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this time lend an ear to an idle pastime. 8 Ap- I would conceive; or Lynces, who having a quick pion raising Homer from hell, demanded only sight to discern, have a short memory to forget. who was his father; and we calling Alexander With us it is like to fare as with these torches, from his grave, seek only who was his love, What- which, giving light to others, consume themselves; soever we present, we wish it may be thought the and we showing delight to others, shame our. dancing of Agrippa's shadows, who in the mo- selves, ment they were seen, were of any shape one

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SCENE I.

thrown down, bodies not thrust aside; a conquest

without conflict, and a cruel war in a mild peace. CLYTUS, PARMENIO, TIMOCLEA, CAMPASPE,

Par. Clytus, it becometh the son of Philip to ALEXANDER, HEPUESTION.

be none other than Alexander is; therefore seeClyt. Parmenio, I cannot tell whether I should ing in the father a full perfection, who could have more commend in Alexander's victories, courage, doubted in the son an excellency? For as the or courtesy: in the one being a resolution with moon can borrow nothing else of the sun but out fear, in the other a liberality above custom. light; so of a sire, in whom nothing but virtue Thebes is rased, the people not racked; towers was, what could the child receive but singular?

8 Appion raising Homer from hell, demanded only who was his father."Querat aliquis, quæ sint mentiti veteres Magi, cum adolescentibus nobis visus Apion Grammaticæ artis, prodiderit cynocephaliam herbam, que in Ægypto vocaretur osyrites, divinam, et contra omnia venesicia : sed si ea erueretur, statim cum qui eruisset, mori. Seque evocasse umbras ad percontandum Homerum, qua patria quibusque parentibus genitus esset, non tamen ausus profiteri, quid sibi respondisse diceret."-C. Plin. Nat. Hist. 1. xxx. c. 2.

9 The subject of this play is taken from Pliny's Natural History, lib. XXXV. c. 10.

Tantum erat auctoritati juris in regem, alioquin iracundum: quanquam Alerander ei honorem clarissimo præbuit tremplo. Namque cum dilectam sibi er pallacis suis præcipue nomine Campaspem nudam pingi ob adinirationem formæ ab Apelle jussissit, eumque tum pari captum amore sensisset, dono eam dedit. Magnus an.mo, major imperio sui, nec minor hoc facto, quam victoria aliqua. Quippe, se vicit nec torum tantum suum, sed etiam affecium donavit artifici: ne dilectæ quidam respectu motus, ut quæ modo regis fuissct, modo pictovis esset. Sunt qui Veneren Anadyomenem illo pictam exemplari putant."

It is for ' turquois to staius each other, not for eth a king In all things, than which nothing cam diamonds; in the one to be made a difference in be greater, he is Alexander. goodness, in the other no comparison.

Cam. Then if it be such a thing to be AlexanClyt. You mistake me, Parmenio, if whilst Ider, I hope it shall be no miserable thing to be a commend Alexander, you imagine I call Philip virgin. For if he save our honours, it is more into question; unless haply you conjecture, (which than to restore our goods. And rather do I wish none of judgment will conceive,) that because I he'd preserve our fame than our lives, which if he like the fruit, therefore I heave at the tree; or do, we will confess there can be no greater thing coveting to kiss the child, I therefore go about to than to be Alexander. poison ihe teat.

Aler. Clytus, are these prisoners? of whence Par. Ay, but Clytus, I perceive you are born these spoils? in the east, and never laugh but at the sun-rising; Clýt. Like your majesty, they are prisoners, which argueth, though a duty where you ought, yet and of Thebes. no great devotion where you might.

Aler. Of what calling or reputation? Clyt. We will make no controversy of that Clyt. I krow out, but they seem to be ladies which there ought to be no question; only this of hunoar. shall be the opinion of us both, that none was Aler. I will know- Madam, of whence

you are worthy to be the father of Alexander but Philip, I know, but who, I cannot tell. nor any meet to be the son of Philip but Alexan- Timo. Alexander, I am the sister of Theagines; der.

who fought a battel with thy father, before the Par. Soft, Clytus, behold the spoils and pri- city of Chieronte," where he died, I say which soners! a pleasant sight to us, because profit is none can gainsay, valiantly. join'd with honour; not much painful to them, Aler. Lady, there seem in your words sparks because their captivity is eased by mercy.

your

brother's deeds, but worser fortune in Timo. Fortune, thou didst never yeć deceive your life than his death: but fear not, for you virtue, because virtue never yet did trust fortune. shall live without violence, enemies, or necessitySword and fire will never get spoil, where wis. But what are you, fair lady, another sister to doin and fortitude bears sway.' o Thebes, thy Theagines? walls were raised by the sweetness of the barp, Cum. No sister to Theagines, but an humble but rased by the shrillness of the trumpet. Alex- handmaid to Alexander, born of a mcan parenander had never come so near the walls, had tage, but to extream fortune. Epaminondas walk'd about the walls; and yet Aler. Well, ladics, for so your virtues shew might the Thebans have been merry in their you, whatsoever your births be, you shall be hostreets, if he had been to watch their towers. nourably entreated. Athens shall be your Thebes, But destiny is seldom foreseen, never prevented. and you shall not be as abjects of war, but as suhWe are here now captives, whose necks are yok-jects to Alexander. Parmenio, conduct these ed by force, but whose hearts can not vield by honourable ladies into the city, charge the soldeath. Come, Campaspe, and the rest, let us not

diers not so much as in words to offer them any be ashamed to cast our eyes on him, on whom we offence, and let all wants be supply'd so far fortia feard not to cast our darts.

as shall be necessary for such persons, and my Par. Madam, you need not doubt, it is Alex. prisoners. ander that is the conqueror.

[Exeunt ParmeJIO and Captives. Timo. Alexander hath overcome, not conquer'd. Hephestion, it resteth now that we have as grcat

Par. To bring all under his subjection, is to care to govern in peace, as conquer in war: that conquer.

whilst arms ceasc, arts inay flourish, and joining Timo. He cannot subdue that which is divine. letters with launces, we endeavour to be as good Par. Thebes was pot.

philosophiers as soldiers; knowing it no less praise Timo

to be wise, than be valiant.

of

Erye
. Alexander

, as he tendreth virtue, so he Heph. Your majesty therein slevetlo, that you

will you; he drinketh not blood, but thirsteth have as great desire to rule as to subdue; and after honour; he is greedy of victory, but never needs must that commonwealth be fortunate, satisfied with inercy. In fight terrible, as be whose captain is a pliilosopher, and whose philocometh a captain; in conquest niild, as beseem- | sopher is a captain.

[E.reunt.

10 Turquois-In the first edition, Turkes. “ Turquesis,” says Malynes, in his Treatise of the Canker of England's Common-wealth, 12mó, 1601, “ are found in Malabar, being of l'urquey's color by the day time, and by night, by the light, greene; they grow upon a black stone, whereof retaining some little blacke reines is the better." " It is,” as Mr Steevens observes, " said of the Turky stone, that it faded or brighi. ened in its colour, as the health of the wearer increased or grew less.” (Note on Merchant of Venici, p. 188. Vol. III.) See also Dr Morell's Account of it, p. 417. of bis edition of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, Bro. 1737.

" Chieronts-Cbieronie, in the first and second editions,

SCENE II.

Manes. Did your masters never teach you, that

the soul is immortal? MANES, GRANICHUS, PSYLLUS,

Gra. Yes. Manes. I serve instead of a master, a mouse, Manes. And the body is the prison of the soul. whose house is a tub, wbose dinner is a crust, and Gra. True. 12 whosc bed a board.

Manes. Why then, thus to make my body imPsyl. Then art thou in a state of life which mortal, I put it in prison. philosophers commend. A crumb for thy supper, Gra. Oh bad! a hand for thy cup, and thy clothes for thy sheets. Psyl. Excellent ill! For Natura paucis contenta.

Manes. You may see how dull a fasting wit is; Gra. Manes, it is pity so proper a man should therefore, Psyllus, let us go to supper with Grabe cast away upon a philosopher; but that Dio nichus : Plato is the best fellow of all philosogenes, that dog, should have Manes that dog-bolt

, phers. Give me him that reads in the morning it grieveth nature, and spiteth art; the one ha- in the school, and at noon in the kitchen. ving found thee so dissolute, absolute I would say, Psyl. And me. in body, the other so single, singular in mind. Gra. Ali, sirs, my master is a king in his par

Manes. Are you merry? it is a sign by the trip lour for the body; and a God in his study for of your tongue, and the toys of your head, that the soul. Among all his men he commendeth you have done that to-day, which I have not done one that is an excellent musician, theo stand I by these three days.

and clap another on the shoulder, and say, this is Psyl. What's that?

a passing good cook. Manes. Dined.

Manes. It is well done, Granichus; for give Gra. I think Diogenes keeps but cold chear. me pleasure that goes in at the mouth, not the

Manes. I would it were so; but he keepeth ear; I bad rather fill my guts than my brains. peither hot nor cold.

Psyl. I serve Apelles, who feedeth me, as DioGra. What then, luke warm? That made genes doth Manes; for at dinner the one preachManes run from his master the last day.

eth abstinence, the other commendeth counterPsyl. Manes had reason; for his name foretold feiting : When I would eat meat, he paints a spit; as much.

and when I thirst, 0, saith he, is not this a fair Manes. My name! how so, sir boy?

pot? and points to a table, which contains the Psyl. You know that it is called Mons à mo- banquet of the gods, where are mnany dishes to vendo, because it stands still.

feed the eye, but not to fill the gut. Manes. Good.

Gra. What dost thou then? Psyl. And thou art named Manes, à Manendo, Psyl. This doth he then, bring in many esambecause thou run'st away.

ples that some have lived by savours, and proveth Manes. Passing reasons! I did not run away, that much easier it is to grow fat by colours, and but retire.

tells of birds that have been fatted by painted Psyl. To a prison, because thou wouldst have grapes in winter; and how many have so fed their leisure to contemplate.

eyes with their mistress's picture, that they never Manes. I will prove that my body was immor- desir'd to take food, being glutted with the detal, because it was in prison.

light in their favours. 13 Then doth he shew me Gra. As how?

counterfeits, such as have surfeited with their

12 Whose bed is a board.— The first and second editions read, whose board is a bed.

13 Then doth he shew me counterfeits-Counterfeit was a term formerly used for any kind of painting, but more especially for a portrait. Psyllus says above," for a dinner the one preacheth abstinence, the other commendeth counterfeiting.

And, in Dekker's Strange Horseracc, 16—. B. 2: _" and more to dignifie the conqueror, pictures, and counterfets of all the citties, mountaines, rivers, and battailes, from whence they canne victors, were drawn in ensignes to the liveliest portrature, all supported before the triumpher." Again, Arden of Feversham, 1592 :

I happen'd on painter yesternight,
The onely cunning man of Christendoome:
For he can temper poyson with his oyle,
That whoso lookes upon the worke he drawes,
Shall with the beames that issue from his sight,
Suck vennome to his breast, and slay himselfe,
Sweet Ales he shall draw thy counter fet,
That Arden may by gaizing on it perish.

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filthy and loathsome vomits, and with the riotous Fine dancing in such fairy rings.
bacchanals of the god Bacchus, and his disorderly Manez. O for a plump fat leg of mutton,
crew, which are painted ali to the life in his shop. Veal, lamb, capon, pig, and coney ;
To conclude, I fare hardly, though I gorichly, which None is happy but a glutton,
maketh me when I should begin to shadow a None an ass but who wants money.
lady's face, to draw a lamb's head, and sometime Cho. Wines, indeed, and girls are good,
to set to the body of a maid, a shoulder of mut- But brave victuals feast the blood;
ton; for Semper animus meus est in patinis. For wenches, wine, and lusty cheer,

Manes. Thou art a god to me; for could I see Jove would leap down to surfeit here.
but a cook’s-shop painted, I would inake inine eyes
fat as butter. For I have nought buit sentences

SCENE III. to fill my maw; as, plures occidit crapula quam velippos, Plato, ARISTOTLE, Crisippus, Cragladius : musa jejunantibus umica : repletion killeih delicately. And an old saw of abstinence by

TES, CLEANTIES, ANAXARCH US, ALEXANDER, Socrates : the belly is the keud's grave. Thus

HEPHESTION, ParmENIO, CLYTUS, DJOGENES. with savings, not with meat, he maketh a gal- Mel. I had never such ado to warn scholars to limafrey.

come before a king : first, I came to Crisippus, a Gra. But how do'st thou then live?

tall, lean, old mad man, willing hiin presently to Vanes. With fine jests, sweet air, and the dogs appear before Alexander; he stood staring on alms.

my face, neither moving his eyes nor his body; Gra. Well, for this time, I will staunch tly gut; I urging him to give some answer, he took up a and, among pots and platters, thou shalt see what book, sat down, and said nothing. Melissa, his it is to serve Plato.

maid, told me it was his manner, and that oftenPsyl. For joy of Granichus, let's sing.

times she was fain to thrust meat into his mouth; Manes. My voice is as clear in the evening as

for that he would rather starve than cease study. in the sporniny.

Well, thought I, secing bookish men are so blockGra. Another commodity of emptiness. ish, and so great clerks such sinple courtiers, I

will neither be partaker of their commons nor SONG."

their commendations. From thence I came to Gra. O for a bowl of fut canary,

Plato, and to Aristotle, and to divers others, none Rich Palermo, sparkling sherry;

refusing to come, saving an old obscure fellow, Some nectar else from Juno's dairy,

who, sitting in a tub turned towards the sun, read O these draughts would make us merry.

Greek to a young boy; hiin when I willed to apPsyl. O for u wench, (I deal in faces,

pear before Alexander, he answered, if AlexanAnd in other duintier things,)

der would fain see me, let him come to me; if 'fickled am I with her embraces,

learn of me, let him come to me; whatsoever it

15

Green's Historie of Fryer Bacon and Fryer Bungay, 1630 :

After that English Henry by his lords,
Had sent Prince Edward's lovely counterfeit,
A present to the Castile Elinor,

The comly pourtrait of so brave a man, &c.
Ibid. Sig. G 2:

Seeing my lord his lovely counteseit,
And bearing how his mind and shape agreed,

I come not troopt with all this warlike train, &c. Lyly's Euphues and his England, 15 82, Dedication to the Ladies, “ Therefore, in my mind, you are more beholding to gentlemen that make the colours, than to the painters that draw your counterfaite,” &c.

Ibid. p. 67 : “ At last it came to this passe, that hee in painting deserved most praise that could set dowo most colours : wherhy ther was more contention kindled about the colour than the counterfait, and greater emulation for varietie in shew than workemanship in substance."

Euphues, 1581, p. 53: “A certaine painter brought A pelles the counterfaite of a face in a table,” &c. "A gallimafrey.-i. e. a medley. 'So, in Pierce Penilesse Supplication to the Devill, 1592, p. 27. " They mingled them all in one gallimafry of glory."

Prologue to Wily Beguiled, 1600 : “ Why, noble Cerberus, nothing but patch pannel stuff, old galli. maxfries and cotton candle eloquence.”

15 This song is restored from Blount's edition of " Sixe Court Comedies," 1632. It is omitted in all the 4to editions,

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be, let him come to me. Why, said I, he is Thebes to Athens, from a place of conquest to a a king; he answered, why, I am a philosopher. palace of quiet, I have resolved with myseif in Why, but he is Alexander ; ay, but I am Dio- my court to have as many philosophers as I had genes. I was half angry to see one so crooked in any camp soldiers. My court shall be a school, in his shape, to be so cral bed in his sayings. So, wherein I'will bave used as great doctrine in going my way, I said, thou shalt repent it, if thou peace, as I did in war discipline. coinest not to Alexander; nay, smiling, answered Aris. We are all here ready to be commanded, he, Alexander may repent it, if he come not to and glad we are that we are commanded; for Diogenes; virtue must be sought, not offered: that nothing better becometh kings tban literaand so turning himself to his cell, he grunted I ture, which maketh them come as near to the know not what, like a pig under a tub. But I gods in wisdom, as they do in dignity. Lust be gone, the philosophers are coming. Aler. It is so, Aristotle; but yet there is among

[Erit. you, yea, and of your bringing up, that sought to Pla. It is a difficult controversy, Aristotle, and destroy Alexander : Calistenes, Aristotle, whose rather to be wondered at than believed, how na- treasons against his prince shall not be borne out tural causes should work supernatural effects. with reasons of his philosophy.

Aris. I do not so much stand upon the appa- Aris. If ever mischief entered into the heart of rition seen in the moon, neither the Dæmonium Calistenes, let Calistenes suffer for it; but that of Socrates, as that I cannot, by natural reason, Aristotle ever imagined any such thing of Calisgive any reason of the ebbing and flowing of the tenes, Aristotle doth deny. sea, which makes me, in the deph of my studies, dler. Well, Aristotle, kindred may blind thee, to cry out, 0 ens entium miserere mei!

and affection me; but, in kings causes I will not Pla. Cleanthes and you attribute so much to stand to scholars arguments

. This meeting shall nature, by searching for things which are not to be for a commandment, that you all frequent my be found, that whilst you study a cause of your court, instruct the young with rules, confirm the own, you omit the occasion itself. There is no old with reasons: let your lives be answerable to man so savage in whom resteth not this divine your learnings, lest my proceedings be contrary particle, that there is an omnipotent, eternal, and to my promises. divine mover, which may be called God.

Heph. You said you would ask every one of Cle. I am of this mind, that the first mover, them a question, which yesternight none of us which you term God, is the instrument of all the could answer. movings which we attribute to nature. The Aler. I will.-Plato, of all beasts, which is the eartb, which is mass, swimmeth on the sea, sea. subtilest? sons divided in themselves, fruits growing in them- Pla. That which man hitherto never knew, selves, the majesty of the sky, the whole firma- Aler. Aristotle, how should a man be thought ment of the world, and whatsoever else appeareth a God? miraculous, what man almost of meau capacity Aris. In doing a thing impossible for a man. but can prove it natural ?

Aler. Crisippus, which was first, the day, or Anar. These causes shall be debated at our the night? philosophers feast; in which controversy I will Cri. The day, hy a day. take part with Aristotle, that there is natura na- Alex. Indeed, strange questions must have turuns, and yet not God.

strange answers. Cleanthes, what say you, is lile Cra. And I with Plato, that there is Deus op- or death the stronger? fimus marimus, and not nature.

Cle. Life, that suffereth so many troubles. Aris. Here cometh Alexander.

Aler. Crates, how long should a man live? Alex. I see, Hephestion, that these philoso- Cra. Till he think it better to die than to live. phers are here attending for us.

Aler. Anaxarchus, whether doth the sea or Heph. They were not philosophers, if they the earth bring forth most crcatures? knew not their duties.

Anur. The earth; for the sea is but a part of Aler. But I much marvel Diogenes should be the earth. so dogged.

Aler. Hephestion, methinks they have answer. Heph. I do not think but his excuse will be ed all well; and in such questions I niean often better than Melippus message.

to try them. Aler. I will go see him, Hephestion, because I Heph. It is better to have in your court a wise long to see bim that would command Alexander man, than in your ground a golden mine. There to come, to whom all the world is like to come. fore would I leave war to study wisdom, were I Aristotle and the rest, sithence my coining from Alexander.

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* They were not, &c.-The third and Blount's editions read, these are not.

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