Controlling Exposure to Diesel Emissions in Underground Mines

Front Cover


The use of diesel-powered equipment in underground mining operations provides many benefits to the industry. It also presents many challenges to the health and safety of workers as it is a significant source of submicrometer aerosols and noxious gases.

This book was developed to assist the coal and metal/nonmetal underground mining industries in their efforts to reduce the exposure of workers to aerosols and gases from diesel-powered equipment. It includes information collected by researchers at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health/Office of Mine Safety and Health Research (NIOSH/OMSHR).

Prior to the production of this text, the knowledge on this complex issue was fragmented. The goal of this volume is to make the information available in one easy-to-use reference.

The book includes comprehensive, mine-specific programs for use by mechanics, mine ventilation engineers, industrial hygienists, mine managers, union health and safety representatives, and personnel responsible for the acquisition of diesel vehicles, engines, exhaust aftertreatment systems, fuels, and lubricants.

The description of methods to reduce exposure to diesel aerosols includes curtailment of diesel particulate matter and gaseous emissions at their source, and controlling airborne pollutants with ventilation and personal protective equipment.

This information should also help researchers in industry, government, and academia to identify areas that need to be addressed in future research and development efforts.



 

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Contents

1 Purpose of This Document
1
3 Introduction
2
4 Exposure to Diesel Pollutants
16
5 Integrated Multifaceted Approach Toward Controlling Exposure to Particulate Matter and Gases from Diesel Engines
58
6 Curtailment of Diesel Emissions
63
7 Control of Airborne Pollutants
280
8 Administrative Controls for Reducing Exposure
326
9 Measurement Characterization and Monitoring of Diesel Emissions and Gases
331
10 Training
459
Acronyms Abbreviations and Definitions
464
Units of Measure
475
Index
477
Back Cover
494
Copyright

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