Australian Liberals and the Moral Middle Class: From Alfred Deakin to John Howard

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Cambridge University Press, Nov 6, 2003 - Political Science
The Liberal Party of Australia was late to form in 1945, but the traditions and ideals upon which it is founded have been central to Australian politics since Federation. This 2003 book, by award-winning author and leading Australian political scientist Judith Brett, provides the very first complete history of the Australian liberal tradition, and then of the Liberal Party from the second half of the twentieth century. The book sparkles with insight, particularly in its sustained analysis of the shifting relationships between the experiences of the moral middle class and Australian liberals' own self understandings. It begins with Alfred Deakin facing the organised working class in parliament and ends with John Howard, electorally triumphant but alienated from key sections of middle class opinion. This book is destined to become the definitive account of Australian liberalism, and of the Liberal Party of Australia.
 

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Contents

Australian Liberals
1
The Moral Middle Class
7
Organisation and the Meaning of Fusion
13
The Liberals Organisational Handicap
27
Protestants
35
Fusion Again
40
Loyalty and World War I
44
Sectional Grievances
52
Keynesianism Affluence and the Expansion of Credit
135
The New Middle Class
139
Whitlam
144
Fraser
148
Shame Fraser Shame
152
Fraser in Government
157
Neoliberalism
166
Economic Rationalism and the New Public Management
168

Good Citizens and Public Order
57
Meetings
64
Order and Anarchy
69
Prime Minister Bruce
77
Honest Finance
86
Bonds of Honour
94
One Small Honest Man
100
The Menace of Inflation
108
The United Australia Party
112
From Menzies Forgotten People to the Whitlam Generation
116
Homes for Everyone
120
Crown and Race
125
The Decline of Protestantism
128
From Duties to Rights
132
From Citizens to Consumers
172
From Independence to Choice
176
John Hewson and the 1993 Election
179
John Howard Race and Nation
183
Pauline Hanson
191
Asian Immigration and Multiculturalism
194
Indigenous Politics and the Limits of Liberalism
196
Claiming the Australian Legend
202
Border Control
206
Conclusion
213
Notes
218
Bibliography
239
Index
252
Copyright

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About the author (2003)

Judith Brett is the author of the highly acclaimed Menzies' Forgotten People, winner of the Arthur Phillips award for Australian Studies, Douglas Stewart award for non-fiction and Ernest Scott prize. Formerly the editor of Meanjin and Arena magazines, she has been teaching politics at La Trobe University since 1989.

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