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-kind gentles, For I hope there's never a Jew among you all.- A play upon words was the failing of almost every writer of the times. The quibble here upon gentles and Jew, is also in Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice, A. 2. S. 7. See the notes on that passage, by Dr Jobnson, Mr Steevens, and Dr Farmer, Vol. U I. edit. 1778, p. 173. To the instances there quoted, may be added the following from Euphucs, 1581, p. 65. :“ Consider with thyselfe that thou art a gentleman, yea, and a Gentile ; and, if thou neglect thy calling, th art worse than a Jewe."


The First Part of Jeronimo. With the Warres of Portugall, and the Life and Death of Don Andræa. Printed at London, for Thomas Pavyer, and are to solde at bis Shop, at the entrance into the Exchange. 1605. 4to.






This Play was the object of ridicule to almost every writer of the times. Philips and Winstanly escribe it, but erroneously, to Thomas Smith. We learn from Heywood, that it was the production of Thomas Kyd; to whom, therefore, all the absurdities contained in it are to be charged. The former edition was printed from a very incorrect copy. It is here given from that published by Mr Hawkins, who appears to have accurately collated all the sederal editions ; and the variations in each are put at the bottom of the page. We find, from Dekkar's Satiromastrix, that Ben Jonson originally performed the part of Jeronimo.


The Ghost of Andrea.


PEDRINGANO. King of Spain.

SERBERINE. Viceroy of Portingale.

Old Man. Don CYPRIAN, Duke of Castile.

Painter. HIERONIMO, Marshal of Portingale.

Page. BALTA EZAR, the Viceroy's Son, in love with Be Hangman. limperia.

Citizens, Soldiers, and Attendants.
LORENZO, Duke of Castile's Son.
Horario, Hieronimo's Son.

ISABELLA, Hieronimo's Wife.

BELIMPERIA, Lorenzo's Sister,



Enter the Ghost of Andrea, and with him Re

Each in their function serving other's need,
I was a courtier in the Spanish court :

My name was Don Andrea; my descent,
Ghost. When this eternal substance of my soul | Though not ignoble, yet inferior far
Did live imprisoned in my' wanton Alesh, To gracious fortunes of my tender youth

! Wonted, 1618. 23. 33

For there, ? in prime and pride of all my years, To this effect my passport strait was drawn.
By duteous service, and deserving love, In keeping on my way to Pluto's court,
In secret I possest a worthy dame,

Through dreadful shades of ever glooming night, Which light sweet Belimperia by name.

I saw more sights than thousand tongues can tell

, But, in the harvest of my 3 summer joys, Or pens can write, or mortal hearts can think. Death's winter nipt the blossoms of my bliss, Three ways there were : that on the right band Forcing divorce betwixt my love and me:

side For in the late conflict with Portingale,

Was ready way unto the 'foresaid ? fields, My valour drew me into danger's mouth, Wbere lovers live, and bloody martialists; Till life to death made passage through my wounds. But either sort contained within his bounds. When I was slain, my soul descended strait The left hand path, declining fearfully, To pass the flowing stream of Acheron ; Was a ready 8 downfal to the deepest bell; But churlish Charon, only boatman there, Where bloody furies shake their whips of steel, Said, that, my rites of burial not performed, And poor Ixion turns an endless wheel; I might not sit among his passengers.

Where usurers are choaked with melting gold, Ere Sol had slept three nights in Thetis' lap, And wantons are embraced with ugly snakes; And 4 slak'd his smoking chariot in her flood, And murderers' groan with ever-killing wounds; By Don Horatio, our knight marshal's son, And perjured wights, scalded in boiling lead, My funerals and obsequies were done.

And all foul sins with turments overwhelmed. Then was the ferryman of hell content 'Twixt these two ways I trod the middle path, To pass me over to the slimy strand,

Which brought me to the fair Elysian green; That leads to fell Avernus' ugly waves;

In midst whereof there stands a stately tower, There, pleasing Cerberus with honied speech, The walls of brass, the gates of adamant : I passed the perils of the foremost porch. Here finding Pluto with his Proserpine, Not far from hence, amidst ten thousand souls, I shewed my passport, bumbled on my knee; Sat Minos, Æacus, and Rhadamant;

Whereat fair Proserpine began to !o smile, To whom no sooner 'gan I make approach, "And begged that only she might give my doom. To crare a passport for my wandering ghost, Pluto was pleased, and sealed it with a kiss. But Minos, in graven leaves of lottery,

Forthwith, Revenge, she” rounded thee in th'ear, Drew forth the manner of my life and death. And bade thee lead ine through the "3 gates of This knight, quoth he, both lived and died in love;

horn, And, for his love, tried fortune of the wars, Where dreams have passage in the silent night. And by war's fortune lost both love and life. No sooner bad she spoke, but we were here, Why then, said Æacus, convey him hence, 14 I wot not how, in twinkling of an eye. To walk with lovers in our fields of love,

Rev. Then know, Andrea, that thou art arrived
And spend the course of everlasting time Where thou shalt see the author of thy death,
Under green myrtle-trees, and cypress-shades. Don Balthezar, the prince of Portingale,
No, no, said Rhadamant, it were not well,, Deprived of life by Belimperia.
With loving souls to place a martialist :

Here sit we down to see the mystery,
He died in war, and must to martial fields, And serve for Chorus in this tragedy.
Where wounded Hector lives in lasting pain,
And Achilles' myrmidons do scour the plain.
Then Minos, mildest censor of the three,

Enter Spanish King, General, Castile, and

Made this device, to end the difference :
Send him, quoth he, to our infernal king,

King. Now say, lord general, how fares our To doom him as best seems his majesty.



? There in the pride and prime, 1618. 23. 33.

3 Summer's, 1623. 33. 4 Slackt, 1618.

s Censurer, 1618. 23. 33. 6 Shapes of ever blooming night, 1618.—Shades of ever blooming night, 1623. 33. 7 Field, 1618. 22. 33.

8 Fall down, 1618. 22. 33. 9 Murderers greeve, 1618 -Murderers green, 1623. 33.

smile. " I begg d, 1618. 28. 33.

12 Rounded thee in th' ear,-i e. whispered. -80, in Gascoigne's Fable of Ferdinando Jeronimi, p. 202. : After his due reverence, he layd his hande on her temples, and privilie rounding her in her care, desired “ her to commaunde,

Euphues, p. 21.:“ · Philautus in the eare, desired him to accompanie

-Ferando entered, whome they all dutifully, welcomed home, who, rounding

him immediatelye.' See also Mr Steevens's Note on King John, A. 2. S. 2. 13 Gales of horn,—of Hor. second edition of Horror, 1618. 23. 33. For the Gates of horn. See Vir. gil, B. VI. Sunt gemine somni porte.-Note on Hawkins's Edition.

14 I tvot not how.-Sec Note to Gammer Gurton's Needle.


We 16

Gen. All well, my sovereign liege, except some While they maintain hot skirmish to and fro, few

21 Both battles join, and fall to handy-blows: That are deceased by fortune of the war. Their violent shot resembling th' ocean's rage, King. But what's portends thy chearful coun- When roaring loud, and with a swelling tide, tenance,

It beats upon the rampires of huge rocks, And posting to our presence thus in haste? And gapes to swallow neighbour-bounding lands. Speak, man; hath fortuue given us victory? Now 22 while Bellona rageth here and there, Gen. Victory, niy liege, and that with little loss. Thick storms of bullets ran like winter's hail

, King. Our Portingals will pay us tribute, then? And shivered launces 23 dark the troubled air. Gen. Tribute, and wonted homage therewithal. King. Then blest be heaven, and guider of the

Pede pes, et cuspide cuspis, heavens,

Arma sonant armis, vir petiturque viro. From whose fair influence such justice flows.

On every side 24 drop captains to the ground, Cast. O multum dilecte Deo, tibi militat æther, 25 And soldiers some ill inaimed, some slain outEt conjuratæ curouto poplite gentes

right: Succumbant : recti soror est victoria juris. Here falls a body, sundered from his head,

King. Thanks to my loving brother of Castile. There legs and arms lie bleeding on the grass, But, general, unfold in brief discourse

Mingled with weapons, and zo unbowell'd steeds, Your form of battle, and your war's success; That scattering overspread the purple plain. That, adding all the pleasure of thy news

In all this turmoil three long hours and more, Unto the height of former happiness,

The victory to neither part inclined; With deeper wage, and greater dignity,

Till Don Andrea, with his brave launciers, may reward thy blissful chivalry.

In 27 their main battle made so great a breach, Gen. Where Spain and Portingale' do jointly That, half dismayed, the multitude retired : knit

But Balthezar, the Portingale's young prince, Their frontiers, leaning on each other's "? bound, Brought rescue, and encouraged them to stay. There met our arinies in their proud array; Here hence the fight was eagerly renewed, Both furnished well; both full of hope and fear; And in that conflict was Andrea slain; Both menacing alike, with daring shows;

Brave man at arms, but weak to Balthezar : Both raunting sundry colours of device;

Yet while the prince, insulting over him, Both cheerly sounding trumpets, drums, and fifes; Breathed out proud vaunts, sounding to our reBoth raising dreadful clamours to the "S sky,

proach, That vallies, hills, and rivers, made rebound, Friendship and hardy valour joined in one, And heaven itself was frighted with the sound. 28 Pricked forth Horatio, our knight-marshal's son, Our battles both were pitched in squadron-form, To challenge forth that prince to single fight: Each corner strongly fenced with wings of shot; Not long between these twain the fight endured, But ere we joined, and came to push of pike, But strait the prince was beaten from his horse, I brought a squadron of our readiest shot, And forced to yield him prisoner to his foe. From out our rearward, to begin the fight : When he was taken, all the rest they fled, They brought another wing t'encounter us : And our carbines pursued them to the death; Meanwhile our ordnance played on either side, Till, Phæbus waving to the western deep, And captains strove to have their !o valours tried. Our trumpeters were charged to sound retreat: Don Pedro, their chief borsemen's colonel, King. Thanks, good lord general, for these good Did, with his 20 cornet, bravely make attempt

news; To break the order of our battle ranks :

And for some argument of more to come, But Don Rogero, worthy man of war,

Take this, and wear it for thy sovereign's sake. Marched forth against him with our musketeers,

Gives him a Chain: And stopt the malice of his fell approach. But tell me now, hast thou confirmed a peace?


Pretends, 1618. 23. 33.

16 Will, 1633.

17 Bounds, 1623. 33. 18 Skies, 1633. 19 Valour, 1618. 23. 83.

20 Coronet, 1618. 22. 33. 21. Both battles join, and fall to bandy-blows.--This play, though not mentioned in the Key to The Rehearsal, seems to have been one of those ridiculed by the Duke of Buckingham in that witty performance. See A. 5. :


army, wrangling for the gold you gave,

“First fell to words, and then to handy-blovos." 22 When, 1618. 23. 33. 23 Dark', 1618, 23, 38.

24 Dropt, 1618. 23. 33. 25 And soldiers lie maim'd, 1618. 23. 33.

26 Unbowed, 1618. 23. 33. 27 His, 1618.

28 Pickt, 1618.


person well.


For so

Gen. No peace, my liege, but peace conditional, We will bestow on every soldier two ducats, That if, with homage, tribute be 29 well paid, And on every leader ten, that they may know The fury of 30 your forces will be staid;

Our largess welcomes them-
And to

peace their viceroy hath subscribed, [Ereunt all but BALTREZAR, LORENZO,
(Gides the King a Paper.

and HORATIO. And made a solemn vow, that during life Welcome, Don Balthezar, welcome nephew ;32 His tribute shall be truly paid to Spain. And thou, Horatio, thou art welcome too. King. These words, these deeds, become thy Young prince, although thy father's hard misdeeds,

In keeping back the tribute that he owes, But now, knight-marshal, frolick with 33 thy king, Deserve but evil measure at our hands, For 'tis thy son that wins 34 this battle's prize. Yet shalt thou know that Spain is honourable. Hier. Long may he live to serve my sovereign Bal. The tresspass that my father made in liege,

peace And soon decay, unless he serve my liege. Is now controuled by fortune of the wars; King. Nor thou, nor he, shall die without re- And cards once dealt, it boots not ask why so: ward.

TA 35 Tucket afar off: His men are slain, a weakening to 38 his realm; What means this warning of the trumpet's sound? His colours seized, a blot upon his name; Gen. This tells me, that your grace's men of His son distrest, a cor’sive to his beart :

These punishmeuts may clear his late offence. Such as war's fortune hath reserved from death, King. Aye, Baltbezár, if he 39 observe this Come marching ou towards your royal seat,

truce, To shew themselves before your majesty; Our peace will grow the stronger for these wars :


36 in charge at my depart; Mean while live thou, 40 though not in liberty, Whereby, by demonstration, shall appear Yet 41 free from bearing any servile yoke; That all, except three hundred, or few more, For, in our hearing, thy deserts were great, Are safe returned, and by their foes enriched. And in our sight thyself art gracious.

Bah And I shall study to deserve this grace. The Army enters. 37 BALTH EZAR between LoRENZO and Horatio, captive.

King. But tell me, for their holding makes me

doubt, King. A gladsome sight; I long lo see them To which of these twain art thou prisoner?

here. (They enter, and pass by. Lor. To me, my 42 liege. Was that the warlike prince of Portingale, Hor. To me, my sovereign. That by nur nephew was in triumph led?

Lor. This hand first took 43 his courser by the Gen. It was, my liege, the prince of Portingale.

reins, King. But whai was he, that on the other side Hor. But first my lance did put him from his Held him by th' arm, as partner of the prize?

horse. Hier. That was my son, my gracious sovereign, Lor. I seized his weapon, and enjoyed it first. Of whom, though from his tender infancy

Hor. But first I forced bim lay his weapons My loving thoughts did never hope but well,

down. He never pleased his father's eyes till now, King. Let go his arm, upon our privilege.Nor filled my heart with over-cloying joys.

[They let him go. King. Go, let them march once more about - Say, worthy prince, to whether didst thou yield? these walls,

Bal. To him in courtesy, to this perforce; That, staying them, we may confer and talk He spake me fair, this other gave me strokes; With our brave prisoner and his double guard. He promised life, this other threatened death; Hieronimo, it greatly pleaseth us

He won my love, this other conquered me; That in our victory thou have a share,

And, truth to say, I yield myself to both. By virtue of thy worthy son's exploit.

Hier. But that I know your grace for just and

wise, Enter again.

And might seem partial in this difference, Bring hither the young prince of Portingale, Inforced by nature, and by law of arms, The rest march on; but, ere they be dismissed, My tongue shall plead for young Iloratio's right:

29 Tribute may be paid, 1618. 23. 33.

30 Our, 1618. 23. 33. 31 That, 1618. 23. 33.

32 This, 1618. 23. 33.

33 The, 1618. 23. 33. 34 That, 1618. 23.

35 Trumpet, 1618. 23. 33. 35 Tucket.-- See Note to the First Part of Jeronimo, p. 469. 36 Gave them charge, 1618. 23. 38.

37 Meets, 1018. 23. 33. 38 The, 16'8. 23. 33. 39 Observes, 1618. 29. 33.

40 As thougb, 1613. 41 Free omitted, 1619. 43 Lord, 1618. 23. 33.

43 The, 1618. 23. 33. 44. So, 1618. 28. 33.

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