Altruism in Humans

Front Cover
Oxford University Press, 2011 - Philosophy - 329 pages
One of the "Best Books of 2011" from the Center for Optimal Adult Development

We send money to help famine victims halfway around the world. We campaign to save whales and oceans. We stay up all night to comfort a friend with a broken relationship. People will at times risk -- even lose -- their lives for others, including strangers. Why do we do these things? What motivates such behavior?

Altruism in Humans takes a hard-science look at the possibility that we humans have the capacity to care for others for their sakes rather than simply for our own. Based on an extensive series of theory-testing laboratory experiments conducted over the past 35 years, this book details a theory of altruistic motivation, offers a comprehensive summary of the research designed to test the empathy-altruism hypothesis, and considers the theoretical and practical implications of this conclusion.

Authored by the world's preeminent scholar on altruism, this landmark work is an authoritative scholarly resource on the theory surrounding altruism and its potential contribution to better interpersonal relations and a better society.
 

Contents

Introduction
3
A Theory of Altruistic Motivation
9
Empirical Evidence
81
Altruism in Action
161
Summary and Conclusion
228
References
235
Crosscutting Independent Variables Dependent Variables and Competing Predictions that Can Test the EmpathyAltruism Hypothesis Against Each Eg...
269
Tests of the AversiveArousalReduction Hypothesis
275
Tests of the SocialEvaluation Version of the EmpathySpecificPunishment Hypothesis
281
Tests of the SelfEvaluation Version of the EmpathySpecificPunishment Hypothesis
285
Tests of the General EmpathySpecificReward Hypothesis
289
Tests of the EmpathicJoy Version of the EmpathySpecificReward Hypothesis
293
Tests of the NegativeStateRelief Version of the EmpathySpecificReward Hypothesis
297
Author Index
303
Subject Index
317
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