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besides having the talents, learning, and piety, required for such a station, is heartily devoted to the welfare of the colored people.
"Mr. Smith provides, at his own expense, instructers, books, stationery, rooms, bed, ding, fuel, lights, and boarding. The student furnishes his own clothing. As a partial compensation for the above-named expenditures on his account, and as important to his own education, the student is expected to labor four hours daily, in some agricultural or mechanical employment. The proprietor has an abundance of land connected with the School. These four hours of labor are estimated as worth, on an average, about twelve and a half cents daily for each student. The living of the pupils is very plain. Neither tea nor coffee, is allowed them. They have meat but once a day. They sleep on mattresses of straw. They do their own cooking and washing, under the superintendence of a respectable colored woman, who lived a great many years in the family of the late Gov. ernor Trumbull, of this State. This labor, however, is deducted from their four hours per day. Every scholar, on entering the School, is required to subscribe a promise of abstinence from all intoxicating drinks, including cider and strong beer, and also from tobacco in every form. Pains are taken that they shall all be perfectly free to form and express their opinions on Anti-Slavery and Colonization Societies, and kindred subjects; and they of course understand that they are perfectly at liberty to go where they please when they leave the institution. There is a reading.table in the School, well supplied with AntiSlavery and Colonization publications.
The proprietor has not yet resolved how many students it will be judicious to receive after the first year. As yet he has prepared rooms for only eighteen. The School was opened on the first of May last. At the date of our information, about three weeks since, the number of scholars was but seven; though it was probable, from the number of applications for admission, that in a month or two the number for the present year would be full.
“Pupils under fourteen years of age are not desired. But any active and enterprising colored youth, of from 14 to 25 years of age, who is disposed to make the most of such advantages as this School offers, will do well to apply for admission. He will need at his starting a year or two's supply of good coarse clothing, and perhaps five or ten dollars in money over the expenses of his journey
“We are happy to learn that the scholars appear to be highly pleased with their privi.. leges, and that the School is becoining an object of much interest with the Christian community in the midst of which it has been established.”
perintend the emigration of the people of We learn from the Norwich (Con.) color, vice Moses Sheppard, resigned. Courier, that Dr. Alfred E. PER
COLONIZATION MEETING AT CINCINNATI. KINS, who died recently in that city,
A meeting of the Colonization Sobesides various private bequests, has ciety, one of the largest and most inleft to the American Colonization So- teresting of the kind ever held in ciety one thousand dollars.
Cincinnati, took place on Friday, the [Prom the Connecticut Observer, Nov. 24.]
21st of October, in the second PresLIBERIA.-A gentleman near Natchez, byterian church. The chair was ta. lately deceased, has liberated his slaves, 18 or ken by the President, Rev. B. P. 20 in number, and furnished them with from Aydelott, of the Episcopal church, 200 to 400 dollars each, to promote their and the meeting opened
with prayer, comfortable settlement in Liberia.
by Rev. R. H. Bishop, D. D. of Mia[From the Alexandria Gazetle, November 15.] mi University.
The State of Georgia has purchased of his Several resolutions were passed owner, at the enormous price of $1800, a and addresses were delivered by the negro man named Sam, with a view to his emancipation, for his services in extinguish- Rev. Thornton A. Mills, Rev. Dr. ing a fire on the State House, which occurred Beecher, and R. S. Finley, Esq. Our upwards of a year ago.
columns are crowded, but for reasons
that will be appreciated, we present Appointment by the Governor and Council of Maryland.
the following Peter Hoffman, Esq. Commissioner to su: The Rev. Dr. Beecher moyed the following resolution, which was se- solved to send a company of emigrants conded by the Rev. Mr. Graves, and to Africa, to start about the middle of adopted.
January Resolved, That the establishment of colo- The Colonization Society of Cinnies in Africa with emigrants selected from cinnati held a general meeting on the the moral, temperate, and industrious coloreu persons in America, is eminently calculated 31st ult., from the proceedings of of itself, to disseminate the knowledge of ci- which we select the following: vilization and the blessings of the christian
R. S. Finley, Esq., supported by the Rev. religion amongst the benighted native popu. Mr. Lind, then subinitted the following Reslation of that country; and also to afford faci- olution, which after a few pertinent remarks lities to the various Missionary Societies for from the mover, was adopted without opposicarrying into effect their pious designs.
tion, viz: Dr. B. addressed the meeting, and Resolved, That our success in establishing illustrated with great force and clear- a Colony of colored persons in Africa, is in. ness, the following positions That timately connected with the success which colonization is one of the best means may attend our efforts to cultivate the intel
lect, and improve the moral and religious of sending the gospel to Africa, and condition of our colored population at home. that it was eminently calculated to Mr. Finley briefly adverted to the various advance the cause of emancipation.- measures which had been taken in the He did not contend that it was the the state and prospects of the Colony; and
West, to procure autlientic information of ouly means of abolishing slavery in took occasion to introduce Mr.Joseph Jones, this country, or even that it was of it- a respectable colored man, who had spent self entirely adequate t that object; several months in Liberia, in 1833, on a visit
of observation, in behalf of the colored popumany masters would, however, eman. lation, (by whom he was nominated,) and cipate their slaves for the purpose of the State Society, of Kentucky. being colonized, and many slaves of a Mr. Jones then proceeded, in reply to sunproper character, thus emancipated, dry interrogatories, to give his first impresa would be willing to go to the Colony interesting facts, in relation to the actual
sions of Africa, and submitted a number of Moreover it had caused the question condition of the Colony, under the heads of of slavery to be discussed every where Population-dwellings-food-clothing ---agriboth in the south and the north,
culture--arts--commerce--education-religion, which had been the means of exten
As there was not sufficient time for all the sively enlightening the public mind, details which it was supposed would prove not only as to the evils of slavery, but acceptable to the audience, (including the also as to the best means of correcting exhibition of several specimens of African them, and entirely abolishing the nation of Mr. J. was postponed until the an
manufactures, and productions,) the examiwhole system.
nual meeting of the Society, proposed to be After the addresses had been deliv. held on WEDNESDAY EVENING next, ered, Mr. Finley introduced to the the fifth inst. when such further questions as meeting, Mr. Joseph Jones, who has tion to his opinions or experience, will be
may be put to him by the audience, in rela. lately returned from Liberia, whither promptly and willingly answered. he had been sent expressly for the purpose of examining and reporting (From the Southern Religious Telegraph, Rich
mond, Va. Dec. 5.] the state of the country. In reply to
The cause presented in the follow. questions put to Mr. Jones on the ing article is commended by its own subject, he gave a most interesting ac- merits, its importance to the welfare count of the Colony-its schools, its of the sons and daughters of Africa, churches, its soil, productions, &c. to the sympathies, prayers and en
The meeting adjourned highly lightened liberality of Christian ladies gratified with what they had heard. in every part of our country, And doubtless a noble impulse was The Sixth Annual meeting of the FEMALE given on that occasion to the cause of COLONIZATION SOCIETY OF RICHMOND AND African Colonization.-Chris. Intel. MANCHESTER was held in the Presbyterian
Church on Shockoe hill, Wednesday, Nov. COLONIZATION.
26th. The following is a statement of facts, The Board of Managers of the Ken- relative to their progress during the last year.
It is known to this Society that about 5 tucky Colonization Society have re- years since we determined to establish a fo
male free school for orphan and destitute Congress to endeavor to procure the children in the Colony of Liberia. During abolition of slavery in the District of that time our efforts to obtain a teacher prov: Columbia, a motion was made in the ed unsuccessful. When the Rev. Mr. Pinney went to Africa as Governor of the Colony, we Legislature of Vermont, that the resorequested him to obtain a teacher there, if lution be dismissed, whereupon a long possible. It is with great satisfaction that debate ensued. Mr. Partridge was the Board inform the Society that Mr. Pinney has complied with our request, and engaged opposed to slavery, but in favor of the the services of Mrs.Cyples,-who went from motion to dismiss. Mr. Dillingham Charleston, s. C. recommended by Mr. opposed the motion to dismiss. In Grimke, and has been qualifying herself for his view, a dismissal of the motion, teaching in the school of Mrs. Thompson.Mr. Pinney engaged to pay Mrs. Cyples would be virtually an acknowledg
" $200 per annum. $249 60' have been expen- ment that slavery was not wrong, and ded in Tobacco and shipped to Norfolk for an instruction to members of Congress
The annual collections which have been not to exert their influence for its aboaccumulating were placed at interest, and lition. The question to dismiss was with donations, amount $502 79 now in the carried Ayes 103, Noes 90. On Treasury. The collections this year amount this very proper decision, the Boston to $91 80, and we have no prospect at pre- Commercial Gazette makes the folsent of obtaining aid from any other source. The Female Society of Louisville, Kentucky, lowing just remarks: which was Auxiliary to this, has been dis- “We rejoice at this decision, and are only solved, owing the secretary mentions, to the sorrow it was not effected by a more decisive pressure in every thing where money is con
vote. We trust that every attempt, however cerned.
remote, to interfere upon a point of such vital It is unnecessary in this report to say any importance to the interests of the Southern thing on the importance of female education; States, will be indignantly frowned upon by all present appreciate it. It is well known every intelligent member of this community. that to a great extent females have the con- We of the North have nothing to do with the trol of mind. To the efforts and prayers of subject, or if we have, it has been definitiveintelligent mothers, the world is indebted for ly settled, years and years ago, by the Constimuch of the Wisdom and Piety which have tution of the United States. The doctrines blessed mankind.
of Garrison, Tappan, and a few other deluded How cheering is the thought that this is fanatics of the present day, must not be sufe one of the means by which the conversion of fered to obtain a foothold in these New Engthe world is to be accomplished, and that we land States. It will lead, most unquestionamay bear a part in this glorious work. When bly, in the first place; to disgraceful mobs and we pray “Thy kingdom come,” shall we not riots, as it has already done in the city of send up a petition that our humble efforts New York and other places, and will termi. may be blessed by the Head of the Church, nate in nothing short of civil war. The and result in leading many poor benighted question, then, that naturally addresses itself females to the Saviour.
to the plain coinmon sense of every christian The Board would only add in conclusion, man, is plainly and emphatically this: Shall that they have determined to transmit to Mr. Garrison and his followers be permitted to Pinney as much of the funds as he finds ne- agitate this peaceable community with doccessary to the aid and education of orphan trines, which, if followed up, must inevitably and destitute children in the Colony. "The lead to bloodshed, disunion, and civil war ? name of this Society has been changed to We lament, as deeply and sincerely as they “Ladies Society for Promoting female educa- can, the existence of slavery in this country, tion in the Colony of Liberia.”
and all the consequences to which it leads; but shall a remedy be attempted, with such
a horrid alternative staring us in the face? LETTERS FOR LIBERIA.--An officer of the We say, no, no, no. The end does not justiMassachusetts Colonization Society wishes fy the ineans, and "come what, come may," us to say that by an arrangement of the Post every attempt, however clothed with chari. Office Department, all letters for persons in table purposes, to agitate the subject, or get Liberia properly directed, and "forwarded up an excitement in this community, must post paid to New York Post Office; will be be most contemptuously frowned upon, and forwarded by the first opportunity. put to sleep forever.” [ From the Nat. Intelligencer, Oct. 28. ]
Jones' JOURNAL-IMPOSITION. VERMONT.-The Slave Question.— R. S. Finley, Esq. at a late meeting of A few days since, upon a resolution the Colonization Society at Cincinreferred from the last Legislature, de nati, read several extracts from a reclaring Slavery and the Slave trade port made by Mr. Joseph Jones reinconsistent with our bill of rights, specting Liberia, which he had risaod instructing their delegation in ited, and of which he spoke in fa
vorable ternis. His report has been 7. Do any of the natives become real published in several papers. After christians? There are two of whom I know. reading several passages, Mr. Finley
There may be others.
8. Do the natives wish to learn to read?-said
Some of them are very desirous to learn. "I have been thus particular in my state- 9. Do you think the colony itself, without ments concerning Mr. Joseph Jones' report, any direct efforts by missionaries sent from because a false and SPURIOUS production has here, would christianize the natives? In time been quoted from, under the title of Jones' it probably would. journal, and extensively published, purport- 10. Does the colony give the natives a dising to be from the genuine and authentic position to receive missionaries among them? report of this same Mr. Joseph Jones. And It does. They understand by it better what I have (continued Mr. F.) in my possession good they will get from them. evidence to prove, when, where, and by whom, 11. Does the colony afford advantages to this false and spurious document was manu- us for acting on the natives by missionaries factured."-Chris. Intel.
and schools? Yes. The bad influence to the
natives from civilized men who do wrong, THE COLONY AT LIBERIA.
would not be as much as the good from the DANVILLE, August 16th, 1834.
missionaries and schools. At a meeting held by a portion of the Stu- 12. Are the preachers who sell rum paid dents of Centre College, for the purpose of for preaching. No; they get nothing for it. examining Mr. Joseph Jones, a colored man, 13. How many natives have you seen as to the condition and prospects of the Co- drunk? I have seen a great many natives, and lony of Liberia, Mr. W. TÚNSTALL was I never saw but one drunk. called to the Chair, and ROBERT MCKEOWN 14. What do the colonists think of the man appointed Secretary.
who said the natives ought to be slaves? He After a protracted examination, conducted is thought badly of for such a notion. He partly by persons friendly to the scheme of has hurt himself by saying so. Colonization, and partly by persons opposed 15. How many days did Samuel Jones reto it, the following resolutions were offered main in the colony Eight days, I believe, and adopted by the meeting--the first and including the day of his landing and the day third by a unanimous vote-the 2nd by a vote he went on board. of twenty-eight to four.
16. Had he any opportunity for learning 1. Resolved, That this meeting return their the condition of the colony? No. It was im. thanks to Mr. Jones for the obliging and possible. satisfactory manner in which he has answer- 17. Do you believe the statements given, ed the questions proposed to him in reference as made by Jones, that “hundreds are starvto the Colony of Liberia.
ing there.” I believe no such thing. I heard 2. Resolved, That the intelligent represen- of folks starving in Africa, but I could never tation of Mr. Jones has convinced us as to the find them. favorable prospects of the Colony, and has 18. How many did you ever hear of as given us renewed confidence in the practi- suffering for want of food? I heard distinctly cability and benevolence of the scheme of of a couple of people. Colonization.
19. What was the cause of their suffering? 3. Resolved, That these resolutions and They lived away from any others and were the questions and answers on which they are sick; and the neighbors did not attend to them; based, be printed in the Olive Branch and I heard it said that some thought the one Luminary.
that died might have got well if she had been QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS.
taken care of. But I suppose such things 1. How many of the emigrants are discon- may happen anywhere. tented? Several; a very large majority are 20. How long were you in AfricaNine perfectly satisfied.
months and twenty-nine days. 2. What is the cause of their discontent? 21. Did you visit every part of the colony? They say that it is because the country is not | Yes, and spent some time in each part. fit to live in; but I say it is because they 22. Are colonists, as a body, called chrishave no industry. They have no good reason. tians by the natives? They do not call them
3. What is the general character of the by this name, but call them all white men.discontented: People who are not disposed They use the expression a God-man, 10 to work or take any care of themselves. mean what we do by a christian. They only
4. Has the Colony any influence in civi- call those they think to be good “the Godlizing the natives? I think it will civilize men.” They make a difference as we do. them in time. If more means were used for 23. Does not the example of a transgressthis purpose, it would do it faster.
ing christian excite more contempt in the 5. Do the natives wish to come under the natives than that of a non-professor? Yes.laws of the colony? They do.
When a man professes to be good and does 6. Are they willing to give up the slave not act so, he is more despised. trade if they can be received under the pro- 24. Is not the fear of an attack by the fever tection of the colony? They are. Some so prevalent that the visiters generally recome into the bounds of the colony from main in their ships during the night? A numtheir native places, to escape the slave trade. ber of scary pagsengers go on board at night?
But some die on board as well as on shore, 40. Are those servants hirelings? Yes.Almost all must be sick more or less in be. They need not live with a person if they do coming seasoned.
not choose. But if they go away before the 25. Would it be better for the whole co- time for which they hire is expired, they re. lored population, if now freed, to go to Libe-ceive no wages. ria? No, not without arrangements for receiv- 41. Do they treat the natives worse than ing them.
the whites treat the free blacks in Kentucky? 26. Would it be better for themselves, the A good many of them do. colony, and the natives, that 20,000 in their 42. Is there one law to protect colonists present unprepared state, should go? I cannot and another to protect natives? No; they ensay-but doubt whether it would.
joy the same laws. 27. Would it be better that 5,000 or 10,000 43. Do the natives consider themselves should? If their masters would give them worse off by the Americans having setlled? suitable preparation, it would be well for all No; they think they are much better off.to go, provided they would go willingly. There are no wars among them where the.
28. If they had such preparation as the Americans protect them. There are, howSociety is now making necessary for each ever, cases where individuals impose upon emigrant—that is, if each had a small house them. of his own provided and ready built on a 44. Had there been any capital punishpiece of ground which he could cultivate, ment in the colony? No. (the title to which house and ground to be 45. Are the natives permitted to vote? No; given when he had prepared another similar they are not citizens. The re-captured Afhouse for a future emigrant)-would 10,000 ricans are, and they vote. a year be too many to send? No. If they had 46. Can you vote in Liberia when you resuch preparation and went willingly, their turn? Yes. number would make no difference.
47. Do they let white men vote? No. 29. Do not the colonists look down upon 48. Do they let white men hold land or poor emancipated slaves sent from here, as houses? No. degraded and a disgrace to the colony? 1 49. Have the natives an equal chance of have heard such talk among the quality of justice? No. the colony:
50. Have the free blacks an equal chance 30. Do they look down upon them as much here? No. as the white people of New York look down 51. Would a respectable colonist marry a upon the free blacks among them? I reckon native? No, they have no objection to marrynot; and I suppose I am fit to give an opi- ing a re-captured African, for they are connion, as I was in New York about as long as sidered as civilized. Samuel Jones was in Africa.
52. Are the natives in the settlements 31. Do you think that the colonists would treated as servants? They hire and are so be willing that great numbers, as they now treated. Some of them live in houses by are, should be sentimmediately: Many would themselves, and not with the colonists. receive them gladly—a majority would re- 53. Is any effort made by the colonists to ceive them.
elevate the natives? Some of the colonists 32. Do the colonists generally deal fairly try to do it; but there is not as much effort with the natives? Many of them do not. as there should be.
33. Do the preachers? Some of them do, 54. Are there any schools which the naand some of them do not.
tives may attend? There are two at New34. Is not the religious influence of the Georgia, and all the Sabbath schools. preachers and church members much done 55. Do the natives attend church? Very away by their unfair dealing with the natives? seldom. The colonists themselves speak of this, and 56. Do the natives fear the colonists, and the preachers in the pulpit; as a thing that do the colonists wish them to do so? Some hurts their usefulness among the natives. of them do.
35. Are they there as they are here—some 57. Do any of the colonists say the natives good and some bad? Very much the same. should be slaves? I heard of one man only
36. Is temperance gaining ground there who said so. Yes; some of them begin to think that they 58. Have the colonists, those who are able can do without either selling or drinking.– to afford it, a native or two to work for them? Thirty-three joined a Temperance Society at Yes. Caldwell on one night; and some of these 59. Are the rich colonists proud and luxuwere strongly opposed to it when I first went rious? They generally are. to Liberia.
60. Do the natives lounge about much? 37. Are there many children at school?— No, they are generally very industrious. The most of them are. The re-captured 61. Are the preachers traders? They geAfricans have schools among them.
nerally are. 38. Are any of the re-captured Africans 62. Do they trade in rum, tobacco, firechristians ? A great many; two of thein arms, and beads? Yes. are preachers.
63. Is rum a chief article in trade? There 39. How do the colonists treat the natives has been a good deal of trade in it. that are servants among them? Some tolera- 64. What use do the natives make of firebly well, and some roughly; they whip them arms? Chiefly to shoot game. They do not sometimes.
use them to shoot other natives. When the