit these places, and he has never been here in Millsburg, that I know of since I bave been here, therespre I have not seen him. But I understand he is well.
My dear mother, are you still neglecting the interests of your immortal soul? When you see your health declining—when you see time flying with inconceivable velocity, and yourself borne upon its wings as swiftly as the swallow upon the wind—and yet you are sorgeisul of your soul } Oh my dear mother, let not this be the case any longer !
There is every reason in the world for you to come over to Africa. Your own comfort-the satisfaction of being with the only one of your children or grand children, who is able to help you—that in your last moments you may not be abandoned to suffer in some poor home, with not a friend to wipe the last lear from your dying eyes. If the children are here, and I should Jie first, I have houses and lands and other property to which, of course, they will fall heirs. But if there is no one here to see to it, it may soon be squandered ; and though they may hereafter come to see about it, the deeds and litles may have been destroyed, and some one else got possession, who has no right to it. Now is the time I want them and you to come. And we will make a family grave yard on some one of my lots, and there will we all be buried.
I remain your most affectionate grandson,
W. H. TAYLOR.