Archaeologies of Vision: Foucault and Nietzsche on Seeing and Saying

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University of Chicago Press, May 15, 2003 - Philosophy - 437 pages
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While many acknowledge that Friedrich Nietzsche and Michel Foucault have redefined our notions of time and history, few recognize the crucial role that "the infinite relation" between seeing and saying (as Foucault put it) plays in their work. Gary Shapiro reveals, for the first time, the full extent of Nietzsche and Foucault's concern with the visual.

Shapiro explores the whole range of Foucault's writings on visual art, including the theory of visual resistance, the concept of the phantasm or simulacrum, and his interrogation of the relation of painting, language, and power in artists from Bosch to Warhol. Shapiro also shows through an excavation of little-known writings that the visual is a major theme in Nietzsche's thought. In addition to explaining the significance of Nietzsche's analysis of Raphael, Dürer, and Claude Lorrain, he examines the philosopher's understanding of the visual dimension of Greek theater and Wagnerian opera and offers a powerful new reading of Thus Spoke Zarathustra.

Archaeologies of Vision will be a landmark work for all scholars of visual culture as well as for those engaged with continental philosophy.
  

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Contents

Frans Hals The Regentesses of the Old Mens Almshouse ca 1664
1
Hans Holbein Portrait of Thomas Godsahe and His
2
Denigrating or Analyzing Vision?
6
The Case of Frans Hals
12
Nietzsches Story of the Eye
19
Reading from Left to Right
26
John 1528
27
Nietzsche and Heidegger on Visual History
36
Albrecht Diirer Knight Death and the Devil 1513 319
211
The Birth of Literature out of the Spirit of Painting 233
213
seven Critique of Impure Phenomenology
217
What Is an Artist?
225
Diego Velazquez Las Meninas 1656
226
The Painter as Phenomenologist
230
The Visible and the Invisible
234
The Mirror of the Sovereign
237

Claude Lorrain Landscape with Acis and Galatea 1657
44
Johannes Vermeer Girl Reading a Letter at an Open Window ca 1659
63
The Silence of Saint Cecilia
77
The Birth of The Birth of Tragedy
82
Art in The Birth of Tragedy
87
Raphael Transfiguration 1520
89
Floating and Shining
101
DoubleCoding the Sistine Madonna
106
Raphael Sistine Madonna 151213
107
The Death of Metaphysical Art
112
The Knight Death and the Devil
118
All the Costumes of History
124
Architecture and Excess in the Theater of Dionysus
127
Aesthetics of Presence
130
Seeing like an Athenian
135
The Theatrical Dispositif
140
Perspectivism and Cyclops Vision
143
Postclassical Framing
148
Nietzsche in Bayreuth
150
Zarathustra on the Gaze and the Glance
157
The Question of the Augenblick
160
The Evil Eye and Its Radiant Other
163
Zarathustras Interpretation of Dreams
171
Vertigo
174
The Nausea of Vision
181
Recurrence as Medusas Head
184
Hyphenating the AugenBlick
187
Madness Dreams Literature
193
The Difficulty of Silence
195
Batailles Deconstruction of the Eye
199
Dream Vision
201
Bosch and Other Visionaries
207
Enslaved Sovereign Observed Spectator
241
Paul Cezanne SelfPortrait with Pink Background ca 1875
242
Foucaults Ekphrasis of Los Meninas
245
Ekphrasis
247
Construction of the We
250
Diego Velazquez Venus at Her Mirror The Rokeby Venus 164448
254
The Vanishing Subject of Vision
256
nine Toward an Archaeology of Painting
265
From Renaissance Similitude to Postmodern Simulacrum
270
Klee Kandinsky Magritte
275
Archaeology without the Episteme?
279
From the Panopticon to Manets Bar
285
Foucaults Scenarios
291
Bentham and Plato as PhilosopherArchitects
293
Panopticon
294
Jeremy Bentham Plan of the Panopticon
297
The Visual State
301
Manet Closes the Panopticon Window
302
Edouard Manet Masked Ball at the Opera 187374
307
Edouard Manet The Balcony 186869 331
311
Edouard Manet A Bar at the FoliesBergere 1882
313
Wanderers and Shadows
317
The Prison of the Gallery and the Force of Flight
320
eleven
325
Rene Magritte Les deux mysteres 1966
328
twelve
347
Andy Warhol Marilyn Monroes Lips 1962
356
Andy Warhol Lavender Disaster 1963
359
Notes
395
Index
429
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About the author (2003)

Gary Shapiro is a professor of philosophy and Tucker-Boatwright Professor in the Humanities at the University of Richmond. He is the author of three previous books, including Alcyone: Nietzsche on Gifts, Noise and Women and Earthwards: Robert Smithson and Art after Babel.

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