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Certain persons ineligible to office

shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such state.

SEC. 3. No person shall be a senator or representative in Congress, or elector of president and vice-president, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any state, who, having previously taken an oath as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any state legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any state, to support the constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of each house, remove such disability.

Sec. 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United

States nor any state shall assume or pay any debt or obligation Payment of incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United

States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; inhibited

but all such debts, obligations, and claims shall be held illegal and void.

Sec. 5. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.

Rebellion debt declared valid

ary debt

ARTICLE XVI SECTION 1. The right of the citizens of the United States to Suffrage not vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States, or on account by any state, on account of race, color, or previous condition of race,

of servitude. color, etc.

SEC. 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

ARTICLE XVI? The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on Income tax incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several states, and without regard to any census or enumeration.

1 Article XV was proposed by Congress February 26, 1869, and declared in force March 30, 1870.

Ratified by Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, and Wisconsin-30.

Of the above, Georgia and Ohio at first rejected, but finally ratified. New York rescinded her ratification.

Rejected by California, Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, New Jersey, and Oregon-6. No final action was taken by Tennessee-1.

2 Article XVI was proposed by Congress March 15, 1909, and declared in force February 25, 1913.

Ratified by Alabama, Kentucky, South Carolina, Illinois, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Maryland, Georgia, Texas, Ohio. Idaho, Oregon, Washington, California, Montana, Indiana, Nevada, North

Carolina, Nebraska, Kansas, Colorado, North Dakota, Michigan, Iowa, Missouri, Maine, Tennessee, Arkansas, Wisconsin, New York, South Dakota, Arizona, Minnesota, Louisiana, Delaware, and Wyoming-36.

ARTICLE XVII1 The senate of the United States shall be composed of two Election of senators from each state, elected by the people thereof, for six by people years; and each senator shall have one vote. The electors in each state shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the state legislatures.

When vacancies happen in the representation of any state Executive to in the senate the executive authority of such state shall issue election to writs of election to fill such vacancies; provided, that the legis- fill vacancies lature of any state may empower the executive thereof to make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct.

This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or term of any senator chosen before it becomes valid as part of the constitution.

1 Article XVII was proposed by Congress December 4, 1911, and declared in force May 31, 1913.

Ratified by Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Montana, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Hampshire, New Mexico. New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming—36.



Acts, records and judicial proceedings of each state, entitled to faith and credit in other states.... 540 Amendments to the constitution, how made.

541 Appropriations by law. See Treasury.

537 Attainder, bill of, prohibited

537 Attainder, of treason, shall not work corruption of blood or forfeiture, except during the life of the person attainted


Bills for raising revenue, shall originate in the house of representatives.----

535 Before they become laws, shall be passed by both houses and approved by the president; or, if disapproved, shall be passed by two-thirds of each house ....

535 Not returned in ten days, unless an adjournment intervene, shall be considered as approved.. 535

Capitation tax. See Tax ..

537 Census, or enumeration, to be made every ten years.

533 Claims of the United States, or of the several states, not to be prejudiced by any construction of the constitution

541 Citizens of each state shall be entitled to the privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states

541 Of the United States, all persons born in or naturalized are, amendment Article XIV.

547 Commerce, regulations respecting, to be equal and uniform...

537 Congress, power to enforce laws against slavery, amendment Article XIII..

547 Power to secure the right to vote to every citizen, irrespective of race or color, 15th amendment

548 Vested with legislative power.

533 May alter the regulations of state legislatures concerning elections of senators and representatives, except as to place of choosing senators

534 Shall assemble once every year...-

534 May provide for cases of removal of president and vice-president..

539 May determine the time of choosing electors of president and vice-president.

538 May invest the appointment of inferior officers in the president alone, in the courts of law, or the heads of departments...

539 May from time to time establish courts inferior to the supreme court.

540 May (with one limitation) declare the punishment of treason..

540 May prescribe the manner of proving the acts, records, and judicial proceedings of each state. 540 The assent of, required to the formation of a new state within the jurisdiction of any other, or by the junction of two or more..

541 May propose amendments to the constitution, or, on application, call a convention

541 The assent of, required to the admission of new states into the Union.

541 To lay and collect duties on imposts and excises.--

536 To borrow money.

536 To regulate commerce..

536 To establish uniform laws of bankruptcy and naturalization..

536 To coin money, regulate the value of coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures 536 To punish counterfeiting.

536 To establish postoffices and post-roads.

536 To authorize patents to authors and inventors..

536 To constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court.

536 To define and punish piracies, felonies on the high seas, and offenses against the laws of the nations..

536 To declare war, grant letters of marque, and make rules concerning captures.

536 To raise and support armies.

536 To provide and maintain a navy..

536 To make rules for the government of the army and navy.

536 To call for the militia in certain cases.

536 To organize, arm, and discipline militia To exercise exclusive legislation over ten miles square...

536 To pass laws necessary to carry the enumerated powers into effect.

537 To dispose of and make rules concerning the territory and other property of the United States. 537


Constitution, formed by the people of the United States, preamble.

How amended
And the laws under it, and treaties, declared to be the supreme law..

Rendered operative by the ratification of the conventions of nine states..
Conventions, for proposing amendments to constitution
Court, supreme, its original and appellate jurisdiction...
Courts, inferior to the supreme court, may be ordained by Congress..
Crimes, persons accused of fleeing from justice, may be demanded


533 541 542 542 541 540 540 541

Debts, against the confederation to be valid against the United States under this constitution... 542

Of states in rebellion, prohibition against payment by United States or any state, 14th amendment

548 Duties on exports between states prohibited.

537 On imports and exports imposed by state shall inure to the treasury of the United States ---- 537

Elections, of senators and representatives, shall be prescribed by the state legislatures, as to time, place, and manner..

534 Qualifications and returns of members of Congress to be determined by each house.... 534 Electors, presidential. prohibition to certain persons as, who have been engaged in the rebellion, 14th amendment...

547 Electors of president and vice-president, how chosen, and their duties

546-7 And 12th amendment...

546 Shall vote the same day throughout the United States.

538 No senator or representatiye holding office under the United States shall serve as.

538 Enumeration. See Census.

533 Executive power shall be vested in a president. See President.

538 Exports. See Tax.

And imports, duties are by states, to be payable into the treasury of the United States ----.. 537 Ex post facto law, none shall be passed



Habeas corpus, writ of, can only be suspended in cases of rebellion or invasion.
House of representatives. See Representatives.
House. See Senate.

Impeachment, all civil officers liable to..

Persons found guilty by, liable to indictment and punishment for the offense.
Importation of slaves, until prohibited, a duty authorized on after 1808.

539 534 537

Judges shall hold their offices during good behavior.--

540 The compensation of, shall not be diminished during continuance in office.

540 Judicial power, vested in a supreme court and courts inferior..

540 The cases to which it extends.

540 Judicial proceedings, records and acts of each state are entitled to faith and credit in every other state

540 Jury trial shall be held in the state where the crime shall have been committed..

540 If a crime has not been committed within a state, the trial shall be held at the place Congress shall have directed

540 Jury, trial by, secured, in prosecutions for all crimes, except in cases of impeachment..

540 And in suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, 7th amendment


Laws, supreme, the constitution, the laws under it, and treaties declared to be..
Legislative powers, vested in Congress. See Congress..-
Money, shall be drawn from the treasury only by appropriations...

542 533 537

Nobility, titles of, shall not be granted by the United States..


Officers of the senate, except the president, shall be chosen by the senate


Civil, may be removed by impeachment
Orders of one house, requiring the concurrence of the other. See Resolution

539 535-6

Persons held to labor or service, their importation or immigration into the United States may be prohibited after 1808..

537 Persons escaping from one state into another shall be delivered up to those entitled to service...- 541

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