The Shallow Graves of Rwanda
How does the world community, and particularly the United Nations, deal with genocide? "The Shallow Graves of Rwanda" is an account of the UN Secretary-General's Special Representative in Rwanda in the mid-1990s. Shaharyar M. Khan's tenure began in the immediate aftermath of the downing of President Habarimana's plane on 6 April 1994 and the massacres that followed. Khan details his encounters with the region's leading actors - Rwanda's soldiers and politicians, victims and survivors, as well as some of the perpetrators of the massacres. He also dealt with people involved in international relief and humanitarian relief efforts, trying to revive the stricken villages and towns and tackle the floods of refugees and orphaned children. Setting everyday events in Rwanda against the backdrop of international politics, this book reveals how the UN works on the ground and at headquarters and explores the problems of peacekeeping. The author backs up his conclusions on the phenomenon and nature of genocide with documentary evidence and shows how the lessons of Rwanda can provide valuable guidance for the future.
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June July 1994 Arrival at the scene of genocide
A vision of hell
August September 1994 The international
October December 1994 Persuading refugees
January April 1995 Signs of tension with UNAMIR
April June 1995 The Rwandan governments
July September 1995 The UN SecretaryGenerals
September November 1995 Attempts to reconcile
December 1995 April 1996 The equipment issue
What went wrong?
Lessons drawn from peacekeeping in Rwanda
accused African agreed airport Anyidoho April Arusha Accords assistance Bukavu Burundi ceasefire civil civilian co-operation co-ordination Colonel Commission criminals crisis Cyangugu Dallaire diplomatic donor countries effort equipment ethnic Faustin Twagiramungu felt formed troops former government former RGF funds Gako genocide Gersony Gikongoro Gisenyi Goma Habyarimana headquarters helicopter human rights Hutu ICTR IDPs Interahamwe international community issue justice Kibeho Kibuye Kigali killings logistic mandate massacres meeting military militia Milobs Nairobi national reconciliation negotiations neighbouring NGOs Nyarbuye officers Operation Turquoise peace peace-building peace-keeping operations personnel political President Bizimungu Prime Minister prison Radio Rwanda refugee camps region Representative return of refugees revival role RPF's Rwandan government Rwandan government's Rwandan leaders Rwandan leadership Secretary-General Secretary-General's Security Council soldiers specialized agencies SRSG Tanzania tension tion took Tousignant Tribunal Tutsi Twagiramungu UNAMIR UNDP UNHCR United Nations Vice-President Kagame Zaire Zaire and Tanzania Zairean Zambian