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we goo,

As ye have brought yourselfe on pylgrymage, Syns of our soules the multitude
In the last 68 quarter of your voyage,

I sende to heaven, when all is vewd,
Which is 69 far a this side heaven, hy God: Who shalde but I then all togyther
There your labour and pardon is od.

Have thanke of all their comynge thyther? With smale cost without any payne,

Pard. If ye kyld a thousande in an houre space, These pardons bring 70 them to heven playne. When come they to heven dyenge out of grace :79 Geve me but a peny or two pens,

Pot. If a thousandé pardons about your necks And assone as the soule departeth hens,

were teyd; In halfe an houre, or thre quarters at the moste, When come they to heven, yf they never dyed? The soule is in heven with the Holy Ghost.

Palm. Long lyfe after good workes in dede Pot. Send ye any souls to heaven by water? Doth hinder manne's receyt of mede; Pard. If we doo,?' sir, what is the mater? And deth before one dewty done Pot. By God, I have a drye soule shulde thy- May make us thynke we dye too sone; ther; }

Yet better tary a thing then 80 have it, I pray you let our soules go to heven togyther ; Then go to sone, and vaynly crave it. So bysy you twayn be in soules helth,

Pard. The longer ye dwell in communicacion May nat a Potycary come in by stelth?

The lesse shall ye lyke thys ymagynacion. Yes, that I wy],72 by Saynt Antony;

For ye 8! may perceyve even at the fyrst chop And by the leve of thys company,

Your tale is trapt in such a stop, Prove ye false knaves bothe, ere

That, at the leste, ye seme worse than we. In parte of your sayings, as thys, lo:

Pot. By the masse, I holde us nought all thre, Thou, by thy travayle, thynkest heven to gete; Ped. By our Lady, then have I gone wronge

[To the Palmer. And yet to be here I thought it longe. And thou by pardons and reliques countest no let,? Pot. Brother, ye have gone wrong no wyt,

(To the Pardoner. I prayse your fortune and your wyt, To sende thyne owne soule to heven sure, That can dyrecte you so discretely, And all other whome thou lyste to procure.

To plante you in this company.
If I toke an accion, then were they blanke; Thou a Palmer, and thou a Pardoner,
For lyke theeves the knaves rob?s away my thanke. I a Poticary:
All soules in heven, havynge releefe,

Ped. And I a Pedler. Shall they thanke your craftes? nay, thanke myn Pot. Nowe, on my fayth, full well watched chefe.

Where the devyll were we foure hatched? No soule, ye knowe, entreth heren gate,

Ped. That maketh no mater, since we be Tyll from the bodye he be separate :

matched, And whome have ye knowen dye honestly,76 I coulde be mery yf that I had catchyd Without helpe of the Potycary?

Some money for parte of the ware in my packe. Nay, all that commeth to our handlynge,

Pot. What the devyll hast thou there at thy back? Except ye happe to come to hangynge;

Ped. What dost thou nat knowe, that every That way, perchaunce, ye shall nat myster

Pedler To go to heven without a glyster.

In all kinde of trifles 82 must be a medler?
But be ye sure I wolde be wo,77

Specyally in women's tryflinges;
If 78 ye shulde chaunce to begyle me so. Those use we cheefly 83 above all thynges..
As good to lye with me a nyght,

Whiche thyngs to se, yf ye be disposed,
As hang abrode in the mone light.

Beholde what ware here is disclosed : There is no choyse to le my hand;

This gere sheweth itself in suche bewte, But, as I sayd, into the bande.

That eche man thynketh 84 it saith come bye me.

68 Last-leste, Ist edit. least, edit. 1569. 69 Is-as, Ist edit.

70 Bring-bryngeth, 1st edit. 71 Doo-dyd, 1st edit.

72 I xyl--we will, ed. 1569. 73 Ere-or, Ist edit. 74 Le-i. e. hindrance.

75 Rob--they rob, ed. 1569. 76 llonestly-hostely, ist edit. 77 I wolde be woTo be woe, is often used by old writers to signify to be sorry. So Shakspeare's Tempest, A. 5. §. 1.

I am woe fort, Sir." Chaucer's Court of Love :

I wolde be wo,

That I presume to her is writin so."
See Mr Steevens's Note on Shakspeare, Vol. I. p. 106.

78 If-that, edit. 1569.
79 Dyenge out of grace-from state of grace, 1st edit. 80 Then-Mr Dodsley reads, and.
81 Ye-you, edit. 1569.

82 All kinde of trifles-every tryfull, ist edit. $3 Cheefty-chefe, Ist edit.

84 Thynketh--thinks, edit. 1569. VOL. I.

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Loke were yourself can lyke to be chooser, Pard. Syr, ye seme wel sene in women's causes;
Yourselfe shall make pryce, though I be a looser. I pray you tell me what causeth this :

Is here 85 nothynge for iny father Palmer? That women after theyr arysynge, 92
Have ye nat a wanton in a corner?

Be so longe in theyr appareleng?
For at
your walkyng to holy places,

Ped. Forsoth, women have inany lettes,
By Cryste, I have herde of as straunge cases. And they be masked in many nettes :
Who lyveth in love, and lore wolde wynne, As frontlettes,93 fyllettes, partlettes,9+ and brace-
Eveu at this packe he must begynne.

Wherein 86 is rvght many a proper token, And then theyr bonettes and theyr poynettes
Of which by name parte shall be spoken : By these lettes and nettes, the leite is suche,
Gloves, pynnes, combes, glasses unspottyd, That spede is small, whan baste is muche.
Pomanders, bookes, and lasses knotied;

Pot. Another cause why they come nat forwarde,
Broches, rynges, and all manner of bedes; Whiche maketh them dayly to drawe backwarde;
Laces 68 rounde and flat for women's heades; And yet 96 is a thynge they cannat forbere;
89 Nedyls, threde, thymbell, shers, and all suche The trymmynge and pynnynge up of theyr gere;

Specyally theyr fydling with the tayle pyn;
Where lovers be, no suche thynges lacks; And when they wolde have it prickt"? in,
Sypers, swathbonds, rybandes, and sleve laces, If it chaunce to double in the clothe,
Gyrdyls, knives, pursses, and pyncaces.

98 Then be they 99 wode, and swere
Pot. Do women bye their pyncaces of you? Tyl it stande reght they wyll nat forsake it,
Ped. Ye, that they do, I make God a vow. Thus though it may not, yet wy!!

they make it.
Pot. So mot I thryve then for my parte, But be ye sure they do but defarre it;
I beshrewe thy knave's nakyd herte,

For when they wolde make it, ofte times they
For makyuge my wifys pyncace so wyde,
The pynnes fall out, they cannat abyde: But prycke them, and pynne them, as nyche as
Yet pynnes she must have, one or other;
Yf she lese one, she wyll fynde another. And yet wyll they loke for pynnynge styll

Wherein I fynde cause to complayne;

So that I durste holde with you a joynt, v New pynnes to her pleasure, but to my payne.

Ye shall never have them at a ful point.


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85 Here there, edit. 1569. "

86 Whercin--where, Ist edit. 87 Knotted-unknotted, edit. 1569.

88 Laces-lace, Ist edit. 89 Nedles, thred, thimbles, and such other knacks--Edition, 1569. 90 Sypers—i. e. Cyprus ; tbin stuff of which women's veils were made. So, in Shakspeare's Winter's Tale, A. 4. S. 3.

“ Lawn as white as driven snow,

Cyprus black as any crow."
Again, in Twelfth Night:

a cyprus, not a bosom

Hides my poor heart." S.
91 Swathbonds—i. e. rollers in which infants were swath'd. So, in Tymon of Athens :

“Had thou, like us, from thy first swath,&c. S.
92 Arysyngemuprising, edit. 1569.

93 Frontleites-Frontal, Fr. A frontlet, or forehead-band. CotgRAVE. A front let is mentioned as part of a woman's dress, in Lyly's Midas, 15''2 : “ Hoods, frontlets, wires, cauls, curling irons, periwigs, bodkins, fillets, hair laces, ribbons, rolls, knotstrings, glasses," &c. See also Mr Steevens's Note on King Lear, A. 1. S. 4.

94 Partlettes-Rufis or bands for women. See Glossary to Douglas's Translation of Virgil.
95 Poynettes--Little bodkins or puncheons. Cotgrave, voce Poinçonnet.
96 Yet-it, edit. 1569.

97 Prickt-prycke, Ist edit.
98 Then be they wode-Wode signifies mad, furious, or violent. So, in Ascham's Torophilus, Bennet's
edition, 4to. p. 86.“ How will you thincke that suche furiousnesse, with woode countenance, and bren-
ninge eyes, with staringe and bragginge, with hart redve to leape out of the bellye for swellinge, can be
expressed the tenthe part to the uttermost." Churchyard's Worthiness of Wales, p. 103. Evans's edition,

" It flowes with winde, although no raype there bee,
And swelles like sea, with waves and foming flood :
A wonder sure, to see this river Dee,
With winde alone, to waxe so wyld and rood,
Make such a sturre, as water would be mad,

And shewe such life, as tbough some spreete it had."
99 Theythey he, edit. 1569.

100 Srcere-swereth, Ist edit. 105 Wyll-wil, edit. 1669.

102 Ful-fall, Ist edit,

1 103

Ped. Let women's maters passe, and marke What I can do, then shall you se. myne ;

Pot. Then tell me thys; are you perfyt in What ever theyr poyntes be, these pnyntes bé fyvė. drynkynge? Wherfore yf ye be wyllynge to bye,

Ped. Perfyt in drynkynge, as may be wysht by Lay downe money, come off quyckely.

thynkynge. Palin. Nay, by my trouth, we be lyke fryers; Pot. Then, after your drynkynge, how fall ye We are but beggars, we be no byers.

to wynking? Pard. Syr, ye may showe your ware for your Ped. Syr, after drynkynge, whyle the shot lus is mynde,

tynkynge, But I thynke ye shall no profyte fynde.

Some hedes be swymmyng,

106 but myne wyll be Ped. Well, though this journey acquyte no coste, synkyng; Yet thynke I nat my labour loste :

And, upon drynkynge, my eyse wil be pynkynge; For, by the fayth of my body,

For wynkynge to drynkynge is alway lynkynge. I lyke ful well thys company.

Pot. Then drynke and slepe you can well do; Up shall this packe; for, it is playne,

But, yf ye were desyred therto, I came pot hyther al for gayne.

I pray you tell me, can you synge? Who may nat play one day in a weke,

Ped. Syr, I have soine syght in syngynge. May thynke hys thryste is farre to sevke.

Pot. But is your brest 107 any thynge swete? Devyse what pastyme that ye thynke beste, Ped. What ever my breste be, my voyce is mete. And make ye sure to fynde me prest.

Pot. That answere showeth you a ryght syngPot. Why, be ve so ungversall

ynge man.That ye can do what so ever ye shall ?

Now what is your wyll, good father, than? Ped. Syr, yf ye lyste for to appose me; Palm. What helpeth wyll, where is no skyll?



466. a pas

103 Come off-i. e. pay down.
104 Prest—i. e. ready; pret, Fr. So, in Cæsar and Pompey, 1607 :

" What must be, must be; Cæsar's prest for all."
See a note on The Merchant of Venice, act i. scene 1. S.
Again, Churchyard's Challenge, 1593, p. 80 :

“ Then shall my mouth, my muse, my pen, and all,

Be prest to serve at each good subject's call." Cynthia's Revels. act v. scene 4:

“I am prest for the encounter." 1os Shot-i. e. the reckoning. See Mr Steevens's note to The First Part of King Henry IV. act v. sc. 3. Again, in Churchyard's Worthyness of Wales :

“ Behold hesides, a further thing to note,
The hest cheap cheare they have that may be found ;
The shot is great when each mans pais his groate,

If all alike the reckoning runneth round.”
Skymmyng—The second edition reads, suyuking.
107 Bul is your brest any thinge swele-In Sir John Hawkins's History of Music, Vol. III. p.
sage, in Tusser's Five Hundred Points of' Husbandry, 1580, is cited, in which this line occurs :

“ The better brest, the lesser rest :" upon which he makes this observation : “ Jn singing, the sound is originally produced hy the action of the lungs; which are so essential an organ in this respect, that to bave a good breast was formerly a common periphrasis to denote a good singer. The Italians make use of the terms, voce de petto, and voce di tosta, to signify two kinds of voice, of which the first is the best, In Shakespeare's comedy of Twelfth Night, after the clown is asked to sing, Sir Andrew Aguecheck says,

“ By my troth, the fool has an excellent breast." “ And in the statutes nf Stoke college, in Suffolk, founded by Parker, Archbishop of Canterbury, is a provision in these words : Of which said queristers, after their breasts are changed, (i. e. their voices broke,) we will the most apt of wit and capacity be helpen with exhibitions of forty shillings," &c.

See also the notes of Mr Warton and Mr Steevelis to Twelfth Night, act ii. scene 3.

Again, in Middleton's More Dissemblers besides Women, aci i. scene I. Dondolo, after a song by his page, says, “ Oh rich, ravishing, rare, and enticing! Well, go thy ways, for as sweet a brested page as ever lay at his master's feet, in a truckle-bed." Women beware of Women, act iii. scene 2.

Duke. Yea, the voice too, sir?

Fab. I, and a steel brest too, my lord, I hope; Or I have cast away my money wisely."




Purd.And what helpeth skyll, where is no wil?tos Pot. For wyll or skyll what helpeth it, Where frowarde knaves be lackynge wit ?"09 Leve off thys curiositie; And who that lyste, synge after me.

[Here they synge.
Ped. Thys lyketh me wel, so mot I the.
Pard. Só helpe me God, it lyketh nat me.
Where company is met, and well agreed,
Good pastyme dnoth ryght well indede.
But who can syt in dalyaunce,
Men set in suche a variaunce?
As we were set, or

ye came in,
Whiche stryfe thys man dyd fyrst begynne ;
Alledgynge, that suche men as use,
For love of God, and not "I refuse
On fot to goo, from place to place,
A pylgrimnage, callynge for grace,
Shall in that payne with penitence,
Obtayne discharge of conscyence;
Comparynge that lyfe for the beste
Enduccion to your endless rest.
Upon these workes our mater grewe;
For yf he could avow them true,
As good to be a gardener,
As for to be a Pardoner.
But when I harde hym so farre wyde,
I then aproched, and replyed:
Sayenge this, that this "2 indulgence,
Havyng the foresaid penitence,
Dyschargeth man of all offence,
With muche more profyt then this pretence.
I aske but two pens at the moste;
I wys this is nat very great coste,
And from "13 all payne without dyspayre,
My soule for his kepe 113* even his chayre.
And when he dyeth, he may be sure
To come to hever even at plesure.
And more then heven he can
How farre so ever he lyste to jet.
Then is hys payne more then hys wit,
To walke to heven, syns he may syt.
Syr, as we were in this contencion,
In came thys daw with hys invencyon;
Revelynge us, himselfe avauntynge,
That all the soules to heven assendynge,
Are most boundle to the Poticary,
Bycause he helpeth moste men to dye;
Before whiche deth, he sayeth in dede,
No soule in heven can have hys mede.

Ped. Why? du Poricaries kyll men?

Pot. By God! men say so now and then,

Ped. And I thought ye wolde nat have myst, To niake them lyve as longe as ye lyste. Pot. As longe as we lyste? nay, as longe as

they can.
Ped. So myght we lyve without you than.

Pot. Ye; but yet it is necessary
For to have a Poticary;
For, when ye fele your conscyens redy,
I can sende you to heven very quyckly.
Wherfore, concernynge our mater here,
Above these twayne I am best, clere;
And yf ye lyste to take me so,
I am content; you, and no mo
Shal be our judge, as in thys case,
Whiche of us thre shall take the best place.

Ped. I neyther wyll judge the beste nor worste;
For be ye bleste, or be ye curste,
Ye know it is no whyt my sleyght,
To be a judge in maters of weyght.
It behoveth no Pedlers, nor proctours,
To take on them judgemente as doctours ;
But yf your myndes be onely set
To worke for soule helthe, ye be well met;
For eche of you somwhat doth showe
That soules towarde heven by you doe growe.
Then yf ye can so well agrec,
To contynue togyther all thre;
Ard all you thre obay one wyll,
Then all your myndes ye may fulfyll.
As yf ye came all to one man,
Who shulde goo pylgrymage

more then he can? In that ye Palmer, as debite, May clerely dyscharde hym, parde. And for all other syns ones had contryssyon, Your pardons gevech hym full remyssyon, And then ye Mayster Poticary, May sende hym to heven by and by.

Pot. Yf he taste this boxe nye aboute the pryme, By the masse, he is in heven or even-songe tyme ! My craft is suche, that I can ryght well, Sende my fryndes to heven, and myselfe to hell. But, syrs, marke this man, for he is wyse; Who 119 coulde devyse suche a devyse? For yf we thre may be as one, Then be we 120 lordes everych one; Betwene us all coulde nat be myste, To save the soules of whome we lyste. But, for good order, at a worde, Twayne of us must wayte on the thyrde. And unto that I do agree,



nat get,


108 Wil-wyt, 'st edit.
109 Wit-wyll, Ist edit.

No Or-ere. ul And not-not and, Ist edit.

112 This—his, edit. 1569. 113 From-for, edit. 1569.

113* His kepefor to keep even in his chair, edit. 1569. 514 Can-may, edit. 1569.

115 Walke-wake, Ist edit. 116 Yet it is it is very, edit. 1569.

117 Very--added in, edit, 1569. 118 Shulde goo pylgrymage-should go on pilgrimage, edit. 156'. 119 Who-Howe, Ist edit.

120 Bewe-were we as, edit. 1569.


But, syr,

121 For bothe you twayne shall wayt on me. And you in lyeng be well spedde,

Pard. What chaunce is this, that suche an elf For all your craft doth stande in falshed. Commaund two knaves beside himself?

Ye nede nat care who shall begyn; Nay, nay, my frende, that wyll nat be;

For eche of you may hope to wyn. I am to good to wayt on the.

Now speke all thre evyn as ye fynde, Palm. By our Lady, and I wolde be loth Be ye agreed to folowe my mynde? To wayt on the better of you both!

Palm. Ye, by my troth, I am contente. Ped. Yet, be ye sewer, for all thys dout, Pard. Now, in good fayth, and I assente. This waytynge must be brought about.

Pot. If I denyed, I were a nody; Men cannat prosper wylfully ledde;

For all is myne, by Goddes body. All things decay where is no hedde.

[Here the Poticary hoppeth: Wherfore, doubtlesse, marke what I say,

Palm. Here were a hopper to hop for the rynge! To one of you thre twayne must obey.

,128 this gere goth nat by hoppynge. And, synuies ye cannat agree in voyce,

Pot. Syr, in this hoppynge I wyll hop so well, Who shall be hed, there is no choyce,

That my tonge shall bop better 129 then my hele: But to devyse some maner of thynge,

Upon whiche boppynge, I hope and not doute it, Wherin ye all be lyke connynge :

To hop

so that

ye shall hop 131 without it. And in the same who can do beste,

Palm. Syr, I wyll neyther boste ne brawll, The other twayne to make them preste,

But take suche fortune as may fall; In every thynge of hys entente,

And yf ye wynne this maystery, Holy to be at commandement.

I wyli obaye you quietly; And now have I founde one mastry,

And sure I thyuke that quietnesse That ye cau do indyfferently;

In any man is great richesse. And is nother sellynge nor hyenge,

In any manner of company, But evyn onely very lyeng :

To rule or be ruled 132 indifferently. And all ye thre can lýê as well,

Pard. By that bost thou semest a begger indede; As can the falsest devyll in hell.

What can thy quietnesse helpe us at nede? And though, afore, ye harde me grudge

Yf we shulde starve, thou hast nat, I thynke, In greater maters to be your judge;

One peny to bye us one potte of drynke. Yet in lyeng I can boste some skyll,

Nay, vf richesse myghte rule the roste, And yf I shall be judge, I wyll.

Beholde what cause I have to boste : And be you sure, without flattery,

Lo, here be "33 pardons halfe a dosyn, Where my consciens fyndeth the mastrye, For gostely ryches they have no cosyn; Ther shall my judgement strayt be founde, And moreover to me they brynge Though I myght wynne a thousande pounde. Sufficient succour for my lyvynge.

Palm. Syr, for lyeng, though I can do it, And here be 134 relykes of suche a kynde, Yet am I loth for to goo to it.

As in this worlde no man can fynde. Ped. Ye have no cause to fear : Be bolde ;126 Koele down all thre, and when ye leve kyssynge For ye may here "27 lie uncontrolde.

Who lyst to offer shall have my blyssynge. And ye in this have good avauntage,

Frendes, here shall ye se evyn anone, For lyeng is your compen usage.

Of All-hallowes, the blessyd jaw-bone,'







121 For bothe, &c.—First edition reads,

“ For bothe you twayne shall wayt on me.
What chaunce is this, that suche an elfe

Commaunded two knaves besyde hymselfe.” 122 Things decay--thynge decayed, 1st edit.

Holy-Holly, Ist edit. 124 One mastry_i. e. one magisterium ; a chemical term, expressive of the highest powers of transmu. tation, and sometimes used for any masterly performance. S. 125 No-pot, Ist edit.

126 Be bolde-beholde, edit. 1569. 127 May hers--may here, Ist edit.; may lie, edit. 1569. 129 Syr-sirs, edit. 1569.

129 Better-as well as, Ist edit. 139 Hop-hope, Ist edit.

131 Hop-bope, Ist edit. . 132 Be ruled - to be rulde, edit. 1569.

133 Here be-here are, edit, 1569. 134 Be-are, edit. 1569.

135 Can-may, edit. 1569. 136 All-hallowes, tbe blessyd jax-bone-All- hallowes is All-saints. Mr Steevens, in bis Note on The First Part of King Henry IV. A 1. s. 2. remarks on the absurdity of appropriating a word formed to express a community of saints to a particular one of the number.

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