« PreviousContinue »
THE AFRICAN REPOSITORY,
Published semi-monthly, at $150 in advance, when sent by mail, or $200 if not paid
till after the expiration of six months, or when delivered to subscribers in cities. VOL. XVIII.] WASHINGTON, OCTOBER 1, 1841. [No. 19.
EXPEDITION FOR LIBERIA.
THE NEXT EXPEDITION FOR LIBERIA WILL SAIL FROM NORFOLK, VIR
GINIA, ON OR NEAR THE 10TH OF OCTOBER Inst. This will probably be the last expedition that we shall send out this year. We therefore call the attention of all persons contemplating going to Liberia to this favorable opportunity. Emigrants who have engaged their passage will please not fail to reach Norfolk by that day, well furnished with all the implements of husbandry, household articles, and cooking utensils necessary to carry with them.
Persons wishing to send goods or packages to Liberia, will please for ward them to our agents in Norfolk, Messrs. Soutter & Bell.
All letters and papers for colonists may be forwarded to them, or to this office.
Persons holding money in their hands for the Society, will please remit it as soon as possible.
And we will consider it a special favor if our annual subscribers whose súbscriptions fall due about this time, will have the kindness to remember us in this our time of need.
We rely on the liberality of our friends to enable us to get off this expe. dition. Many of the persons about to be sent must go soon, to save them from hopeless bondage. Their hearts are set on going to Africa, and who is the person that will not aid them with the means? They are all thrown upon the Society, and at this time, when we are obliged to buy niore territory, the burden is greater than we know how to sustain. Who will come soon and strong to our help?
H. B. M. FRIGATE “ Iris" passed here on the morning of the 10th inst. on her way to the Island of Ascension. The Iris is under the command of Captain Nourse, who is to succeed Captain Tucker, as Commodore of Her Majesty's squadron on this station.
The Iris has already done good service to the cause of humanity, in an' expedition up the Rio Pongas, in whicli she destroved all the slave factories in that region.- Liberia Herald.
CHE E VER'S TOUR IN EGYPT - THE SL AVE MARKET
IN CAIRO. Cairo.—A melancholy visit to the slave mart of Cairo marks this day's experience of the depravity and misery of our fallen world. And so much has been said about the Pasha's efforts and intentions to abolish slavery in his dominions, that some little description of the scene to be witnessed in the heart of his capital will have at this time additional interest. The market is deep within the intricacies of the city, in a quarter as black and prisonlike as its purposes. Leaving our donkies in the street, in the care of their squalid drivers, we passed through a dark archway into an irregular, ragged, dirty square, surrounded by cells like dens in a menagerie for wild beasts, and filled with groups of negroes and slave-drivers, men, women and chilren. Most of the captives were young; indeed, I do not recollect to have seen a middle-aged man among them. The first cell we looked into was tenanted by several fine looking Nubian girls modestly dressed, and laughing as if they were happy. Perhaps they thought we had come to buy, and pleased themselves with the hope of belonging to a Frank-a miserable alternative indeed, judging from the Frank population of Cairo. Is it not the case, all the world over, that foreign masters are more despotic than native ones?
In the next den, a young girl was on her knees with a sort of stone basin before her, in which, hy rubbing with another stone as large as a brick, she was grinding corn to make into bread. Another sat by her side, looking like a moping idiot, with arms of such prodigious length, and so slender, that she might easily have been taken for a baboon. In another cell there were three or four bright little negro boys, gaily dressed in white jacket and trowsers, to allure purchasers. I asked the price? It was about eight hundred piastres, or forty dollars. Some of these very boys may possibly be the future rulers of Egypt. It would not be much more remarkable than the elevation of Mehemet Ali.
The middle of the square exhibited the most painsully disgusting spectacle I ever witnessed in any collection of the degraded forms of human beings. There seemed to be several distinct races, some of them very little elevated in their appearance above the brutes. Chains there were none, nor were they needed to render the spectacle more appalling. Some of these beings were almost entirely naked, and with the united effect of tatooing, exposure to a burning sun, and disease superadded, the skin in some cases looked like that of a rhinoceros, while the hair, plaited and turned flat from the top of the head over the forehead and temples, looked as if it had been dropped in some mixture of dirt and tar, and formed into sticks. The features of these wretched beings in most cases were ugly almost beyond description, and they were principally women, and were employed in dressing each other's hair; or sat looking vacantly around them. Their masters, or keepers, appeared to be reclining against the walls, without the least mark of interest in the scene before them. The
square of this slave market is surrounded by arches which, like pillars, or a colonade with recesses about a court, support a second story. This story consisted of a sort of platform terminated by oiher cells, tenanted, like those below, by slaves. Some were to be seen still higher, like monkeys, looking down as from the tops of the houses upon their fellow-prisoners beneath. On this second platform I passed a group where stood one man with the air of a captive prince, in attitude and with a countenance which would have made a subject for a painter. Beside him there were two or three more youthful companions, perhaps his brothers and sisters, with the like expression of silent and deep melancholy. They wore some golden ornaments upon their persons, the only instance of such a custom.
In this assemblage, above and below, some of the groups consisted of fine-looking, intelligent, well-formed negroes, but many of them were a species of the human race such as I had never seen, and more degraded than any thing in human shape I had ever imagined. The Afrites and Gauls of the oriental mind must have had their prototypes in some such realities. What a transformation is yet to be effected by the Gospel in that heart of Africa, from whence these wretched beings are transported !
In journeying up to 'Thebes, after this, we met with many boat-loads of captives appointed to the same destination, and sometimes gangs or encampments of them on shore, presenting the same spectacle of misery and degradation.
We saw no white slaves of any kind in the market. Mr WILKINSON has stated the price of slaves in Egypt as follows: black slaves, boys 25 to 50 dollars; girls 40 to 50; eunuchs 50 to 75; Abyssinian boys 35 to 50; white boys (Mamlocks) 100 to 220. Yours truly, G. B. C.
We make the following extract from an article in the Liberia Herald, and transfer it to our columns to show what are their impressions in regard to their duty, and also to show how they can write in regard to that duty :
“ LORD WHAT WILT THOU HAVE ME TO DO?” These are the words of the astonished and counfounded Saulof Tarsus, as he journeyed from Jerusalem to Damascus, with authority from the chief Priests, to bind all, both men and women, that he found calling upon the name of Jesus.
A spirited persecution had been carried on for a long time, against the Church and disciples of Christ. The fell purposes of the opposers of Christianity, now made their appearance, not in distinct avowal only, but in the position taken and the efforts made. Here was no system of favoritism; no taking one and leaving another, on account of relationship, circumstances or interest. The objects of crusade were undistinguished and undistinguishable But awake fully the demon of persecution against any sect or system, however intentionally or actually unoffending, and the impetuosity of its course, joined with the maddening and blinding influence of its feelings, prevent it from individualizing. And as it stops not to investigate, so it knows neither difference nor compromise. Age, sex and condition Inse all claim to pity or a hearing, while reputation and feelings supply it with subjects of revel, as if erected solely for its amusement.
Such was the state of things in Judea at the time of Saul's conversion The history of those times, discover on the part of the enemies of the cross of Christ, a most reckless state of moral feeling. On an eminence acquired for him by respectable connexions, and all that was accomplished and erudite in the learning of the age, stood Saul of Tarsus, a most bitter and relentless persecutor. So long had he been engaged in this work of destruction, and such empire had the spirit of persecution obtained over all the humanizing feelings of his nature, that inspiration informs us he "breathed out threatening and slaughter against the disciples of Christ."
St. Luke tells us, that on his way to Damascus he was visited with a " light from Heaven above the brightness of the sun,” and that a voice spake to him audibly and separately, which convinced him of the error of his ways. It was under these circumstances, that the words quoted at the head of this article, fell from his lips: "Lord what wilt thou have me to do?"
The language of this pungently convicted pharisee, upon a survey of his former life, is often that of every sincere christian; and perhaps never
was the spirit of earnest inquiry among professors of religion, in settling questions of duty, more generally prevalent than now. The Church is being invested with the Son of Righteousness. She is arraying herself in her beautiful garments, and seeking all that virgin purity and loveliness, which is to render her the acceptable spouse of Christ. As the object of his love and the subject of his mercies, she feels her obligations to him, and tries to follow him. The efforts made to send the Gospel “into all the world,” evinces that the subject of christian missions is deep-seated in the heart of the Church, and that she is trying to turn her instrumentality in our world's regeneration, to the best account. I have been asking myself while meditating on this subject, what are the Christian Colonies in Liberia doing, in aid of this work?. But I am instantly met here with this seemingly fair excuse—the general poverty of the people.
Though we have not gold or silver, can we not do something towards preparing " the way of the Lord,” by removing stumbling-blocks and ob
• stacles to the march of christian influence? This question merits our most serious consideration. The relations in which these Colonies are placed to Africa and the christian world are incalculably interesting. Providence has evidently established them here for some important purpose, in accomplishing the inscrutable designs of Him whose “ way is in the
However men may clamor or speculate about Colonization as a remedy for the ills of the colored race, or about the purity of the motives of those men who have embarked their time, their fortunes and weight of character in the undertaking; the conviction of the truth of this sentiment is irresistable, to all believers in the truth of the IIoly Scriptures. It being established then, that we are providentially here--here for some important end, as God does nothing without motives, and whatever comes from him must be good-it remains for us to inquire what the “Great Head of the Church would have us to do,” in our peculiar situation, occupying as we do, a distinguished place. It need not now be said that we should pray earnestly for the peace of Jerusalem. This is an obvious duty, and one from which no growing christian under any circumstance whatever can feel himself discharged. Nor is it necessary here to repeat that as we have ability, we should give our substance into the treasury of the Lord: though, were it the object of the writer of this article, to solicit donations for benevolent purposes, a word or two on this point might not be deemed improper.
There are duties generally binding upon us all, that have a direct and important bearing upon the work of evangelization, which can be performed without money or price. We may and ought to preserve uncontaminated, the inheritance bequeathed us by a long list of venerable living and dead. I mean the inheritance of a Church and its institutions. To pervert it, to become corrupt in doctrine, or its members immoral in their lives, is just unfitting ourselves collectively for the part. Providence has designed us to take. No interest whatever should induce us for a moment to remove the ancient land-marks. But, distant as we are: from those whose opinions or official superiority we either fear or venerate, and by whose wisdom and experience, were they nearer at hand, we could more immediately profit, there is great danger of this. We ought to be on our guard, as none are impeccable, all are liable to fall. The brightest star whose scintillations beautify the moral heavens, though seemingly fixed, may reel from its orbit, rush through all the attractions that would draw it to the common centre of light and heat, and,
“Hurl'd headlong, flaming from the etherial sky,
With hideous ruin and combustion," desolate the system it was intended to bless. Liberia Herald.
Washington City, October 1, 1841.
New Publication.—" An Inquiry into the History of Slavery ; its introduction into the United States ; causes of its continuance ; and remarks upon the Abolition Tracts of Wm. E. CHANNING, D.D.,—by Rev. T. C. Thornton, President of the Centenary College, Clinton, Mississippi.-Washington City, WM. M. Morrison, 1841."
We commend this work to the reading public, North and South. It discusses with a good degree of coolness a great national question. The author remarks in the introduction : “If our opinions on some points are not in perfect accordance with yours; do not condemn us for opinion's sake. We are entitled to, and have liberty to express, them. We write not for popularity, or fame, or money. We write for our country, and our country's cause."
The reader will in it find many principles well stated and applied, together with much information gathered from various sources, and brought into sueh compass as will make it convenient for reference. The article on Colonization we would especially desire to have read. At this time it is quite appropriate, and we trust will add to the growing interest on this subject.
“ Ir is said that a number of the oldest and most respectable of the colored people—those who have property here, and are of good and peaceable habits—are making arrangements to dispose of their effects and remove to Liberia. That is the best thing they can do. We have long been satisfied that the free blacks should seek a residence in Africa. That is misdirected philanthropy which would induce their stay in this country,”—Cin. cinnati Gazette.
The above seems to have been written soon after the disgraceful riot which took place in Cincinnati in the early part of last month. One might suppose that such scenes as that would soon convince the colored people that this land furnishes no home for them, where they and their children can hope to dwell in quietgess, with prospect of rising in the scale of social and of civil life. But we mistake very much if it has any lasting influence upon them. While they credit their present advisers, there is little hope of change. They have been too long and too bitterly prejudiced against Liberia. The true condition and prospects of those who have already emigrated, have been too carefully concealed from them; and they have been so thoroughly schooled to look upon Colonization as the very " abomination of desolation," that it will take other means than violence and insult to start them from their present lodgment. Indeed we do not desire to have them emigrate under such influences. If they cannot feel the nobler, higher motives which Liberia presents ; if they have no desire to rise from their necessarily inserior con lition, and assume the character and wield the destiny of mon, under the free and liberal institutions of our