Male Daughters, Female Husbands: Gender and Sex in an African Society
Challenging the received orthodoxies of social anthropology, Ifi Amadiume argues that in precolonial society, sex and gender did not necessarily coincide. Examining the structures that enabled women to achieve power, she shows that roles were neither rigidly masculinized nor feminized.
Economic changes in colonial times undermined women’s status and reduced their political role and Dr Amadiume maintains, patriarchal tendencies introduced by colonialism persist today, to the detriment of women.
Critical of the chauvinist stereotypes established by colonial anthropology, the author stresses the importance of recognizing women’s economic activities as as essential basis of their power. She is also critical of those western feminists who, when relating to African women, tend to accept the same outmoded projections.
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Area and Background
Gender and the Economy
Women Wealth Titles and Power
Gender and Political Organization
Women and the IdeologyMaking Process
The Ideology of Gender
The Erosion of Womens Power
The Marginalization of Womens Position
Wealth Titles and Motherhood
The Female Element in Other Igbo Societies
Gender Class and Female Solidarity
Ritual and Gender
Colonialism and the Erosion of Womens Power
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Abalukwu Ada Eze Agba Anambra ancestral ancient-parents associated called ceremony child Christian church cocoyam colonial compound culture dance deities dibia dual-sex economic Ekwe title Ekwe titled woman example Eze Okigbo Eze Okoli father female feminists festival funeral gender ideology gifts girls goat goddess Idemili head husband Igbo language Igbo societies Igbo women Igboland igwe indigenous inherited Isichei kola-nut land lineage daughters lineage wives local government areas Maduabuchi male daughters marriage married matrifocal minor patrilineage mother motherhood Nigeria Nnewi Nnobi society Nnobi women Nsugbe Nwabara Nwajiuba nwanyi Obosi Ohaffia Okonjo okwa Onitsha organization Owerri ozo titled palm-oil palm-wine patriarchal patrilineal performed polygyny position priest relationship ritual roles rules sexual sexual intercourse shrine social anthropology sons spirits status symbols Third World town trade traditional Umuona village warrant chief wealth Western wife Women's Council worship
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