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Africans go out to kidnap, they shout and 4 months before I came away, than had been hurrah round the village and frighten the in six whole years before. inhabitants and catch them when they run. 80. How many emigrants escape the fever? I do not know that those who purchase guns I saw three or four who had never been down from the colony use them for this. Those a day. who deal with slave-traders receive guns in 81. Would the same number of slaves set exchange for slaves.
free here be as well as they are there? No. 65. Cap rum be procured at any of the 82. Why do you think so? They are not stores? Yes.
looked down upon, nor trampled upon there 66. What is its price? From $1,25 to $1,50 as they are in this country. They can do cts. per gallon.
as they please. 67. How many went out in the Ajak last 83. Do the mass of the free colored people fall? About 150 or 160.
here live as comfortably as the mass of the 68. How many died? Twenty nine died colonists? No. on the voyage of whooping cough, cholera, 84. What would be necessary to enable a and bowel complaint--they were almost all man to live comfortably if he went from here children. The voyage was very long. About to Liberia? A suitable set of utensils, furni45 died in seasoning:
ture, clothes for two or three years, enough 69. Were any of the physicians employed of food to last till he could raise a crop. All by the colony, there, when the passengers of these would cost about $150. the Ajax were sick? No. Drs. Hall and 85. Does it require as much labor to raise Todson were both away.
enough to support him there, as it does here? 70. While you were there the Jupiter, the No. he can support his family better, with Argus, and ihe Ann arrived. How many half the labor. died out of the passengers? The Jupiter 86. Why can he do this? Because, what brought 50, and two of them died. The Ann he raises there grows far more abundantly brought forty, and none died.
and with less labor. 71. Are the natives healthy? They are as 87. Were the most of those who went out healthy as any people. They look far better in the last expeditions emancipated slaves? than the blacks here.
Yes. 72. How long does the seasoning last.- 88. Do they permit men to leave their From 3 to 24 months.
wives there, or wives to leave their husbands? 73. Does the sickness when it seizes them, No, they put such persons in jail. make them discontented? It often does. 89. Are efforts made to persuade the free
74. Can they ever attend to their business colored people in Kentucky not to emigrate? while sick with this disease? Many can. Chil. Yes-more than to persuade them to do so. dren have it not as bad as grown persons. The enemies of colonization are more active
75. Are they generally healthy after they than its friends, have had this disease? Remarkably so. 90. Were efforts made to prevent you giving
76. Have any of the colonists been con- testimony in favor of the colony? Yes. nected with the slave trade? Such a thing was told in New York that if I liked Liberia, has been said--but no proof has been given. I had best keep it to my myself—that it was
77. What is the punishment for a person not popular, and I had best say nothing about engaging in this trade: He is hung. it. 'In Philadelphia, too, I was called upon
78. Are the colonists generally disposed by a person to take my testimony; but he to cheat the natives? They make the best wished to make me answer according to his bargain they can generally--so men do else. notions and not according to what I knew.where. Some of the natives are so keen as He wanted to ask and answer the questions often to cheat them.
both himself. 79. Have the colonists a disposition to
W. M. TUNSTALL, Chairman. traffick and not to agriculture? Much more ROBERT McKeown, Secretary. attention was given to trade than to farming.
(Western Luminary. More attention was given to agriculture in
CONCLUSION OF THE TENTH VOLUME. In order that the volumes of this work may bereafter commence with the year, the Tenth Volume terminates with the present pumber. A copious Index to the whole ten volumes of the Repository has been prepared for the press, with much care and labor, and will soon be published. The Editor considers it proper to state, that absence from his office during a large portion of the past and present years, has rendered it impossible for him to give much attention to the Repository. It is hardly necessary for him to say with what success the duties that have usually devolved on him, have been discharged, since the best evidence on this subject is found in the original articles of the work, particularly in the Review of Mr. Birney's letter, in the last number. In these articles (froin the pen of another member of the
present Board of Managers of the American Colonization Society), the Society has been ably vindicated from the aspersions which men, regardless alike of honor, of justice, and truth, have cast upon it. We refer not to Mr. Birney, who has doubtless permitted bis imagination to dim the light of his reason, and from abstract speculations concerning human rights, to deduce the practical duties of life. We refer to men who, under the white flag of Peace, and the starry banner of Freedom, consider themselves privileged to vend wholesale slander and falsehood, and claim therefor the crown of martyrdom.
The readers of the African Repository are aware, from the publication of the last Annual Report, and two additional reports which appeared in the March and August numbers of this work, that the Society has been for some time laboring under pecuniary embarrassments, owing principally to its having sent out too large a number of emigrants to the Colony for the two or three years past. At the last andual meeting of the Society, it had an outstanding debt of $45,645.
To meet this difficulty, the Board of Managers passed an order, authorizing a loan of $50,000, to bear an interest of six per cent. to be paid off in twelve years, providing a Sinking Fund of $6000 a year from their receipts for the regular payment of the annual instalments and interest. Upwards of $20,000 of this Stock has been taken by our creditors and friends; the former receiving it in part or in full for their claims; the latter advancing its amount in money. More than one-half of our outstanding debt has been discharged during the present year, and the balance is owing to persons who will either take stock for it, or wait our 'convenience for payment. It is true, the stock is still considered as a debt, but it will be paid off so gradually, as scarcely to be felt by the Society.
To effect this great object, and to supply the necessary wants of the Colony, the Society had to refrain from sending out any additional emigrants during the present year, except fourteen liberated by Mrs. Ann Page, of Frederick county, Virginia, who were sent out in the same vessel which carried out the colored people of the late Dr. Aylet Hawes, of that State, dispatched by our Auxiliary, the Young Men's Society of Pennsylvania, who are settling a new place at Bassa Cove, a territory mentioned in our last Annual Report as having been lately added to Liberia.
In the mean time, it is expected that our Agent, Mr. Pinney, will have made such regulations and improvements in the Colony, as will greatly conduce to its future prosperity, and such as will enable the inhabitants, by well-applied industry, to raise sufficient sustenance in the Colony to supply, not only all the wants of the present settlers, but also sufficient to feed such as may hereafter be sent there, independently of the Parent Society.
The principles of the Colonization Society are not to be shaken. They are gathering strength from opposition, and will outlive all the fury of the storm which has been excited against them. Made prevalent, they must preserve the integrity of our Union, exalt our national character, and open the way to the freedom, the elevation and happiness of the wbole African
CONTRIBUTIONS To the American Colonization Society in the month of November, 1834.
Gerrit Smith's First Plan of Subscription. Mathew Carey, Philadelphia,
$100 John T. Norton, Albany,
100 Collections from Churches. Bethany church, Allegany co. Pa. by Rev. William Jefferey,
10 Bangor, Lancaster co. Pa. in the Episcopal church, Bellevieu, do Presbyterian church, by Rev. J. Byen,
20 10 7 50 3 2 42 3 70 4 10
30 650 100 150 143 56
100 50 25 20 20 10 10 10 5 3 4
Chester District, S. C. by Warren Flenniken,
Presbyterian church, by Rev. John M.Master,
E. P. Prentice,
and George Swist, $5 each,
ham, and Thomas Kinsman, $1 each,
with emigrants to Liberia,
Moses Allen, for a collection at the Dutch church, Fishkill,
John Hunter, D. Walker, W, Webb, J. L.V. Schoonhoven, A.
R. P. Hart, A. Robbins, James R. Taylor, each $5,
$1 each, do
African Reporitory Jabo Niebat,
300 200 100 100 100 50 40 40 40 25 25 25 25 25 20 10 10 10 60 15 5 3 20 480 10 • 5 25 10 10
95 4 9 8 3
FROM VOLUME ONE TO VOLUME TEN, BOTH INCLUSIVE.
PREPARED IN PURSUANCE OF A
RESOLUTION OF THE BOARD OF MANAGERS
AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY,
ADOPTED SEPTEMBER 26, 1834.
PRINTED BY JAMES C. DUNN.