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VIRGINIA, Remitted by Rev. Isaac Cochran :Ladies of Buffalo Congregation, $30 50; Ladies of | Donations.|| Repository. Total.
Bethlehem Congregation, $6 50, to constitute Rev,
Isaac Cochran, (their Pastor,) a Life Member $37 00
of Essex County, by Mrs. Mary Latene, $10; a
44 00 150 Remitted by Mr. P. F. Berkeley, Wilkinsonville, Chester. field County
3 50 1 50 198 50 GEORGIA:
oia Remitted by Mr. John J. Flournoy, as donation for himself
5 00 OHIO. Remitted by John Harris from Canton, of Dwight Jarvis,
$5; H. Stidges, $5; F. A. Schnider, $5; L. Foyles,
Grant, $1; Wm. Dunbar, $1; John Harris, $7 35 00 „New Athens Colonization Society, per Wm. Campbell,
Treasurer-contributed by Moses Allen, $10; A.
39 00 6 00
130 00 #bitoty. Ind. Princeton, Remitted by R. Millburn, Collections by him. self of sundry persons
31 00 900 $40 00
MICHIGAN. Detroit, contributed by J. Eldred, Esq.
8 50 1 50 10 00
From other sources. Sales, Balance of Camwood and Palm Oil, per barque Ho. bart, from Liberia
3577 48 Return premium for short interest, barque Hobart's cargo, from the Jackson Insurance Company, N. Y.
56 26 From the Atlantic Insurance Company, N. Y.
of the sum collected by Rev. Dr. Cummins, and acknowledged in the Repository of 1st June last, $30 was contributed by the Young Ladies of the Ann Smith Academy, Letington, Virginia, to constitute Mr. R. Bradshaw, A. M, Principal of said Institution, a Life Member of this Society; and $97 50 by “ Ladies," to constitute the following gentlemen also Life Members:
Rev. Robert White, Romney, Virginia.
, Virginia. Rev. P. E. Stevenson, Stanton, Virginia.
Those individuals in Virginia who paid $2 in advance for one year's subscription to the African Repository, to Rev. C. Cummins, D. D., can have fifty cents credited to them on account of next year's subscription.
Those persons entitled to a certificate of Life Membership who have not received it, are requested to advise us, stating time, amount paid, to whom, and when.
THE AFRICAN REPOSITORY,
Published semi-monthly, at $1 50 in advance, when sent by mail, or $2 00 if not paid
till after the expiration of six months, or when delivered to subscribers in cities.
WASHINGTON, May 15, 1841.
NEW PLAN FOR SUPPRESSING THE SLAVE TRADE AND
OBTAINING LABORERS FOR THE BRITISH WEST IN. DIA COLONIES.
We have frequently noticed the various means resorted to by the British planters, to supply the place of the recently emancipated slaves in the West Indies who have refused to labor on the plantations, none of which have been attended with success. The produce of the Islands is so rapidly falling off, that the next crop, it is feared, will not furnish a supply for home consumption. It is reduced to a certainty that the introduction of foreign sugar for home use, cannot be deferred beyond another year, unless the laborers to work the plantations in the Islands can be immediately increased.
In our number for 15th April, we copied an article from a British Colonial paper, proposing the importation of native Africans, from Sierra Leone, and observed that we should look with much anxiety to the full development of the British African policy. We have at no time believed that this policy was dictated by motives of pure benevolence, but, on the contrary, that it was wholly selfish. We confess, however, that we did not so soon expect to see the British Government throw off all disguise, and openly sanction the plan of supplying the places of the recently emancipated slaves in the West Indies, by importing the natives of Africa. There is no longer any doubt of the fact, as appears from the following extract from a late British journal, received from the European correspondent of the National Intelligencer:
“ There is a vessel only waiting for a fair wind to leave this country on a perfectly novel mission. The Hector, Captain FREEMAN, is under engagement to convey Mr. Barclay, the Agent General for Jamaica, to Sierra Leone, in order to offer to the natives of Africa a passage to the West Indies as free emigrants, and so to participate in the advantage, without the pains, already enjoyed by their countrymen who have left their native land as slaves. They are to be quite unfettered by engagements before
embarkation, and free to choose their own employers, and make their own terms on reaching their new home. To them the change from a barbarous to a civilized country must be beneficial. To those who look beyond the surface, this commencement of an African emigration, which may one day supersede the slave trade throughout the world, will give no common gratification.”
This is a new and extraordinary movement indeed, and merits the serious consideration not only of every American citizen, but of the Government. The Agent General for Jamaica is commissioned to go to Sierra Leone to treat with the native Africans, and to obtain their consent to emigrate to the West Indies! They are to be free to choose their own employers, and make such arrangements as they please on their arrival ! &c.
What hypocrisy, to pretend to treat with the poor African, who has been separated by violence from his family and country, placed on board a slave ship in chains, captured by British cruisers, and landed at Seirra Leone more dead than alive. Is it to be believed for a moment that he would prefer crossing the ocean, and abandoning his country, his wife and children forever, to returning to his former home? Is he in a condition, mentally or physically, to be a party to such a contract as is proposed? Who is to be his guardian, his adviser and protector, when he arrives in the West Indies ? Will he be able to avail himself of any of the benefits or privileges proposed, of selecting his employer! If he repents his engagement, can he return? No : so far as his liberty or rights are concerned, he will be a slave. He will be assigned by a commissioner, or perhaps a magistrate, to a planter; the compensation and mode of treatment may be regulated by law; he will be required to labor, and if he refuses, will be compelled, by stripes or starvation, to compliance.
Both M'Queen and Boxton admit that the efforts of the British to suppress the slave trade, which have been continued for thirty years, have totally and signally failed. The world has been filled with the praises of British benevolence, for devising a new plan for suppressing the slave trade, and elevating and christianizing Africa, by inducing its Kings to employ the labor of their people and slaves in cultivating the soil. Before time is given to test the practicability of this scheme, a more summary remedy is devised, namely, to remove the subjects of this trade from Africa to the new world. This is a new plan indeed to put an end to the slave trade, and is about as rational and practicable, as it would be to promote temperance by forming a grand society to drink up all the spirits in the world! M'QUEEN says, “Slavery and the slave trade, form the general law of Africa. These two evils reign acknowledged, sanctioned, known, recognized, and submitted to, by all her population, of every rank and degree, throughout all her borders.” It is to this people that a British commissioner is to apply for emigrants to the West Indies !
Buxton's remedy for the slave trade, which was adopted by the British ministry about a year ago, was lauded for its benevolence, both in Europe
and this country. He proposes to induce the Kings and Chiefs in Africa, to abandon the slave trade, by convincing them that they would be great gainers by selling the produce of the labor of their people, rather than the people themselves. He remarks: “Africa, notwithstanding the general and terrible drain of its inhabitants, teens with population. But for the slave trade, there is no reason to doubt that it would be as densely peopled as any part of the world."
"A strange kind of economy, to carry away the population from thoir native fields, which need nothing but those hands for their cultivation, in order to plant them in diminished numbers in another hemisphere."
One of the great evils of the slave trade, which Great Britain has spent over $100,000,000 to suppress,) is stripping Africa of her laboring population. What will Africa have gained by it, if, by a compromise between England, Spain, Portugal and Texas, those several States shall be furnished with laborers from Africa ? And why should not other States, as well as Great Britain, supply themselves with free laborers from Africa, and participate in this new speculation ? The answer is ready, why Britain only should enjoy a monopoly of this benevolence. She will carry them to a country of freemen, where they will be enlightened and receive christian instruction. She claims to be the guardian angel of Africa and Africans, and arrogates to herself the right of interfering even with judicial proceedings in this country, where the rights of colored men are involved, as in the case of the Amistad negroes.
She boards American ships in the African seas, and searches our vessels as rudely as she would a pirate. Only a few months since she captured an American ship, because the captain had employed a native cook, and sent her with a prize crew into the port of Salem, as a slaver, while, at the same time, she was sending native Africans to the West Indies, and now openly avows the policy of supplying those islands with laborers from Africa. Since, however, these laborers are to be employed, as in other countries, with their free consent, they will cheerfully emigrate to better their condition! What an insult to the common sense of mankind ! Spend one hundred million of dollars to heal the wounds of bleeding Africa, to save her children from being torn from their country, and now discover that it is right, moral, and meritorious, to remove them by thousands !
Let us inquire in what way this new plan of benevolence is likely to be conducted, and how the consent of native Africans is likely to be obtained. The following communication from the King of Ashantee to Mr. BowDITCH, British Embassador to Coomassie, is instructive on this subject, is a good illustration of the state of society in the interior of Africa, and shows how easy it will be for Mr. Agent BARKLY to succeed in obtaining the free consent of as many laborers as may be required in the West Indies :
“I cannot make war to catch slaves in the Bush like a thief ; my ancestors never did so ; but if I fight a King and kill him when he is insolont, thon certainly I must have his gold and his slaves, and the people are mine too. I killed DINKERA, took his gold, and brought more than twenty
thousand slaves to Coomassie. Some of these people being bad, I washed my stool in their blood ; but some were good people, and those I sold or gave to my Captains. Many more died, because this country does not grow too much corn like Sarem, and what can I do? Unless I kill or sell them, they will grow strong and kill my people. Now you must tell my master (the King of England) that these slaves can work for him, and if he wants ten thousand he can have them, and if he wants fine, handsome women and girls to give his Captains, I can send him great numbers."[M' Queen, page 52.
Can we doubt that a British Agent would have obtained the free consent of the whole twenty thousand prisoners taken in the war with DINKERA ? If he should have scruples of conscience abont purchasing them by the head, that matter could be easily arranged with his majesty of Ashantee ; a liberal present would be satisfactory.
In this way only, can the British get the consent of native Africans to leave the country, unless it is those found on board of slave ships.
What less evil will this mode of abstracting the natives inflict on Africa, than purchasing them by the head, as is now practised by slave traders ? In what does it differ from the slave trade, but in the name? Superior conifort may be assorded on the passage, in room, provisions &r., but the idea of obtaining the consent of free Africans to leave their native country, to which they are superstitiously attached, is absurd. "The African can live with little labor—the spontaneous production of nature will support life. Resort must be had to prisoners of war, Africans taken on board slave ships, or common slaves of the country.
But the physical and moral condition of either class, is to be improved by removal to the British West Indies! Pedro BLANCO urged as an argument in defending the slave trade, that the condition of the natives was improved by removal to christian countries ; that he was effecting more good than all the missionaries in Africa--that they converted bnt few pagans to Christianity, while he sent thousands yearly where the Gospel might reach them!
Whatever benefit may result to the descendants of the Africans removed to the West Indies, the present generation will be hewers of wood and drawers of water; no emancipation law will reach their case.
The measure is one of necessity. The trade of the West Indies is lost forever to the British Government, unless laborers can be found to cultivate the plantations. Experience has proved that free negroes cannot be relied on ; if tiey could, then a supply would be unnecessary. It is permanent, steady laborers that are wanted to work under overseers ; it is a substitute for the slave. If, instead of purchasing a slave at five hundred dollars, or any other price, per head, the planter pays yearly wages, the negro will be required to yield obedience, and perform his task, and will in faet be a slave to all intents and purposes.
We notice this extraordinary movement of the British Government, not only as a departure from all their professions of philanthropy, but