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And Winter barricades the realms of Frost;
He comes — nor want nor cold his course delay; -
Hide, blushing Glory, hide Pultowa's day!
The vanquished hero leaves his broken bands,
And shows his miseries in distant lands;
Condemned a needy supplicant to wait,
While ladies interpose, and slaves debate.
But did not Chance at length her error mend ?
Did no subverted empire mark his end?
Did rival monarchs give the fatal wound ?
Or hostile millions press him to the ground ?
His fall was destined to a barren strand,
A petty fortress, and a dubious hand;
He left the name, at which the world grew pale,
To point a moral, or adorn a tale !

42. OUR DUTIES TO THE REPUBLIC.-Judge Story. Born, 1779; died, 1845

The Old World has already revealed to us, in its unsealed books, the beginning and end of all its own marvellous struggles in the cause of liberty. Greece, lovely Greece,

“ The land of scholars and the nurse of arms,” where Sister Republics, in fair procession, chanted the praises of lilerty and the Gods, where and what is she? For two thousand years the oppressor has ground her to the earth. Her arts are no more. The last sad relics of her temples are but the barracks of a ruthless soldiery. The fragments of her columns and her palaces are in the dust, yet beautiful in ruins. She fell not when the mighty were upon her. Her sons were united at Thermopylæ and Marathon ; and the tide of her triumph rolled back upon the Hellespont. She was conquered by her own factions. She fell by the hands of her own People. The man of Macedonia did not the work of destruction. It was already done, by her own corruptions, banishments, and dissensions. Rome, republican Rome, whose eagles glanced in the rising and setting sun, — where and what is she? The eternal city yet remains, proud even in her desolation, noble in her decline, venerable in the majesty of religion, and calm as in the composure of death. The malaria has but travelled in the paths worn by her destroyers. More than eighteen centuries have mourned over the loss of her empire. A mortal disease was upon her vitals before Cæsar had crossed the Rubicon; and Brutus did not restore her health by the deep probings of the Senate-chamber. The Goths, and Vandals, and Huns, the swarms of the North, completed only what was already begun at home. Romans betrayed Rome. The Legions were bought and sold; but the People offered the tribute money,

We stand the latest, and, if we fail, probably the last experiment of self-government by the Purple. We have begun it under circumstances of the most auspicious nature. We are in the vigor of youth. Our growth has never been checked by the oppressions of tyranny. Our constitutions have never been enfeebled by the rices or luxuries of the Old World. Such as we are, we have been from the beginning, - simple, hardy, intelligent, accustomed to self-government, and to self-respect. The Atlantic rolls between us and any formidable foe. Within our own territory, stretching through many degrees of latitude and longitude, we have the choice of many products, and many means of independence. The Government is mild. The Press is free. Religion is free. Knowledge reaches, or may reach, every home. What fairer prospect of success could be presented ? What means more adequate to accomplish the sublime end? What more is necessary than for the People to preserve what they have themselves created ? Already has the age caught the spirit of our institutions. It has already ascended the Andes, and snuffed the breezes of both oceans. It has infused itself into the life-blood of Europe, and warmed the sunny plains of France and the low lands of Holland. It has touched the philosophy of Germany and the North ; and, moving onward to the South, has opened to Greece the lessons of her better days. Can it be that America, under such circumstances, can letray herself? Can it be that she is to be added to the catalogue of Republics, the inscription upon whose ruins is : THEY WERE, BUT

Forbid it, my countrymen! Forbid it, Heaven !

THEY ARE NOT ?

43, LOVE OF COUNTRY AND HOME. - James Montgomery,

There is a land, of every land the pride,
Beloved by Heaven o'er all the world beside ;
Where brighter suns dispense serener light,
And milder moons emparadise the night;
There is a spot of earth supremely blest,
A dearer, sweeter spot than all the rest,
Where man, creation's tyrant, casts aside
His sword and sceptre, pageantry and pride,
While in his softened looks benignly blend
The sire, the son, the husband, brother, friend ;
“Where shall that land, that spot of earth, be found”?
Art thou a man? - a patriot? look around !
0, thou shalt find, howe'er thy footsteps roam,
That land thy country, and that spot thy home!

On Greenland's rocks, o'er rude Kamschatka's plains,
In pale Siberia's desolate domains ;
When the wild hunter takes his lonely way,
Tracks through tempestuous snows his savage prey,
Or, wrestling with the might of raging seas,
Where round the Pole the eternal billows freeze,

Plucks from their jaws the stricken whale, in vain
Plunging down headlong through the whirling main,
His wastes of snow are lovelier in his eye
Than all the flowery vales beneath the sky;
And dearer far than Cæsar's palace-dome,
His cavern-shelter, and his cottage-home.

O’er China's garden-fields and peopled floods,
In California's pathless world of woods ;
Round Andes' heights, where Winter, from his throne
Looks down in scorn upon the Summer zone ;
By the gay borders of Bermuda's isles,
Where Spring with everlasting verdure smiles ;
On
pure

Madeira's vine-robed hills of health ;
In Java's swamps of pestilence and wealth ;
Where Babel stood, where wolves and jackals drink,
'Midst weeping willows, on Euphrates' brink;
On Carmel's crest ; by Jordan's reverend stream,
Where Canaan’s glories vanished like a dream ;
Where Greece, a spectre, haunts her heroes' graves,
And Rome's vast ruins darken Tiber's waves ;
Where broken-hearted Switzerland bewails
Her subject mountains and dishonored vales ;
Where Albion's rocks exult amidst the sea,
Around the beauteous isle of Liberty ; –
Man, through all ages of revolving time,
Unchanging man, in every varying clime,
Deems his own land of every land the pride,
Beloved by Heaven o'er all the world beside;
His home the spot of earth supremely blest,
A dearer, sweeter spot than all the rest !

44. NATURE A HARD CREDITOR. - Thomas Carlyle. NATURE admits no lie. Most men profess to be aware of this, but few in any measure lay it to heart. Except in the departments of mere material manipulation, it seems to be taken practically as if this grand truth were merely a polite flourish of rhetoric. Nature keeps silently a most exact Savings-bank and official register, correct to the most evanescent item, Debtor and Creditor, in respect to one and all of us; silently marks down, Creditor by such and such an unseen act of veracity and heroism ; Debtor to such a loud, blustery blunder, twenty-seven million strong or one unit strong, and to all acts and words and thoughts executed in consequence of that, — Debtor, Debtor, Debtor, day after day, rigorously as Fate (for this is Fate that is writing); and at the end of the account you will have it all to pay, my friend; there is the rub! Not the infinitesimallest fraction of a farthing but will be found marked there, for you and against you ; and with the due rate of interest you will have to pay it, neatly, completely, 28 sure as you are alive. You will have to pay it even in money,

if you live : and, poor slave, do you think there is no payment but in money? There is a payment which Nature rigorously exacts of men, and also of Nations, — and this I think when her wrath is sternest, — in the shape of dooming you to possess money :— to possess it; to have your bloated vanities fostered into monstrosity by it; your foul passions blown into explosion by it; your heart, and, perhaps, your very stomach, ruined with intoxication by it; your poor life, and all its manful active ities, stunned into frenzy and comatose sleep by it;- in one word, as the old Prophets said, your soul forever lost by it: your soul, so that, through the Eternities, you shall have no soul, or manful trace of ever having had a soul; but only, for certain fleeting moments, shall have had a money-bag, and have given soul and heart, and (frightfuller still) stomach itself, in fatal exchange for the same. You wretched mortal, stumbling about in a God's Temple, and thinking it a brutal Cookeryshop! Nature, when her scorn of a slave is divinest, and blazes like the blinding lightning against his slavehood, often enough flings him a bag of money, silently saying: “That! Away; thy doom is that!'

45. TIME'S MIDNIGHT VOICE. – Edward Young. Born, 1881 ; died, 1706.

CREATIOx sleeps. 'Tis as the general pulse
Of life stocu still, and Nature made a pause,
An awful pause! prophetic of her end.

The bell strikes one. We take no note of time,
But from its loss. To give it, then, a tongue,
Is wise in man. As if an angel spoke,
I feel the solemn sound. If heard aright,
It is the knell of my departed hours.
Where are they? With the years beyond the flood'
It is the signal that demands despatch :
How much is to be done! My hopes and fears
Start up alarmed, and o'er life's narrow verge
Look down — on what ? a fathomless abyss !
A dread eternity! How surely mine!
And can eternity belong to me,
Poor pensioner on the bounties of an hour ?

How poor, how rich, how abject, how auguso.
How complicate, how wonderful, is man!
How passing wonder He who made him such !
Who centred in our make such strange extremes ·
From different natures marvellously mixed,
Connection exquisite of distant worlds!
Distinguished link in being's endless chain
Midway from nothing to the Deity!
A beam ethereal, sullied, and absorpt!

Though sullied, and dishonored, still divine !
Dim miniature of greatness absolute !
An heir of glory! a frail child of dust!
Helpless immortal ! insect infinite!
A worm! a god! - I tremble at myself,
And in myself am lost! At home a stranger,
Thought wanders up and down, surprised, aghast,
And wondering at her own: how Reason reels!
O what a miracle to man is man,
Triumphantly distressed! What joy, what dread
Alternately transported, and alarmed!
What can preserve my life, or what destroy ?
An angel's arm can't snatch me from the

grave; Legions of angels can't confine me there ! Even silent night proclaims my soul immortal!

46. THE COMMON LOT. - James Montgomery.

Osce, in the flight of ages past,

There lived a man; and Who was He ?
Mortal! howe'er thy lot be cast,

That Man resembled Thee.
Unknown the region of his birth,

The land in which he died unknown:
His name has perished from the earth ;

This truth survives alone :

That joy and grief, and hope and fear,

Alternate triumphed in his breast;
His bliss and woe,

a smile, a tear!
Oblivion hides the rest.
The bounding pulse, the languid limb,

The changing spirit's rise and fall;
We know that these were felt by him,

For these are felt by all.
He suffered,

but his pangs are o'er ;
Enjoyed, — but his delights are fled;
Had friends, his friends are now no mort

And foes, — his foes are dead.
He loved, – but whom he loved the grave

Hath lost in its unconscious womb:
O, she was fair ! — but daught could save

Her beauty from the tomb.
He saw whatever thou hast seen;

Encountered all that troubles thee: He was —

whatever thou hast been ; He is — what thou shalt be.

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