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engraved the law of the state, and the limits of the royal authority; and on the other, the duties of kings and of subjects. In front was a woman suckling a child ; a faithful emblem of royalty. The first step to the throne, „was in form of a tomb. Upon it was wrote in large characters, ETERNITY. Under this step repored the embalmed body of the last monarch, there to remain till deplaced by his fon. From thence he cried to his heirs, that they were all mortal; that the dream of royalty was near finished; that then nothing would remain to them but their renown.
* This vast place was already filled with people, when I saw the monarch approach, cloathed in a blue mantle that gracefully flowed behind him; his forehead was bound with a branch of olive, that was his diadem; he never appeared in public without this respectable ornament, which was revered by others and by himself. There were loud acclamations when he mounted the throne, and he did not appear insensible to the cries of joy. Scarce was he seated, when an awful silence was spread over the whole assembly. I listened with attention. His ministers read to him, with a loud voice, an account of every thing remarkable that had passed since the last audience. If the truth had been disguised, the people were there to confound the detractor. Their demands were not forgot. An account was rendered of the execution of orders before given. This reading always concluded with the daily price of proviłons and merchandize. The monarch hears, and approves by a nod, or refers the matter to a more minute examination. But if from the bottom of the hall there fhould be heard a voice complaining, or condemning any one article ; though it were that of the meanest citizen, he is brought forward to a little circle formed before the throne; there he explains his ideas; and if he appear to be right, he is attended to, applauded, and thanked; the fovereign regards him with a favourable alpeet; but if, on the contrary, he advances nothing to the purpose, or what appears plainly to be founded on private advantage, he is dismissed with disgrace, and the hoots of the people follow him to the door. Every man may present himself without any other apprehension than that of incurring the public derision, if what he propose be unjust or self-interelted,
• Two principal officers of the crown accompany the monarch in all public ceremonies, and walk by his fide ; the one carries, on the point of a spear, an ear of corn, and the other a branch of the vine, which serve constantly to remind him that they are the two supports ; of the itate and the throne. He is followed by the pantler of the crown, bearing a basket of loaves, which he distributes to every one that asks. This basket is the sure thermometer of public dittrels; and when it is found empty, the ministers are dismissed and punished; the basket, however, constantly remains full, and declares the pube lic prosperity.
• This august session is held every week, and lasts three hours. I went from the hall with a heart filled with complacency, and with the profoundeft respect for this monarch, whom I loved as a father, and revered as a protecting divinity.
"I conversed with several persons on all that I had seen and heard ; they were furprised at my astonifhment; all these things seemed to
them quite simple and natural.-—“Why,” said one of them, “ will you have the rathness to compare the present time to an extravagant and capricious age; that entertained false ideas of the most timple matters, when pride was greatness, when splendor and olientation were all, and when virtue was regarded as a phantom, the mere imagination of dreaming philosophers.”.
• The Evening • The sun was going down. My guide invited me to go with him to the house of one of his friends, where he was to sup. I did not want much entreaty. I had not yet seen the inside of their houses, and that, in my judgment, is the most interesting fight in every city. In reading history, I pass over many passages, but am ever curious in examining the detail of domettic life: that once done, I have no need to learn the relt: I can form a natural conjecture.
« On entering, I found none of those petty apartments that seem to be cells for lunatics, whose walls are scarce fix inches thick, and where they freeze in winter, and scorch in summer. The rooms were large and sonorous; you might walk at your ease. A solid roof guarded them from the piercing cold and the burning rays of the sun; these houses, moreover, did not grow old with those that built them.
• I entered the falloon, and presently distinguished the master of the house. He faluted me without grimace or reserve. His wife and children bchaved in his presence in a free but respectful manner; and Monsieur, or the eldest son, did not give me a specimen of his wit by ridiculing his father; neither his mother, nor his grand-mother would have been charmed with such witticisms. His tilters were neither affectedly polite, nor totally insensible: they received us in a graceful manner, and resumed their several employments; they did not watch all my motions, nor did my great age and broken voice make them once smile; they displayed none of that unnatural complaisance, which is so contrary to true politeness. This room was not decorated with twenty brittle, tasteless bawbles. There was no gilding, varnishing, porcelain, or wretched figures. In their place was a lively tapestry, pleasing to the tight, and some finished prints; a remarkable neatness graced this falloon, that of itself was elegant and lightlome.
i We joined conversation, but there was no sporting with paraa doxes; that execrable wit, which was the plague of the age I lived in, did not give falle colours to things that were by nature perfectly fimple. No one maintained the direct contrary of what was allerted by another, merely to display his talents. These people talked from principle, and did not contradict themselves twenty times in a quarter of an hour. The spirit of this conversation was not dire&ted by starts ; and without being profuse or dull, they did not pass, in the same breath, from the birth of a prince to the drowning of a dog.
• The young people did not affect a childish manner, a drawling or lisping language, nor a proud careless alpect and attitude. i heard no licentious proposal, nor did any one declaim in a gloomy, tedious, heavy manner, against those consolatory truths, that are the delight and comfort of sendible minds. The women did not affect a tone by turns languithing and imperious; they were decent, reserved,
modeft, and engaged in an easy and suitable employment; idleness had no charms for them; they did not rise at noon because they were to do nothing at night. I was highly pleased with their not proposing cards ; that infipid diversion, invented to amuse an idiot monarch, and which is constantly pleasing to the’numerous herd of dunces, who are thereby enabled to conceal their profound ignorance, had disappeared from among a people who knew too well how to improve the moments of life to waste them in a practice at , once so dull and faftidious. I saw none of those green tables, on which men ruin themselves un pitied. Avarice did not moleft these honest citizens, even in the moments consecrated to leisure. They did not make a fatigue of what should be a mere relaxation. if they played, it was at draughts, or chefs, those ancient and studious games, that offer an infinite variety of combinations to the mind. There were also other games they called mathematical recreations, and with which even their children were acquainted.
• I observed that each one followed his inclination, without being remarked by the rest of the company. There were no female Spies, who, by censuring others, discharged themselves of that foul humour which rankles their souls, and which they frequently owe as much to their deformity as their folly. These conversed, those turned over a book of prints, one examined the pictures, and another amused himself with a book in a corner. They formed no circle to communicate a gaping that runs all round. In a room adjoining was a concert; it was that of sweet flutes united with the human voice. The clanging harpsichord, and the monotonous fiddle, here yielded to the enchanting powers of a fine woman; what inftrument can have greater effect upon the heart? The improved harmonica, however, seemed to dispute the prize ; it breathed the most pure, full, and melodious founds that can charm the ear. It was a ravih ing and celestial music, that is far from being rivalled by the cla. mour of our operas, where the man of taste and sensibility seeks for the consonance of unity, bat seeks in vain.
• I was highly charmed. They did not remain continually feated, nailed to a chair, and obliged to maintain an eternal conversation about nothing, and that too with the utmost solemnity. The women were not continually wrangling about metaphysics ; and if they spoke about poetry, of dramas, or authors, they constantly acknowledged themselves, notwithstanding their great abilities, unequal to the subject.
· They desired me to walk into an adjoining room, where fupper was prepared, I looked at the clock with furprize, it was not yet feven. Come, Sir, said the master of the house, taking me by the hand, we do not pass our nights by the light of wax candles. We think the sun so beautiful, that it is to us a pleasure to see its first rays dart on the horizon.
We do not go to bed with a loaded fto. mach, to experience broken flumbers, attended by fantastic dreams. We carefully guard our health, as on that the serenity of the mind depends. We are moreover fond of gay and pleasing dreams.
There was a general silence. The father of the family blessed the food that was set before us. This graceful and holy cultom was xevived ; and it appeared to me important, ás perpetually reminding
us of that gratitude we owe to God, who incessantly supplies us with fubfiftence. I was more busy in examining the table than in eating. I Mall not dwell on the neatness and elegance that there prevailed. The domeftics sat at the bottom of the table, and eat with their masters; they had therefore the more respect for them ; they received by this means lesions of probity, which they laid up in their hearts ; they thereby became more enlightened, and were not coarse or info lent, as they were not longer regarded as base. Liberty, gaiety, a decent familiarity, dilated the heart and glowed in the front of every guest. Every one had his mess placed before him ; no one crowded his neighbour; no one coveted a dish that was distant from him ; he would have been reckoned a glutton, who was not content with his portion, for it was quite su tficient. Many people eat excellively more from habit than real appetite. They had learned to correct that fault without a fumptuary law.
* None of the meats I taked had any discernable seasoning, for which I was not sorry. I found a favour in them, a natural salt, which seemned to me delicious. I saw none of those refined dithes that pass through the hands of several sophisticators, of those racouts, those inflammatory fauces, rarified in small but coftly difres, which haften the destruction of the human race, at the same time that they burn up the entrails. These were not a voracious people, who des vour more than the munificence of nature, with all her generative faculties, can produce. If ever luxury be odious, that of the table is the most detettable ; for if the rich, by an abuse of their wealth, dissipate the nourishing fruits of the earth, the poor muit pecessarily pay the dearer for thein, and, what is worse, frequently not have a competency.
• The herbs and fruits were all of the season; they knew not the fecret of producing wretched cherries in the midit of the winter; they were not sollicitous for the first produce, but left nature to ripen her fruits. The palate was thereby better pleased, and the body better nourished. They gave us a desert of some excellent fruit, and some old wine; but none of those coloured liquors distilled from brandy, so much in use in my time; they were as severely prohibited as arse. nic. This people were sensible, that there was no pleafure in procuring a flow and cruel death.
• The mailer of the house said to me, with a smile, “ You must certainly think this a pitiful desert; here are neither trees, nor castles, nor wind-mills, nor any other figures of confectionary; that ridiculous extravagance, which could not produce the least real pleasure, was formerly the delight of those greai children that were become dotards. Your magistrates, who, at least, ought to have given examples of frugality, and not authorized by their practice, an insolent and pitiful luxury; those magistrates, they say, those fathers of the people, at the commencement of every parliament, were in extasies at the sight of grotesque figures made of sugar; from whence we may easily judge of the einulation of other ranks to excel the men of the long robe.”—You can have but an imperfect idea of our industry, I replied; in my time, they exhibited, on a table ten feet wide, an opera of sweetmeats, with all its machines, decorations, orchestra, actors, and dancers, with the fifuing of the scenes, in the same manner as at the theatre of the Palais-Royal. During the exhibitior, the whole people besieged the door, to enjoy the great happiness of a glimpse of this superb desert, the whole expence of which they certainiy paid. The poor people admired the wonderful magnificence of their princes, and thought themselves very insignificant, when compared with such greatness. ... The whole company laughed heartily ; we rose from table with gaiety; we rendered thanks to God; and none complained of vapours or indigestion.'
The Translator of this work has not, in our opinion, done entire justice to it. He seldom rises to the spirit of his original; he has not sufficiently consulted the idioms of his own language; and he has too frequently ventured to adopt some particular, and, we think, awkward modes of expression.
ART. IV. The Oeconomny of Beauty. In a Series of Fables, addressed
to the Ladies. 4to. 5 5. 3 d. sewed. Wilkie, &c. 1772. THESE Fables, like those of the late ingenious Edward
service of the Fair. They are inferior to Moore's compositions with respect to the ease and elegance of the poetry ; but the subjects are not less judiciously cholen, nor is the morality in. culcated in them of less importance.
The Author profeses that his principal view, in these poems, (the outlines of which are, for the most part, fkctched from De la Motte) is to illustrate and enforce this great truth,- That personal beauty is, in an high degree, dependent on sentiment and manners ;' and we think his productions are not ill calculated to answer his laudable design; unless it should be, in any de. gree, frustrated by somewhat like an air of pedantry, which runs through most of them, and which may pofiibly render the perufal of them less agreeable to the generality of his female seaders, than those of Moore, Gay, and some other modern writers, distinguished for their excellence in this branch of literature.
The following Fable, which we have not selected as one of the lowest in the scale of merit, is less liable to the foregoing objection than the rest ; and as to the grand point-of moral and benevolent tendency,--too much cannot be said in its praise :
( The Pelican and the Spider.
• To you,-believe an honest song-