Grassland Productivity and Ecosystem Services

Front Cover
Gilles Lemaire
CABI, 2011 - Electronic books - 287 pages
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Grassland ecosystems are deeply affected by human activities and need appropriate management to optimise trade-offs between ecosystem functions and services. Until now they have mainly been analysed as agro-ecosystems for animal production but this book looks beyond the role of grassland as a feeding ground, and evaluates other important processes such as carbon sequestration in soils, greenhouse gas regulation and biodiversity protection. This authoritative volume expertly highlights the need for an immediate balance between agriculture and ecological management for sustainability in the futu.
 

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Contents

Nutritional Constraints for Grazing Animals and the Importance of
19
Variability Heterogeneity Diversity and Productivity in Grazing Systems
37
Livestock Production Styles and Managing Grassland Ecosystems
53
the Adaptive Cycle Theory
73
Managing Mineral N Leaching in Grassland Systems
83
Greenhouse Gas Emissions from European Grasslands and Mitigation Options
92
Role and Impacts of Legumes in Grasslands for High Productivity and N Gain
101
Efficiency of Phosphorus Cycling in Different Grassland Systems
108
Soil Fauna Diversity and Ecosystem Functions in Grasslands
166
Grasslands as Components of Sustainable Farming Systems
177
Management of Grazing Systems in New Zealand and Environmental Impacts
188
Rangeland Management for Sustainable Conservation of Natural Resources
198
Opportunities and Challenges for Integrating NorthAmerican Crop
208
Integration of Grasslands within Crop Systems in South America
219
Grasslands as Components of Landscape Ecology and Agricultural
227
Topical Issues
239

Grasslands as Regulating Biodiversity Dynamics
121
Interactions Between Grassland Management and Species Diversity
129
a Traitbased
138
Exploiting Genotypic and Phenotypic Plant Diversity in Grasslands
148
Soil Microbial Diversity in Grasslands and its Importance for Grassland
158
The Role of Grassland Areas within Arable Cropping Systems for
251
Interactions between Cereal Cropping Systems and Pastoral Areas as the Basis
261
A Way for Developing an Integrated System at the Landscape Level in Tropical
271
Index
281
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