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that you, our beloved friends, are striving together with us in your prayers to God for us. And now, whilst in all the compassion of Christian sympathy, we would once more beseech those who neither pray for us nor themselves, "to be reconciled to God," we also entreat you, our Christian friends, to let your conversation be as becometh the Gospel of Christ, that whether we come and see you, or else be absent, we may hear of your affairs, how that ye stand fast in one spirit, with one mind, striving together for the faith of the Gospel. Then we shall be sure you will not cease to compassionate the poor heathen, who have no Gospel, nor will you fail to hold up the hands of your unworthy representatives as they labour to dispel the spiritual midnight that broods over this vast continent. Our united and sincere regard to you all, in Christian love till death. Again we say, farewell, farewell.
From the Philadelphian, May 1st. Extracts of a letter addressed to the President of the Ladies' Association Auxiliary to the American Colonization Society, by Rev. J.B. Pinney, Colonial Agent, March 7th, 1834.
MADAM:-Suffer the momentary interview which I had the honour to enjoy at a meeting of your Ladies' Association, during my late visit to America, to be an apology for this letter, though it be little more than one of complaint.
May God repay you an hundred fold for your deeds of love towards these poor children. In their name, I would thank you a thousand times, and all the ladies who are associated with you in this good work.
It will rejoice your heart to hear, that all the schools supported by you, are well conducted and prosperous. Mrs. Carsan's school, at Caldwell, I have been greatly delighted with. The children make rapid progress, and the inhabitants are becoming jealous lest the girls should all outstrip the boys, and become the best scholars. Mr. Eden, at New Georgia, is making some progress; much impeded, however, for want of a suitable room for conducting his school.
I regret to add; that we are about to lose the services of Mrs. Thomson, whose school is very large and flourishing, indeed too large.*
Mr. T-has gone to Palmas and will doubtless soon send for Mrs. T- Do search Philadelphia, and send us two or three well qualified teachers; we cannot proceed in the instruction of the elder and more advanced scholars without them.
* The first girls' school, located at Monrovia. The present condition of the school is thus described by the teacher herself: “The number continues quite large, entirely too large for one teacher. Justice is not done to either class. I attempted to teach sewing, but was obliged to give that up. Although the school is so crowded, the people do not think but that all their children can come.”
NEW GEORGIA, LIBERIA.
[From the Philadelphian, May 8.] A few days since, Mr. John Hanson, merchant of this city, favoured us with a letter to himself, from Rev. James Eden, dated at New Georgia, in Liberia, in which he represents himself as pastor of a Presbyterian Church near that place.
His congregation, he says, is small, and for want of some better place regularly convenes in a place "where not only the public tribunal is held, but where the natives and strayed goats take up their lodging at nights; so that it is impossible to keep it clean." He solicits Mr. Hanson, therefore, as having been frequently present in their religious assemblies, and having been an eye witness of their necessities, to procure for them aid if practicable in America. Particularly he solicits some cups and plates to be employed in celebrating the Lord's supper. He does not expect, he says, that they should be gold or silver; but he and his people will be thankful to receive just such a set as any one may please to give.
The Sabbath school, he says, in connexion with his church, is in a very flourishing condition; but greatly in want of some spelling books for the children, which are not to be found at the Colony. He wishes particularly that Mrs. Beaula Sansom, President of the Ladies' Society, Auxiliary to the American Colonization Society, may know, that the children of the recaptured Africans at New Georgia are almost without books, and that shortly there will be no supply for them, unless they are sent from America.
DEATH OF F. DEVANY, ESQ. By a late arrival we have received a file of the Liberia Herald, from which we learn, with regret, the decease of Francis Devany, Esq. on the 11th of September. He was a colored man-originally a slave, belonging to Langdon Cheves, Esq. of Charleston, South Carolina, and emigrated to Liberia at an early period of its settlement. For many years past he has been engaged in commerce, and had accumulated a handsome fortune by his industry, perseverance and enterprise, when his earthly career was ended in the thirty-sixth year of his age. His disorder was consumption, and Liberia will have occasion to regret in him, the loss of one of its most valuable citizens. He held, for some time, the office of High Sheriff of the Colony, and in the various relations of life, sustained and deserved the reputation of an honest man. When in this country, a few years ago, he bore evidence, before a committee of the Congress of the United States, to the favorable prospects afforded to émigrants by the Liberia settlement.
[New York Daily Advertiser.
LIBERIA. [From the New York Commercial Advocate, May 7.) We have recently received several letters from friends in Western Africa, some extracts from which have been published. On a re-perusal, one remark struck us as worthy of public notice. The writer, after having been six weeks at Monrovia, says "I have not seen a person, in the least intoxicated since my arrival." The Methodist Episcopal Missionaries have formed a "Conference" at Monrovia, called the Liberia Annual Conference, and at their first meeting fourteen members attended.
After getting through with their church business, they formed a Society, called the “Conference Temperance Society;" thereby showing a determination to set a good example to the flock over which they are placed. The inhabitant have experienced great inconvenience from the scarcity of lumber, suitable for building-this, we are pleased to find, will soon be obviated by the erection of a saw mill. Perhaps as great an evil, as any, that prevails in this new African Colony, is a strong propensity to extravagance in living and dress,
THE RECAPTURED AFRICANS.
[From the Philadelphian, May 8.] Mr. Brown, lately returned from Liberia, has informed us that a large number of the recaptured Africans settled at New Georgia, have intermarried with the female emigrants from the United States; and that in this way civilization is extending a little into the interior of the country. Their wives introduce something of domestic industry and comfort, while their husbands cultivate the earth, and are the market people who in a measure supply Monrovia. Through these connections the desire of being modestly clothed is beginning to be extensively spread; in this way preparation is made for civilization and commerce, especially in cotton fabrics. The Colony has hitherto done but little in the line of extending Christianity in Africa; but much for the introduction of trade and the arts of civilized life. In this way something of an opening has been made for the future introduction of the Gospel into that world of coloured people.
Extracts from the proceedings of the Board of philanthropy, and has been cherish
Managers, May 8, 1834.
ed with no other sentiments than and vouchers for the various drafts from the those of the most pure and exalted Colony during the last year have been late- benevolence. ly received, the Committee appointed on The grand object was to plant the subject of Mr. Breckenridge's Resolution, adopted at the last Annual Meeting, upon the
coast of Africa, a Christian and who reported in part on the 20th of Colony of colored persons who might February, be instructed to prepare a report voluntarily emigrate thither. This as early as practicable, on the other matters purpose early avowed, has never called for by said Resolution.
been departed from. And was there COLONIZATION MEETING.
any thing objectionable in this? No
man had been compelled to go there [From the New York Spectator, May 8.] -and a fundamental principle of the
Pursuant to arrangement, a meet- Colony was freedom of the will. The ing of the Colonization Society of Society has already found 3,000 perthe city of New York, was held yes- sons, animated by this spirit of freeterday afternoon, at the Chatham st. dom, and who have embarked for Chapel. At the appointed hour, the Liberia. He would admit that evils spacious area and galleries were fill- and discouragements have existed ed to overflowing. The meeting there, and that some existed still; was called to order by William L. but whatever they were, they were Stone, who nominated, in the ab- fewer and less formidable than those sence of President Duer, Dr. James that were presented at the settleMilnor, one of the Vice Presidents ment of Jamestown or Plymouth, by of the Society, to the chair. The our ancestors. Letters had also been nomination was confirmed, and Dr. recently received that the depression John Stearns, appointed Secretary. that had existed was passing away, After an appropriate prayer by Dr. and measures for the reform and preDe Witt, the meeting was address- vention of the evils complained of ed by the Rev. R. R. Gurley, Sec- had been promptly taken. It was retary of the American Colonization due, he said, to state of the Board of Society. The subject upon which Managers at Washington, that no the meeting was assembled, was one, body of men could be found more he said, of grave and solemn in- sincerely intent to establish a nation terest to this nation; and after what on the coast of Africa upon Christian had taken place yesterday, he felt principles. They are men willing that he would be glad to speak two to be taught by experience, and evor three hours upon it, and then ery subject presented to them in releave it unexhausted. But as others lation to the interests of the Sociewere to follow, he would endeavor ty, has received deep and earnest to be brief.
consideration. Any person who would refer to Mr. G. was aware that this subthe history of this Institution, and ject was necessarily connected with will judge of it with candor, must be the slave question; and it involves the convinced that it was founded in welfare of three million blacks, and
of more than half of the Union. He The Rev. Mr. Jackson next rose had been astonished when he had and submitted the following resoluseen with what ruthlessness men, tion:who had never examined the sub
Resolved, That this meeting invite the ject, or been upon the spot, under- Clergy of all denominations throughout this took to propound doctrines which State, to enforce the claims of this Society threaten the destruction of this great
from their pulpits on the Fourth of July, or
some Sabbath near to it, annually, and to confederacy. He had heard it yes- take up collections in their congregations terday declared, that the slaveholder in aid of the cause of African Colonization. was worse than the original kidnap- The occasion, he said, led bim to per. He would admit that those recall some of the most pleasing rewho hold slaves now, on the princi- collections of by-gone days. He reple of those who kidnapped them at membered well the time the first first, are equally guilty. But the sail was unfurled for this enterprise, whole condition of the case is alter and that when Burgess and Mills ed. A vast majority of present slave walked down to the wharf, they holders act in this matter involunta- were accompanied by a single indirily. It is a burthen cast upon them vidual—but a little one has become
-an unblest inheritance that has a thousand, and a strong one a great fallen
upon them. Much had been nation. The results have surpassed said
upon the point that the Coloni- the expectations of the most sanzation Society had been founded on guine; and we have the most cheera cherished prejudice against the co-ing prospect that the enterprise will lored people. This, to say the least go on until that land, like our own, of it, was erroneous. It was found will become the land of the free and ed on the belief that, by changing the bome of the brave.' The Socitheir location, the disadvantages un- ety had passed through evil report, der which they labor here might be and through good report. It had removed. Burke saw the increased been opposed by interests diametrienergy of character which had been cally antagonist, and with arguments infused into the Americans by a de- as conflicting as those interests. parture from their native land, and On the one hand, it was said, that predicted the results that followed. it was a device to rivet more securely The same change of place may ele- the shackles of the slave-on the vate the blacks, if we can transfer other, that it was an insidious prothem to a country where they may ject for the abolition of slavery. But be the builders of their own fortunes, it had preserved a happy medium and bring out the native energies of between extremes, and it had genetheir character. It had been object- ally been found that truth lies there, ed that it was impracticable to con- as well in theology as in politics.struct permanent institutions upon If it was contended that the Society the African coast, out of such mate- was beset with difficulties, he would rials as were sent thither. But if admit it. But difficulties in a good the African character could be suffi- cause were not to be yielded to, but ciently elevated here, for participa- to be surmounted,—and whilst this tion in civil government, can it not Society had a hand for relief as tenthere? But it was not the purpose der as the down of innocence, it was of the Colonization Society to set shod with brass to spurn at difficuldown the emigrants upon the Afri- ties. Although their path was not can coasts forlorn and abandoned; but strewed with flowers, every difficul. to educate them and fit them for a ty would vanish before the wand of higher destiny. Mr. G. adverted to perseverance. It was an enterprise several other positions assumed by for the benefit of two continents, and the opposers of the Colonization So- calculated to bless countless millions ciety, which he successfully expos- with the triumphant emblems of the ed and refuted,
plough, the cap of liberty, and the
It promised emancipation to erted in bettering the condition, and the whole African race from the brightening the prospects of the thraldom of ignorance, despotism, slave, and preparing the mind of the and degradation. The consequences master for early emancipation. He already attained were most auspi- alluded particularly to the free and cious.
open discussion of the slave question In Africa, the number of slave fac- in Virginia—to the progress made in tories had been greatly diminished, Kentucky-and to the efforts and apand in our own country, within the propriations made by the Legislalast sixteen years, the rights of the ture of Maryland for the avowed purcolored people had been more cor- pose of making that a free State.rectly appreciated, and their condi- These results had been produced by tion greatly improved. It was im- the fact, that the Society had inspirpossible to deny that in producing ed hope by showing a channel thro' this result, the Colonization Society which slavery might be ultimately had a prominent agency. Why then abolished with safety, and this had seek to injure us? Is the array of diminished the fear which had shut battle to be encountered because the their eyes to conviction, and their good we have done is less than we hands from effort. The question was could have wished? Let us at least put upon the resolution, and it was go on undisturbed in our achieve- adopted. ments, at least until something more The Rev. John Breckenridge ofthan a shadow is offered in lieu of a fered the following resolution: substance. If we are to rely on some
Resolved, That a true regard to the best great moral impulse to achieve the interests of the people of colour in this counliberation of the blacks, are all other try, and to the present and future good of the means in the mean time to be laid population of Africa, urges the members of aside? 'Suppose a Society were to this Society to renewed and more enlarged be formed in Russia for the relief of African coast, which shall show the value
measures to found Christian States upon the the sufferings of the Poles—should and power of Education, Liberty, and our its operations be suspended until a holy Religion. great moral impulse can be excited He said it :vas a mistaken view of to effect their universal emancipa- the subject, that the friends and enetion? Let those who
mies of Colonization were divided dertaking beware, lest haply they into the friends and enemies of slavefind at last that they have been fight- ry.
It was true that the action of ing against God. Mr. J. made ma- the Society upon slavery was indiny eloquent and pertinent remarks rect; and abolition, in any other than which we have not time nor room the slave holding States, whether to insert. The resolution he offered immediate or progressive, could lewas passed.
gally assume no other form. It was A. H. Twining, Esq. of New-Ha- a known and conceded fact, whethven, then submitted the following er right or wrong, good or bad, this resolution:
Union was formed
the basis that Resolved, That powerful motives are pre- to the state sovereignties, and to them sented, in the progress and success of the alone, the whole subject of slave American Colonization Society, to every regulation was reserved. Congress man who would aid the establishment of has no right to intermeddle—and Christian Colonies of free men of colour, who may choose to emigrate, on the African there is no alternative between the .coast, for more vigorous and extended effort. dissolution of the Union, and the con
He enforced the propriety of the cession to the States of those powers resolution by many apposite remarks, which the Constitution left in their which our limits will not enable us hands. If we wish to effect emancito record. He dwelt at considera-pation, and help the colored man, we ble length upon the beneficial moral must do so by individual influence, influences which the Society had ex- or through the instrumentality of the