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Published semi-monthly, at $1 50 in advance, when sent by mail, or $2 00 if not paid
till after the expiration of six months, or when delivered to subscribers in cities.
TO OUR READERS. The Board of Directors of the American Colonization Society, at their annual meeting, January 21, 1841, adopted the following resolution :
“ Resolved, That the Rev. W. McLain be appointed Editor of the African Repository and Colonial Journal."
After mature deliberation, I have concluded to accept this appointment; and now, with suitable acknowledgments to the honorable Board of Directors, and with profound respect for the readers of the Repository, enter on the discharge of the important duties which it devolves upon me. It is a station to which " I am all unused.” It demands talents and acquirements of a peculiar order. It ought to be well occupied. The good that may be accomplished through it, is great--while imprudence or incompetency in its management may do lasting injury.
In these circuiristances, I can only say, I will do the best I can.
The Repository has just entered on its seventeenth volume. It has been the expounder of the great principles of the American Colonization Society, and the uncompromising defender of its interests. It has been occupied in diffusing information relative to the origin, character, and condition of the colored race. It has developed ihe vast resources of the African Continent. It has laid open the horrors of the Slave Trade; has followed the cursed ship to her place of destination; and depicted the sufferings consequent thereon. It has plead the cause of the free colored people of our own country, and described the various plans which have been set on foot for their amelioration. It has occupied itself wholly in efforts to elevate and bless the African race in their own father land, and in all the countries where they have been carried
During these seventeen years, the Repository has circulated in all parts of the country. Its list of subscribers has sometimes been large, and sometimes small. Multitudes have read it, from its origin to the present time, and have it regularly on file, or bound, and in their libraries.
It has thus acquired a character of its own. It needs no introduction by the present Editor ; it needs no commendation now. What it has been, in its spirit, principles, and purposes, suclı it will continue to be. Its friends will still meet in it their old friend, and if the shape of his hat or the cut of his coat is somewhat altered, or even the style of his dress considerably changed—and should the force of his intellecinal powers be less, and the interest of his communications any thing deficient--they will recognize in him the same heart, and see him enshrined in the same identity of character.
As such, it is hereby commended to the kind treatment and continued friendship of its old patrons, and the hope expressed that it may make many new friends, and commend itself to every man's con science, as the champion of truth and righteousness, and the spread of liberal principles over the whole earth
We have the pleasure of announcing to our readers, that the African Repository has now become the property of the American Colonization Society. It is now under the control, and devoted to the interests, of the friends and managers of this great scheme of benevolence. Many of our readers have been under a mistake in regard to the ownership of the Repository during its past existence; and we allude to the subject here, for the purpose of making some explanatory statements. During the last two years, many of the subscribers have been called upon to pay back dues to a considerable amount. They felt grieved at this, because they supposed the Repository was under the control of the Society, and its profits devoted to the cause of Colonization, and as they had annually contributed something to the Society, they supposed the Repository was sent to them on that account, as they had never been called upon to pay for it. The truth, however, was, that the Repository was owned by Mr. Dunn, now deceased, to the close pf the year 1839. (The annount due previous to that time is now the only dependence of his orphan children.) Then, to save it from extinction, Judge WILKESON purchased it. During the year 1840, a fair experiment was made, and it has been found that, if it is well conducted, the subscription list properly attended to, and suitable efforts made to procure new subscribers, it can be sent gratuitously to all Auxiliary Societies, and to all life-members, of the American Colonization Society, to all clergymen who make an annual collection for the American Colonization Society, to all life-subscribers of $10 and upwards, and to all persons who obtain five or more cash subscribers—and still be made io yield a handsome profit to the Society.
Under these considerations, the Board of Directors, regarding it as an indispensable auxiliary to the American Colonization Society, aç their last meeting, January 21, unanimously adopted the following resolution :
"Resolved. That the African Repository and Colonial Journal is of great importance as a inedium of communication belween the American Coloni, zation Society and the Public, and therefore ought to be owned and confrolled by it, and that the Executive Committee purchase it—this purchase to be considered as taking effect from January 1, 1841."
We regard this action of the Board as exceedingly auspicious to the interests of Colonization. Every friend of the cause will now feel that he has a real, substantial interest in the success of the Repository. If he receives it gratuitously, he will render a fair equivalent in services to the general cause. If he takes it as a paying subscriber, he will feel that, whenever his subscription is due, it is wanted to carry out the plans of the Society, and that, if he withholds it, so much will be abstracted from the funds absolutely indispensable to the progress and triumph of that scheme of benevolence to which he is devotedly attached.
Let it not, however, be forgotten, that every thing depends on the faithfulness and energy of the real friends of Colonization. The Board of Directors believed that the Repository might be made a source of profit to the Society; but they were aware that, in order to this, the subscribers must resolve to support the paper, by punctually paying their own dues, and by well-timed efforts to increase its circulationwhile they deprecated a result adverse to the interests pecuniary of the Society. And we hesitate not to say, that every contributor to the funds of the American Colonization Society would demur against any appropriation from said funds, to pay the necessary expenses of printing and circulating the only publication devoted to its interests.
In these circumstances, we lay the cause before a generous public. Reader, “Thou art the man !" Thy countenance and support is greatly needed. We appeal to thee for aid, in making known to the American people the present attitude, the pressing wants, and the brightening prospects of African Colonization! “Knowledge is power.” We cannot rely with certainty of success on the liberality of the grent majority of our citizens, unless they are kept constantly advised of the trials and the accomplishments, the claims and the encouragements, «which this cause presents.
THE LAST EXPEDITION,
Since the Annual Report was in type, Mr.KNIGHT, an assistant in the office, who had been charged with the laborious duty of collecting the emigrants for the expedition just sailed, has returned, and made an interesting report of his tour to Dandridge and Knoxville, Tennessee.
The emigrants-ten in number, father, mother, and eight children, left free, as before stated, by the will of Hugh MARTIN, on condition of their em, igrating to Liberia-endured this long journey, in the most inclement season of the year, with great cheerfulness. The parents and oldest children can read, and promise to make industrious and useful citizens.
The company from Culpeper county, Virginia, consisted of twenty-seven, twenty-four of whom were left by the will of the late T'hos. Hall, to be sent to Liberia ; one free man and one free woman, connected by marriage with this company, emigrated with them. One slave, FRANK WRIGHT, be. longing to Major LIGHTFOOT, was also freed, and accompanied his wife and five children, freed by will of Mr. Hall. This man had been for twenty years his master's superintendent, was very intelligent, and seemed to appreciate both the hardships and the blessings that Liberia presents. He remarked, that “freedom could not increase his own personal comforts ; but the good of his children required any sacrifice, that he might be with them and take care of them, in a country where they could enjoy equal rights."
We have never sent ont a company of emigrants more promising than the present. Their accommodations were excellent, having abundance of room
in the lower cabin of the brig“ R. Groning," of two hundred fons, which sailed on the 3d instant."
Our thanks are due to the benevolent citizens of Norfolk, for the very liberal donations they made to our agent, Mr. Knight, in clothing, shoes, and other articles for the use of these emigrants; and the thanks of the Society are due to Mr. Knight, for the diligence and economy with which his duties have been performed.
For the African Repository.
Mr. EDITOR, -A more benevolent and important enterprise thap the AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY, has not been undertaken during the last age. Its disasters and difficulties have been great, for often the whole scheme seemed to be near to complete discomfiture. But, hitherto, Providence has interposed in a wonderful manner for its extrication from difficulties and dangers, and not only for its preservation, but prosperity and increase. It would be scarcely possible to find, in the history of Colonization, a parallel case, where a Colony had been planted in a foreign, distant, and barbarous country, by a private Society, and supported for twenty years, without any pecuniary aid from any Government. The philanthropic English gentlemen who tirsi established ihe Colony of Sierra Leone vere, it is true, a private company, although composed of men of great wealth as well as influence; but, in a very few years, the burden was found too onerous, and they peti: tioned the English Government to take it off their hands; since which transfer, the Colony has cost the British Government a sụm 100 great to be systained by any limited number of private individuals. It would have been far easier course, for the Government to have supplied the necessary funds, and 10 have assumed the general jurisdiction, and to have left the management of the affairs of the Colony to the philanthropic men who formed the enterprise. The Government of that country has too many important con. rerns to take care of, 10 manage with wisdom the concerns of an infani Colony, on a barbarous coast, in another Continent. The British themselves being judges, the Colony of Liberia has been governed with far more wisdom and economy than that of Sierra Leone. But this is far too momentons a concern to be left in the hands of a private company, and that a feeble one, as lo resources. It is wonderful that they have been able to sustain it thus far. The most enlightened and influential friends of the Colgnization Society foresaw that, to prosecute this enterprise effectually, the ajd of Government would become absolutely necessary, and the managers of the Society began, at an early period of their existence, to memorialize Congress on the subject, and their memorials were repeated and urged on that body, as long as a ray of hope of a favorable result remained. At one time, it seemed as if the Society was actually defunct, its affairs were in 80 ruinous a condition, and not, as I suppose, from any peculiar mismanagement, but from the obvious fact that the expenses were far too great for the uncertain resources of a private, voluntary association, and also from the impossibility of keeping up frequent and uninterrupted intercourse with the Colony. The Board at Washington could not know what expenses were necessarily incurred at Liberia, until the bills of their agents were sent home for payment. Under these inauspicious circumstances, the friends of Colonization in Maryland--always among the foremost and most zealous in the cause--despairing of success under the old regimen, withdrew from the American Colonization Society, and formed a new Society, under the patronage of, and in connexion with, the State of Maryland. Other Societies have attempted to imitate the example, but we have not heard that the Legislature of any, other State has come forward to give effectual aid; and there is rio important reason for establishing State Colonies, but to sècute the co-operation of the State. If this be not granted, all such separate Colonies, under their own peculiar organizations and laws, must be injurious to the general interests of African Colonization. At present, all the settlements from this country, on the coast of Africa, are under one Colonial Governor, except the Colony of New Maryland, at Cape Palmas, and a more discreet and energetic Governor we believe could not any where be found. Every thing, we learn, is prosperous in the affairs of Liberia, and improvements are in rapid progress. Peace exists with all the surrounding tribes, and the Colonists have conducted themselves with such admirable spirit in times of danger, that they have become a terror to the wicked, all around, far and near. What, then, is the difficulty ? How can it be said that a crisis in the affairs of the Society has arrived? The whole matter can be explained in a few words. The Society cannot proceed much longer without the aid of Government. Either the General Government must come forward, and take the general superintendence and jurisdiction of the Colony, or the States must step forward, in imitation of the State of Maryland. Whatever is done, however, should be done in concert. We have had division enough in our councils and operations already. Now we are united, let us remain so. But the truth is, the Society must receive more effectual aid than has yet been afforded; and, unless it be afforded by the States or United States, this glorious enterprise, so auspiciously commenced, and so Providentially preserved and prospered, must be relinquished. Not that the good which has already been effected will be nullified; we believe that the little Colony of Liberia will prosper, if we should never send them another emigrant or another dollar. But ihe grand object of the projectors and friends of the American Colonizalion Society would be defeated.
There is another aspect of this subject which demands the immediate and solemn attention of our legislators in Congress and elsewhere. The British are now engaged in maturing a plan to take possession, not only of all the western coast, but also of the interior of the African Continent. Their object is grand and difficult, but it is practicable. They aim at the destruction of the nefarious Slave Trade, which all their exertions, with their mighty navy, and by diplomacy, have been unable even to lessen. They aim also at finding new markets for their manufactures; and last, not least, they contemplate a system by which they shall, in time, be rendered inde. pendent of the United States for the raw material of their most extensive manufacture. This they no doubt have a right to accomplish, if they can ; but, in the mean time, what will become of our Colonies in Liberia ? They will inevitably fall into the hands of the British. Not that the British will seize them by force ; but these feeble Colonies, neglected by their own Gov. ernment, will find it to be necessary to throw themselves under the protection of the British Government, or the British will so wage war as to make It the interest of these Colonies to be in connexion with them. And at present they are an anomaly on the globe ; they are not Colonies of the United States, neither are they an independent nation. Their vessels, met with at sea, would, by the law of nations, be liable to be treated as pirates. Thirty years ago, the great and wise State of Virginia deliberated, in candor, with solemn earnestness, about procuring a territory on the coast of Africa, and commissioned the great JEFFERSON 10 procure it for tbem ; but they were unable to accomplish the desired object. Now, the territory is in possession, bought and paid for with money, and doubly paid for by the