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not constructively, resided in the state six months, and in the How and district or county thirty days next preceding any election, franchise

by whom the shall be entitled to vote for all officers that now or hereafter may be

enjoyed may be elected by the people, and upon all questions submitted to the electors at such election; provided, that no person who has been or may be convicted of treason or felony in any state or territory of the United States, unless restored to civil rights, and no idiot or insane person shall be entitled to the privilege of an elector. There shall be no denial of the elective franchise at any election on account of sex.

[Amended by striking out the word white before the word male. Proposed and passed at the eighth session of the legislature, January 15, 1877, Statutes of 1877, page 213; agreed to and passed at the ninth session of the legislature, January 27, 1879, Statutes of 1879, page 149, and approved and ratified by the people at the general election of 1880.]

(Amended by extending the right of suffrage to women. Proposed and passed at the twenty-fifth session of the legislature, March 18, 1911, Statutes of 1911, page 457; agreed to and passed at the twenty-sixth session of the legislature, January 31, 1913, Statutes of 1913, page 581, and approved and ratified by the people at the general election of 1914.)

SEC. 2. For the purpose of voting, no person shall be Residence deemed to have gained or lost a residence by reason of his presence or absence while employed in the service of the United States, nor while engaged in the navigation of the waters of the United States or of the high seas; nor while a student of any seminary of learning; nor while kept at any almshouse or other asylum, at public expense; nor while confined in any public prison.

Sec. 3. The right of suffrage shall be enjoyed by all per- Soldiers and sons, otherwise entitled to the same, who may be in the military or naval service of the United States; provided, the votes so cast shall be made to apply to the county and township of which said voters were bona fide residents at the time of their enlistment; and provided further, that the payment of a poll tax or a registration of such voters shall not be required as a condition to the right of voting. Provision shall be made by law regulating the manner of voting, holding elections, and making returns of such elections, wherein other provisions are not contained in this constitution. Sec. 4. During the day on which any general election shall Civil process

suspended be held in this state, no qualified elector shall be arrested by virtue of any civil process.

Sec. 5. All elections by the people shall be by ballot, and Elections by all elections by the legislature, or by either branch thereof, shall be "viva voce

Sec. 6. Provision shall be made by law for the registration Electors of the names of the electors within the counties of which registered they may be residents, and for the ascertainment, by proper proofs, of the persons who shall be entitled to the right of suffrage, as hereby established, to preserve the purity of elections, and to regulate the manner of holding and making returns of the same; and the legislature shall have power to

sailors may vote

Who may vote on

Recall of

prescribe by law any other or further rules or oaths as may be deemed necessary as a test of electoral qualifications.

Sec. 7. The legislature shall provide by law for the pay. Poll tax ment of an annual poll tax, of not less than two nor exceeding provided for

four dollars, from each male person resident in the state between the ages of twenty-one and sixty years (uncivilized American Indians excepted), to be expended for the maintenance and betterment of the public roads.

[As amended. Proposed and passed at the twenty-third session of the legislature, March 29, 1907, Statutes of 1907, page 450; agreed to and passed at the twenty-fourth session of the legislature, March 16, 1909, Statutes of 1909, page 344, and approved and ratified by the people at the general election of 1910.]

SEC. 8. All persons qualified by law to vote for representa

tives to the general assembly of the Territory of Nevada, on constitution the twenty-first day of March, A. D. eighteen hundred and

sixty-four, and all other persons who may be lawful voters in said territory on the first Wednesday of September next following, shall be entitled to vote directly upon the question of adopting or rejecting this constitution.

Sec. 9. Every public officer in the State of Nevada is

subject, as herein provided, to recall from office by the qualipublic officer

fied electors of the state, or of the county, district, or municipality, from which he was elected. For this purpose not less than twenty-five per cent (25%) of the qualified electors who vote in the state or in the county, district, or municipality electing said officer, at the preceding election, for justice of the supreme court, shall file their petition in the manner

herein provided, demanding his recall by the people; they Special shall set forth in said petition, in not exceeding two hundred

(200) words, the reasons why said recall is demanded. If he shall offer his resignation it shall be accepted and take effect on the day it is offered, and the vacancy thereby caused shall be filled in the manner provided by law. If he shall not resign within five (5) days after the petition is filed, a special election shall be ordered to be held within twenty (20) days after the issuance of the call therefor, in the state or county, district, or municipality electing said officer, to

determine whether the people will recall said officer. On Ballots, etc. the ballot at said election shall be printed verbatim as set

forth in the recall petition, the reasons for demanding the recall of said officer, and in not more than two hundred (200) words, the officer's justification of his course in office. He shall continue to perform the duties of his office until the result of said election shall be finally declared. Other candidates for the office may be nominated to be voted for at said special election. The candidate who shall receive the highest number of votes at said special election shall be deemed elected for the remainder of the term, whether it be the person against whom the recall petition was filed, or another. The recall petition shall be filed with the officer



with whom the petition for nomination to such office shall be filed, and the same officer shall order the special election when it is required. No such petition shall be circulated or filed against any officer until he has actually held his office six (6) months, save and except that it may be filed against a senator or assemblyman in the legislature at any time after In case of ten (10) days from the beginning of the first session after his


officer election. After one such petition and special election, no further recall petition shall be filed against the same officer during the term for which he was elected, unless such further petitioners shall pay into the public treasury from which the expenses of said special election have been paid, the whole amount paid out of said public treasury as expenses for the preceding special election. Such additional legislation as may aid the operation of this section shall be provided by law.

[As amended. Proposed and passed at the twenty-fourth session of the legislature, March 22, 1909, Statutes of 1909, page 345; agreed to and passed at the twenty-fifth session, February 2, 1911, Statutes of 1911, page 448; approved and ratified by the people at the general election of 1912.]


DISTRIBUTION OF POWERS SECTION 1. The powers of the government of the State of Powers of Nevada shall be divided into three separate departments

government the legislative, the executive, and the judicial; and no person charged with the exercise of powers properly belonging to one of these departments shall exercise any functions appertaining to either of the others, except in the cases herein expressly directed or permitted.


LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT SECTION 1. The legislative authority of this state shall be Legislative vested in the senate and assembly, which shall be designated

authority "The Legislature of the State of Nevada, and the sessions of such legislature shall be held at the seat of government of the state.

SEC, 2. The sessions of the legislature shall be biennial, To convene, and shall commence on the third Monday of January next ensuing the election of members of the assembly, unless the governor of the state shall, in the interim, convene the legislature by proclamation.

[Amended by changing first Monday to third Monday in January. Proposed and passed at the twelfth session of the legislature, February 23, 1885, Statutes of 1885, page 151; agreed to and passed at the thirteenth session of the legislature, March 3, 1887, Statutes of 1887, page 165, and approved and ratified by the people at a special election held February 11, 1889.]

Sec. 3. The members of the assembly shall be chosen bien- Assemblynially by the qualified electors of their respective districts, on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in November, and their term of office shall be two years from the day next after their election.



men chosen

Senators chosen

Powers of

not to be

Sec. 4. Senators shall be chosen at the same time and places as members of the assembly, by the qualified electors of their respective districts, and their term of office shall be four years from the day next after their election.

Sec. 5. Senators and members of the assembly shall be Who eligible duly qualified electors in the respective counties and districts

which they represent, and the number of senators shall not be less than one-third nor more than one-half of that of the members of the assembly.

Sec. 6. Each house shall judge of the qualifications, elec

tions, and returns of its own members, choose its own officers each

(except the president of the senate), determine the rules of its proceedings, and may punish its members for disorderly conduct, and, with the concurrence of two-thirds of all the members elected, expel a member.

SEC. 7. Either house, during the session, may punish, by imprisonment, any person, not a member, who shall have been guilty of disrespect to the house by disorderly or contemptuous behavior in its presence; but such imprisonment shall not extend beyond the final adjournment of the session.

SEC. 8. No senator or member of the assembly shall, during Members

the term for which he shall have been elected, nor for one beneficiaries year thereafter, be appointed to any civil office of profit

under this state which shall have been created, or the emoluments of which shall have been increased, during such term, except such office as may be filled by election by the people.

Sec. 9. No person holding any lucrative office under the Persons not government of the United States, or any other power, shall eligible, when

be eligible to any civil office of profit under this state; provided, that postmasters whose compensation does not exceed five hundred dollars per annum, or commissioners of deeds, shall not be deemed as holding a lucrative office.

Sec. 10. Any person who shall be convicted of the embezDisqualified zlement or defalcation of the public funds of this state, or holding

who may be convicted of having given or offered a bribe to procure his election or appointment to office, or received a bribe to aid in the procurement of office for any other person, shall be disqualified from holding any office of profit or trust in this state. And the legislature shall, as soon as practicable, provide by law for the punishment of such defalcation, bribery, or embezzlement as a felony.

Sec. 11. Members of the legislature shall be privileged Members from arrest on civil process during the session of the legislaexempt from civil process ture, and for fifteen days next before the commencement of during session of

each session. legislature SEC. 12. When vacancies occur in either house, the gov

ernor shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancy. Rules

SEC. 13. A majority of all the members elected to each relating to house shall constitute a quorum to transact business, but a legislative procedure smaller number may adjourn, from day to day, and may

from office

compel the attendance of absent members in such manner and under such penalties as each house may prescribe.

Sec. 14. Each house shall keep a journal of its own proceedings, which shall be published, and the yeas and nays of the members of either house, on any question, shall, at the desire of any three members present, be entered on the journal.

Sec. 15. The doors of each house shall be kept open dur- Rules ing its session, except the senate while sitting in executive

relating to

legislative session, and neither shall, without the consent of the other, procedure adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which they may be holding their sessions.

Sec. 16. Any bill may originate in either house of the legislature, and all bills passed by one may be amended in the other.

Sec. 17. Each law enacted by the legislature shall embrace but one subject, and matters properly connected therewith, which subject shall be briefly expressed in the title; and no law shall be revised or amended by reference to its title only; but, in such case, the act as revised, or section as amended, shall be reenacted and published at length.

Sec. 18. Every bill shall be read by sections on three several days in each house, unless, in case of emergency, twothirds of the house where such bill may be pending shall deem it expedient to dispense with this rule; but the reading of a bill by sections, on its final passage, shall in no case be dispensed with, and the vote on the final passage of every bill or joint resolution shall be taken by yeas and nays, to be entered on the journals of each house; and a majority of all the members elected to each house shall be necessary to pass every bill or joint resolution, and all bills or joint resolutions so passed shall be signed by the presiding officers of the respective houses, and by the secretary of the senate and clerk of the assembly.

Sec. 19. No money shall be drawn from the treasury but Public in consequence of appropriations made by law. An accurate disbursed statement of the receipts and expenditures of the public ando money shall be attached to and published with the laws at for every regular session of the legislature.

Sec. 20. The legislature shall not pass local or special laws Legislative in any of the following enumerated cases—that is to say: Regulating the jurisdiction and duties of the justices of the peace and of constables; for the punishment of crimes and misdemeanors; regulating the practice of courts of justice; providing for changing the venue in civil and criminal cases; granting divorces; changing the names of persons; vacating roads, town plots, streets, alleys and public squares; summoning and impaneling grand and petit juries, and providing for their compensation; regulating county and township business; regulating the election of county and township

moneys, how


powers restricted

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